The origins of the International Socialists (43046)















Th rgns f th ntrntnl Sclsts

(ssy)



Whn Dv Ndl nd Chrs Gffny ssmbld smll grup f thr pltcl sscts tgthr n wrm summrs vnng n Dcmbr 1971, thy hd n pln t stblsh n ntrntnl Sclst tndncy n ustrl. ndd Ndl ws prbbly th nly prsn wh hd vn hrd f th S tndncy. nd frmlly, t lst, Ndls pltcs t ths stg wr nt ths f S. Bth h nd Gffny subscrbd t th vw f Russ bng wrkrs stt (thy dffrd vr th ntur f th thr sclst cuntrs Ndl sng thm s stt cptlst, Gffny sng thm s dfrmd wrkrs stts) Hwvr, t wuld b ncrrct t s prtculr nlyss f th Russn Qustn s th bss fr th frmtn f ths nw grup, th Mrxst Wrkrs Grup (MWG). Crtnly, th Russn Qustn hd bn mjr ssu f cntrvrsy nsd th Tcsn grup (t whch thy hd prvusly blngd). nd th ntrncn wrnglng wthn Tcsn hd crtnly bn mjr cntrbutry fctr n prcpttng ppl lk Ndl nd Gffny t lv tht grup. But th mptus whch cusd th frst gthrngs f th MWG ws nt wll-dfnd n ny prtculr ssu. n gnrl, ppl ttndd ths frst mtngs wth dsstsfctn wth th ltrntvs n th Lft n Mlburn t th tm.

Ths dsstsfctn dd, f curs, nclud sm mprtnt thms, f whch ppstn t Stlnsm nd burucrtc mthds f wgng struggls, nd rcgntn f th cntrlty f th wrkng clss n th sclst rvlutn wr th mst mprtnt. n ths bsc lvl, th rly MWG hd cmmn grund wth th S tndncy. But mst f ts prtcpnts hd nthr hrd f th S tndncy nr wr thy ncssrly fmlr r sympthtc wth ll rs f ts pltcs. ndd, th rly MWG culd nt vn b dscrbd s blngng t th Trtskyst trdtn. Ndl nd Gffny, th tw prtcpnts wh wr nstrumntl n gttng th grup tgthr, crtnly dd dntfy wth Trtskysm. But th grup ls nvlvd t lst tw ppl wh hd strng nrchst nclntns, nd thr ws nthr ndvdul wh hd bltnt rcst nd sxst ds, nd h hd hs wn lttl gthrng f frnds wh prtcptd n th rly mtngs wh hd smlr ds wth rgrd t blcks nd wmn.

t th frst MWG mtng thr wr 10 ppl ncludng Ndl nd Gffny. Mny f th thr rgnl 10 sn drftd ut f th grup. n fct, fltng ppultn ws dstnctv ftur f th rly MWG. f numbr quckly drftd ut, mny thrs frnds nd cntcts f cntnung prtcpnts drftd n. n th rly mnths f 1972, ttndnc t M1VG mtngs numbrd but 20-30 ppl, wth cnsdrbl turnvr frm n mtng t th nxt. Ths ppl wr mstly studnts nd frmr studnts, nw wrkng s tchrs r clrks. Thr ws ls hndful f blu-cllr wrkrs, mst f whm hd nvr hd ny trtry ductn. rly n 1972, Ndls tw cmrds frm hs lttl Mnsh dscussn grup, Tss L ck nd Mrk Mtctt, bgn ttndng MWG mtngs. t ws n ths rly prd tht Phl Grffths, ltr t bcm ldng mmbr f S, bcm nvlvd.

n ts rly mnths f xstnc, th MWG ws vry ls grupng. Thr ws n such thng s frml mmbrshp. t ws purly dscussn grup, prtcpnts bng nybdy wh ttndd t ny tm. Thr ws rpd turnvr f prtcpnts, nd th grup ws dng nthng s grup thr thn hvng ts mtngs whr dscussn rngd vr ny ssus rlvnt t th Lft whch ny prtcpnt crd t rs. Th n trnd whch dvlpd ws th dvsn f pnn btwn th Ndl-Gffny Trtskyst tndncy nd th smllr nrchst grupng, th mst prmnnt f th lttr bng cupl by th nm f Jm nd Jntt Rb. But ths dvsn ds nt ppr t hv bn prtculrly dsruptv n th rly mnths f 1972. nd whl thr ws smll rcst-sxst lmnt, rstrctd t fw f th blu-cllr wrkrs, nthr ws ths surc f cntntn n th rly prd.

Qut sprt frm thr MWG prtcptn, Ndl, Tss L ck nd Mrk Mtctt hd bgun publctn f rdcl brdsht t Mnsh Unvrsty, whch thy clld Hrd Lns. t ws ssntlly nwssht, gvng rdcl-sclst ntrprttn f vnts, bth n nd ff cmpus. ts gnrl ln ws Trtskyst n, but ts tpcl prsnttn mnt tht t hd lttl n th wy f dtld thrtcl nlyss. Ths tpclty, cnstntly prsntd wth strng sns f humur, gv Hrd Lns dstnctv qulty, rrly fund n Trtskyst publctns, whch nrmlly tnd t b smwht std nd xcssvly thrtcl. By 1972, th studnt mvmnt hd dclnd cnsdrbly snc th lt 60s. Thr ws, hwvr, stll sm rdcl ctvty t Mnsh, nd ths rmnd dmntd by th Msts. thm quckly dvlpd n Hrd Lns ws, thrfr, strngnt crtcl pprsl f th Msts, prtculrly ttcks n thr rbd ntnlsm. Mtctt, bng tlntd rtst nd crtnst, ls ddd t th clur f th brdsht, by cntrbutng mny gd crcturs nd crtns. Frm ts frst numbr n Mrch 1972, Hrd Lns ws wkly publctn, whch md t th mst rgulr brdsht n cmpus. n fct, t prvd t b th mst rgulr brdsht t Mnsh fr th nxt 4 yrs.

Frm th pnt f vw f ts publshrs, Ndl nd hs Mnsh cmrds, Hrd Lns ws nt ntlly cnsdrd s n ctvty f th MWG. Ths vw ws pprntly shrd by thr MWG ldrs such s Gffny. Th d ws tht, lthugh n ctvst rnttn fr th MWG ws cnsdrd n vntul ncssty, n ths rly prd t ws nly dscussn grup whch hpfully wuld stblsh cmmn unty f thught, whch culd thn bcm th bss f n gttnl rl fr th grup. ny pltcl ctvty f prtculr mmbrs f th grup n ths prd ws, thrfr, thr wn rspnsblty rthr thn tht f th MWG. But ths dstnctn btwn th cllctv dscussn ctvty f th grup nd th ndvdul rspnsblty f th utsd pltcl gttn by MWG prtcpnts, ws nt ncssrly clr t th rnk nd fl. Hrd Lns ws, fr xmpl, rgulrly dscussd t MWG mtngs. Whn Phl Grffths bcm nvlvd n th grup, but Mrch r prl 1972, h mmdtly blvd Hrd Lns ws th grups cllctv rspnsblty. nd, n hs pnn, mny f th thr MWG rnk nd fl thught th sm thng. Ths cnflctng tttud vr cllctv/ndvdul rspnsblty btwn th Ndl/Gffny ldrshp nd th lss prmnnt rnk nd fl prtcpnts, s n xmpl f th mrphus Mtur f th MWG durng th frst 6 mnths f ts xstnc. Nt nly dd th grup cntn ptntlly dvrgnt pltcl dlgs such s nrchsm vrsus Trtskysm, nd ptntlly ncmptbl rcst-sxst mnrty, but ls thr wr dffrng vws but th ntur f th grups ngng ctvty, th lttr bng bscurd t th xtnt tht ths dffrnc wsnt vn clr t th prtcpnts. Th nly sgnfcnt blfs shrd by ll ths nvlvd n th rly MWG, wr ppstn t Stlnsm nd rcgntn f th cntrlty f th wrkng clss n th buldng f sclsm. nd t ws ths thm f nt-Stlnsm whch ws t prvd th frst turnng pnt n th grups dvlpmnt.

t th Mlburn My Dy mrch n 1972, th MWG dstrbutd tw lflts, n f whch ws n ttck, frm n ntrntnlst prspctv, n th Mst ntn f nd fr ntnlst llnc btwn wrkrs nd ptrtc bsss gnst multntnls. Ths lttr lflt, nttld Kngr Cptlsm, prvd t b th bss f mny subsqunt rtcls nd lflts prducd by th grup, usully wth th sm ttl. Th dstrbutn f ths My Dy lflts ws turnng pnt n th MWGs dvlpmnt fr tw rsns. Frstly, th prductn nd dstrbutn f th lflts ws th frst dfnt cllctv ctvty f th grup. f thr hd bn rlr cnfusn vr whthr prtculr ctvts (.. Hrd Lns nd prtcptn by MWG mmbrs n th Lbr Prty) wr ths f th MWG r just ndvdul mmbrs, n such cnfusn xstd wth rgrd t th tw lflts. ll mmbrs sw ths lflts s th wrk f th grup s whl. S ths 2 lflts mrkd th frst rgnsd publc ntrvntn lbt mnr n n th nm f th MWG. nd th scnd rsn ths lflts mrkd wtrshd n th grups rly dvlpmnt, ws bcus f th ttntn thy rcvd frm n prtculr prsn ttndng th My Dy mrch. Ths ws n mrcn nmd Tm ΒLncln wh hd mmgrtd t ustrl but 6 mnths bfr. Prr t hs lvng th US, ΒLncln hd bn n ctv mmbr f th ntrntnl Sclsts n mrc (SUS) fr nrly tw yrs. Bcus f hs S pltcs, ΒLncln ws nturlly hstl t rdcl ntnlsm, nd s h fund th Kngr Cptlsm lflt prtculrly ntrstng. H dcdd t ttnd MWG mtng sn ftr. Hvng dn s, h fund smthng ls whch h cnsdrd ttrctv but th grup. Ths ws MWGs sns f humur, s xmplfd n Hrd Lns, whch md fvurbl mprssn n hm. nd s ΒLncln cntnud t ttnd MWG mtngs, nt bcus f ny xplct ntntn f cnvrtng t t S pltcs, but ntlly bcus h ws mv fvurbly dspsd t t thn ny thr grup n th Mlburn lft, nd h hd th dsr t bcm nvlvd n sm pltcl ctvty.

lmst mmdtly, ΒLncln brught tw nw ppl lng t MWG mtngs. n ws tchr frm th hgh schl whr ΒLncln ws tchng. Th thr ws Jny Stn wh, lthugh n ustrln, hd spnt cnsdrbl tm n th US whr sh hd bn cmrd f 0Lnclns n th SUS.

Th lng-trm sgnfcnc f ΒLnclns nd Stns nvlvmnt n th MWG, ws thr nflunc n brngng th grup t dpt n xplct S pstn n ts bsc pltcs. But thy hd n mmdt mpct n th grup, lng bfr t culd b cnsdrd s hvng S pltcs. ΒLncln, n prtculr, s vry cncs nd rtcult spkr. Cupld wth hs cnsdrbl xprnc n ntnl rvlutnry rgnztn, ΒLnclns spkng tlnt (dstnctly bttr thn ny thr MWG prtcpnt) mnt tht h ws mmdtly bl t mk mprssv cntrbutns t th grups dscussns, dspt hs lck f knwldg f ustrln pltcs nd cultur. nybdy wh ws mmbr f th MWG t ths tm, rmrks n th mmdt mpct ΒLncln hd n th grup. nd ls mmdtly, ΒLncln nd Stn wr t prcptt mnr ntrnl crss. Fr Stn hd n snr ttndd mtng whn sh vcd strng bjctns t th sxsm nd rcsm f th prtculr mnrty whch hrburd such vws. pprntly, t ws cmmnplc t MWG mtngs f ths prd, fr n prtculr ndvdul t mk jks but shls nd bngs, much C th mrth f mst ndvduls prsnt, ncludng th Trtskysts, wh wr thrtclly ppsd t such sntmnts. Nnthlss, hrd-cr rcsm nd sxsm ws rstrctd t smll mnrty, numbrng but 3 r 4 ndvduls. Stn nd ΒLncln quckly cnvncd th mjrty tht ths sxst-rcst vws wr qut ncmptbl wth ny gnun sclst grup. nd s th 3 r 4 bltnt sxst-rcsts bruptly dscntnud ttndng MWG mtngs but md-Jun 1972.

N snr hd ths ssu bn rslvd, whn nw crss dvlpd. vr th prcdng mnths th dvrgnc btwn th Trtskysts nd th nrchsts hd bcm mr dfnd. Sn ftr th rcst-sxsts dprtd, mtng ws hld whr th mn dscussn ws vr th rl f th prty n buldng th rvlutn. Th mnrty nrchst grupng, ld by Jm nd Jntt Rb, rgud tht th cncpt f vngurd prty ws ltst nd ncssrly ld t uthrtrnsm nd Stlnsm. Ndl nd th Trtskysts hd lwys blvd n th nd fr dscplnd rvlutnry prty whch wuld grup tgthr th mst mltnt wrkrs nd s prvd th dscplnd rgnztn ndd t ld rvlutn t szng stt pwr. Th nrchsts, n th thr hnd, rgud fr ls fdrtn, blvng ths t b suffcnt n cnfrntng th stt. Nw rnfrcd by ΒLncln nd Stn, th Trtskyst ldrs pntd t th nvty f th nrchst pstn. Th cptlst clss nd stt s hghly rgnsd frc. lthugh ll rvlutns r ssntlly mss uprsngs wth hgh dgr f spntnty, th rgnsd frc f th stt cn nly b smshd by n qully rgnsd nd dscplnd frc whch cn gv drctn nd ldrshp t th mss mvmnt. Ths, rgud th Ndl-ΒLncln ldrshp, s th rl f th prty. lthugh t wll rgns th mst mltnt wrkrs nt ts rnks nd thrfr wll n ll prbblty b mnrty f th wrkng clss, th prty wll stll nd t b mss prty n rvlutnry uphvl. Rthr thn bng n ltst grup sprtd frm th wrkng clss s th nrchsts rgud dscplnd prty ncssrly wuld b th prty wuld b n rgnc, but ldng lmnt f th wrkng clss tslf. Thr ws n dngr f Stlnsm, rgud th ldrshp, prvdd dmcrtc structurs wr mntnd wthn th prty. Wth ths sund rgumnts, th ldrshp sly xpsd th nrchsts nvty thr prpsls culd nly ld t dsrgnstn nd nffctv ldrshp n rvlutnry crss nd clrly wn th dbt. Whrupn, th nrchst grupng, numbrng but 6 ppl, ls dprtd frm th grup.

Th MWG ws nw, n July 1972, smllr grup, numbrng but 15-20 ppl. fw thr ndvduls nt ssctd wth th dprtng nrchst grup ls csd ttndng mtngs t ths tm, ncludng Ndls ld Tcsn cmrd Chrs Gffny. But dfnt pltcl ln ws bgnnng t mrg nd wth t gnrl unty wthn th grup. Th nd fr rvlutnry prty ws nw cknwldgd, nd th nrchst nd rcst-sxst lmnts hd lft.

ndpndntly f th MWG, ΒLncln hd nttd rnk nd fl tchrs bulltn clld Tchr ctn, bsd n hndful f rdcls wthn hs unn, th Vctrn Scndry Tchrs ssctn (VST). Th cncpt f ths mult-pg bulltn ws t fght fr grtr mltncy, dmcrcy nd scl wrnss wthn th unn by ttmptng t buld struggls vr wrkng cndtns nd mthds f ductnl ssssmnt. Th m f Tchr ctn ws smlr t th SUS cncpt f mltnt, dmcrtc nd sclly-cnscus unnsm, nd ls lk th SUS rnk nd fl strtgy th bulltn ws ttmptng t buld mltnt rnk nd fl grup t b th ldr n fghtng fr ths m. lthugh ΒLnclns nflunc n stblshng th Tchr ctn grup nd ts pltcs s clr, th thr ky mmbrs n t wr wll-knwn tchr rdcls wh rmnd ndpndnt f th MWG. But Tchr ctn dd prvd n vnu f mltnt ctn fr thr scndry tchrs n th MWG wh, thrugh ΒLnclns nflunc, bcm nvlvd n ts ctvts. Th MWG mmbrs nvr dmntd Tchr ctn, but thy rmnd strng nflunc n t, nd t prvdd much vlubl xprnc fr thm. Th bulltn bgn publctn but th tm ΒLncln jnd th MWG n My 1972, nd cntnud t but tw-mnthly ntrvls untl lt 1974. ts hrd-cr ctvsts numbrd but 4 ppl, but t ccsnlly nvlvd up t 15 r 20 n ts mtngs nd ctvts t prtculr tms.

Wth smblnc f unty n th MWG, t bcm vdnt t 0Lncln nd Stn tht th grup nw hd th ptntl t dvlp S pltcs. n th mnths fllwng th nrchst dprtur, thy bgn cnscus ntrvntn wth th purps n mnd. n numrus csul ncuntrs, ΒLncln tk vry pprtunty t cnvnc Ndl f th S nlyss f th Russn Qustn. Grdully Ndl ws wn vr t th vw tht Russ ws nt dgnrtd wrkrs stt, but n fct nw xplttv systm wth th Svt burucrcy s rulng clss. Wthn cupl f mnths, Ndl, ΒLncln nd Stn frmd frml fctn wthn th grup, n whch thy / wr jnd by L ck nd Mtctt. Thy clld thr fctn Rd nc. nd ts sttd m ws t cnvnc th grup f Lnnst pstn n ts bsc pltcs.

Th frmtn f Rd nc crtd sm prn wthn th rmndr f th grup. lthugh th nd fr rvlutnry prty ws gnrlly cknwldgd, thr wr stll ppl nvlvd n th MWG wh, whl nt bng xplct nrchsts, hd sm hstlty t wht thy sw s th rgd structur f Lnnst rgnztn. nd sm ls blvd tht ΒLncln ws n gnt f SUS, rcvng rdrs drct frm Dtrt n hw t mnpult th MWG nt n S grup. Whl th lttr ws ncrrct ΒLncln nd Stn wr ctng n thr wn nttv 0Lnclns mrcn cnnctn nd th frmtn f Rd nc dd prvd tnsns wthn th grup fr sm tm.

prlll dvlpmnt ws tht th MWG nw bgn t s tslf s n ctvst grup. Th My Dy lflts hd bn th frst publc ntrvntn. lthugh ths dd nt mrk n mmdt surg f gttn n th rl wrld wrk n th Lbr Prty nd th publctn f Hrd Lns wr sn cknwldgd s dfnt ctvts f th grup s whl, rthr thn just prtculr ndvduls. nd tchr mmbrs f th MWG wr nw bcmng nvlvd n Tchr ctn. n mprtnt lndmrk n ths grdul turn t srus unn rnk nd fl ctvty ccurrd n lt ctbr. Fr th grup nw dcdd t prduc rdcl nwssht fr wht-cllr wrkrs. fw MWG mmbrs wr clrks n Mlburn ffcs nd t ws cnsdrd tht wth th ssstnc f mltnt rnk nd fl brdsht, ths mmbrs culd flush ut thr mltnts wrkng n th wht cllr r nd s bgn rnk nd fl mvmnt n th ndustry. Th nm chsn fr th brdsht ws Clrk nd Dggr, whch bcm knwn s C&D. Th ttl rflctd th humur f th grup nd ws pt n pltcl sns s wll. t s, f curs, ply n th ld clché clk nd dggr, th full humur f whch cn b pprctd whn t s rlsd tht C&D ws ssntlly n undrgrund nwslttr undrgrund n th sns tht nthr th MWG nr MWG mmbrs wr cknwldgd s th publshrs, nd ls tht th prncpl mthd f dstrbutn ws frm th utsd. Ths ws dn by studnt mmbrs f th grup stndng utsd ffcs nd hndng thm t th clrcl wrkrs s thy rrvd fr wrk. (Thr ws sm dscrt ntrnl dstrbutn by MWG mmbrs nd cntcts). nd th nm ws pltclly pt bcus dggr suggsts ggrssn r, n thr wrds, mltncy. Mtctt md gd us f ths wth hs brllnt rtwrk, by drwng vrus ttl hds fr C&D dpctng vry ggrssv lkng fml clrk ttckng n qully frghtnd lkng ml bss wth pncl!

Th dcsn tht C&D shuld b undrgrund pprs t hv bn fr tw rsns. Frstly, t wuld hv bn unws fr MWG mmbrs t hv bn ctully nmd snc t wuld hv lft thm pn t vctmstn. nd scndly, thr pprs t hv bn sm pprhnsn but hvng th brdsht cnnctd wth n utsd pltcl grup; t ws hpd t wuld ppr s bng prducd purly by wht-cllr wrkrs. Ths ws nt ltgthr nccurt snc t ws th clrcl wrkrs n th MWG wh wrt mst f th rtcls, bsd n nsd nfrmtn frm thr wrkplcs nd unns. Th m ws t mk cntct wth thr mltnts n th hp tht rnk nd fl grups culd b stblshd n prtculr wrkplcs, r wthn prtculr unns, whch culd thn wg thr wn struggls, ncludng prducng thr wn brd shts. nd C&D culd cntnu s gnr1 brdsht fr th ndustry, rprtng n struggls n vrus plcs nd thrfr ctng s fcl pnt fr (hpfully) grwng rnk nd fl mvmnt crss th clrcl ndustry. rtcls n C&D xpsd pr wrkng cndtns n prtculr wrkplcs nd th rlvnt unns lck f ntrst n fghtng fr mprvmnts, rgud fr struggl gnst bsss ttcks n wgs nd fr hghr wgs, mphszd th nd fr rnk nd fl nttv n wnnng dmnds, nd ls crrd sm rdcl cmmntry n tpcl pltcl vnts such s th Frnch nuclr tsts n th Pcfc. Mltnts wr bl t cntct C&D thrugh publshd pst ffc bx r, n css whr t ws dstrbutd ntrnlly, by drct cmmunctn wth th prsn hndng t dscrtly rund th ffc.

