1А Образование в Великобритании

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School Education
in the United
Kingdom
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At what age do children start
school in the United Kingdom?
?The school age in England and Wales is from 5

years to 16 years.
?English children enter the reception class
(first grade) of primary school in the next term
after their fifth birthday. They attend primary
school for seven years, where they study
English, arithmetic, science, religious
education, history, geography, music, art and
crafts, physical education, and information
technology (computers).

Types of schools in England
?There are schools run by the Government.

These schools are known as State Schools and
parents do not pay. They are financed by
public funds, which means that the money
comes from the national and local taxes.
Ninety percent of children in England and
Wales attend a state school.
?There are also private schools. Parents pay for
their children to attend these schools. They
are known as Independent Schools

Primary schools (5 - 11 )
?In the UK, the first level of education is known

as primary education.

Secondary schools (5 - 16 )
?Secondary schools provide compulsory education for

children between the ages of eleven and sixteen in
England and Wales. Children may stay on at school
until the age of eighteen in order to pursue further
studies, however this is not compulsory.
?From the ages of fourteen to sixteen, pupils study for
the General Certificate of Secondary Education
(GCSE).
?Pupils who stay on at school from the ages of sixteen
to eighteen in England, may take the Advanced (A)
level examination, which traditionally is required for
entry into higher education.

Key Stage

*

1

2

3

4

School Year

Age

Reception

5

Year 1

5-6

Year 2

6-7

Year 3

7-8

Year 4

8-9

Year 5

9-10

Year 6

10-11

Year 7

11-12

Year 8

12-13

Year 9

13-14

Year 10

14-15

Year 11

15-16

Types of Schools

Infant School
5-7

First Schools
5-8
Primary
Schools
5-11

Junior Schools
7-11
Middle Schools
8-12
or
9-13

Grammar Schools
or
Comprehensive
Schools

Secondary
Schools
Junior High
Schools
12-16

School vacations
?English schools have three terms

(semesters), separated by vacations.
?The summer vacation lasts for about 6 weeks
from July 20 to September 4;
? winter and spring vacation both last two weeks,
from December 21 to around January 6 and
March 25 to around April 5.
?The three terms are:
Autumn Term: September to December
Spring Term: January to April
Summer Term: April to July

School uniform

School Uniform
School
uniforms
were
first
introduced in England by Henry
VIII and were called “bluecoats”
because of blue jackets.
Then the popularity of uniforms
increased and most schools had
them. The uniform was different
according to age, gender and
even season (winter and summer
uniforms).
Nowadays
the
government in England tend to
encourage the use of uniforms as
a means of discipline and
positive behaviour.

Sport
Sport is important in English schools. It’s especially popular at
private schools which have a long tradition of sport. Nearly all
schools have had a sport team from the post World War II
period. The most important sport games are: football,
basketball, cricket, hockey, tennis, gymnastics. Some schools
have special sport uniforms.

Marks
Schools in England and America use their
own marks: letters or percentage
A – 90-100 -excellent ,
B – 80-89 – good,
C – 70-79 – satisfactory,
D – 60-69 bad,
E – 0-59 poor.

All the pupils have there own lockers
(запирающийся шкафчик). In most British
schools each pupils has two lockers: a gym
locker and a hall locker. The lockers are
important and guarantee the safety of the
pupils’ belongings.

?There are also about 500 private schools in

Great Britain. Most of these schools are
boarding ones, where children live as well as
study. Education in such schools is very
expensive, that's why only 5 per cent of
schoolchildren attend them. Private schools
are also called preparatory (for children up to
13 years old) and public schools (for pupils
from 13 to 18 years old). Any pupil can enter
the best university of the country after leaving
this school. The most famous British public
schools are Eton, Harrow and Winchester.

Eton College, a full
name is The King's
College of Our Lady of
Eton beside Windsor) —
a public college for
boys. This college was
founded by Henry VI in
1440.
During its existence the
College has released 19
Prime Ministers of great
Britain. The current
Prime Minister and
leader of the
Conservative party of
Great Britain David
Cameron is a graduate

Advanced Level
Examinations
Following two years of
study, students may
take A-Level (short for
Advanced Level)
examinations, which
are required for
university entrance in
the UK.

University of London.

Cambridge,

Queen's University,
Belfast, UK.

Lancaster
University, Uk

University of
Manchester, UK.

BRUNEL UNIVERSITY UK.

Resources
?http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23425

615-league.do
?http://www.meta.kz/135268-.html
?http://www.naukawpolsce.pl/palio/html.run
?http://www.excel.md/higher-school-in-britain/birmi

ngham-city-university/

?http://oxfordpremium.com/
?http://www.worldexecutive.com/locations/europe/

england/cambridge/

?http://www.dec-edu.com/allpartnernews-archiv.ht

m
?l direct.gov.uk›






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