History of Homeschooling in USA (42877)

History of Hmschlng in USA

(ssy)


Whl t's dffcult t gt xct fgurs n th numbr f chldrn ffclly rgstrd s hmschlrs n th U. S., t's stmtd tht but 2% f th ppultn - rund 700,000 t 900,000 chldrn 1 - r lrnng t hm wth thr fmls nstd f nrlld n th publc schl systm. Ths stmts my fll fr shrt f th ctul numbr f hm ductd chldrn, snc mny fmls us th srvcs f "umbrll schls," whch wuld rsult n thr chldrn bng cuntd mng prvt schlrs, nd sm smply dn't rgstr wth thr cunts t ll. n thng tht s clr mng bth xprts nd th gnrl publc s tht hmschlng cntnus t grw n ppulrty nd ccptnc, vn thugh t rmns s mtnlly chrgd n ssu s vr.

Hwvr, s th trnd twrds hm ductn hs grwn snc t's ncptn n th rly 1970s, (Bn Frnkln nd thr vnrbl frfthrs ncssrly schld t hm ntwthstndng), t's lbrl fundtns hv bcm burd undr n vlnch f cnsrvtv rhtrc tht cn mk rl undrstndng f ths ductnl phnmnn lusv t bst, nd crt n hstrcl fcd f msnfrmtn t wrst.

t th hrt f th cmmrcl prlfrtn f hmschlng rsurcs such s currculum, txt bk nd scnc qupmnt vndrs r vrwhlmngly rlgusly cnsrvtv cmpns such s Gd's Wrld Bks, bk nd Lfpc. Th mst vsbl nd utspkn f cntmprry hmschlng dvcts s th Hm Schl Lgl Dfns ssctn (HSLD), stunchly cnsrvtv cllctn f lgl gls wh hld t s thr mssn (whn prprly rtnd), "t prsrv nd dvnc th fundmntl, Gd-gvn, cnsttutnl rght f prnts nd thrs lglly rspnsbl fr thr chldrn t drct thr ductn..." rlyng n "tw fundmntl frdms-prntl rghts nd rlgus frdm." Rlgus cnsrvtvs rutnly clm hmschlng s thr wn, pntng ncrsngly t th "fur pllrs f hmschlng," th dubtful ttl f fur rltvly wll knwn, lrgly cnsrvtv nd HSLD ssctd fgurs wh hv smhw cm t tk crdt fr th mdrn hmschlng mvmnt.

n th prvctv rtcl, "Wh Stl Hmschlng? 2" wrtr nd mgzn publshr Chryl Lndsy Slhff dscrbs th prcss by whch th rgnl grssrts rfrm mvmnt f hm ductn hs bn grdully subsumd by th rlgus rght. Th cntmprry "rlgus" bnt f hm ductn cn b trcd t th suddn grwth f cnsrvtv Chrstn hmschl rgnztns btwn 1983 nd 1985, nts Slhff.

"Ths nw Chrstn rgnztns hd fcus whch dvrgd mrkdly frm th fcus f mst f th hmschlng rgnztns nd ldrs whch prcdd thm. Thy ftn mphszd th rghts nd blgtns f prnts, s ppsd t th ductn r gd f chldrn, th mprtnc f sprtn frm th "ungdly," nd th duty f prnts t cntrl thr chldrn nd t kp thm frm undsrbl cmpnns. Thy ftn urgd tht hmschlrs us nly Chrstn currculum nd vd ssctn wth nn-Chrstn hmschlrs.

"... Whl thy wr ggrssv n mrktng nd prmtng thr wn nd n nthr's publctns, smnrs nd srvcs ntnlly nd n th stt lvl, thy rrly, f vr, md mntn f lng tm hmschlng ldrs nd rgnztns whch hd prcdd thm, sm f whch wr Chrstn, but whch dd nt shr thr wn prspctvs r phlsphs. Bcus ths nw rgnztns wr Chrstn, thy ftn gnd ccss t churchs nd church mmbrs by prsntng Chrstn cnfrncs nd smnrs whch wr dvrtsd by lcl churchs, nd thy thn prsntd hmschlng s nw Chrstn ptn fr Chrstn fmls wthut mkng mntn f th wrk f nn-Chrstn hmschlng pnrs."

Mst ntbly, Slhff lmnts, "... n cntrst t th grssrts supprt grups f prs nd quls whch chrctrzd hmschlng ffrts n th lt '70s nd rly '80s, tdy n lmst vry stt nd vry cunty nd cty w hv xclusv, hrrchcl hmschlng grups n whch mmbrshp s strctly cntrlld, wth hmschlng tslf ftn hld hstg t grup dfntns."

Slhff knws whrf sh spks. n th rly 1990s, sh bcm th mdrn dy quvlnt f Hstr Prnn, mrkd fr shm nd rprf bcus f hr ntrrcl mrrg, fmly dscrd nd thr prvt ssus. Nt nly ws Slhff cnfrntd by th smll Clvnstc church n Tcm, W sh ttndd, but hr ppulr mgzn, Gntl Sprt, ws trgtd by ntnl cnsrvtv hm schl ldrs wh, sh sd, turnd hr lf upsd-dwn, thrtnng hr wth fnncl, sprtul nd mtnl run.