Thr wr but dzn ffcs wthn Mlburns cntrl busnss dstrct whr C&D ws dstrbutd, th numbr f ffcs cvrd by prtculr ssus bng lrgly dpndnt n th numbr f studnts vlbl (usully 4 r 5). Th crtrn fr slctng plcs f dstrbutn ws usully hvng smbdy n th nsd .. wrkng n th ffc cncrnd: thr n MWG mmbr r smbdy wth whm th grup ws n cntct. Th vrg dstrbutn f ch ssu ws but 1000-1500, pprxmtly 2/3 t 3/4 f wrkrs ccptng thm whr t ws hndd t thm frm th utsd. frtnghtly prductn ws md t, lthugh th tm spn btwn ch ssu ws ftn clsr t thr wks.

Thr wr tw ky MWG mmbrs nvlvd n C&D prductn. n wrkd s clrk t th Hsptl Bnfts ssctn (HB) ffcs, th thr wth n nsurnc cmpny. Th lttr ws Phl Grffths wh sn bcm th drvng frc f th publctn. t ws thrugh hs gd ctvst wrk wth Clrk nd Dggr nd n th nsurnc ndustry unn (ustrln nsurnc Stffs Fdrtn SF) tht Grffths dvlpd nt ldng mmbr f th MWG. rly ssus f C&D cncntrtd n th ppllng wrkng cndtns t th HB ffcs nd ttmptng t mbls cmpgn fr qul py n th nsurnc ndustry. thr rs cvrd ncludd Cmmnwlth publc srvnts, nd bnk wrkrs.

Durng th lttr hlf f 1972, Stn nd sm f th thr MWG wmn wr nvlvd n grup f mltnt wmn clld th Wrkng Wmns Grup. Th m f th grup ws t gthr mltnt wrkng wmn t c-rdnt struggls fr qul py nd gnst ll frms f sxst dscrmntn n wrkplcs nd wthn unns. ctv prtcpnts n th grup vrgd 10-20 wmn drwn frm numbr f dffrnt ccuptns nd ncludd sm studnts s wll. Stn, wh ws rdcl rsrch tchncn t Mlburn Unvrsty, hd lrdy bn th nttr f th Unvrstys frst wmns lbrtn grup t th bgnnng f th yr, prr t jnng th MWG. Ths hd quckly stblshd hr s ldng prtcpnt n th dvlpng wmns mvmnt n Mlburn. Bng strng prpnnt f th nd fr th mvmnt t hv wrkng clss rnttn. Stn ws ls prtculrly nfluntl n th frmtn f th Wrkng Wmns Grup. lthugh th MWG nvr dmntd th grup, ts nflunc ws prsnt thrugh Stns ldng pstn nd th MWG gv much ssstnc wth th prductn f th grups brdsht, Brd nd Rss. Lk thr ctvts n whch th MWG bcm nvlvd durng ths prd, ts prsnc nd nflunc n th Wrkng Wmns Grup rflctd turn twrds srus rnk nd fl ctvsm; th dys f th MWG s purly dscussn grup hd nw dprtd.

nd th dvlpng cmmtmnt t ctvsm ld t nthr mbtus prjct. Prr t th bgnnngs f Clrk nd Dggr, th MWG dcdd t ndd ts wn publc nwsppr. Th m ws t prduc th frst ssu n tm fr th cnng Fdrl lctns n Dcmbr. Th nm chsn fr th ppr ws Th Bttlr nd t pprd ftr n rduus 8 wks f prprtn, n 17 Nvmbr 1972. Th ld rtcl ws hdd: vt fr Lbr s TH FRST STP T FGHT TH LBR LDRS. ssntlly th rgumnt ws tht bcus th Lbr Prty hld th llgnc f mst wrkrs, ts pr-cptlst dlgy culd nly b truly xpsd f wrkrs xprncd Lbr gvrnmnt nd ts subsrvnc t cptlsm. Th ngtv rtnl ls hd pstv lmnt n t:

Lbr, thugh t srvs cptlsm, dpnds n th wrkng clss fr ts pltcl xstnc, nd cn b fught by ts rnk nd fl nd th Trd Unn mvmnt. W cn wn crtn bsc dmnds frm th Lbr Prty, but nly f w fght thm.

nd s Th Bttlr clld fr mss mvmnt nsd nd utsd th LP t frc th Lbr ldrshp t dfnd th wrkng clss.

Ths frshdwd dfnd ntrst plcy nt th LP dptd by th grup th fllwng yr, whch md t buldng mltnt lft ppstn wthn th Lbr Prty, whch, t ws hpd, wuld vntully splt ff t prtcpt n th frmtn f rvlutnry prty.

thr rtcls n th frst 8-pg Bttlr rgud fr mltnt rnk nd fl cmmtts n th Mrtrum mvmnt nd n th Vctrn Scndry Tchrs ssctn (VST); nlysd th nd fr wrkng clss rnttn n th fght gnst pllutn; nd cvrd such tpcs s sxul rvlutn, th rctnry ntrgus f th Ntnl Cvc Cuncl, lng wth nlyss f th lmttns f th Wmns lctrl Lbby nd th Cmmunst Prty. Th ppr ws sld t lctn rlls nd chvd surprsngly fvurbl rspns fr nw rdcl ppr, prtculrly n th wtrfrnt whr t sld qut wll.

Cncurrnt wth ts publctn f Th Bttlr, th MWG chs nw nm. t nw bcm th Sclst Wrkrs ctn Grup, usully knwn s SWG. Th nw nm rflctd th grups mv t srus ctvst wrk. nd lng wth ths cm nthr chng. Fr SWG bcm frml mmbrshp grup mr ttndnc t mtngs n lngr mnt utmtc mmbrshp. T bcm mmbr prsn nw hd t py mmbrshp dus nd b cmmttd t th grups ctvts n utsd gttn.

S n th lttr mnths f 1972, th MWG xprncd sgnfcnt chngs. lthugh t dd nt hv by ny mns dfnt pltcl ln n ll crucl ssus, th dprtur f th rcst-sxsts nd th nrchsts dd mn grtr pltcl chrnc nd unty. t hd mvd frm dscussn grup t hghly ctvst n; t hd thr publctns f ts wn (Hrd Lns, Clrk nd Dggr, Th Bttlr) ncludng th smwht mbtus prjct f prducng ts wn nwsppr. nd t ws nvlvd n 2 thr rnk nd fl grupngs/publctns: Tchr ctn nd th Wrkng Wmns Grup. n tp f ths thr ws sm ntry wrk n th LP. Wthut dubt, prtty hgh lvl f ctvty fr grup f but 15 ppl. Th grup whch gv brth t SWG hd cm cnsdrbl dstnc snc ts bgnnngs yr bfr.


Sm Stbcks


n th rly Nw Yr, hwvr, th grup cm t xprnc sm stbcks. Thr ws furthr dcln n mmbrshp, ncludng 2 mmbrs lvng t jn th rcntly frmd nd dctrnr Sprtcst Lgu, th mst pdntc hr-splttng tndncy f rthdx Trtskysm. n ddtnl mmbr t ths tm ws yung wrkr wh hd rcntly cm frm Sctlnd, whr h hd bn mmbr f th Brtsh ntrntnl Sclsts (SGB). Ths prvdd th frst cntct btwn SWG nd SGB. Th mn stbck ws th dcsn t dscntnu publctn f Th Bttlr. Thr wr 2 bsc rsns fr ths rtrt. Frstly, t ws flt tht th grup dd nt hv nugh pltcl chsn t publsh nwsppr wth dfnt pltcl ln. Bttlr n. 1 hd cknwldgd ths lck f chsn pnly, sttng tht SWG ws nt dscplnd grup nd nt ll rtcls wr rflctn f cllctv vws. Snc th bjct f th grup t lst, s fr s th dmnnt Rd nc fctn ws cncrnd ws t bcm dscplnd rgnztn wth pltcl ln, t ws dcdd tht ppr whch dd nt rflct ths wuld nt b f ny grt us n buldng th grup n dfnt drctn.

nthr thng ws tht t hd tkn ght wks t prduc th frst ssu. bvusly, t tht rt th grup culd nt publsh rgulr nwsppr. nd ppr tht pprd nc vry tw-r thr mnths wuld hv bn n us t ll n buldng struggls. Th tm nd ffrt ndd t prduc th ppr t ths stg dd nt ppr t b wrth t. t ws blvd tht f nd whn SWG hd grtr pltcl unty, whn mmbrs wr clrr but rgumnts thy wshd t put frwrd, prductn wuld b much smthr nd mr rpd.

Th scnd rsn fr drppng th Bttlr ws dcsv. Fr t ws dcdd tht th grup dd nt rlly hv th fnncl rsurcs t cntnu prducng t nywy.

n th rly mnths f 1973 prblms rs n th Wrkng Wmns Grup, Sm wmn frm th Sprtcst Lgu hd bcm nvlvd n th grup nd thr mthds f prtcptn wr xtrmly dvsv. S dctrnr wr thy n pushng thr xcssvly thrtcl dgm tht thy wuld rfus t rcgns th uthrty f th chrwmn nd just cntnu t spk fr ncrdbly lng prds, ncludng ncssnt hrngus n th ptt-burgs ntur f ll ds but thr wn. Functnng f th grup ll but csd. Plns fr ctvty culd nvr b md snc th Sprtcsts lft n tm fr prpsls t b dscussd. Fnlly, ftr svrl wks f ths nr-ttl dsruptn, Stn succssfully mvd tht th Sprtcsts b xplld. But th hrrwng xprnc f th prcdng wks hd lft th Wrkng Wmns Grup vry dmrlsd, nd t cllpsd sn ftr th Sprtcsts dprtur.

n ths prd SWGs mmbrshp hd dwndld t but 10 ppl. n cntrst t th lttr mnths f 1972, ctvty ws ls dmnshd. lthugh nly n ssu f Th Bttlr ws publshd, th 8 wks tkn t prduc t, nd th 2 succdng wks f nrgtc sllng, hd mnt th ppr hd bn mjr ctvty fr vr 2 mnths. Ths nw ws gn. nd lthugh th Wrkng Wmns Grup hd nt bn mjr ctvty fr th MWG s whl, ths ws nthr r f ctvty whch bcm dfunct. Th nw smllr SWG wth fwr rs f ctvty ws ntrng qutr phs f ts hstry. n ffct, t ws prd f cnsldtn srt f hrdnng up prcss whch grdully dvlpd, wth th ncurgmnt f th dmnnt Rd nc fctn, sught ftr pltcl chsn.

Dspt th fwr rs f gttnl wrk thr ws stll plnty f ctvty t ccupy th smllr mmbrshp. Th 3 Mnsh mmbrs, cllng thmslvs th Rvlutnry Cmmunst Club (RvCmms) hd bult Hrd Lns nt wdly rd brdsht, ts vws cmmndng cnsdrbl rspct frm numbr f cmpus mltnts. Sprdc ntrvntn ws mntnd n th Sclst Lft f th Vctrn LP by th rsng f mtns t rgnl nd gnrl mtngs f th SL.

Th mn ctvty fr th grup s whl durng rly 1973 ws Clrk nd Dggr. n lt 1972 C&D hd crtd str whn t xpsd th bhrrnt wrkng cndtns t th HB ffc, whr mngmnts rluctnc t prvd prpr clnng srvcs hd ctully rsultd n plgu f lc n th buldng. ls n lt 1972, C&D hd msur f succss n mkng qul py fr wmn n ssu n th nsurnc ndustry. t cntnud ts gttn n th qustn n 1973, nd t rgud th nd C unt ml nd fml wrkrs n fght fr qul py cmbnd wth brdr cmpgn fr bttr py nd cndtns, smthng th unn ldrs f th SF wr xcdngly rluctnt t d:

Ntbl xclusn frm th dmnds s ny frm f WG CLM. S fr, thy hvnt vn dcdd hw much t sk fr! Ndlss t sy, mny cmpgn wry vtrns f lst yr r gng t b lttl mptnt t ths nws. Snc th xcutv cnt mk up ts mnd, w suggst yu dmnd:

  • flt 29 % rs n th ml rt.

  • bltn f th fml rt wmn t gt qul py.

  • Pd mtrnty lv f 12 wks n full py.

  • Fur wks nnul lv.

  • 11 vrtm t dubl tm rts.

nd t ws pntd ut hw th SF xcutv ws s cntmptuus f rnk nd fl prtcptn n th unn, tht t culd cncl dlgts mtng wthut vn gvng n xplntn! S C&D urgd ll rnk nd fl clrks t bcm ctvly nvlvd n thr unns ffrs. t ws n cnstnt rtcls lk ths tht C&D ws prmtng mltnt nd dmcrtc unnsm. nd sclly cnscus unnsm th thrd ky lmnt n th S rnk nd fl strtgy ws ls cntrl thrust f th brdsht. spcl dtn f C&D ws ssud fr ntrntnl Wmns Dy, ttckng nt nly sxst dscrmntn n th wrkplc, but thrughut th whl f cptlst scty. t urgd clrcl wrkrs t ttnd th WD mrch nd dmnstrtn, ncludng mls, wh hv vrythng t gn by supprtng thr sstrs. nd C&D dmndd ndustrl ctn gnst th Frnch nuclr tstng n th Pcfc. n typcl xmpl f hs lvly nd wtty Jurnlsm, Grffths chrtld n C&D hdln:

FRNCH TSTS: USTRL GTS TH SHS.

Puns lk ths rflctd th rr mxtur f pltcl mltncy nd humur whch ws cmmn t th SWG mntlty.

but th mddl f 1973 tw dvlpmnts tk plc. Th cmpgn fr qul py n th nsurnc ndustry bgn t tk ff s mny f th SF rnk nd fl, ncludng mn, strtd tkng n ctv ntrst n th ssu. Grffths mngd t gt fw mltnts tgthr nd nttd th frmtn f rnk nd fl grup clld th Mltnt nsurnc Clrks (MC). lthugh tny grup t frst, t vntully prvd t b vry ffctv frc, bng th chf mblzng gnt fr mss cmpgn n th ndustry. Durng ths prd thr wr numbr f tny rnk nd fl grups n thr ndustrs nd unns, ncludng trmwys wmn nd rlwy wrkrs. SWG hd cm nt cntct wth sm f th grups thrugh ts gttnl ctvts. t ws thrugh th Wrkng Wmns Grup, fr xmpl, tht SWG hd cm nt cntct wth th trmwys wmn. Hvng cnsttutd rnk nd fl grup f ts wn (MC), SWG tk furthr nttvs by ttmptng t brng ll knwn grups f rnk nd fl mltnts tgthr n crdntng cmmtt, whch wuld (hpfully) ly th bss fr futur rnk nd fl mvmnt. Ths ws clld Rnk nd Fl Lsn Cmmtt (RFL). Hwvr RFL nvr rlly rgnzd nythng f substnc, ts mtngs bng ssntlly frums fr th tw cmptng pltcl tndncs nvlvd: SWG nd rvl rthdx Trtskyst grup clld th Cmmunst Lgu, wh hd crtd mtlwrkrs cucus. RFLs n chvmnt ws th publctn f tw ssus f mult-pg bulltn clld Rfctn wth cntrbutns frm numbr f th rnk nd fl grups nvlvd, ths cntrbutns bng rprts f ctvty/plns f th prtculr grups. lthugh th RFL ws nvr t munt t nythng (nd sm ts cnsttunt grups wr nt vry substntl) ts frly rgulr mtngs cnsumd cnsdrbl cmmtmnt frm numbr f SWG mmbrs untl th nd f th yr. RFL ws nt rvvd ftr th Chrstms brk.


Th Frst SWG Cnfrnc


s SWG ws tkng ths nw rnk nd fl nttvs n th utsd wrld, th Rd nc fctn ws tkng grtr nttvs wthn th grup. t rgud tht th tm hd cm fr SWG t mk dfnt dcsn s t wht srt f grup t wshd t b n th futur. Rd nc succssfully mvd tht cnfrnc b hld fr ths purps. nd s vr th wknd f 25-26 ugust 1973, SWG hld ts frst cnfrnc. f curs, cnfrnc s rthr grnds wrd, snc w r stll tlkng f vry smll grup. t th bgnnng f th cnfrnc mmbrshp std t 12, tw f whm hd jnd wk rlr. hndful f SWG cntcts ls ttndd, 2 f whm jnd t ts cnclusn. Ths nw rcruts ncludd 3 studnts nd n nsurnc clrk frm Glng.

Thr wr 2 mn ssus dscussd t th frst SWG cnfrnc. Frstly, thr ws th qustn f th Lbr Prty. Fr sm tm, mmbrs f SWG hd bn sprdclly ctv wthn th LP. But wht wr thy ttmptng t d thr? Thr ws th gnrl vw tht thy wr ttmptng t buld rdclsm wthn th LP. But culd ths b succssful, nd hw ws t t b mplmntd? Dv Ndl, wrtng undr th psudnym f Grg McCr, prducd dcumnt whch prvdd nswrs t ths qustns. ts mprtnt t nt th rsn fr psudnym n ths cntxt. Th ultmt thrust f th McCr dcumnt (s t bcm knwn t SWG mmbrs) ws t splt th LP. lthugh Lbr Prty ruls prmttd mmbrs f smll sclst grups (xcludng Cmmunst Prty mmbrs r grups stndng cnddts gnst th LP fr prlmnt) t ls b mmbrs f th LP, n prctc such ppl wr nly tlrtd prvdd thy ddnt cus trubl. bvusly, ny smll grup plnnng t ctully crt sgnfcnt splt wthn th Prty wuld hv bn prmptly xplld by th LP mchn lng bfr t culd brng ths pln t frutn. Th McCr dcumnt ws wrttn prmrly fr n ntrnl SWG dcumnt, but t ws ls ntndd s bss fr dscussn wth ntrstd cntcts th grup hd wthn th LP. n cs t fll nt th wrng hnds wthn th Lbr Prty, t ws mprtv tht ts uthrshp ws nt xplctly cknwldgd, s ths wuld prvd prf fr xpulsn f th uthr frm th prty. Hnc th psudnym.

nd wht nlyss ws ths prjctd splt n th LP bsd upn? Th qustn f hw rvlutnrs shuld rlt t scl dmcrtc prts lk th LP hs lwys bn cntrvrsl ssu wthn th wrld Trtskyst mvmnt. t hd bn th bsc pltcl qustn whch hd cusd th brk-up f th f Brtsh Trtskyst prty, th RCP, n th lt 1940s. Sm sctns blvd n wrkng wthn th Brtsh Lbur Prty, thrs dd nt. Ths Trtskysts wh wr gnst ntry wrk n scl dmcrtc prts, hv trdtnlly rgud tht ths prts r nt wrkng-clss prts, tht thr pr-cptlst plcs nd ncrsngly mddl-clss ldrshp nd mmbrshp mnt tht lbur prts wr ssntlly cptlst prts. ntry wrk wthn thm wuld, thrfr, thr b cllbrtn wth th nmy r, t th vry lst, pntlss wst f tm. Trtskysts wh wr n fvur f ntry wrk hv rgud tht dspt thr pr-cptlst plcs nd mddl-clss cntnt, ths prts rmn wrkng clss prts, nt just bcus f thr mss wrkng-clss supprt n prlmntry lctns, but ls bcus f thr rltnshp t th trd unn mvmnt. nd mng ths wh blvd n ntry wrk, wr tw dffrnt typs f strtgs. n th n hnd, thr wr Trtskysts wh blvd n dp ntrsm, whch s n ttmpt t push th whl lbur prty t th lft. n th thr, thr wr ths wh blvd n shllw ntrsm, whch rgus tht pushng lbur prts t th lft s mpssbl, but nnthlss ntry wrk cn b vlubl n rcrutng ndvdul lbur prty mmbrs t Trtskyst ds nd rgnztn.

Th McCr dcumnt rgud tht th LP ws wrkng clss prty. lthugh Lnn wrt n rtcl n 1913 chrctrsng th LP s ptt-burgs (whch nt-ntrst Trtskysts n ustrl hv gltngly pntd t), McCr rgud tht th fundmntl chrctr f th Lbr Prty chngd ftr th cnscrptn splt f 1916. Fr th ptt-burgs lmnts wr, sd McCr, th pr-cnscrptnsts. Wth thr dprtur, th LP bcm frmly bsd n th mss ndustrl unns (th pr-cnscrptnsts bng ntrnchd n th smll, ptt-burgs crft unns) nd dspt th grdul dcln f unn cntrl vr th prty mchn n rcnt dcds, t nnthlss rmnd th cs tht th prty stll dpndd upn thm fr ts fnncl nd pltcl xstnc. Dspt ts pr-cptlst plcs nd ssntlly mddl-clss brnch mmbrshp nd ntnl ldrshp th LPs trd unn bs mnt, sd McCr, tht t ws rspnsv (wthn crtn lmts) t wrkng clss prssur, f th unns dcdd t flx thr muscls, n wy tht burgs prts wr nt.

But th McCr dcumnt dd nt ft nt thr shllw ntrst r dp ntrst prspctv. n thry, t ws nw frm f ntrsm. Dspt th LPs wrkng clss bs, th pr-cptlst sntmnts f ts ldrshp nd prlmntry mchn wr t ntrnchd t rlstclly xpct th prty s whl t b pushd fundmntlly t th lft. Dp ntrsm, sd McCr, ws bsd n n llusn. Th bst sclsts culd xpct frm th Lbr ldrshp nd mchn ws fvurbl rspns t wrkng clss prssur n prtculr prgrssv ssus lk, fr xmpl, th Whtlm gvrnmnts prmtn f prfrnc fr unnsts n gvrnmnt mplymnt. Shllw ntrsm, n th thr hnd, gnrd th ptntl f th sclst nd wrkng clss mltnts wthn th Lbr Prty. nd McCr sw ths ptntl n th xstnc f th Sclst Lft (SL) fctn wthn th Vctrn LP. lthugh th SL tndd t b mnpultd by th trd unn burucrts n ts ldrshp, ts rnk nd fl hd th ptntl t b mblsd nt mltnt sclst frc. Wht ws ndd, sd McCr, ws ctv ntrvntn n th SL by rvlutnrs puttng frwrd mltnt mtns nd prpsls fr drct ctn lk dmnstrtns, supprt f strk pckts, tc. nd mltnt lft ppstn culd thn b bult wthn th LP. nd whn th nvtbl ncmptblty f ths ppstn nd th Lbr Prty mchn rchd n mpss, th ppstn wuld undubtdly splt ff frm th prty. Ths brkwy ppstn, sd McCr, cmbnd wth thr rvlutnry grupngs, wuld thn b th bss f nw rvlutnry sclst prty.

n ssnc, th McCr dcumnt prvdd thrtcl bss, nd n xplct sttmnt f ms, fr th ntry wrk SWG hd lrdy bn dng wthn th LP nd, prtculrly, n th SL. ųght mnths rlr. Th Bttlr hd urgd th frmtn f mltnt mss sclst mvmnt bth wthn nd wthut th LP. Th McCr dcumnt crystllsd ths n bth thrtcl nd prgrmmtc trms. Snc t ws rlly n xtnsn f wht SWG ws lrdy ttmptng wthn th LP, th dcumnt ws rdly ccptd by th frst SWG Cnfrnc. Th nly ppstn cm frm th frmr Brtsh S mmbr, wh rgud, s d th SGB, tht rvlutnrs wrkng wthn lbur prts tndd t rnfrc wrkng clss llusns but th sclst ptntl f such prts, McCrs nlyss f th SL ws sn by th SWG mjrty s n ffctv cuntr t th SGB rgumnt.

Th scnd mn ssu dbtd t th cnfrnc ws cncrnd wth wht srt f structur ws dsrbl fr rvlutnry rgnztn. Th Rd nc fctn rgud tht ultmtly th grup must bcm Lnnst dmcrtc-cntrlst rgnztn. Th rcgntn f th nd fr dscplnd rvlutnry prty hd, f curs, prcpttd th nrchst splt-ff yr rlr. But th MWG dd nt, t tht tm, mplmnt tht rcgntn by dptng Lnnst structur fr th grup. lthugh th dlgcl nrchsts hd dprtd, thr hd rmnd wthn sctn f th grup, nbulus hstlty t frml ntrnl structurs. S th 5 r 6 Rd nc mmbrs hd plyd lw-ky, but dtrmnd, rl n grdully nurturng th ccptnc f Lnnst ds. Ths cnfrnc ws th tm. Rd nc blvd, fr tkng dfnt stp n Lnnst drctn. But vn nw Rd nc ws nt vrly cnfdnt f wnnng SWG t Lnnst pstn. S nstd f rgung fr th dptn f full dmcrtc-cntrlst rgnztn, thy ptd fr th mplmnttn f tw bsc Lnnst rgnztnl prncpls.

Th frst f ths prncpls ws th nd fr pltcl, rthr thn dmnstrtv, ldrshp. rlr n 1973, SWG hd n fct dptd mnml ntrnl structur by lctng n xcutv f but 3 ppl. But th xc dd nt hv ny pwrs scrbd t t, bng purly c-rdntng cmmtt fr sm f th grups ctvts. Th nmnl ntur f ths xcutv cn b sn n th fct tht th rl ldrs f th grup, ths wh hd th grtst pltcl nflunc nd ls nttd mst prpsls, th dmnnt Rd nc ppl lk Ndl nd ΒLncln, wr nt vn mmbrs f ths bdy. Nw, rgud Rd nc, th ld xc must b rplcd by frmlly lctd pltcl ldrshp. Ths mnt tht t wuld nt nly mplmnt grup dcsns, but wuld ntt pltcl strtgs. Th rl f ths ldrs wuld nt b purly (r vn prmrly) dmnstrtv, but rthr, s ductrs f SWGs rnk nd fl n bth thrtcl nd ctvst qustns. Ths nw ldrshp bdy, t b clld th Pltcl Cmmtt, shuld thrfr, cntn ths mmbrs wh wr sn s bng th ky ldrs n nttng nd mplmntng th grups pltcs n th utsd wrld.

Th thr prpsl Rd nc rgud fr ws th dptn f pltcl dscpln. t bsc lvl, ths mnt n xplct rcgntn tht th grup hd dfnt pltcl ln n numbr f bsc ssus. Mmbrs wr xpctd t rgu fr, nd ttmpt t mplmnt, th pltcs f th grup n thr gttnl ctvts. Mr xplctly, t mnt tht mmbrs culd nthr publcly pps SWG plcs nr frustrt th grups mplmnttn f ths plcs. f ny mmbr dd ndulg n such ppstn, thy culd b dscplnd (.. suspndd, fnd r xplld). n thr wrds, th grup ws t put n untd frnt n ts publc ntrvntns. Dffrncs btwn mmbrs wr t b n ntrnl mttr; nc n ssu hd bn dcdd by ntrnl dmcrcy, ll mmbrs wr blgd t mplmnt ths mjrty dcsns wthut publc crtcsm. lthugh SWG hd nt hd th xprnc f mmbrs gng gnst mjrty dcsns n publc, Rd nc blvd th dptn f ths prpsls ws n mprtnt stp n buldng dscplnd rvlutnry prty.

ftr th dlgcl nrchsts dprtd n md-1972, th tw dmnnt pltcl ldrs f th grup wr 0Lncln nd Ndl. ftr th lunchng f Clrk nd Dggr, Grffths quckly dvlpd hs gttnl blts nd ths stblshd hm s nthr vry nfluntl mmbr f th grup. nwcmr t th grup n md-1973, wuld quckly dscrn 3 utstndng mmbrs: Ndl, ΒLncln nd Grffths. mprtnt scndry-ldrshp rls culd b scrbd t Stn nd L ck. ll f ths wr mmbrs f th Rd nc fctn xcpt n. Ths xcptn ws Grffths, wh hd rtnd strng rsrvtns but structurs, dscpln nd Lnnsm. S t ws nvtbl tht th dbt vr th futur structur f SWG wuld prmrly b dvsn btwn Rd nc n th n hnd, nd Grffths n th thr. t frst, Grffths ws cnspcuus n th dbt, nt bcus f hs cntrbutn t t, but bcus f hs slnc. t pprd h wshd t vd cnfrnttn n th ssu. But th Rd nc ldrs fnlly chllngd Grffths t stt hs vws nd s h cm ut ppsng th rgnstnl prpsls. Dspt hs cnsdrbl nflunc n th grup, Grffths prvd t b prtculrly uncnvncng n hs rgumnts. Rd ncs prpsls fr frml pltcl ldrshp nd pltcl dscpln wr vrwhlmngly crrd, Grffths bng th sl dssntr. Nnthlss, th wrry Rd nc mmbrs hd vr whthr thy wuld wn th dbt, ws vdnt n thr bvus sghs f rlf s thr mtns wr crrd. Prhps ut f surprs t th vrwhlmng ndrsmnt f th prpsls, ΒLncln nd L ck mttd smll chr f vctry s th vt ws nnuncd. nd ths chrs wr t mrk n mprtnt turnng pnt n th thrtcl bss f th grup.

n ntrstng squl ws t ccur t th Lnnst dbt wk ltr. lthugh cnfrnc md th dcsn t lct Pltcl Cmmtt (PC), th ctul lctns fr th PC ccurrd t th nxt rutn SWG mtng. ftr t ws dcdd tht th PC shuld numbr 3 ppl, thr ws gnrl grmnt tht ths thr mmbrs shuld b th 3 bvus ldrs f th grup: 0Lncln, Ndl nd Grffths. But tht gnrl grmnt ws nt unnmus. Grffths prtstd tht h wuld nt srv n th PC bcus h ws gnst ts xstnc nywy. nd thr nsud n xtrmly lngthy nd ntns dbt whr vry sngl mmbr f th grup, sm spkng twc nd vn thrc, urgd Grffths t g n th PC. Lk t r lump t, thy sd, Grff (s Grffths ws knwn t mmbrs) ws n cknwldgd ldr f th grup; h hd rspnsblty t srv. Th fct tht Grff ws ppsd t th xstnc f th PC, sd ΒLncln, ws ll th mr rsn why h shuld b n t. s h ws n mprtnt ldr f th grup, Grffths ppstn t th PC ws n mprtnt mnrty vwpnt, nd mprtnt mnrty vwpnts shuld b rprsntd n th ldrshp bdy. Mny tms Grffths rpld; ch tm h rfusd t budg. Yt t ws bvus tht h culd nt hld ut. t ws lk lmp bng drvn t th slughtr. t ws nt, hwvr, n ltgthr unwllng lmb. Grffths my hv cnstntly prtstd gnst hs gng n th PC, but h dd s wth n ncrsngly shpsh grn n hs fc. H ws bvusly flttrd by th dstnct vt f cnfdnc th grup hd n hm. Fnlly h ccptd hs pstn n th PC.

Bnth hs flng f bng flttrd, struggl ws gng n n th pltcl mk-up f Phl Grffths. H ws bgnnng t s th lgc f Lnnst pstn but, bcus f hs smwht vcfrus nt-Lnnsm f th pst, h ws fndng t dffcult t dmt tht hd bn wrng. t ddnt tk lng. fw wks ltr Grffths, cmng frwrd wth sm prpsls, cmmntd lcnclly, Wll, snc wv dn ths stupd thng n lctng Pltcl Cmmtt, w my s wll us t. nd md th lughtr vrybdy knw tht h rlly mnt Pltcl Cmmtt ws nt such bd thng ftr ll.


Sm mprtnt chvmnts


n th wks fllwng th cnfrnc, thr wr tw mprtnt dvlpmnts. Th frst ccurrd t Mnsh whr th RvCmms, SWGs Mnsh cmpus grup, hd bult Hrd Lns nt wdly rd nd rspctd brdsht. But th Mst Lbr Club hd rmnd th dmnnt pltcl grup lrgly bcus f ts rdcl trdtn frm th lt 60s. Th RvCmms numbrd nly 4 SWG mmbrs plus fw thr ccsnl ctv supprtrs. But th chllngng pstn tht Hrd Lns nw hd vs--vs th Msts (wh, dspt thr grtr sz nd dmnnc, prducd lss rgulr brdsht whch wsnt s wdly rd) cnvncd th RvCmms tht t ws tm t flx thr muscls. Thy chllngd th Msts t publc dbt n th qustn f th rd t sclsm. Prhps bcus thy wr flng thrtnd by th grwng ppulrty f Hrd Lns, th Msts ccptd th chllng. Th mtng ws wll ttndd, svrl hundrd cmpus mltnts turnng up. L ck, chf RvCmms spksprsn, rgud strngly gnst th ntnlst rd t sclsm, pntng ut hw ptrtsm ws wpn usd by th cptlst clss t c-pt th msss nd dlntng th mny hstrcl xmpls f th flur f ppulr frnt strtgs. Ths ntrntnlst pstn pprd t b wll rcvd n cntrst t th Msts rdcl ntnlsm. Th RvCmms rprtd bck t SWG tht, gugng frm th rspns f th udnc, thy hd clrly wn Th Grt Dbt. Ths prvd t b n hllw clm. Frm ths tm nwrds, fr t lst th nxt tw yrs, th RvCmms wr th dmnnt pltcl grup t Mnsh, nt just bcus f Hrd Lns, but bcus f thr nttn nd ldrshp f ll subsqunt rdcl cmpgns n cmpus durng ths prd.

n md-1973, th qul py cmpgn n th nsurnc ndustry bgn t gt ff th grund wth th frmtn f th Mltnt nsurnc Clrks. vr th nxt fw mnths MC bgn pplyng cnsdrbl prssur n th SF ldrshp, qul py fr wmn n th wht cllr r ws th ffcl plcy f th Whtlm gvrnmnt nd th rbtrtn Cmmssn hd ctully grntd t fr wmn n th nsurnc ndustry. But th nsurnc cmpns wr qut dpt t wrkng thr wy rund th nw rqurmnt fr qul py. Thy bgn rclssfy jbs; thy wr ttmptng t clssfy ll ml clrks nt prtculr typs f jbs, nd ll fml clrks nt dffrnt typs f jbs. Th typs f Jbs n whch th mls wrkd wuld rcv hghr py thn th fml jbs, th ffcl rsn bng nt n f sxul dscrmntn but bcus f grtr skll r hghr qulfctns tc. Th SF xcutv knw tht th mplyrs wn rclssfyng jbs t vd qul py. Yt t ws dng lttl but t. nd t ws ths lck f ctvty n th prt f th unn ldrs whch MC fcussd n n ts gttn. MCs rvltns nd dmnds wr wll publcsd n Clrk nd Dggr. nd t sn bgn publshng ts wn brdsht clld MCcy Fnn. t ts bgnnngs n th mddl f th yr, MC hd but 3 r 4 nsurnc wrkrs nvlvd. By th nd f 1973, up t 20 wr ttndng ts mtngs. Grffths rmnd th sl SWG mmbr f MC, yt h ws ts undsputd ldr. t ws Grffths wh nt nly nttd mst f MCs ds nd tctcs, but wh ls prvdd th nrgy nd zst ndd t crry th grup frwrd. nd, f curs, th rsurcs f SWG wr prtculrly usful. Grffths prducd MCcy Fnn n SWGs duplctr.

rlr n th yr Grffths ws lctd t th Vctrn xcutv f th SF, Nw, wth th rnk nd fl bckng f MC, h ws bl t frc th xcutv nt ctn. Rvltns f undmcrtc prctcs by th xcutv (.g. cncllng mtngs wthut xplntn) hd prbbly md th ffcls snstv but rnk nd fl crtcsm. nd t bcm bvus tht MCcy Fnn ws bng wll rcvd n mny nsurnc ffcs. Unlk C&D, MCs brdsht ws dstrbutd pnly nsd ffcs. Bcus t ws dfndng ffcl unn plcy (whch ws n supprt f qul py) t wuld b dffcult fr mngmnt t vctms prtculr dstrbutrs f th brdsht n ths stutn, th SF ffcls, lthugh thy ddnt lk MCs crtcsms f thr nctvty, wuld b frcd t dfnd thr mmbrs. Prtculrly snc MCcy Fnn ws rcvng cnsdrbl ppulr supprt. nd s MC ws bl t frc th xcutv t hld numbr f unn gnrl mtngs n th ssu f qul py whch, fr th frst tm n th unns hstry, wr wll ttndd by th rnk nd fl s mny s 100-200 wr turnng up. Prpsls fr ctn, cmng frm Grffths nd MC, culmntd n mss lunchtm rlly n rly Dcmbr, whch ws ttndd by vr 2000 nsurnc clrks. t th rlly, n th fc f ppstn frm th SF xcutv, MC mvd succssfully fr strk ctn gnst th mplyrs ttmpts t rclssfy jbs. nd s vr 1000 nsurnc clrks dd nt g bck t wrk tht ftrnn. Th SF ws n strk fr th frst tm n ts hstry.

Unnstn n th nsurnc ndustry ws nt, f curs, prtculrly hgh prbbly but 50% f ffc wrkrs n th ndustry wr mmbrs f th unn. nd nt ll f ths wnt n strk. Nnthlss, th fct tht vr 1000 nsurnc clrks dd g n strk fr th frst tm n thr lvs, rflctd th wdsprd cncrn mngst th rnk nd fl f th ndustry vr th mplyrs* ttmpts t rclssfy jbs, nd th unns lck f ffrt n ttmptng t stp t. Yt th cmpgn ws nt C succd. Th ntl strk hd bn fr th hlf dy nly. n-dy strk whch th mss rlly hd clld fr th fllwng wk ws cnclld t shrt ntc by th SF xcutv. Th rsns th ffcls gv fr ths ws tht th nsurnc cmpns hd grd t dscuss th dmnds. Yt t ltr mrgd tht ths dscussns hd chvd lttl nd th mplyrs cntnud jb rclssfctn. But by nw t ws t lt fr MC t mbls th rnk nd fl nc gn. Fr t ws rght n Chrstms nd th ndustry ws clsng dwn fr th Chrstms-Nw Yr brk. Th struggl ws dssptd. ftr th summr brk, Grffths ws unbl t rus ntrst n cntnung th cmpgn. vn MC csd t functn; Grffths clsst ctvst-cmrds n th ndustry wr nw unntrstd.

Thr wr tw mprtnt lssns f th 1973 qul py cmpgn n th nsurnc ndustry. Frstly, t dmnstrtd wht smll grup f mltnts culd chv prvdd thy wr wll rgnsd, hd cncpt f wht t d, nd pckd th crrct ssu n whch thy culd mbls th rnk nd fl. Fr SWG mmbrs t smd vrfctn f th rnk nd fl strtgy .. ttmptng t buld cmpgns thrugh th frmtn f xplct rnk nd fl grups plus n ndrsmnt f th cncpt f mltnt, dmcrtc nd sclly-cnscus unnsm. But th flur f th cmpgn ls llustrtd hw quckly mltnt struggl culd bcm dssptd. t smd tht Chrstms brk ws lmst nvtbly rcp fr dsstr. Th lssn pprd t b tht th ht f struggl must b mntnd, nd Chrstms ws n tm t d tht. f curs furthr lssn ws vrfctn f hw wllngly unn ffcls wll sll ut struggls undr th gus f pprng t d smthng (dscussns wth th mplyrs whch dnt munt t nythng). Grffths blvs tht th SF ldrshp purpsly dssptd th struggl n th v f Chrstms, knwng tht t wuld b dffcult t rvv n th Nw Yr ftr th brk. Thr mtvs fr dng ths wuld b tht thy flt thrtnd by th rnk nd fl tkng mttrs nt thr wn hnds. Gvn th prvus rcrd f SF ffcls n ttmptng t dscurg rnk nd fl nttv nd prtcptn, ths s cnvncng rgumnt.

t ws n lt 1973 tht SWG frst dptd pstn n th Russn Qustn. mtng ws hld whr ths ws th mn tpc n th gnd. ΒLncln rgud fr th dptn f th SUS pstn vz. tht th sclst cuntrs wr nthr sclst nr cptlst, but nw xplttv systm clld burucrtc cllctvsm whr th burucrcy ws nw rulng clss. Ndl hd dprtd n n vrss trp f 5 mnths nd s th grup dd nt hv th plsur f hs vws n th dbt. Th nly ppstn cm frm Rss McKnz, th frmr mmbr f SGB, wh put th Brtsh pstn tht th Sclst cuntrs wr stt cptlst. ΒLncln rcvd supprt frm Stn nd L ck, nd th rst f th mmbrshp ddnt ppr t knw vry much but th ssu, ncludng Grffths wh ws n ctvst rthr thn thrtcn. Th burucrtc cllctvst pstn ws dptd wth nly n vt gnst, but th 5 r 6 vts n fvur wr quld by but th sm numbr f bstntns. Ths hgh numbr f bstntns rflctd th lw lvl f cnfdnc SWG mmbrs hd n mkng dcsns n th mr cmplctd thrtcl qustns. t ws clr frm th dbt, hwvr, tht ll mmbrs subscrbd t th vw tht th Stlnst cuntrs wr scts ch wth nw xplttv mnrty rulng clss. Th ctul dsgntn f whthr th systm ws burucrtc cllctvst r stt cptlst ws th mr cmplx dcsn whch mny mmbrs flt unbl t mk. Th gnrl grmnt tht Stlnst burucrcs n pwr wr mnrty rulng clsss dd rflct tht th thrtcl bss f SWG ws wthn th S cmp rthr thn th rth-Trtskyst n whch nlyzd ths rgms s dgnrtd wrkrs stts. n ssnc, ths mnt tht th S tndncy wthn SWG (.. ths wh hd md up th Rd nc fctn) hd bn succssful, thrugh thr nflunc n th grup, n stblshng th lgtmcy f S ds. f curs, th Rnk nd Fl strtgy hd lng bn ccptd n prctc. nd nw th thrtcl bss f S pltcs ws ccptd, n gnrl trms, s wll. lthugh fw mmbrs rlzd t xplctly t ths tm, SWG ws nw bcmng, n lt 1973-rly 1974, n S grup.

Th yr 1974 pnd wth th frms f SWG ctvsm bng prmrly n th studnt rn. Th RvCmms wr nw th dmnnt pltcl grup t Mnsh. nd n th lttr hlf f l973, SWG hd rcrutd 2 studnts frm Ltrb Unvrsty. t th utst f th cdmc yr n 1974, th Ltrb studnts nw bgn ttmptng t buld grup smlr t th Mnsh RvCmms. ff-cmpus ctvts wr dmnshd by th fldng f th qul py cmpgn n nsurnc nd th cllps f th RFL nd MC (f curs th lttr dmnshd th lvl f ctvsm fr Grffths prsnlly rthr thn SWG s whl). Th cupl f tchr mmbrs mntnd sm ctvty n Tchr ctn. Th mn ff-cmpus ctvty durng rly 1974 ws Clrk nd Dggr whch mntnd rgulr publctn cycl f but 3 wks Mst mmbrs wr nvlvd wth thr th prductn r dstrbutn f C&D.

ctn dvlpd quckly t Ltrb. Ths ws cmpus dmntd by Msts cllng thmslvs th Rdcl Studnt Mvmnt (RSM), nd n f th mn ssus n whch thy rn cmpgns ws th dmnd fr rfrm n th prsn systm. t th bgnnng f th cdmc yr, th Studnts Rprsnttv Cuncl (SRC) undr RSM nflunc, nnuncd gnrl studnt mtng t dscuss prpsl tht Ltrb b dclrd hvn fr prsn scps. Th d ws prmrly t drw publcty t th spcfc dmnds fr pnl rfrm. numbr f studnts wr, hwvr, qustnng th cnsquncs f n scp wr ctully t b hrbrd n cmpus. Fr xmpl, wht f n scp n cmpus rpd wmn? (nd t bcm knwn t sm ppl tht th RSM hd lrdy hrbrd n scp n cmpus nd wuld d s gn f t hd th pprtunty.) n n ffrt t cuntr ths bjctns th Mst frnt, th Prsnrs ctn Grup put ut lflt syng tht f n scp rpd smn n cmpus, thn ths wuld b th fult f th cptlst systm. Th Ltrb SWG mmbrs, ls cllng thmslvs th Rvlutnry Cmmunsts (RvCmms) bgn publshng brdsht clld Rd nk n whch thy rgud tht th Mst dsrgrd fr th sfty f wmn n cmpus ws sxst. Thy ls pntd ut hw ll th PG prpgnd hd bn drctd t xpsng th nhumn cndtns nly t ml prsns, ttlly gnrng Frl wmns prsn. Th RvCmms ls rgud tht mnngful prsn rfrm culd nly b chvd by drct bng tkn by trd unns; nly th rgnzd wrkng clss hs strngth t frc cncssns frm th gvrnmnt. Whl th RSM-PG hd rcvd ndrsmnt f thr cmpgn frm fw Mst trd unn ffcls thy hd nt ttmptd, th RvCmms rgud, t mblz rnk nd fl wrkrs n supprt f prsnrs dmnds.

t th nsung gnrl mtng wll ttndd, wth vr 600 studnts prsnt th RvCmms wr bl, n th bss f th sxst ntur f th Mst cmpgn, t dft th mtn dclrng Ltrb s prsn scp hvn. Th vt ws vry cls dvsn hd t b clld nd t ws gnrlly cknwldgd tht t ws th RvCmms ntrvntn whch swung th vt, fw wmns lbrtnsts swngng t th n sd ftr hrng th RvCmms rgumnts n th sxst ntur f th cmpgn. S, t ts vry frst ntrvntn t Ltrb, SWG chvd substntl vctry. n rtrspct, hwvr, th RvCmms ntrvntn cn b sn s smwht unprncpld. Thy hd supprtd th Msts ssntl dmnds fr rfrm (whch ncludd frdm f spch fr prsnrs, th rght t jn trd unns, much mprvd lvng cndtns, uncnsrd ml, tc), thr crtcsms crtnly mprtnt nd mnngful ns bng drctd gnst th wy th cmpgn ws run, rthr thn th ms f th cmpgn. n ths stutn, th crrct thng fr sclsts t d wuld b t gv crtcl supprt t th cmpgn by mvng mndmnts n ppstn t ts sxst nd grndstndng fturs, whl supprtng th bsc dmnds fr rfrm. ndd, t ppr s srus, th RvCmms shuld hv frmlly mvd ltrntv prpsls fr ctn. Thr flur t d ths rsultd n splt n th Lft nd dft nt just fr th prsn hvn* mtn, but mpld dft fr th pnl rfrm dmnds s wll. Such unprncpld ntrvntns dd nt, hwvr, prv t b th nrml prctc f SWG r th RvCmms.