Slhff, n n pphynmnl dprtur frm hr wn cnsrvtv rts, dug n fr th fght nd tk svrl f th bg-nm Chrstn hmschl fgurs t curt, ncludng th publshrs f th cnsrvtv mgzn Th Tchng Hm3, wll-knwn Chrstn hmschl wrtr Mry Prd nd Chrstn Hm ductrs f h. Prd, th hmschl grup nd tw thrs nmd n th sut sttld ut f curt. unnmus jury vrdct n fvr f Slhff fund tht Th Tchng Hm hd llglly rstrnd trd, n vltn f th Shrmn nttrust ct. Th jury fgurd dmgs t $435,000, whch r utmtclly trpld n nttrust suts, brngng th fnl munt t whch Slhff ws nttld t mr thn $1.3 mlln.

n n ntrvw Slhff ltr gv t Hln Hgnr, publshr f th sculr nd mr lbrl hmschlng trd jurnl, Hm ductn Mgzn4, Hgnr cmmntd n th lck f dscussn n th ntnl hmschl cmmunty but ths prcdnt sttng cs nd trl. Dspt cvrg f th cs n Ntnl Publc Rd, Slhff grd th slnc ws dp nd unsttlng.

"Th strngst phnmnn n my pnn s th slnc tht hs fllwd th jury vrdct nd th fnl rslutn f th cs. n 1994, thusnds f hmschlng fmls wr md wr f th crss n my prvt lf wthn fw shrt wks, yt th lwsut whch grw ut f ths vnts hs rmnd, by nd lrg, scrt."

Slhff cncluds, " blv tht n mny wys, ws thrt t mnln cnsrvtv Chrstn hmschlng ldrshp. ws dffrnt."

Yt hmschlng s frst nd frmst humnstc ndvr, cncvd f by rly ductn rfrmrs n th 1960s wh wr qut "dffrnt" frm tdy's chrsmtc hmschl clbrts, nd wth n mtv thr thn tht f dcntrlzd, unnsttutnlzd lrnng. t s, t ts surc nd s humnsm hs bn clld, n dlgy f mdrnty. n th rly dys f th hm ductn mvmnt, Chryl Slhff wuld nvr hv ndurd th strcsm nd dsruptn f hr prfctly nrml humn lf tht sh xprncd n 1994. ndd, th fcus f 1970s ductn rfrm ldrs ws nt rthdxy nd bdnc, but frdm f thught nd lrnng.

rly rfrmrs, prncplly vn llch wh ws n f hmschlng lgnd Jhn Hlt's mn nsprtns, rptdly rgud tht n tru ductn cn tk plc n n nvrnmnt f cnfrmty nd rgmnttn. T qut qul ductnl pprtunty wth blgtry schlng, sd llch, "s t cnfus slvtn wth th church. "5

"Th frst rtcl f bll f rghts fr mdrn, humnst scty wuld crrspnd t th Frst mndmnt t th U. S. Cnsttutn," llch dclrd, "'Th Stt shll mk n lw wth rspct t th stblshmnt f ductn. ' Thr shll b n rtul blgtry fr ll."

vn llch, multtlntd Vnns schlr wh rnd hs dctrt n hstry t th Unvrsty f Slzburg bfr cmng t th U. S. n 1951, hs run th gmut frm thlgy t pltcs. H ws vc-rctr t th Cthlc Unvrsty n Purt Rc, bcm c-fundr f th cntrvrsl Cntr fr ntrntnl Dcumnttn n Crnvc, Mxc, whr h drctd rsrch n "nsttutnl ltrntvs n Tchnlgcl Scty" nd ws wrtng nd tchng (t th Unvrsty f Brmn) wll up nt th 1990s. plymth wh spks sx lngugs nd wrts fluntly n thr, h hs bn clld "rdcl nrchst." Hs vws r dstnctly humnst, dvtd t th bttrmnt f humnty thrugh ndvdulzd frdm f lrnng

t ws llch's bk, "Dschlng Scty," tht vrtully ld th grundwrk fr hmschlng n mrc.

n ths cllctn f ssys, llch st frth th prms tht "th nsttutnlztn f vlus lds nvtbly t physcl pllutn, scl plrztn nd psychlgcl mptnc: thr dmnsns n prcss f glbl dgrdtn nd mdrnzd msry."

Hwvr grnd th mrcn vsn fr "ductn fr ll," nd hwvr nbl th cntmprry ductnl bttl cry, "Lv n chld bhnd!" llch pntd ut n hs frst ssy n th bk, Why W Must Dsstblsh Schl, tht "th mr xstnc f schl dscurgs nd dsbls th pr frm tkng cntrl f thr wn lrnng.

ll vr th wrld, th schl hs n nt-ductnl ffct n scty: schl s rcgnzd s th nsttutn tht spclzs n ductn. Th flurs f schl r tkn by mst ppl s prf tht ductn s vry cstly, vry cmplx, lwys rcn nd frquntly lmst mpssbl tsk."

Publc schls ls plrz scty, llch mntnd, by crtng srt f ntrntnl cst systm, whr "ductnl dgnty s dtrmnd by th vrg yrs f schlng f ts ctzns, rtng tht s clsly rltd t th pr cpt grss ntnl prduct, nd much mr pnful."






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