Th ntl succss* f th Ltrb RvCmms ws nt t b rptd n th sns tht thy nvr gn rcvd mjrty supprt t studnt gnrl mtng. But Rd nk, lk ts Mnsh cusn Hrd Lns, dd bcm th mst rgulr nd wdly rd brdsht n cmpus. Twrds th nd f th yr, 2 mr Ltrb studnts wr rcrutd by th RvCmms t SWG.

Th RvCmms t Mnsh ls strtd th yr 1974 wth cnsdrbl succss. Bgnnng wth 4 mmbrs thy quckly rcrutd ffth nd hld srs f Mrxst ductn clsss whch wr ttndd by 15 t 20 studnts. Wth ths nuclus f cntcts nd sympthzrs thy wr t grdully buld n xtnsv cmpgn dmndng rfrms n mthds f ductnl ssssmnt wthn th unvrsty. t tk lt f ffrt nd sld grundwrk vr th rly mnths f 1974 t buld th cmpgn.

Mnwhl, thngs wr hppnng n SWG, Bth Ndl nd L ck hd bn vrss fr 4-5 mnths vr th summr prd nd durng thr trvls thy hd cnsdrbl cntct wth th S grups n Brtn nd th US. Ndl rturnd much mprssd by th wrk f Brtsh S, nd cm frwrd wth cupl f mprtnt prpsls fr SWG. n ws tht th grup shuld hv ts wn ffc, r cntr. Ths ws ssntl, sd Ndl, f th grups ctvts wr t b prprly c-rdntd. Untl ths tm, SWG hd n fcl pnt f ts wn. Mtngs n th rly dys f th MWG hd bn hld n th rsdntl sctn f th Prm Fctry, wll knwn thtr n Mlburn whr n MWG mmbr lvd, nd thn subsquntly n th Unn Buldng t Mlburn Unvrsty. SWGs duplctng mchn, usd t prduc mst f ts brdshts, ws kpt t th hm f n f th mmbrs. lthugh th grup ws n n fnncl pstn t rnt prpr ffc, Ndls prpsl ws mplmntd by 3 SWG mmbrs mvng nt n ld hus n Ftzry n whch n rm ws st sd s SWG ffc, th grup pyng rntl fr th rm nly.

Sn ftr th nw SWG cntr ws stblshd, n-dy SWG cnfrnc ws hld t whch th mst mprtnt dscussn ws rltd t Ndls scnd prpsl. Ths ws tht th grup shuld mk plns t bgn publshng ts wn nwsppr, rthr thn nly rstrctng tslf t brdshts spcfclly rntd t prtculr ndustrs nd cmpuss. Th nwsppr, lk Th Bttlr f lt 1972, wuld nt rplc th grups brdshts but rthr wuld b cmplmntry t thm by ctng s c-rdntng muthpc fr th vrus struggls th grup ws nvlvd n. nd, f curs, t wuld b bl t prsnt th grups pltcs n ll mprtnt, currnt wrkng clss nd rdcl struggls nd tpcl vnts.

Bcus f th grups mgr fnncl rsurcs thr ws nturlly sm pprhnsn vr Ndls prpsl, spclly fr ths wh culd rmmbr th frcd drppng f Th Bttlr 15 mnths bfr. nd thr ws stll sm dubt s t whthr SWG hd th pltcl xprts nd xprnc ncssry t prduc gd rgulr nwsppr. Ndls prpsl ws nt, hwvr, tht th grup shuld bgn publshng nthr nwsppr mmdtly. Rthr, h rgud tht t shuld st trgt dt fr ltr n th yr, gvng SWG th chnc t mk dqut prprtns fr ths mjr stp. nd t ws gnrlly rcgnsd tht th grup dd hv grtr pltcl chsn thn t hd yr prvusly. S Ndls prpsl fr nwsppr ws ccptd, wth trgt dt fr smtm n th Sprng f 1974. s n ntrmdry stp, t ws dcdd tht th grup shuld bgn publshng rgulr duplctd jurnl n whch SWGs pltcs culd b furthr dvlpd thrugh nlytcl (rthr thn gttnl) rtcls. Dspt th fct tht jurnls hv ncssrly thrtcl mphss (yu cnt ntrvn n struggls wth thm), t ws hpd tht prductn f jurnl wuld prvd th grup wth sm vlubl xprnc fr prducng th ltr gttnl nwsppr.

Th jurnl ws clld Frnt Ln. nly thr ssus f t pprd n 1974, th frst n My. t crrd nlyss such s th ntur f th LP (prt f th clbrtd McCr Dcumnt), th rprssn f wmn n th Svt Unn, nd survys f tpcl vnts lk th 1974 fdrl lctns nd Wtrgt. ts crcultn ws nvr lrg, prbbly but 50 cps pr ssu. n prtculr rtcl, n Frnt Ln n. 3, ws t rcv cnsdrbl cclm utsd th mmdt wmns nd lft-wng mvmnts. Ths ws n nlyss by Jny Stn f th pltcs f rdcl fmnsm. Ths prtculr vrty f fmnsm nlyss scty n sxul rthr thn cnmc bss. Fr rdcl fmnsts th rulng clss s ll mls n scty, whl wmn r th xpltd clss. Ths mns thy s wlthy nd wrkng clss wmn s hvng ssntlly th sm ntrsts, gnrng th fct tht wlthy wmn lv ff th xplttn f fml nd ml wrkrs lk. Ths vw f sng th sxs s th prmry clsss f scty, lds rdcl fmnsts t s ll scl lls (grd, wr, rprssn, xplttn) s purly th rsult f ml dmnnc. nd th crllry f ths s tht nly wmn r truly cpbl f bsc scl gds such s lv, undrstndng, sympthy, ffctn. Stn llustrtd hw ths vw lds rdcl fmnsts t cclm th trdtnl, sctlly-mpsd pursuts f wmn th nn-vlnt chld-rrng, huskpng, swng, tc. s bng th rst wrthy scl pursuts, whch nly wmn culd d, whch mnt tht wmn wr suprr t mn. n fct, sd Stn, rdcl fmnst ltrtur ws nw rnfrcng th vry ds whch wr th nstrumnts f wmns pprssn; tht wmn shuld b rlgtd t subrdnt dmstc ctvts whl th prmry scl functns f wrk n ndustry nd pltcs wr lft s th dmn f mn. Stns crtqu f rdcl fmnsm rcvd prs frm mny qurtrs ncludng lzbth Rd, wh ws, t th tm Wmns dvsr t Prm Mnstr Whtlm. t hs snc bn rprntd mr thn nc, mst rcntly s prt f th cllctn Prspctvs fr Wmns Lbrtn.

Th ltrntv prspctv fr wmns lbrtn, s hld by Stn nd SWG, s tht th mvmnt shuld rnt tslf prmrly t wrkng wmn. T b sur, wlthy wmn r pprssd s wmn. But wrkng wmn r pprssd bth s wmn nd s wrkrs. Clss dvsns n scty r cnmc, nt sxul. Th sxul xplttn f wmn hs crtnly bn nsttutnlsd by cptlsm nd mnpultd t th systms dvntg. Cmplt lbrtn f wmn wll nly b chvd whn prmry cnmc xplttn hs bn blshd, nd tht mns sclsm. Th mn fght t nd wmns pprssn s, thrfr, n cnmc n. Snc nly untd nd rgnsd wrkng clss cn vrthrw cptlsm, t s up t ll wrkrs -mn nd wmn t fght tgthr t nd ll frms f xplttn: cnmc, scl nd sxul. ts prtculrly mprtnt fr rdcls t rls tht th bsss ttmpt t us th sxul pprssn f wmn t dvd n sctn f th wrkng clss (wmn) frm nthr (mn) by, fr xmpl, hvng unqul py lvls nd/r rtrnchng wmn hd f mn. SWG rcgnsd tht thr ws nd t fght hr nd nw, rthr thn wtng fr sclsm, gnst th nt-wmn sxst tttuds hrbrd by mn, bsss nd wrkrs lk. nd t d ths, wmn ndd thr wn ndpndnt lbrtn mvmnt. But whl th Wmns Lbrtn Mvmnt nggs n ths ncssry nt-sxst struggl, t shuld rnt tslf prmrly t wrkng wmn. By prmtng struggls f wmn n th wrkplc, wmn wuld gn cnfdnc s rgnzd wrkrs. nd n th prcss, thy culd cnvnc ml wrkrs tht t ws n th ntrsts f th whl wrkng clss t shd sxst tttuds nd fght tgthr t vrthrw th bsss nd cptlsm.

Whn SWG bgn publctn f Frnt Ln nd dptd plns fr publctn f rgulr nwsppr ltr n 1974, rsrvtns vr th grups cpcty t mbrk n ths smwht mbtus prjct, wr dmnshd by th rcgntn tht thr ws grtr pltcl dvlpmnt nd chsn wthn th mmbrshp thn yr rlr. Ths ntrnl grwth hd bn ld by th Rd nc fctn. mnfsttn f ths grtr pltcl unty ws rflctd n th fct tht, ftr th Lnnsm dbt t th frst SWG Cnfrnc n 1973, Rd nc blvd tht ts prmry jb ws dn, nd dsbndd tslf s frml fctn. lthugh ths cnfrnc dptd nly th bscs f Lnnsm, rthr thn th whl gmut f S pltcs, t ws bvus th grup ws dvlpng grtr pltcl chrnc wth n S-typ drctn. Ths ws furthr rflctd wth th dptn lbt, smwht tnuusly f th burucrtc cllctvst nlyss f Russ n lt 1973. nd n rly 1974, tw ustrln-brn SWG ldrs, Ndl nd L ck, rturnd frm vrss much mprssd wth th pltcs nd prctc f thr S grups, prtculrly n Brtn. Bth SWG s whl nd mst ndvdul mmbrs, nw bgn t cnscusly nd publcly dntfy thmslvs s prt f th S tndncy. lthugh SWG nvr frmlly dclrd tslf s n S grup. n ths rly prd f 1974 t ffctvly bcm n.

ftr th n-dy SWG Cnfrnc (smtms rfrrd t s mn r mdtrm cnfrnc, bcus t ws hlf-wy n btwn th nw xpctd nnul Cnfrncs t b hld n ugust) n Mrch 1974, th grups ctvts cntnud mnly n th studnt nd wht-cllr rs. Rd nk hd stblshd tslf s th rst rgulr nd wdly-rd brdsht t Ltrb, th Mnsh mmbrs wr buldng vry cncrtd cmpgn fr ductnl/ssssmnt rfrm, nd Clrk nd Dggr ws cntnung t crt rgulr str n mny Mlburn ffcs. Frnt Ln ws bng prducd n n ttmptd mnthly bss. n ths prd th grup rcrutd thr mr wht-cllr wrkrs, brngng th mmbrshp n md-1974 t but 16, lthugh tw f ths wr t dprt but ths tm n xtndd vrss; trps, rducng th ffctv mmbrshp t 14.

s th Mnsh RvCmms wr gng frm succss t succss n buldng n ncrsngly grwng ssssmnt ctn grup, SWG hld ts scnd nnul Cnfrnc n ugust. Tw dstnctv dvlpmnts n th grup n th frst hlf f th yr bcmng n S grup nd plns t bgn rgulr nwsppr prvd t b th mst ntbl fturs f ths Cnfrnc. Th frst f ths ws rflctd n th fct tht fr th frst tm, SWG gthrng ws ttndd by ntrntnl rprsnttvs. n ws mmbr f Brtsh S, th thr hd bn ctv fr mny yrs wth Frnch sclst grup publshng ppr clld Lutt uvrr. Th lttr ws nt n S grup, but SGB hd bn cnductng frtrnl rltns wth t fr sm tm. Nthr f ths ntrntnl rps wr ffcl dlgts t th SWG Cnfrnc (bth wr ustrlns wh, hvng lft ustrl sm yrs bfr, wr pyng tmprry vsts t s fmly rltns), but thr prsnc ws sn by ll s cncrt xprssn f SWGs plc wthn n ntrntnl mvmnt.

Th mn dbt t th cnfrnc ws whthr r nt t prcd wth plns fr publshng rgulr nwsppr. n ldng SWG mmbr nw cm ut frmly ppsd t th nwsppr prpsl. Ths ws Grffths, wh rgud tht th grup dd nt hv th cpcty, n thr fnncl r pltcl trms, t prduc ppr. lthugh Grffths ppstn rcvd sm sympthy frm cupl f th nwr wht-cllr mmbrs, nd ΒLncln nd Stn ls xprssd sm ntl rsrvtns, prpsl t bgn publshng nwsppr n ctbr ws vrwhlmngly crrd, ΒLncln nd Stn vtng wth th mjrty. Thr ws tuch f rny n Grffths ppstn t th ppr. yr bfr, h hd bn th sl ppnnt f th frml dntfctn wth Lnnsm nd th cnsqunt frmtn f Pltcl Cmmtt. Yt wthn shrt prd, h bcm n rdnt dvct f mplmntng ths prpsls. Nw t, h ws ut n lmb n hs ppstn t th ppr, nly t quckly rvrs hs ntl vw by sn bcmng ts ctv ndustrl dtr. Ltr h ws t bcm lng-srvng nd succssful gnrl dtr.

Th nm f th ppr, chsn t SWG mtng sn ftr th scnd cnfrnc, ws th sm s th rlr shrt-lvd SWG ppr, Th Bttlr. n SWG ldr, L ck, ntlly ppsd th nm n th grunds tht t hd ngtv sund but t tht t mpld n ws lwys bttlng but nvr wnnng. But Ndl, wh ws th drvng frc n cnvncng th grup tht t must bgn publshng ppr, succssfully rgud tht t ws pstv dntfctn wth ustrln wrkrs. Th cncpt f bttlr ws, h sd, n ustrln cllqulsm whch mnt n undrdg (bng rprssd, lk wrkr) but nt lsr. Bcus Ndl ws th nly mmbr wth n xplct cncpt fr th pltcl cntnt nd prsnttn f Th Bttlr, t ws gnrlly ccptd tht h wuld b ts frst dtr. L ck ws cnsdrd, hwvr, t b bttr prctcl rgnsr, nd ws gvn th dtrshp fr th frst cupl f ssus n rdr t stblsh prctcl prcdurs whch Ndls pltcl xprts culd thn tk vr.

Sn ftr SWGs scnd nnul cnfrnc, th ssssmnt/ductnl struggl t Mnsh xpldd. Th cmpgn hd bn gthrng mmntum snc md-yr. Thrugh th nttv f th RvCmms, n ssssmnt ctn () grup ws frmd whch bgn dvlpng n nlyss f th rl f trtry ductn n cptlst scty. Th ssu f th mds f ssssmnt wthn th unvrsty prvd t b mttr f cncrn fr mny Mnsh studnts, ws sn ttrctng s mny s 30 nd mr studnts t ts mtngs. Th 5 RvCmms wr th cr pltcl unt f , nd L ck ws ts utstndng ldr ndd, sh hd bn th mst wdly rspctd lft-wng pltcl ctvst n cmpus vr snc th Grt Dbt nrly 12 mnths rlr. Thrugh srs f publc frums nd studnt gnrl mtngs, bgn t mbls studnt pnn n th nd fr ductn rfrm. Th fct tht s mny publc mtngs f n frm r nthr culd b hld n th ssu thr wr but dzn wthn th spc f thr mnths rflctd th lvl f studnt ntrst n th ssu. vr 100 studnts ttndd th frst ffcl Mnsh ssctn f Studnts mtng dvtd t ssssmnt n 26 Jun, nd ths grw t svrl hundrd t subsqunt gnrl mtngs s th cmpgn gnd mmntum.

Bgnnng wth th nlyss tht unvrsts srv th cptlst systm, th RvCmms nd rgud tht ductnl ssssmnt undr cptlsm s ssntlly mthd f dscplnng studnts nt ccptng th vlus nd uthrty f th systm. Mds f ssssmnt nd curs-cntnt/structur r hndd dwn frm bv studnts hv n sy n thm whtsvr. Ths mns unvrsty ssssmnt s dsgnd t slct ths wh wll bst srv cptlsm s tchncrts, mngrs, tchrs, nd wd ut ths wh wll nt b cmpltly subsrvnt t th systm. nd th cmpttvnss f cptlsm ws nstlld n ts ductn systm thrugh th plcy f grdng mrks nd flng st quts f studnts. Ths frcd studnts t cmpt gnst ch thr fr th cvtd hnurs, nd vn fr pss. ls pntd ut th clss bs n ductn: vry fw wrkng clss kds vr mk t t unvrsty thy r wdd ut lng bfr thy rch trtry lvl ductn. Th nt-ssssmnt ctvsts wr ttmptng t llustrt th scl rl f ssssmnt n cptlst scty nd prps sm ltrntvs.

Th dmnds dbtd nd dptd t succssv MS mtngs durng th cmpgn wr mny nd vrd. ssntlly thy cn b summrsd s fllws:

  • ptnl ssssmnt! ndvdul studnts shuld hv th rght t chs th mthd f thr ssssmnt (ptn f xms, ssys, prjcts, rls), ncludng th rght nt t b ssssd t ll.

  • n grdng f mrks, n flurs. n nd t cmpttv ssssmnt, rplcd by dgnstc ssssmnt: whr studnts wrk hs dfcncs, t shuld b rdn n cnsulttn wth stff. Cmpltn f curs wrk shuld b ll thts ncssry fr pss.

  • curs cntnt nd structur shuld b dcdd by studnt-stff cnsnsus.

  • pn dmssns: ll wh wsh t ttnd trtry nsttutns shuld b bl t d s wthut pr-rqust qulfctns. f quts hd t b mpsd, rndm bllt shuld slct ths wh ttnd. s ths ws plcy f Vctrn Scndry Tchrs ssctn, supprt f VST plcy.

  • rpd xpnsn f fclts t nbl th bltn f quts.

  • n ssssmnt rcrds t b suppld t mplyrs r hld by unvrsty.

n th prsnt scl cntxt, th dmnds cn ppr s unwnnbl nd utpn. Th cntrl d ws, hwvr, t buld struggl whch pntd twrds th dl ductn systm, nd hw ths ws nt pssbl undr cptlsm. Fr xmpl, th rght t chs nt t b ssssd llustrtd tht ductn shuld ssntlly b lrnng prcss (th studnt dvlpng hs/hr ntrsts) rthr thn ncssrly bng n f btnng qulfctns. Th dmnd fr n flurs ws mnt t llustrt tht ll ndvduls r gftd n smthng, nd Cht th mpstn f judgmnts bsd n nflxbl bstrct crtr wrkd gnst th dvlpmnt f ndvdul sklls. Dgnstc ssssmnt wuld vrcm ths. Mst rdcl struggls wthn cptlsm tht hv rvlutnry cntnt d cntn dmnds whch r nt mmdtly wnnbl. Th crucl lmnt s th struggl tslf. n brdsht put ths succnctly!

Th clss bs n ductn, smthng thts bn rund s lng s cptlsm, wnt b lmntd undr cptlsm, but ts smthng w shuld fght gnst s wll s tlk but!

Hrd Lns dvlpd ths furthr:

fundmntl chng n th scl rl nd functn f ssssmnt mns crrspndng fundmntl chng n scty. But w dnt hv t wt fr rvlutn t d smthng. Nt nly cn w wn mprtnt rfrms nw, but succssful nt-ssssmnt struggl culd b stp twrds th fundmntl scl chngs w nd

nd struggl sur ws mblsd. ftr mnths f rcvng lttl sympthy frm th unvrsty dmnstrtn nd hghr chlns f cdmc stff, substntl mjrty f studnts t gnrl mtng, ttndd by svrl hundrd, vtd t ccupy th dmnstrtn ffcs.

Th ccuptn bgn n 18 Sptmbr 1974 nd lstd fr wk. t ws th frst ccuptn t Mnsh fr svrl yrs, nd th lngst vr t tht cmpus nt vn n th hy-dy f studnt rdclsm n th lt 1960s hd n ccuptn t Mnsh lstd s lng s wk. Th numbr wh ntlly ccupd ws but 150-200, nd t fluctutd gd dl thrughut th wk. Th lwst numbrs wr vrnght whn thy drppd t btwn 70 nd 100. Studnts tk thr slpng bgs t slp n, rgnsd fd nd cff, ntrtnd thmslvs wth crd gms, gutrs, nd sngng. cmmunl sprt dvlpd, nd gnrl mtngs f ccuprs wr hld ch dy t rgns ctvts. Nt ll th tm ws spnt n ntrtnmnt. Mny lflts wr prducd n th ccuptn, xplnng th dmnds nd ctn tkn, whch wr dstrbutd n cmpus ch dy, urgng thr studnts t jn th struggl. Mny wrkshps wr hld, dvlpng furthr th studnts ds nd dmnds fr ductnl rfrm. Th ccuptn fnlly cm t n nd whn, ftr studnts frcd ntry nt th unvrstys cuncl chmbrs, th dmnstrtn clld n th plc nd 77 studnts wr rrstd, bng chrgd wth bsttng buldng. Fcd wth th prspct f much lrgr ccuptn prtstng th rrsts ( studnt gnrl mtng f 1800 vtd vrwhlmngly fr furthr ccuptn, but dlyd tkng ctn). Vc Chncllr Mthsn clvrly dffusd th struggl by drppng th chrgs n cndtn tht thr ws n furthr ccuptn.

n trms f ts ms, th ccuptn dd nt chv grt dl, lthugh n sm curss stff grd t cnsult gnrl mtngs f studnts dng th curs n currculum nd curs structur. But fr SWG, th struggl ws mssv succss. Th RvCmms hd bn th nttrs f th cmpgn nd wr n th ldrshp thrughut. Ths gv SWG much crdblty, prtculrly wth th mr pltclly wr ctvsts. SWGs rgulr wkly mtng ws hld, n th wk f th ccuptn, n Mnshs dmnstrtv buldng mngst th ccuprs. numbr f ctvsts ttndd, nd thy cntnud t cm t subsqunt SWG mtngs. Nt lng ftr, but tn ppl jnd SWG, ll wthn th spc f but 3 wks. Fr th ldr mmbrs f th grup, ths ws lmst unblvbl. ftr ttndng mtng ftr mtng nd sng th sm ld fcs, wth th ccsnl cmng nd gng f th dd n r tw, thy nw ttndd succssv mtngs wth nw mmbrs jnng t ch n. Thr ws n lmst uphrc tmsphr t SWG mtngs durng ths prd, rund lt ctbr nd rly Nvmbr 1974, th lvl f whch hs snc prbbly nvr bn rptd n th grups hstry. nd th grup hd suddnly grwn frm 14 t 24 mmbrs, th lrgst t hd bn snc th rly dys f th MWG, prd whch nly but 7 mmbrs culd rmmbr.

Th nw rcruts wr mstly Mnsh studnts, but tw studnts frm Ltrb ls jnd t ths tm, lrgly bcus thy wr mprssd by SWGs rl n th Mnsh ccuptn. Ths lttr tw hd cm nt cntct wth th grup thrugh th Ltrb RvCmms wh hd ttmptd t mbls smlr nt-ssssmnt struggl t thr cmpus. Th nly sgnfcnt ctn t ccur t Ltrb ws whn, durng th Mnsh ccuptn, st-n by but 50 studnts ws hld n th Unvrstys Cuncl Rm n supprt f th Mnsh struggl nd ts dmnds. t lstd but tw hurs, nd ws ddrssd by n f th ccuprs frm Mnsh, brught ut by th RvCmms. Bth th RvCmms nd th RSM hd bn nfluntl n mblsng th st-n. Th n rsult f th st-n ws th frmtn f th ductn ctn grup, n whch th RvCmms plyd ldng rl. t ntlly ttrctd but 20 studnts t ts mtngs, but fzzld ut vr th summr.

Th nwly wn cnfdnc f SWG ws nt du slly t th Mnsh ccuptn. cupl f thr dvlpmnts hppnd but ths tm. Just prr t th utbrk f th ccuptn, th grup hd mvd nt nw ffcs n Blck Plc, n th hrt f Mlburns busnss dstrct. Th ld ffc n Ftzry hd bn dscntnud cupl f mnths bfr whn th thr SWG mmbrs lvng thr hd dcdd thy wr sck f th dlpdtd prmss, nd mvd ut t fnd bttr ccmmdtn. Th nw ffc ws th frst rl cntr fr th grup, ccupyng th tp flr f smll buldng. t cnsstd f thr rms, ncludng rsnbly lrg n n whch mtngs wr frquntly hld. Th nw ffc ws btnd t th rmrkbly chp rntl, gvn ts lctn n th hrt f th cty, f $80 pr mnth. But fr tny grup such s SWG, t ws stll lt f mny t rs. Th cqustn f th Blck Plc cntr ddd t th cnfdnc f SWG; t bstd th slf-mprtnc f such lttl grup t hv ts wn ffc. Ths dvlpmnt ws sn dwrfd by nthr, th lttr bng th mn rsn fr th cqustn f th nw ffc. Ths ws th rpublctn, ftr nrly tw yrs n bync, f Th Bttlr.


Publshng Th Bttlr


Th dust hdnt sttld n th Mnsh ccuptn bfr th grup ws fvrshly nvlvd n th prprtn f th frst ssu f th nw Bttlr. S mny thngs wr hppnng t nc, t hrdly smd th sm grup s fw wks bfr. ll f suddn SWG ws publshng ts wn nwsppr frm ts vry wn cty ffc wth lmst dubl th mmbrshp, ftr hvng ld hstry mkng ccuptn t Mnsh. Fr th ldr mmbrs f th grup t ws lmst t gd t blv. Yt th vry hypr-ctvty f ll ths -vnts lft lttl tm t blv r thnk nythng bynd mmdt tsks.

Mny mmbrs wr nvlvd n th prductn f Th Bttlr. Fclts wr mgr but suffcnt. fw mnths rlr, th grup hd btnd ts wn lctrc typwrtr. lyut tbl ws rpdly bult nd n f th cntrs rms ws st sd fr Bttlr prductn. ll lyut ws dn by SWG nd rsnbly chp prntr ws fund t run t ff th prss. Th ssu chsn fr th ld rtcl f th nw Bttlr n. 1, ws th Whtlm gvrnmnts blng ut f Brtsh Lylnd, th cr mnufcturr whch hd bn scrmng cllps unlss t rcvd gvrnmnt ssstnc. Th gvrnmnt rgus, sd Th Bttlr, tht f t hdnt

spnt $25 mlln buyng th fctry st nd 782 Lylnd crs thn Lylnd wuld hv hd t cls cmpltly nd th 9000-plus wrkrs nvlvd n mkng buss nd ssmblng mns wuld hv lst thr jbs s wll.

Th rtcl wnt n t pnt ut Lylnd ws nly n trubl bcus f tw unprftbl mdls, rthr thn ll th cmpnys prtns, nd th gvrnmnt ws dng nthng fr ths wrkrs wh wr gttng th sck nywy:

Grbg! Buss nd Mns r prftbl. P76s nd Mrns wrnt. Bsds, ndrbys prpsls d nthng fr th 3,000 nd mr wrkrs wh r gng t ls thr jbs t Lylnd, nt t mntn th mny thr wrkrs n ndustrs supplyng cmpnnt prts t Lylnd.

nd whr cmpns r rlly fcng bnkruptcy, rthr thn bng bught by th gvrnmnt, thy ught t b ntnlsd wthut cmpnstn undr wrkrs cntrl. nd ths mns, cncludd Th Bttlr, th unns must b prprd t fght:

W must b rgnsd t mk sur thy dnt mk prsnts f ur futur nxt tm cmpny fls.

thr rprts n th frst Bttlr rprtd n mrcn wrkng wmn rgnsng t fght sxsm n th unns, cvrg f gnrl strk n Wstrn ustrl gnst nwly ntrducd svr nt-wrkng clss lgsltn, nd n nlyss f th cuss f nfltn. n prtculrly mprtnt rtcl ws th cvrg f th tkvr f th frgn wnd buldng grup. Mnln, by ustrln wnd buldng grup, . . Wtts. Mst buldng unn ldr Nrm Gllghr, fllwng hs rdcl ntnlst pltcs, hd supprtd th tkvr nd ws nvlvd n th dl. Yt, sd Th Bttlr, . . Wtts ws n f th fw cmpns tht wuldnt py crn drvrs nd dgmn btwn jbs.

Fr Gllghr, ts ntnlty thts mprtnt. But fr ny unn, th frst cncrn shuld surly b wth th ntrsts f ts wn mmbrs.

Th bsss ntnl bckgrund s rrlvnt ll mplyrs r n th busnss t mk s bg prft s thy cn, nd tht mns httng wrkrs wgs nd cndtns f thy cn.

nd Th Bttlr wnt n t pnt ut tht Gllghr rlly hs nthng t sy but th prblms n th buldng ndustry, nd n strtgy t prtct jbs. Th rtcl cncludd by sttng:

Th BLs must strngthn thr rgnztn, bth n th jb nd n th unn, s tht Gllghr cnnt gt wy wth mkng dls wth th kngr-cptlsts t lmnt th hrd wn rght t fght th bsss, ll bsss nw tht th unns r cmng undr gnrl ttck.

Ths ws nvkng th rnk nd fl strtgy f SWG: rnk nd fl wrkrs ndd t mbls t fght bth th bsss nd th sll-uts f thr unn ldrs. Ths hs rmnd cnstnt thm f Th Bttlr.

Ths frst dtn f th nw Bttlr ws ght pgs n lngth, nd ws t rmn ths sz untl t wnt t twlv pgs yr ltr, n ctbr 1975. t bgn publctn s mnthly. n thusnd cps wr run ff, cstng but $320. but 700 cps wr sld, t tn cnts, cpy. Ths mnt th grup ws hvly subsdsng th cst f prductn. t ws, f curs, lk ll lft-wng pprs, sld t dmnstrtns. But rght frm th bgnnng, SWG plcd n mphss n sllng t fctrs, whch fw lft-wng grups d. SWG mmbrs wuld stnd utsd fctry gts, ftn vry rly n th mrnng, sllng t th wrkrs s thy cm t wrk (r, smtms, s thy knckd ff). Th numbr f sls pr fctry n ths rly prd vrgd but 5 t 10 cps. Nt nfrquntly, dmrlsng sls f nly 2 r 3 cps ccurrd. ccsnlly gd sls f 20 r mr cps wr chvd. Thr wr numbr f crtr fr slctng fctrs t b sld t. Gnrlly spkng ths wr plnts wth knwn trdtnl mltncy, rcnt ndustrl ctn t th plnt, r th fw fctrs whr SWG hd cntcts n th nsd. n mphss n sllng t plnts n th ngnrng nd mtls ndustry ws md fr tw rsns. Frstly, t ws n f th mst trdtnlly mltnt rs f th wrkfrc, nd ws prtculrly mprtnt snc, spclly t ths tm, th nnul Mtl Trds Clm ws usully cnsdrd by th rbtrtn Cmmssn s th tst cs n Ntnl Wg hrngs. f th mtl trds wn wg ncrs, t usully flwd n t thr ndustrs. nd scndly, th fw mltnt wrkrs wth whch SWG ws n cntct t ths tm, wr mstly n th mtls ndustry. n fctry t whch Bttlr N. 1 ws sld rmns rgulr sllng pnt t ths dy, n 1978. Ths s Jhns nd Wygd, n ngnrng plnt n Clytn, whr sls hv rchd s hgh us 50 t 60 cps pr ssu, nd hv rgulrly bn gd 20 t 30 cps ch dtn.

Th frst Bttlr ws ls sld n shppng cntrs n wrkng clss rs nd wthn n ssu r tw, SWG mbrkd upn n dvnturus stp. t ws dcdd t sll Th Bttlr by knckng dr-t-dr n Husng Cmmssn stts, th prst f wrkng clss rs. lthugh sllng utsd fctrs by thr sclst grups n ustrl s rr, t s nt unknwn. But n lft-wng grups hd vr (wth th pssbl xcptn f th CP bck n ts rlr yrs) sld thr nwspprs n dr-t-dr bss. Hwkrs f nythng t ll, r gnrlly ll rcvd by hushldrs. Hw wuld thy rct t yung rdcls hwkng cmmunst nwsppr? f thr lft-wng grups hd trd t, thy crtnly hdnt prsstd. t ws drng stp fr SWG t tk. s t turnd ut, husng cmmssn sls wnt rsnbly wll. lthugh Bttlr sllrs ccsnlly ncuntrd cmmnts lk G bck t Russ r Wht r yu lt, cmm bstrds? (cmmnts lk ths r ls ncuntrd n fctry sls), mr ftn th rspns ws frm but plt n. nd th numbrs sld by husng-cmmssn Bttlr sllr n th usul tw-hur sllng rund vrgd 20 t 30 cps. Buldng up rgulr sllng runds, SWG mmbrs stblshd rgulr custmrs nd dd nt rturn t huss t whch thy hd bn rfusd.

Ths prctc f mkng rgulr dr-t-dr sls n th husng cmmssn rs f Mlburn cntnud untl but md-1976. lthugh th ctul numbr f cmmssn sls wr rsnbl, ths ctvty ws nvr vry usful n ttmptng t nflunc struggls n prtculr ndustrs s wr sls t fctrs nd strk/stp-wrk mtngs. t ws prbbly fr ths rsn tht dr-t-dr sls wr vntully cnsdrd lw prrty nd, gvn th vry lmtd rsurcs f th smll grup, thrfr dscntnud.

n lt 1974, n tp f ctvts t Mnsh, Ltrb, nd prductn f Th Bttlr, SWG cntnud ts thr rgulr ctvts. Clrk nd Dggr pprd n rgulr frtnghtly bss, tchr mmbrs (nd ccsnlly th studnt mmbrs wh wr trnng t b tchrs) wr nvlvd n Tchr ctn, nd sm mmbrs wr sprdclly nvlvd n th LP. Th lttr ctvty must b mphssd s bng sprdc. SWGs strtgy fr wrkng n th LP ws cnstntly dscussd t th grups wkly mtngs nd sm mmbrs, prtculrly Ndl, cntnully rgud fr grtr ffrt n ts mplmnttn. But ths xhrttns wr usully n vn. Rrly ws srus ffrt put nt LP wrk. Ths ws prtly bcus th SL ws dsntgrtng. ts mtngs wr s fw nd fr btwn by ths tm, tht t hd vrtully csd t xst. But thr ws ls cnstnt lck f cmmtmnt t SWGs LP strtgy by mst f th grups mmbrshp. lthugh mst thught t ws gd d n thry, fw mmbrs culd b nthusd but puttng th strtgy nt prctc. ntrsm n th Lbr Prty ws t rmn th bn f th SWGs ctvst prspctvs.

Thr ws ls shrt rvvl f th Mltnt nsurnc Clrks n lt 1974. Fllwng th rtrnchmnt f 250 clrks t th Cmmrcl Unn nsurnc Grup (25% f ts wrkfrc), MC ttmptd t mbls struggl t wn bck th jbs. fw ssus f MCcy Fnn r-pprd t ths tm, nd MC rgnsd cupl f smll dmnstrtns utsd th Cmmrcl Unn ffcs. But nthng much cm f th struggl.

nthr ccsnl ctvty fr wmn mmbrs f th grup ws wrk n th Wmns Lbrtn Mvmnt. Stn ws prbbly th nly SWG mmbr t mntn rgulr prsnc n th WLM, but thr SWG wmn wr sprdclly nvlvd. Thr wrk n WLM ws usully frly lw-ky, ttmptng thrugh dbt t rnt th mvmnt twrds wrkng wmn nd t vw wmns lbrtn s clss ssu, rthr thn bng hghly ntrvntnst.

S, ll-n-ll, SWG ws vry busy lttl grup. t ws nvlvd n but 8 dffrnt rns f wrk nd/r publctns: Th Bttlr, Clrk nd Dggr, Mnsh, Ltrb, tchrs unn, wmns mvmnt, nsurnc ndustry, nd th Lbr Prty. Mmbrs wr usully cncurrntly nvlvd n svrl rns. Lf f th typcl SWG mmbr ws n f frntc ctvty: wrtng/duplctng/dstrbutng vrus brdshts, ttndng dmnstrtns, prducng/sllng Th Bttlr, nd ttndng lmst cnstnt mtngs f n frm r nthr, mny f whch wuld g nt ll hurs f th nght. Whtvr th dfcncs f SWG mmbrs durng ths rly dys, lck f ddctn ws nt usully n f thm. But ll ths hypr-ctvty dd mn tht mmbrs ftn bcm burnt ut nd cnsquntly lss ffctv n thr wrk. n mr rcnt yrs, th lvl f ctvty pr mmbr hs prbbly dcrsd, but thy r ls prbbly mr ffctv n wht thy d.

Whl ll ths ctvty ws gng n, tw mprtnt ntrnl dbts ccurrd n th grup twrds th nd f 1974. Bth wr cnnctd wth Th Bttlr. Frstly Ndl rgud thr ndd t b cncpt but wht th grup ws tryng t d wth th ppr, nd tht t ndd t b md t spcfc rdrshp. bvusly th nwsppr f pltcl grup s ttmptng t rcrut ppl t ts ds nd rgnztn. t th bgnnng f publctn f Th Bttlr, mst mmbrs prbbly dd nt thnk f th pprs rl bynd ths gnrl vw tht t ws th publc rgn fr xprssng th grups ds. Ndl nw frcd SWG t thnk mr clsly but th Bttrs functn.

Rvlutnry pprs, h sd, usully fll nt n f tw ctgrs; thy r thr prpgndstc, r thy r gttnl. Prpgndstc pprs ttmptd t rcrut ppl drctly t thr ds nd thrfr cntnd much dtld thry. gttnl pprs, n th thr hnd, plcd n mphss n buldng struggls, nd prsntd thr ds wthn ths cntxt. Snc rvlutnry grups m t vrthrw cptlsm, thy nd t buld struggls, nd thr ppr shuld b prt f ths wrk. Th Bttlr shuld thrfr, sd Ndl, b n gttnl ppr n rgnsr f struggls. Rthr thn hvng lngthy thrtcl rtcls s mst lft-wng pprs d ths mnt rtcls must ld smwhr. Thy must, pnt twrds ctn. t mns tht s fr s pssbl w shuld nt smply b cmmntng. Ths ds nt mn w shuld b ptrnsngly lcturng frm utsd. Ths mns w shuld b wrkng twrds cnclusns, whch ur rdrs wll b bl t drw frm th rtcls.

Thr wuld stll b nlytcl/thrtcl rtcls, but th mphss wuld b n gttnl rtcls bsd n fw ky thrtcl ds rlvnt t th prtculr struggls t whch ths rtcls wr md. Prpgndstc pprs ssntlly md t rcrutng thr ppl frm th Lft. Th Bttlr, n th thr hnd, bcus t ws ttmptng t ntrvn n wrkng clss struggls, wuld b md t mltnt wrkrs

W r mng t mltnt shp stwrds. W r mng t yung wrkrs nfluncd by th bttr spcts f th pc mvmnt. W r mng t th mnrts wh vt t cntnu strks whn th unn ldrshp rcmmnds rturn t wrk. W r mng t th wmn wh hckld Kn McLd t th qul py mtng th wrkrs wh supprt pltcl blck bns fr pltcl rsns rthr thn ut f lylty t th ldrshp.

nd ths mnt chng n drctn fr SWGs ctvts. Untl ths tm th grups wrk hd bn mnly mngst studnts nd wht-cllr wrkrs. Bcus f ts Mrxst pltcs, SWG hd lwys rcgnzd th cntrlty f th wrkng clss spclly blu-cllr wrkrs, wh r t th hrt f prductn n buldng th sclst rvlutn. Ths mnt tht t ls rcgnzd t culd nt cntnu ts ctvst wrk slly mngst studnts nd wht-cllr wrkrs. Publctn f Th Bttlr mnt fr th frst tm th grup s whl ws ttmptng t rnt twrds blu-cllr wrkrs. Wht-cllr nd studnt wrk dd, f curs, cntnu. But Th Bttlr dd mrk turnng pnt, whr blu-cllr wrkrs bcm sgnfcnt n th grups mmdt wrk.

Ndls ds n ttmptng t us th ppr s n rgnzr, nd mng t mltnt wrkrs, wr rdly ccptd. Thr ws hwvr n spct t hs nw dtrshp f th Bttlr whch sprkd mjr cntrvrsy. Ths ws hs us f wrds lk trdsmn nd busnssmn. Mny mmbrs f th grup, ncludng mst f th wmn, blvd ths wrds wr sxst nd thrfr shuld nt b usd n th Bttlr. Ndl rgud tht whl h thught bltnt sxst phrss such s wk s wmn wr qut unccptbl, th us f such rtfclly-crtd wrds s trdsppl wuld mk th ppr sm t ntllctul t wrkrs, nd thrfr nt wn crdblty wth thm:

Usng trdsppl r busnss prsn n rtcls n ny qustn, s mny tms s w lk, wll nt wn wrkrs wy frm sxsm. stblshng crdblty s grup tht undrstnds fctry cndtns wll put us n pstn whr th sm wrkrs wll tk ur ds srusly. Thn thy wll rd rtcls tht ttck sxsm nd rlly stnd chnc f bng cnvncd.

Mny mmbrs ntlly rmnd uncnvncd f Ndls rgumnts. Sm f th wmn, ncludng Stn, pprntly thrtnd t rsgn frm SWG f Ndl cntnud s dtr. Stn blvs th dsput lmst splt th grup. Crtnly th Pltcl Cmmtt (cnsstng t ths tm f 5 mmbrs, ncludng Ndl nd Stn) ws wrrd nugh but th stutn t ssu lngthy sttmnt t mmbrs n th cntrvrsy. Th sttmnt, frmultd by 0Lncln, rgud fr tmprry cmprms slutn. t sttd tht th grup cn nly stblsh clr cncptn f wht t wnts frm th ppr ftr sm cncptn hs bn mplmntd fr prd f tm. Snc Ndl ws th nly prspctv dtr wth clr cncptn, h shuld cntnu s dtr untl Fbrury n th cntxt f th fllwng cndtns:

Jny nd Tss wll tk rspnsblty n th ntrm fr nvstgtng t dtrmn whthr wrkrs n prtculr stutn r ll ml, r sm fmls Whr thr r n wmn, wrds lk trdsmn my b usd. Whr thr r wmn, ltrntv frmultns wll b usd. Whr nthng cn b fund ut, thr wll b cnsulttn but th fnl dcsn ls wth th dtr.

t s undrstd tht n sm css th styl f th ppr my

hv t suffr n th ntrsts f vdng sxst lngug, nd ls tht n sm css xprssns my ppr n th ppr whch sm cmrds my nt lk. Thr must b n tmsphr f flxblty n bth sds untl Fbrury, whn fnl dcsn my b md.

0Lnclns cmprms ws ccptd. Th ssu ws fnlly rslvd t th nxt SWG Cnfrnc n Mrch 1975, whr frmultn vry smlr t th ntl cmprms ws dptd. n rcnt tms, th Bttlr pprs t hv stppd usng wrds lk trdsmn ltgthr, smply usng wrds lk wrkrs, sklld wrkrs, wmn wrkrs. Bcus mst ndustrl rtcls n th ppr ths dys r bsd n nsd nfrmtn. Bttlr rprtrs r usully wr f whthr r nt thr r wmn wrkng t prtculr plnt n whch thy r rprtng. Hwvr, n css f rprts nt bsd n nsd nfrmtn, t s unlkly tht ny spcl ffrt s md t dtrmn whthr th plnt hs wmn wrkrs.


rly 1975


Th yr 1975 bgn wth nthr dvlpmnt. Fr th frst tm, SWG splt nt brnchs. Untl ths tm, gnrl wkly mtngs f th grup hd bn hld, whch n thry ll mmbrs ttndd. Fllwng th substntl rcrutmnt n lt 1974, th grup nw hd but 25 mmbrs nd t ws flt tht gnrl mtngs hd bcm t unwldy wth mny mr ppl wshng t prtcpt n dscussn, thr ws lss tm t mk mprtnt prctcl- dcsns, nd mtngs f vr 20 mmbrs dd nt gv suffcnt pprtunty fr ll ths wshng t spk t d s. nfrml dscussns mngst SWG mmbrs ndctd thr ws gnrl cnsnsus tht th grup wuld dvd nt tw brnchs. But whn th mtng t dscuss th ssu cm up n rly Jnury, Grffths, ftn knwn fr drppng bmbshll prpsls, cm frwrd wth th d thr shuld nt b tw brnchs, but thr. Thr brnchs! Th mmdt rspns f mst mmbrs ws tht ths ws bsurd tht mtng n tny cll-lk grups f nly 6 t 8 ppl wuld tmz th grup t much, nd rndr t nffctv.

Hwvr, Grffths hd wll wrkd ut rtnl fr hs prpsl. Th cntrl d ws tht SWG shuld bcm vry fmlr wth sm ky wrkng clss rs, t nbl t t ntrvn n struggls n lclty bss. Th grup ws lrdy bgnnng t buld ntwrk f rgulr Bttlr buyrs thrugh ts dr-t-dr sls n Mlburns 5 lrg Husng Cmmssn rs; Dvtn n th st, Wst Hdlbrg n th nrth, nd Brybrk-Sunshn n th wst. By dvlpng ths ntwrk, nd stblshng brnchs bsd n ths thr rs, th grup culd bcm wll-nfrmd n th prblms nd ssus fcng th wrkrs n ths rs. Such cncntrtn wuld tnd t lmt th numbr f struggls th grup culd b nvlvd n, but t wuld ncrs th ffctvnss f ntrvntn.

Grffths prpsls ncludd shft n LP wrk. Th mphss wuld nw b n wrkng n lcl Lbr Prty brnchs, rthr thn th crumblng SL:

prps tht. W ltr ur strtgy frm th rsng f mtns (but th cnmy blh) n bstrct. Thy gt pssd t brnchs nd fld wy n smns drwr.

W lk rund th rs fr ndustrl dsputs. Ths/s whr t bcms ky prt f th SWG brnchs prpsl nd vc vrs. W wll knw th ndustrl dsputs n th r fr Bttlr rprtng, Bttlr sls nd bcus thts prt f th whl bldy d. n th LP brnch wll d thngs lk sk fr rprts n th lcl ndustrl stutn (nd thn gv thm t th mbrrssmnt f th lcl unn bg shts), nd thn mv fr ctn such s pcktng, sttng up f lcl lsn wth th unn brnch, rcrutng t th LP.

Dspt th ntl surprs t Grffths prpsls, thy wr dptd. SWG dvdd nt thr brnchs: st, bsd n Mnsh nd Dvtn; Nrthst, bsd n Ltrb nd Wst Hdlbrg; nd Wst, bsd n Sunshn-Brybrk, wth rspnsblty fr Mlburn Unvrsty, shuld ny studnts b rcrutd frm tht cmpus. Snc n mmbrs ctully lvd n th wstrn suburbs, cupl mvd ut thr spclly t stblsh Wst brnch, th thr mmbrs nvlvd n th brnch lvng n th st, but (n thry) dng mst f thr SWG ctvty n th wst. S s th grup wuldnt b t tmzd, gnrl mtngs wr hld vry thr r fur wks.

t th nd f 1974, SWG hd mbrkd n yt nthr ctvty. Wth 5 t 6 mmbrs wrkng n t Cmmnwlth Publc Srvc, t ws dcdd t ntt rnk nd fl grup n th publc srvc unns, prtculrly th dmnstrtv nd Clrcl ffcrs ssctn (C). Ths grup ws clld Srvnts fr ctn (SF) nd sm nn-SWG publc srvnts wr nvlvd. ts mtngs wr frly rrgulr nd t nvr chvd vry much. lthugh t smtms ttrctd s mny s 15 ppl t ts mtngs, nly th SWG mmbrs put ny ffrt nt SF ctvts. t publshd sprdc brdsht th ttl f whch, tkn frm th ntls f th grups nm, ws SF. Thr ws pun ntndd n ths ttl; wrkng s publc srvnt, yu gt SF .. Swt Fuck ll.

SF rgud fr hghr wgs, xpsd pr wrkng cndtns, nd urgd publc srvnts t gt nvlvd n thr unns, prtculrly ttndng thr unn mtngs nd supprtng mltnt dmnds. ttmptng t mblz publc srvnts t ttnd thr unn mtngs ws th mn ctvty f SF. Dspt th fct tht SF vrgd btwn 4 t 6 SWG mmbrs prtcptng n t, t bcm, lk th LP prspctv, lm duck SWG ctvty whch nvr rlly chvd nythng.

n f th chngs n SWG ctvty n 1975 ws vry much dcrsd lvl f ctvty t Mnsh. ll th frmr RvCmms hd cmpltd thr studs nd lft th cmpus. SWG nly hvng n r tw f ts nwr mmbrs t Mnsh. Hrd Lns stll pprd n lss frqunt bss (but frtnghtly, nstd f wkly) nd ws dtd by ldr f th 1974 Mnsh ccuptn wh ws nt ctully SWG mmbr. Ths ws lc Khn. Thugh nt mmbr, Khn ws strng supprtr f th grup, nd rgulrly ttndd Suth brnch mtngs. H publshd Hrd Lns wth th ssstnc f n r tw SWG mmbrs plus cupl f SWG cmpus supprtrs. Khn fnlly jnd SWG but md-yr nd ltr bcm ldng mmbr f th ntrntnl Sclsts. cupl f thr frmr ctvsts f th Mnsh ccuptn jnd th grup n th frst hlf f 1975. n f ths, wh jnd but th sm tm s Khn, ws Stv Mrgn, wh ltr bcm ldng Bttlr rprtr nd mprtnt S functnry.

RvCmms grup stll functnd t Ltrb n 1975, ts mmbrshp nw bng 3, n mmbr hvng lft th cmpus t th nd f 1974. Rd nk cntnud t ppr but vry 2 wks. ppstn t th vlnc f th Msts club, th RSM, ws n mprtnt ssu t Ltrb n 1975. n Jnury, RvCmm Mck rmstrng, n ccrdtd dlgt t th ustrln Unn f Studnts (US) Cuncl, ws physclly ttckd by RSM mmbrs (clmng t b th rl Ltrb dlgtn) whl Cuncl ws n sssn. n Mrch, thy vrturnd th RvCmms bkstll n th unn buldng, nd n July thy pushd mmbr f th Sprtcst Club thrugh plt-glss wndw h ws njurd nd hd t b tkn t hsptl.

Th Ltrb Msts wr ls wll knwn fr btng up thr lft-wng ppnnts ff cmpus. ftr th July ncdnt, crdntd cmpgn gnst th RSM vlnc ws rgnzd by th RvCmms, th Wmns Lbrtn grup, th Gy Lbrtn grup, th Sclst Wrkrs Lgu, nd th Sprtcsts. pttn dnuncng Mst vlnc ws sgnd by hundrds f Ltrb studnts. Th rsult f th cmpgn ws th dsffltn f th RSM frm Ltrbs Clubs nd Scts Cuncl. Th thr sgnfcnt ssu n 1975 t Ltrb ws strk by mntnnc nd ctrng wrkrs, sm f whm wr ctully bng pd undr-wrd by th Unvrsty nd Unn dmnstrtns. Th RvCmms wr nfluntl n mblzng numbr f studnts t supprt th wrkrs pckt, n gttng studnt gnrl mtng t supprt th strk, nd cllctng $80 fr th wrkrs strk fund. Th wrkrs ndd up wnnng py ncrss f btwn $3 nd $5 ftr wk-lng strk.

n rly Mrch 1975, SWG hld wht s nrmlly clld ts Thrd Cnfrnc (thugh, strctly spkng, t ws th furth, f th mn cnfrnc f yr bfr s ncludd).

Th mst sgnfcnt spcts f th cnfrnc wr plns t bgn blu-cllr rnk nd fl brdsht, nd th grups scnd nd fnl (t dt) frml dscussn f th Russn Qustn. Th lttr dscussn rvld mr dfnd dvsn n th qustn thn whn t hd bn lst dscussd n lt 1973.

0Lncln rgud fr th burucrtc-cllctvst nlyss (SWGs frml pstn dptd n 1973) nd succssfully wn r-ffrmtn f ths pstn. But thr wr ntrstng dffrncs n cmprsn t th 1973 dbt. t tht tm nly n mmbr supprtd th stt-cptlst nlyss, nd whl burucrtc cllctvsm wn, but hlf th grup bstnd frm vtng fr thr vw. Ths tm thr wr 3 r 4 stt-cptlst supprtrs, nd fw, f ny, bstntns.

Ths rflctd grwng cnfdnc f mmbrs (ncludng nwr mmbrs) t tk pstn n th qustn, nd th dvlpng supprt fr th stt-cptlst vwpnt. Ths lttr dvlpmnt hs ncrsd n rcnt yrs. Snc t hs nvr frmlly bn ltrd, burucrtc cllctvsm rmns, tchnclly, th pstn f th ustrln ntrntnl Sclsts n th Stlnst cuntrs.

But t pprs tht mst mmbrs, strngly undr th nflunc f SGB (nw SWP), nw supprt th stt-cptlst nlyss. ΒLncln hmslf, hs prvtly sttd h n lngr supprts th burucrtc-cllctvst nlyss, blvng bth thrs r ndqut, s tht nw thry hs t b dvlpd xplnng th xplttv-clss ntur f th Stlnst cuntrs. Gvn th currnt mphss n ustrln S tdy f lmtng ll frml dbts t mmdt ctvty nd/r tpcl ssus, th rgnztn s unlkly t clrfy ts pstn n th ntur f th Stlnst cuntrs fr sm tm.

rly 1975 wtnssd nthr sgnfcnt vnt s SWG hstry. Th wht-cllr brdsht, Clrk nd Dggr, hd bn undr crtcsm frm numbr f wht-cllr mmbrs n th grup fr smtm. Mjr crtcsms wr tht ts styl f humr ws f n undrgrdut-studnt typ, ln t mst ffc wrkrs; nd tht ts cnstnt bshng f lft-wng, lbt mdrt lft wng, unn ffcls, md t sm t mny wrkrs s rght-wng/NCC publctn, usng lft wng rhtrc t dscrdt th Lft. nthr crtcsm, cmng frm publc srvnts Bb nd nn McCu, ws tht t ws t pltcl fr th rltvly lw-lvl f pltcl cnscusnss f clrcl wrkrs, prtculrly publc srvnts.

Th McCus crtcsms f C&D hd bn n nfluncng fctr n th dcsn t ntt th frmtn f SF th prvus Dcmbr. SF, undr th dtrshp f th McCus dd rjct sm dffrncs frm C&D n tht t dd spnd lss tm ttckng lft-wng unn ffcls. t ws, prhps, lss pltcl, lthugh t stll cvrd pltcl ssus such s Vtnm. Crtnly th McCus hd strng vn f syndclsm n thr thnkng, nt shrd by thr SWG mmbrs. nd dspt th swt-fuck-ll pun n ts ttl, SF dd nt cntn s much humr s C&D.

Bcus f th crtcsms md by numbr f mmbrs f C&D, nd bcus f th McCus ttmpt t prsnt n ltrntv styl fr th grups clrcl brdshts wth SF s th xmpl, dbt nsud n whch th tw publctns pprd cuntrpsd. lthugh n thr mmbrs shrd th syndclst crtcsms f C&D, bth th McCus wr cnsdrd ldrs f th grup, nd ths nvtbly mnt th tn f th dbt ws fshnd t cnsdrbl xtnt n thr frmt f SF vrsus C&D. nd t th cnclusn Bb nd nn McCu wr t drw frm thr pstn, ws tht C&D shuld b dscntnud ltgthr. Yt ths md th dbt smwht rtfcl. f thr wr dfcncs n C&D styl, t culd lwys b mprvd; ths ws n rgumnt fr scrppng C&D.

S, bcus tw f SWGs ldrs (Bb McCu ws n th Pltcl Cmmtt n lt 1974, nd nn McCu ws n th PC n rly 1975) prsntd n mprtnt dbt n n rtfcl fshn, th grup xprncd vry cnfusd dbt. nd nt nly cnfusd, but drwn ut s wll.

Th frst srus mv t scrp C&D ccurrd n lt 1974. t ths stg, th ld SWG ldrshp (vz. ΒLncln, Ndl, L ck, Stn, Grffths) wr frmly n supprt f cntnung C&D, thugh thy wr, s ws ll th mmbrshp, ls n fvur f nttng SF. Th lttr ws sn s gd pprtunty fr buldng mltnt rnk nd fl grup n th publc srvc; th McCus nw pprch culd b tstd n prctc.

Bcus f thr cnfusd prsnttn f th ssu, nd th dscrnbl syndclst strk n thr pltcs, th McCus wn lttl supprt fr th scrppng f C&D t ths tm. Thr wr, hwvr, sm mmbrs wh grd wth thr crtcsms rltng t C&Ds styl f humr nd ts xcssv (n thr pnn) bshng f unn ffcls.

Th cntrvrsy drggd ut fr svrl mnths untl, but Mrch 1975, frml dbt ws nc gn hld n th ssu. Ths tm, tw rlvnt spcts f th dbt, whch hd bn mntnd bfr but wr lst n th cnfusn, bcm prmnnt. Ths wr rsns fr drppng C&D, dffrnt t ths prsntd by th McCus.

t hd bn gnrlly cknwldgd by ll, tht C&D hd nt bn succssful n trms f ts rgnl purps tht s, t snff ut mltnts n rdr t ncurg thm t buld rnk nd fl grups n thr wrkplc/unns nd, hpfully, rcrut thm t SWG. Whl mny clrcl wrkrs dsplyd lvly ntrst n rdng t, n rnk nd fl grups hd bn nttd thrugh C&Ds nflunc (th tw rnk nd fl grups n whch SWG hd prtcptd, MC nd SP, wr nttd by SWG mmbrs).

nd whl n r tw SWG mmbrs hd ntlly cm nt cntct wth th grup v C&D, ths ppr t hv nt bn mprssd wth th publctn nd hd jnd fr thr rsns. Whl th McCus blvd ths substnttd thr rgumnt, sm thr mmbrs blvd thr ws mr mprtnt rsn fr C&Ds flur. Thy rgud tht brdsht ttmptng t cvr ssus/struggls crss th whl wht cllr ndustry ws prmtur tht publctn nt bsd n dfnd rnk nd fl grup (whch C&D wsnt) culd nly b ffctv whn thr ws pssblty f buldng n crss-ndustry rnk nd fl mvmnt frm numbr f xstng rnk nd fl grups. Ths prtculr rgumnt pprs t hv hd sm nflunc n th dbt.

Th mst dcsv ssu bcm, hwvr, qustn f rsurcs. t ws rgud tht snc C&D hd nt bn vry succssful, nd snc SWG hd nw bgn publctn f Th Bttlr (whch ws bng sld t mltnt nd pltclly wr clrcl wrkrs), t culd nt ffrd th xtr strn (spclly gvn SWGs mny thr ctvts) n rsurcs tht C&D prductn/dstrbutn rqurd. Th ld ldrshp, wth th xcptn f Grffths (wh hd bn th drvng frc nd dtr f C&D) nw swung t ths vw, nd th dcsn t scrp C&D ws ndrsd lmst unnmusly.

Th drppng f Clrk nd Dggr ws n mprtnt dbt n SWGs hstry. Frstly, th cnfusd, ntns, nd drwn-ut ntur f th dsput ws cnsdrbly dsruptv t th grups ctvts whch cntrbutd t th gnrl dmrlstn tht dvlpd n SWG n th lt utumn f 1975. nd scndly, th ctul drppng f C&D mrkd th nd f SWGs lngst cnsstnt ctvty up t tht dt. Whl th frquncy f C&D pprncs ws scld dwn ftr th bgnnngs f Bttlr prductn n ctbr 1974, t hd bn publshd cnsstntly (mst f th tm n frtnghtly bss) fr yrs: frm ctbr 1972 untl lt Fbrury 1975. Mny f th ldr mmbrs hd fnd nd nstlgc ttchmnt t Clrk nd Dggr. ts pssng ws th nd f n r fr SWG.

Thr s n ntrstng squl t th Clrk nd Dggr stry. t th tm C&D ws drppd, SWG ldrs (thr thn Bb nd nn McCu) wr nt cnvncd but crtcsms f ts styl. n rcnt (1978) S dcumnt, nlysng th rgnztns rly rnk nd fl wrk, thy nw cm t th cnclusn tht C&D

ws fr t much rnttd t burucrt-bshng, nd t lttl t ttckng th bss. Ths ws prtly rflctn f ur wknss, but prtly ls rflctn f mstkn pltcs. W tndd t dntfy th unn ffcls s th mmdt nmy, whrs 99 prcnt f th wrkrs dntfd th mplyrs s th mn prblm.

Ths rrr smtms md us sm t b n musng, but rrlvnt, grup f ppl. t ls ld us pn t bng ttckd s splttrs, nd vn t bng sn s rght wng t mny wh hd sn th NCC prt n n pprntly smlr fshn.

ts tkn qut whl fr th ld SWG ldrs t dpt ths vw.


Mjr Prblms


Sn ftr th Mrch 1975 Cnfrnc, 0Lncln nd Stn dprtd n lngthy trp vrss (thy wr wy fr svn mnths). Ths ws nt n nsgnfcnt vnt. 0Lncln hd bn th dmnnt fgur n th grup vr snc th lttr hlf f 1972. lthugh h dd nt ntt mny f SWGs mprtnt dcsns (. g. r-publctn f Th Bttlr ws nttd by Ndl, th brnch structur ws nttd by Grffths), 0Lncln prvdd unfyng frc n th grup whch n thr ldr culd mtch (hs rl n fndng cmprms n th sxst lngug schsm s gd xmpl f ths).

nd lthugh h dd nt ntt mny f th lng-trm drctnl dcsns, h ws nd rmns, th, grups mst rtcult spkr, whch mnt tht h ws ftn nfluntl n mvng th grup twrds prtculr dcsn. n gnrl, prpsls cm frm Ndl nd Grffths, nd th rst f th mmbrshp wuld wt t hr wht 0Lncln hd t sy. ls, 0Lnclns grsp f bsc thrtcl ssus ws hd nd shuldrs bv ny f th thr ldrs, whch s rflctd n hs nttn f n mprtnt dcsn th dptn f pstn n th Russn Qustn. (0Lncln ws ls th mn frc n hvng th grup dpt Lnnst prncpls f rgnztn, but t wuld b nccurt t ttrbut hm s th sl nttr f ths. Ndl, fr xmpl, ws rgung wth th nrchsts n th ld MWG vr th rl nd structur f th prty, fr svrl mnths bfr 0Lncln rrvd n My 1972. ) n tp f ths 0Lncln ws prbbly th mst cnsstnt nd hrdst wrkr fr SWG.

Ths s nt t suggst tht thr mmbrs wr nt hrd-wrkng mst wr hghly ctvst nd md prsnl scrfcs fr th grup, ncludng ll thr ldrs. But f smthng ndd t b dn, f brdsht ndd t b wrttn, r run-ff n th duplctr, r dstrbutd, yu culd lmst bt yur bttm dllr tht 0Lncln wuld b thr.

nd thts nt just gvng rdrs, but dng th shtwrk s wll. n f hs cnsstnt ctvts ws th prductn nd dsptch f th wkly SWG Nwslttr, nwssht n th grups ctvts pstd t mmbrs nd cntcts, plus th typng-up f mnuts f PC mtngs; n mn ft, gvn hs mny thr ctvts. f ΒLncln hdnt prducd th Nwslttr nd PC mnuts, thy wuld hv rrly bn dn.

Stn, ls, ws n mprtnt ldr f th grup, nd ws chf spkswmn n wmns ssus. S, tgthr, ΒLncln nd Stn prvdd n mprtnt cr f th ldrshp nd th grup. Thr dprtur ws lkd n wth sm trpdtn by ll. Hw wll wuld th grup functn wthut thm? T sy th lst t ws bvusly gng t b mr dffcult. Yt mst mmbrs rcgnsd tht ΒLncln, n prtculr, ndd lngthy brk frm SWG nd pltcl ctvty wthut t, h my hv bn hdng fr cmplt brkdwn.

n th utumn f 1975 SWG bgn mvng nt n ntrnl crss, th mst srus (t dt) n th grups hstry. Th lvl f ctvty dcrsd, mrl f th mmbrshp bcm lw, nd sm mmbrs vn bgn t tlk but whthr th grup culd survv. fw f th lt 1974 rcruts hd drppd ut, nd cupl f thrs hd gn n xtndd vrss trps. But th slght dcrs n mmbrshp ws nt th prblm.

Cntrbutry fctrs t th dmrlstn ws th svrl mnths f ntrnl wrnglng vr SWGs wht-cllr ctvty, plus th dprtur f ΒLncln nd Stn. Th grup fund tslf n svr fnncl dffcults. Th cst f ts mny ctvts, prtculrly Bttlr prductn, prvng grt strn n rsurcs.

Thr wr ls hssls wth th prntrs durng ths prd; t ws dffcult t fnd prntr wh ddnt blv Th Bttlr ws t lbllus t prnt. Ths ws prtlly slvd by t bng cknwldgd n th ppr tht Ndl ws nt nly publshr, but prntr s wll. Nnthlss, thr wr numbr f succssv ssus ch run-ff by dffrnt prntr. ch nw prntr fund ftr n ssu tht Th Bttlr ws unstsfctry, r vc vrs. Th mny dffcults wth whch SWG ws fcd, ffctd prductn f th ppr. Thr wr svn wks n btwn Bttlr Ns 4 (15/2/75) nd 5 (5/4/75) nd ls svn wks btwn Ns 6 (3/5/75) nd 7 (21/6/75). Whl ttmptng t cp wth ll, nd whl th ctvty f numbr f mmbrs ws slckng ff, th ldrshp ws wrkng hrdr thn vr t hld th grup tgthr. Snc th rly dys f SWG, thr hd lwys bn th prvsn tht f prtculr mmbr ws xhustd by vrwrk, r thr prsnl crcumstncs prcludd thm frm bng pltclly ctv fr gvn tm, thy culd pply fr Lv f bsnc (L). t ws gnrlly undrstd tht mmbr wuld nt b pltclly ctv durng th prd thy wr n L. Dspt hr pltcl dffrncs wth th ld ldrshp nd mst f th grup, nn McCu hd put much ffrt nt hr ctvts vr th pst mnths. t th nd f prl sh ppld fr L. Sh gv s hr grunds fr L tht sh ws vrwrkd nd ndd rst, but ls tht sh wntd t us th xtr tm t buld SF.

Ths lttr rsn psd prblm. SF hd bn nttd by SWG, t ws undr SWGs ldrshp, nd t ws cnsdrd n mprtnt SWG ctvty. lthugh th grup culd nt ctully clm t wn SF thr wr nn-SWG mmbrs nvlvd n t SWG nturlly wshd t drct ts wn mmbrs ntrvntn n SF. Yt mmbr n L ws nt undr th grups drctn t ws n ssntl cndtn f L tht th grup culd nt drct mmbr t d nythng pltclly durng th prd f L.

Gvn th pltcl dffrncs btwn nn McCu nd th SWG mjrty vr th rl f SF, t pprd tht sh wshd t us L nt s much t gv hrslf brk frm pltcl ctvty (ftr ll sh ws stll prprd t wrk n SF), but s mns t ttmpt t shp SF ccrdng t hr wn ds wthut bng rspnsbl t th SWG mjrty. Th Pltcl Cmmtt thrfr dcdd tht nns rsns fr L wr unccptbl nd prvdd th fllwng ltrntvs:

nn Mc my tk lv f bsnc frm ll pltcl ctvty, ncludng SF, r sh cn buld SF s mmbr f SWG nd hv hr prsnl wrkld sympthtclly rvwd.

nn McCu rjctd th PCs pstn nd prmptly rsgnd. Bb McCu rsgnng n prtst wth hr. Ths hd dcdd mpct n SWGs lrdy sggng mrl. t mnt th lss f tw mprtnt mmbrs (nly wks ftr th lss f ldrs 0Lncln nd Stn) t tm whn ctvty ws n th wn. nd whl ll SWG mmbrs grd wth th PCs pstn n th mttr, nd rcgnsd pltcl dffrncs btwn SWG nd th McCus, mny hd cnsdrbl rspct fr Bb nd nn nd sw thr dprtur s blw t th grup.

Th sgnfcnc f th dsput wth th McCus ws nt just n trms f ts mmdt mpct. Tw mprtnt prncpls n th cndtns f mmbrshp n th grup, lrdy prtv n thry, nw bcm frmly stblshd. Frstly, th grup cnsdrd tht t hd th rght t drct ll pltcl ctvty f ts mmbrs. Wht ndvdul mmbrs dd n thr prsnl lvs ws thr busnss, but cndtn f mmbrshp ws tht thy put thr pltcl ctvty t th srvc f th grup. ll mmbrs hd th rght t xprss thr vwpnt wthn th grup but nc mjrty dcsn hd bn md, t ws xpctd tht mmbrs wuld ct ccrdng t such dcsns. nd th lctd Pltcl Cmmtt rprsntd n thry, nd usully n prctc, th mjrty f th grup btwn Gnrl Mtngs.

Scndly, t ws frmly stblshd tht L ws prvsn fr mmbrs t hv brk frm pltcl ctvty, nt fr thm t g lswhr (.. wthut th grups drctn) fr thr pltcl wrk. Snc th McCus wr utstndng fgurs n SF, nd snc thy dd nt cntnu thr nvlvmnt n SF ftr rsgnng frm SWG, thr dprtur frm SWG lmst nvtbly splld th dm f SF. Th thr SWG mmbrs n SF prvd ncpbl f hldng ths mrphus rnk nd fl grup tgthr, lthugh tw ssus f SF pprd ftr th McCu-s dprtur, bfr t fnlly cllpsd n July.

S by My 1975, SWG fund tslf wll nd truly n crss. Nmnl mmbrshp ws stll but twnty nd mst rns f ctvty wr stll cntnung, but n much rducd nd lss rgulr bss, du t gnrl mls f pthy nd dmrlstn.

t th bgnnng f th yr, Grffths hd gvn up hs jb s n nsurnc clrk (ftr mr thn tw yrs t t) nd rturnd full-tm t Mlburn Unvrsty t cmplt n unfnshd dgr. Fcd wth th crss n SWG, h nw dcdd t qut hs unvrsty curs nd wrk full-tm fr th grup, bcmng th frst prmnnt full-tmr. Th grup culd nt, f curs, ffrd t py hm, s h subsstd n th dl. Th lmst bundlss nrgy Grffths dvtd t SWG t ths tm ws n mprtnt cntrbutry fctr n ts survvl. n n rgnstnl lvl, h stppd nt 0Lnclns shs. nd n pltcl lvl, nly Ndl nd Grffths hd th cpcty t hld th grup tgthr.

L ck, th nly thr utstndng pltcl ldr, whl rmnng hrdwrkng mmbr, ws cnscusly d-scltng hr ldrshp rl fr prsnl rsns.

Bcus f thr crdblty wthn th grup nd thr cpcty fr gvng t pstv drctn, Ndl nd Grffths bcm, n ffct, th sl surc f mprtnt dcsn-mkng. Md-1975 culd ptly b dscrbd s th prd f th Ndl-Grffths prtnrshp. Th PC nd th Gnrl Mtngs (hld vry thr wks, brnchs mtng n th thr wks) frmlly md mprtnt dcsns. But n rlty, s mny mmbrs hlf-jkngly cknwldgd t th tm, dcsns wr md by Ndl nd Grffths vr lt nght cups f cff t Gnvvs rsturnt n Crltn.

Grffths bcmng full-tm fr th grup ws th frst mprtnt stp n cntrbutng t SWGs survvl. nthr ws sn t dvlp. numbr f ndvduls n th Lft n Mlburn bgn tlkng but th nd fr fusn f rvlutnry lmnts, n rdr t buld gnun rvlutnry sclst prty. Th mptus fr ths mv cm frm grup f but tn ppl wh, hvng bn xplld frm th rthdx Trtskyst Cmmunst Lgu (CL), frmd th Mlburn Rvlutnry Mrxsts (MRM).

Th ldrs f th MRM wr Rb Dmng, wh hd bn wth Ndl n Tcsn, nd Kn Mnsll, wh hd bn n bth Tcsn nd MWG. Whl rtnng mny ssntls f Trtskyst pltcs, MRM sw th hbt f th vrus Trtskyst grups t mprt thr full prgrmms frm vrss s th bn f th rvlutnry lft n ustrl. Thy wshd t s nw rvlutnry rgnztn bult frm th Lfts mny dsprt grupngs whch, whl ppsd t th rdcl ntnlsm f th CP/Stlnsts/ Msts, wuld dvlp ts prgrmm n th pculrts f th ustrln wrkng clss trdtn.

Snc th MRM blvd tht SWG hd nt cm undr th dmntn f th ntrntnl Sclsts t th sm xtnt tht th rthdx Trtskysts hd wth thr ntrntnl fflts, t pprchd SWG wth th vw t hldng jnt rgrupmnt dscussns.

SWG, blvng ts dptn f S pltcs dd nt mn tht t hd mprtd full prgrmm frm vrss, nd tht t ws ttmptng t dpt ths pltcs t ustrln cndtns, ws lkws ntrstd n hvng rgrupmnt dscussns. SWG sw tht f rgrupmnt culd b chvd, t wuld b pstv stp twrds buldng rvlutnry prty n ustrl. ddd t ths gnun ntrst n rgrupmnt SWG ldrs prbbly ls blvd tht vn f nthng cm f th rgrupmnt dscussns thy wuld t lst bst th dmrlsd SWG by gvng th grup pstv sns f drctn.


Rvvl


Mnwhl, nthr dvlpmnt whch ltr prvd t b sgnfcnt n rltn t rgrupmnt ccurrd n Hbrt. Ths ws th frmtn, t th nd f My 1975, f th Sclst Lbur Club (SLC), bnd f but dzn rvlutnrs cmng ut f cupl f prvusly smllr sclst clubs.

n f th sgnfcnt ldrs f th SLC ws Rn Ry, wh hs smtms bn clld th chld prdgy f th ustrln Lft. t th g f 14, lrdy wll rd n rvlutnry sclst pltcs, h jnd th Hbrt LP s n ntrst rvlutnry. Gnng supprt fr hs mltnt pltcs, Ry xprncd mtrc rs n crdblty wthn th lft-wng f th Tsmnn Lbr Prty. t th g f 16 h ws prsdnt f th LPs Hbrt brnch nd ntnl Yung Lbr ssctn (YL)s dlgt t th prtys Ntnl Cnfrnc t Surfrs Prds n Jnury 1973. Th dly md tk grt dlght n splshng pht f yung rdcl dlgt Ry psng wth Gugh Whtlm, nd drwn-ut fctn fght btwn th Lft nd Rght n th Tsmnn LP (n whch Ry ws t th cntr th Rght-wng wr ttmptng t hv hm xplld) ws ls rprtd by th md frm tm t tm. Sm SWG mmbrs hd mt Ry n Jnury 1975 t th US Cuncl nd dscvrd tht h ws nt nly fmlr wth th pltcs f th vrss S tndncy, but ls hd mny rs f grmnt wth thm. Frm ths tm n, rgulr cntct ws mntnd btwn Ry nd SWG. Wth th frmtn f th SLC, SWG blvd ths grup culd b mprtnt n futur Rgrupmnt f th ustrln rvlutnry Lft, nd Grffths ttndd th fundng cnfrnc f th SLC n lt My. but thr mnths ltr, s Rgrupmnt dscussns dvlpd, Grffths md nthr vst t Hbrt.

s rgrupmnt prspcts pnd up nd gv SWG mld bst, th grup tk n nthr ctvty. Ths ws th bgnnngs f th blu-cllr rnk nd fl brdsht, plnnd t th SWG Cnfrnc n Mrch. t ws clld Rnk nd Fl Mttl, pun bng ntndd n th wrd mttl snc t ws bsd n th mtls ndustry. Ths ttl ws ltr chngd t Rnk nd Fl Mtl (n Jnury 1976) ftr numbr f SWG mmbrs blvd tht th pun ws frm f undrgrdut humr, nt pprctd by wrkrs. n mprtnt scndry ldr f SWG, Kvn Bn ( frmr Mnsh RvCmm) hd gt hmslf jb s mtlwrkr nd ws bl t prvd much nsd nfrmtn fr Rnk nd Fl Mttl, f whch h ws dtr fr mst f ts yr-r-s xstnc. Bn hs bn n f th fw mmbrs f th grup t hv sly dptd t wrkng n fctrs nd t wn n-th-jb crdblty wth wrkrs. n 1976 h ws t bcm shp stwrd (fr th mtlwrkrs unn th MWSU) t Rpcs st Brghtn plnt, pstn h hld untl My 1978, whn h lft fr n xtndd vrss trp. Th frst ssu f Rnk nd Fl Mttl pprd n Jun 1975 nd ws publshd n -rughly mnthly bss fr but yr. t nvr chvd ny strtlng ntrvntnst succss, but t dd stblsh mr mnngful cntct btwn SWG nd numbr f mtlwrkr mltnts. t ls prbbly ssstd n Bns lctn s Rpc shp stwrd, ths bng frly mltnt plnt. Wht crdblty Rnk nd Fl Mttl dd chv, ws supplmntd by Th Bttlr, whch crrd cnstnt rtcls wrttn by Bn, n th stt f th mtlwrkrs wg clms nd th sll-uts by th Cmmunst Prty MWSU ffcls. Th Bttlr ws sld t mny mtlwrkrs t vrus plnts, usully frm th utsd, thugh Bn sld t n th jb t Rpc. Rnk nd Fl Mttl ws ls dstrbutd t numbr f plnts, usully by SWG studnt mmbrs hndng t t wrkrs s thy rrvd fr wrk.

n th sprng f 1975 nthr blu-cllr rnk nd fl brdsht ws brfly publshd by SWG. studnt mmbr wrkd fr cupl f mnths t th bg Frd Trucks plnt t Brdmdws, nd whl h ws thr but thr ssus pprd f SWG-prducd brdsht clld n th Ln, md t cr-ndustry mltnts. t ws dstrbutd, n th sm mnnr s Rnk nd Fl Mttl, t tw r thr cr plnts n Mlburn, but ds nt ppr t hv hd ny nflunc.

Mmbrshp f SWG strtd t pck up lttl but Jun, wth th rcrutmnt f Khn nd Mrgn, bth wll-rspctd mltnts t Mnsh. Th SWG ldrshp nw blvd furthr bst culd b gvn t th mmbrshps mrl by hldng nthr cnfrnc. t th frst SWG Cnfrnc bck n ugust 1973 th grup dptd bsc prncpls f Lnnst rgnztn tht s, t ws t b dscplnd grup (mmbrs culd nt publcly xprss vwpnt dffrnt frm th grups mjrty, nd mmbrs wuld ccpt drctn f th grup n ll thr pltcl ctvty) nd hv ldrshp lctd n pltcl (rthr thn dmnstrtv) bss. Th ldrshp nw blvd tht th dptn f mr dtld dmcrtc-cntrlst structur, wuld furthr rduc ny rmnng pthy by gvng th PC mr uthrty t prd mmbrs nt ctvty. nd cnsqunc f mr ffcnt rgnztn nd ctvty wuld b, t ws hpd, mrl bst fr th grup s whl. S th mn gnd tm fr th n-dy Cnfrnc (SWGs ffth nd lst), hld n July 1975, ws th prsnttn f PC-ndrsd dcumnt whch ntndd strngthnng f th grup. t ws prsntd nt nly wthn th frmwrk f bng dsgnd t bst th grups unty, ffcncy nd mrl, but ls tht ts cntrlst spcts (llwng n nsttutnlsd utnmy fr brnchs, whch wr t b purly rgnzng unts f th grup s whl) wuld b mprtnt n lyng th fundtns fr ntnl rgnztn whch nw pprd t b rlzbl m bcus f th frthcmng Rgrupmnt dscussns.

n f th ky fturs f th PC dcumnt ws th prvsn tht th PC hd th rspnsblty, mng thrs, f sttng mmbrshp dus nd dtrmnng th xstnc f brnchs, nd tht t hd th rght t xpl mmbrs. Th PCs pwrs wr lmtd t th xtnt tht Cnfrnc r (whl th grup xstd nly n Mlburn) Gnrl Mtng culd vrturn ts dcsns. t ws rgud tht th PC ndd th pwr t mk such dcsns but brnchs, dus, mmbrshp bcus mrgncy stutns my rs, nd tht, nc th grup ws ntnl rgnztn th mmbrshp culd n lngr b gt tgthr t mk ths dcsns, xcpt t Cnfrnc.

n ltrntv dcumnt, prsntd by mmbr Phl ltn, rcgnzd th nd fr th ldrshp t hv ths pwrs n ntnl rgnztn, but rgud tht thy wr n unncssry rstrctn n th mmbrshps dcsn-mkng nttv whl th grup ws cnfnd t Mlburn, whch culd ld t furthr lss f mrl, rthr thn strngthnng t. Mmbrshp dus, th frmtn/dsslutn f brnchs, nd stutns whr mmbr r mmbrs my nd t b xplld fr cntrvnng grup plcy, wr nt f such urgncy, rgud ltn, tht thy culdnt wt fr th nxt Gnrl Mtng r fr th cnvnng f spcl gnrl mtng rltvly sy tsk whl ll th mmbrs wr n Mlburn.

ssntlly, ltn ws rgung tht th PC dcumnt ws prmtur, nd shuld thrfr b dptd s th bss fr futur ntnl SWG rgnztn, rthr thn bng mplmntd mmdtly. Th ldrshp cuntrd by nccurtly rgung tht ltns dcumnt ws fdrlst, whch, bng cntrry t dmcrtc-cntrlst rgnztn, shuld b rjctd. (Whl ltns dcumnt cntnd sm unncssry rstrctns n th ldrshp, t ws cntrlst n ts drctn t gv n utnmy r dcsn-mkng pwrs t th brnchs.) Ths lst rgumnt sly swung th mmbrshp nd dptn f th PCs dcumnt ws vrwhlmngly crrd.

Th sgnfcnc f ths dbt ws nt n tht t ws mjr dvsn n numrcl trms (nly n mmbr vtd wth ltn), but tht t dd prduc grtr sns f unty nd cnsqunt bst n mrl. nd whl th cntnt f th PCs rgumnts prvdd th ldrshp wth grtr mrl uthrty wthn SWG, th mmdtly dscrnbl ncrs n chsn ws rsult f th ntur f th dbt tslf. ltns dcumnt plrsd dbt whch thrws wuld hv bn lck-lustr nd lss drctly unfyng. rnclly, th ctul prsnttn f n ltrntv cclrtd th mrl bstng prcss whch bth th PC nd ltn hd hpd wuld b th utcm f thr rspctv pstns.

Shrtly ftr th July Cnfrnc n ndvdul jnd SWG wh prvd t b f sm sgnfcnc. Ths ws Jff Gldhr, wh hd prtcptd n th ld MWG fr cupl f mnths, sm thr yrs bfr. Whl trvllng n Nrth mrc nd Brtn, Gldhr hd cm nt cntct wth S grups nd bcm cnvncd f S pltcs. Lrnng tht frmr fllw-ctvsts hd frgd MWG nt n S grup, Gldhr jnd SWG upn hs rrvl bck n ustrl n July 1975. H nt nly prmptly jnd, but quckly bcm cntrl fgur n th grup.

qulfd slctr nd xprncd n fnncl mngmnt (h ws frmr Trsurr f th Vctrn YL), h tk vr numbr f mprtnt functns n SWG such s Trsurr, ffc-mngr f th SWG cntr, lgl dvsr, nd mngr f th SWG bk srvc.

Th bksrvc hs nvr bn vry lbrt ntrprs n trms f sls nd turnvr. t bgn n th rly dys f th grup, dstrbutng nd sllng fw pmphlts frm vrss S grups. ftr th cqustn f th Blck Plc cntr, smll bkshp ws stblshd n th ffc fyr. ts ptrns wr mstly SWG mmbrs, wth n ccsnl sl t frnds nd cntcts f th grup. Th bksrvc pprs lwys t hv bn mr cncrnd wth ctng s whlsl dstrbutr t lcl lft-wng bkshps, such s ths run by th CP, fr vrss S publshrs (Brtns Plut Prss, th USs Sun Prss) rthr thn rtl utft.

Gldhr ntcbly upgrdd th srvc but t rmnd lw-ky ffr. lthugh smll prft ws md n sm lns, t nvr pprs t hv nttd th grup ny mny s rvnu ws plughd bck nt ncrsd stcks.

n 1977 ustrln S bgn ts wn publshng hus clld Rdbck Prss, whch publshd fw pmphlts wrttn by lcl S mmbrs nd, fr tm, rvvd Frnt Ln.

f th prspcts f rgrupmnt, th rcrutmnt f fw ky mltnts, nd th July Cnfrnc, ll cntrbutd t n ncrs n SWGs mrl n th wntr f 1975, cupl f vnts ccurrd n ugust whch wr t gv th grup rl sht n th rm. Ths wr tw strks n by prntrs t th Hrld nd Wkly Tms Ltd, th thr by mtwrkrs mplyd thrughut Vctr by th mjr slughtrng cmpns nd suprmrkt chns. Th prnt wrkrs wr fghtng n ttmpt by th bsss t smsh thr unn, th PKU. Th mtwrkrs wr fghtng undr wrd pymnts t suprmrkt butchrs, fr gnrl wg ncrs, nd fr nn-dy frtnght.

Th Bttlr prsntd gd xps f th srt f mnpultv tctcs mplyrs us n thr ffrts t crush unnsm:

Th trubl rs ftr unns cvrng wrkrs t th g nd th Hrld-Sun srvd lg f clms n th nwsppr wnrs. Th bsss sw thr chnc. Thy ffrd py ncrs f 5% n cndtn tht th Prntng nd Kndrd ndustrs Unn (cvrng trdsmn) llwd 22 ldng hnds t th thr pprs t b xmpt frm unn mmbrshp. Wth th ntrductn f lctrnc cmputr scnnng qupmnt, ths 22 nn-unnsts wuld b bl t put ut th nwspprs thrugh strk. t ws bltnt ttmpt by th wnrs t smsh unnsm n th pprs.

SWG mmbrs dd much supprt wrk fr th pckts n bth strks, prtculrly n th prntng dsput, whr prctclly th ntr SWG mmbrshp f twnty spnt t lst sm tm n th pckt lns, mny fr svrl ll-nght vgls. SWG lflt cllng n thr wrkrs t cm nd supprt th prntrs pckt ws dstrbutd n lttrbxs thrughut lrg Husng Cmmssn rs whr Th Bttlr ws rgulrly sld. Ths prbbly hd lttl ffct, but t dmnstrtd th srus ffrt th grup ws puttng nt ttmptng t mbls supprt fr th wrkrs. (Ths lttrbxng ls prcpttd n f th svrl ttcks th rghtwng NCC Nws Wkly hs md n SWG/S.)

fw mmbrs ls spnt th nght n vgls n th mtwrkrs pckts t th slughtrng wrks n Mlburns wstrn suburbs. Grffths n prtculr stblshd gd rpprt wth th strkng slughtrmn, whch hs rsultd n lstng cntct btwn th grup nd numbr f mltnts n th ndustry.

Mny mmbrs ls struck up gd cmmunctn wth th prntng strkrs, numbr f whm lkd th Bttlr. shp stwrd t th Hrld-Sun sld 40 r 50 Bttlrs n th jb (ftr th tw-wk strk ndd n dft) nd th pprs rprt n th strk ws wll rcvd. Th Bttlrs rprt n th mtwrkrs strk, whch cntnd ntrvws by Grffths wth mltnts n th pckt ln, ls stblshd th pprs crdblty wth numbr f ths wrkrs.

n numbr f ccsns n subsqunt yrs S hs plyd much grtr ntrvntnst rl thn t dd n ths tw prtculr dsputs. Th sgnfcnc f ths tw strks ws tht t ws th frst tm tht substntl numbr f th grups mmbrs wr t stblsh rpprt wth blu-cllr wrkrs, nd gn drct xprnc n th pckt ln. n ths struggls brught hm vry clrly t mmbrs th bs f th Stt. f th plc wr nutrl. , thy wuldnt hv bn thr prtctng th scbs nd hrssng th pckts lmst t th pnt f utrght ttck. Ths tw strks ls prvdd th grup wth ts frst prmnnt nd mnngful cntct wth blu-cllr mltnts utsd th mtl ndustry. Th ctvty nd xprnc f ths struggls cmpltly rvtlsd th grup.

By lt ugust 1975, SWG ws wll nd truly bck n th trcks.


Th Tm Dsput


t ws ls n lt ugust tht nthr ntrnl dsput dvlpd whch hd sm sgnfcnc. t Ltrb, ldng RvCmm ws Jy Tm, n ctvst wth cnsdrbl crdblty n cmpus, prtculrly wth wmns lbrtnsts. Tm hd jnd th grup n th sprng f 1974, durng th rcrutmnt rush n th wk f th Mnsh ccuptn. Just prr t ths, hr fthr hd dd nd sh hd tkn vr th mngmnt f th fmlys busnss ( smll rtl lqur str nd trvl gncy) whch mplyd mmbrs f th fmly plus hndful f thr wrkrs s wll. Th fmlys ncm dpndd n th busnss nd Tm ws th nly n n th fmly n pstn t mng t.

Whl mny SWG mmbrs knw f Tms busnss ntrsts, nly n r tw knw f hr mngrl rl, nd th grup dd nt bthr t dpt pstn n hvng n mplyr s mmbr. n 1975 Tm cntnud mngng th nd busnss, pursung hr studs whl nggd n cnsdrbl SWG ctvts t Ltrb, but sh ws fndng t ncrsngly dffcult t mntn ths mny cmmtmnts. n ugust sh wthdrw hr nrlmnt t Ltrb wthut ntfyng SWG tht sh ws dng s, nd sh rmnd ut f cntct wth th grup fr wk r tw ftrwrds.

Hrng ndrctly f Tms ctn, th PC bcm cncrnd but th futur f SWGs Ltrb ctvty, whch hd dpndd t cnsdrbl xtnt n Tms prtcptn (thr wr nly tw thr SWG mmbrs n cmpus). Whl t ws rcgnsd tht Tm hd th rght t lv Ltrb f sh wshd t, SWG ldrs hpd sh wuld b bl t dvs thm f th vblty r thrws f cntnung Ltrb ctvty wth nly tw mmbrs. Th PC ws ls cncrnd but Tms plns fr futur ctvty wth th grup hr lck f cntct wth th grup fr tw wks r mr, nd th pprnt hvy cmmtmnt f mngng th fmly busnss suggstd tht sh my nt hv wshd t, r ws nt bl t, mnngful lvl f p/tcl ctvty. Wth ths ds n mnd, th PC cntctd Tm nd rqustd sh ttnd PC mtng t dscuss Ltrb nd hr futur ctvty, whch sh dd lthugh cupl f wks ltr thn sh hd ndctd.

Cnfrntd nw by th fct tht Tm ws bcmng full-tm busnss mngr, sm mmbrs bgn fr th frst tm t gv srus cnsdrtn t th pltcl mplctns f hr rl s n mplyr. Whl t ws prbbly unlkly n such smll busnss, wht wuld hppn f th wrkrs mplyd by Tm wr t b nvlvd n strk mtm? Prsumbly, n such stutn, Tm wuld b trn btwn cnflctng lylts hr undrstndbl cmmttmnt t hr fmly n th n hnd, nd hr cmmttmnt t sclst pltcs (supprt fr th strkrs) n th thr.

Mmbrs cncrnd but ths spct f Tms pstn hd hpd sh my b bl t gv n undrtkng t th grup tht sh wuld vntully s hrslf ut f th mngmnt f th busnss by trng smn ls t tk t vr.

S, bfr Tm fnlly ttndd PC mtng, nfrml dscussn mng sm mmbrs hd tkn th ssu f hr futur pltcl ctvty much furthr thn Tm rlsd. Furthrmr, hr rrspnsblty n nt ntfyng th grup f hr ntntn t lv Ltrb (whch md plnnng futur ctvty thr mr dffcult), nd n nt ttndng n r tw PC mtngs dspt hr grng t d s, prbbly lft sm mmbrs lss sympthtc t th dlct ssu f hr cnflct f ntrst thn thy wuld thrws hv bn.

Th PC hd rgnlly ntndd nly t dscuss th futur f Ltrb ctvty nd Tms wn mmdt pltcl ctvty, but th prr nfrml dscussns mnt tht whn Tm fnlly ttndd PC mtng th spcfc ssu f hr cnflct f ntrst ws rsd. Th prsnc t th PC mtng f cupl f rnk nd fl SWG mmbrs,wh wr mr cncrnd wth ths ssu thn th PC tslf ws, cntrbutd t ths. Tm ws nt wr tht th dlct ssu f hr busnss ntrsts wuld b rsd nd sh bcm prtculrly dstrught, blvng (wrngly but undrstndbly n th crcumstncs) tht mmbrs wr qustnng hr cmmttmnt t sclst pltcs. ftr n wkwrd nd ncnclusv dscussn sh lft th mtng, ccmpnd by cls cmpnn nd supprtr, Gff Munr, ls Ltrb SWG mmbr.

Rcgnsng tht th mnnr n whch Tms busnss ntrsts hd bn rsd ws unfr t hr, th PC dcdd t plgs. Bcus thy blvd tht drct pprch wuld nt b wll rcvd by Tm, th PC dcdd t cnvy th plgy ndrctly. ( mmbr ws t tll Munr wh wuld, t ws hpd, tll Tm. ) Hwvr, Tm, bcus f th mnnr n whch th qustn f hr busnss ntrsts ws rsd, nd bcus sh blvd th PCs flur t cmmunct drctly t hr thr plgy mnt tht thy dd nt cr but hr bng mmbr (whn ctully thy dd cr), rsgnd fw dys ltr, Munr rsgnng n prtst wth hr.

n mmdt ffct f ths dsput ws th dscntnutn f SWGs Ltrb ctvty wth nly n rmnng mmbr n tht cmpus, t ws dcdd tht cntnud rgnsd ntrvntn thr ws nt wrthwhl. Bcus th grup hd r-stblshd ts cnfdnc nd pstv drctn, ths prtculr dsput dd nt, s th McCu dsput f sm fur mnths rlr hd dn, dl SWG dmgng blw, lthugh bth Tm nd Munr hd bn wll-rspctd mmbrs nd ll wr srry t s thm g. But, lk th McCu dsput, t dd stblsh cupl f mprtnt prcdurs. Frstly, th cndtn f mmbrshp tht mmbrs put thr pltcl ctvty t th grups dspsl, hd lwys mpld tht mmbrs shuld ntfy th grup f ny chngs n thr wrk/vctn whch wuld ffct SWGs pltcl ctvty. Whl t ws up t ndvdul mmbrs t chs whr thy wrkd r studd, th Tm dsput stblshd frmly tht th grup hd rght t knw s sn s pssbl f ny chngs. nd scndly, th dsput ntrducd nw prvsn n th prcdur f PC mtngs. Thr hd bn substntl numbr f rnk nd fl SWG mmbrs (but 5 r 6) prsnt t th cntrvrsl PC mtng (mst f whm wr unwr, prr t thr ttndnc, tht Tms ctvts wr t b dscussd) nd t ws nw blvd tht th prsnc f ll ths nlkrs ( cupl f whm xplctly cntrbutd t Tms dstrss) hd crtd n tmsphr unfr t Tm (s thugh sh wr n trl). S t ws rslvd, wth th grups pprvl, tht hncfrth th PC wuld xclud rnk nd fl mmbrs frm ny dscussns t hd wth prtculr mmbr but tht mmbrs ctvty. Ths ws ltr xtndd t th rght f th PC t xclud rnk nd fl mmbrs frm ts mtngs, whr t cnsdrd t hd t much t dscuss t llw rnk nd fl prtcptn.

nd thr s, prhps, nthr lgcy f th Tm dsput. T ths dy, S hs nt dptd pstn n ts tttud t hvng n mplyr wthn ts rnks. Ths lvs t pn t th pssbl rpttn f smlr cnflct. Hwvr, t my hv lrnt suffcntly frm th Tm xprnc t dpt n mmdt pstn, f nd whn nthr mplyr ppls t jn s t shuld hv dn t th tm Tm ppld t jn.


Rgrupmnt Dscussns


n Sptmbr 1975, rgrupmnt dscussns wr wll undrwy, ftr sm prlmnry dscussns btwn th ldrs f SWG nd MRM. n Mlburn, tw thr grups wr nvlvd n ths dscussns. Frstly, thr ws grup f but sx frmr Mnsh studnts wh, fr tw r thr yrs, hd bn ssstng wth th publctn f th ffcl bulltn (clld Th Lnk) f th Dndnng-Frnkstn brnch f th mtlwrkrs unn (MWU). Ths grup ws knwn, ftr th nm f th bulltn, s Lnk. nd n Mlburns nrthrn suburbs, smlr grup, cllng thmslvs Nrthrn Lnk hd bgun smlr wrk wth th MWU n thr r. Ths grup cmprsd but 10 r 15 studnts nd mltnt wrkrs, ncludng fw mmbrs f th Crltn brnch nd lft tndncy f th CP. numbr f jnt mtngs f th fur grups, ttndd by 30 t 40 ppl, wr hld n th ugust-ctbr prd f 1975.

Frm th utst, hwvr, thr pprd t b strng dvsn btwn SWG n th n sd, nd th thr thr grups n th thr. Th MRM/Lnk/ Nrthrn Lnk cmbntn hd strng rsrvtns but wht thy sw s th mprtd S prgrmm f SWG, nd th lttr ws nt but t mmdtly gv up ts S pltcs, whch t sw s gud fr ctn rthr thn dtld prgrmm. Prhps bcus f ts prn vr SWG mprttns, th MRM-ld grupng wntd dtld wrkd-ut prgrmm s th bss fr fusn. SWG, n th thr hnd, rgud tht th wrkng ut f such dtld pln s th MRM-grup wntd, wuld tk vry lng tm nd wuld, thrfr, dtrct frm mnngful ctvty n th clss struggl.

Much bttr, sd SWG, tht th grups fus n th bss f fw ky pnts n pln fr mmdt ctn such s th buldng f rnk nd fl grups n prtculr rs nd lv th fnr pnts f thrtcl dtl t b wrkd ut n th prcss f struggl. Th ssu f buldng rnk nd fl grups ls bcm n f dvsn nd cnfusn. Whl th MRM grupng blvd n thry n th buldng f spcfc rnk nd fl grups wthn prtculr unns, thy plcd grtr mphss n th buldng f shp cmmtts, whch rprsnt ll wrkrs n th shp flr. nd whl SWG grd wth prmtng th xstnc f shp cmmtts (by lnkng wrkrs frm vrus unns, thy ssst n brkng dwn dvsv crft cnscusnss) t plcd mphss n th buldng f rnk nd fl grups bcus, nt drctly rprsntng ll wrkrs n th plnt, such grups cn ntrvn ndpndntly n tms f struggl, rthr thn bng hmstrung by unn burucrcs r cnsrvtv wrkrs, s shp cmmtts ftn r.

Ths dvsns btwn th MRM grupng nd SWG sn md t clr t SWG tht thr culd b n rlstc fusn n whch SWG culd tk prt. but hlf-wy thrugh th srs f dscussns, SWG dcdd tht fusn ws nt pssbl, but dcdd t cntnu n th dscussns fr th tm bng n cs t culd rcrut fw f th rnk nd fl f th thr grups drctly t SWG. But vn n ths, SWG ws nt succssful, nd t wthdrw frm th Mlburn rgrupmnt dscussns smtm n ctbr.

Yt th dscussns wth MRM/Lnk/Nrthrn-Lnk wr nt, frm SWGs pnt f vw, flur. SWG mmbrs gnrlly fund th dbts bst n cnfdnc fr thr wn pltcs. Rnk nd fl mmbrs f SWG blvd thy wr btng (frm thr wn pnt f vw) th ldrshp f th thr grups n dscussn. Ths gv thm nw-fund cnfdnc nd cnfrmtn f SWGs pltcs prtculrly th Rnk nd Fl strtgy. nd f dscussns hd rsultd n nthng cncrt n Mlburn (vn ftr SWG pulld ut, th thr thr grups dd nt fus nstd thy ll fldd sn ftrwrds) prspcts fr rgrupmnt wr nt yt vr. Th sptlght nw turnd t Hbrt.

n Sptmbr 1975, th Sclst Lbur Club splt nt tw smllr grups n bng sympthtc t th rthdx-Trtskyst SWL, th thr grup, ld by Rn Ry, bng frmd n th bss f S pltcs. Ths lttr grup clld tslf th Wrkrs Lgu (WL) nd hd but 6 mmbrs, ncludng cupl f wrkrs, th rst bng studnts. Th buldng f pr-S fctn n th SLC ws lrgly th wrk f Ry wh hd, by md-1975, mvd frmly nt th S cmp, nt s much bcus f hs cntct wth SWG, but bcus f hs knwldg f th thry nd prctcs f SGB. Nnthlss, th buldng f ths pr-S fctn ws hlpd lng by th mplntng f frmr SGB/SWG mmbr n th SLC wh (unbknwn t Ry nd th SLC) ws ctng undr SWG drctn. Prr t th splt, th SLC publshd jurnl clld Lbur Vc nd hd nflunc n cupl f fctrs n Hbrt. n f ths ws th ngnrng plnt Jhns Phnx, whr n SLC mmbr wrkng t th fctry ws vctmsd (sckd) n th wk f strk n whch ll th wrkrs hd tkn prt. Th plnt hld slpwrk n prtst, dmndng rnsttmnt f ths vctmsd wrkr, but th cmpgn fldd whn cnsrvtv shp stwrds succssfully rgud fr rturn t wrk, nd th vctmsd SLC mmbr dcdd h ddnt wnt t rturn t th plnt. Th SLC ls hd cupl f mmbrs wrkng t th Unvrsl Txtls fctry n Hbrt nd, fllwng th splt, ths tw jnd th pr-S Wrkrs Lgu.

Th WL sld Th Bttlr n th mtls nd txtls ndustrs, n cmpus t th Unvrsty f Tsmn whr th grup hd cnsdrbl nflunc, nd n th Hbrt whrvs, whr gd rpprt ws stblshd wth numbr f mltnt whrfs. Tw studnt mmbrs f th WL wr ls bl t gt jbs t Unvrsl Txtls, nd wth cr f fur WL mmbrs, rnk nd fl grup ws stblshd t th plnt, nvlvng sx wrkrs ltgthr. Ths rnk nd fl grup publshd fw ssus f brdsht clld Txtl Wrkr whch hd cnsdrbl nflunc t th fctry.

Wth th frmtn f n S grup n Hbrt whch ws sllng Th Bttlr, th prspcts f SWG bcmng prt f ntnl S-typ rgnztn bcm vry rl. nd dspt SWGs wthdrwl frm th rgrupmnt dscussns n Mlburn, bth SWG nd th WL wr stll gnunly ntrstd n ttmptng t rgrup wth thr lft-wng grupngs nt mmdtly n thr wn prphry. Fr sm tm, SWG hd bn n cntct wth grup f but hlf dzn ctvsts n Cnbrr. Ths grup ws ld by Dvd Lckwd ltr t bcm ldng mmbr f S, nd cnsstd mstly f studnts t th NU. lthugh Lckwd hd cntrbutd th ccsnl rtcl t Th Bttlr, nd hs grup sld fw cps f th ppr, thy hd nt dptd S pltcs t ths stg, nd wr nt prt f dfnd SWG/WL rbt. n lt Sptmbr, SWG wrt t Lckwd rqustng tht hs grup ttnd rgrupmnt cnfrnc wth SWG nd th WL, nd cnfrnc ws duly rgnsd by th thr grups, schduld fr rly Dcmbr.

t ws ls n Sptmbr 1975 tht SWG cqurd nthr ffc. Th mny ctvts hld r rgnsd, frm th cty SWG Cntr mtngs f vrus srts, rgnsng f SWG cntngnts t cty dmnstrtns. Bttlr dstrbutn, th bkshp hd ll ntrfrd cnsdrbly wth th prductn nd lyut f Th Bttlr, dn n th sm prmss. t ws dcdd th grup culd nw strtch ts fnncl, rsurcs nugh t mntn n ffc t b usd slly fr Bttlr prductn, nd n ws duly cqurd n Rchmnd, whch ws bth lrgr nd mr xpnsv t rnt thn th n n th cty. S th grup nw hd tw ffcs, stutn whch ws t cntnu untl md-1977.

Whn 0Lncln nd Stn rrvd bck frm vrss t th nd f Sptmbr 1975, thy rturnd t cnsdrbly chngd SWG. Whl th grup hd gn thrugh svr crss durng thr bsnc, by nw t ws much strngr nd hd grtr sns f purps thn- whn thy hd lft bck n Mrch. Frml mmbrshp ws stll but th sm n numbr (but 20), but th grup hd nw chvd ts frst srus wrk wth blu-cllr wrkrs (th prntrs nd mtwrkrs strks), ctvty ws n th ncrs, nd thr ws gnrl r f cnfdnc mngst th mmbrs. Th Bttlr hd gn t ts frst 12-pg dtn n Sptmbr, t hd brdnd ts cntct nd sls wth blu-cllr wrkrs, nd ws nw prtng frm ts wn ffc. nd thr ws th vry rl prspct tht SWG ws sn t bcm prt f ntnl rgnztn smthng whch hd smd lk dstnt drm sx mnths bfr. Thr ws ls th nw blu-cllr ctvts f Rnk nd Fl Mttl nd n th Ln, whl SF nd th Ltrb Rv Cmms hd cllpsd. nd th bsnc f 0Lncln, n prtculr hd cntrbutd t dvlpmnt whch ws t hv lstng ffct. Whl Grffths nd Ndl hd lwys bn ldrs f th grup, th md-yr crss hd tstd nd dvlpd thr ldrshp cpcts. Thy wr nw, mr thn bfr, 0Lnclns quls. Nthr 0Lncln nr ny thr ndvdul hs snc dmntd th grup t such n xtnt s 0Lncln dd prr t Mrch 1975.


Cnsttutnl Crss


Whn Mlclm Frsr blckd supply t th Whtlm gvrnmnt n 15 ctbr 1975, nd ushrd n th Cnsttutnl Crss, ll sctns f th ustrln cmmunty wr gg wth spcultn s t wht ws gng t hppn, nd th Lft ws crtnly n xcptn. nd md th spcultn, mny sctns f th wrkng clss bgn t tk drct ctn n prtst gnst rsrs bd fr pwr. Twnty-fur hur stppgs by whrfs thrughut th cuntry, strks n mr thn 30 mtl shps n Mlburn, stp wrks by 7,000 buldng nd fctry wrkrs n dld, brwry nd rlwy wrkrs n Prth, PMG lnsmn n Nwcstl, tug crws n bth Mlburn nd Nwcstl ll n pr-txt gnst th blckng f supply, qut n mprssv lst. nd thr wr mss prtst rlls n ll cts, th n n Mlburn rchng s mny s 20,000. Sm sctns f th cnsrvtv prss bgn syng tht t my b mpssbl fr Frsr t gvrn wth ny msur f cprtn frm th unns. S th SWG ldrshp thught tht, n th fc f ths mltnt ctn by sctns f th wrkng clss, th rulng clss nd cnsquntly Frsr wr n rtrt. bv pctur f th Mlburn mss rlly nd lst f th vrus stppgs. Th Bttlr dclrd:

THS S HW W STPPD FRSR

Whch prvd t b vry mbrrssng hdln. Thr dys ltr, Krr sckd Whtlm!

Hwvr, wpng th gg frm thr fcs, th SWG ldrshp quckly cmpsd tslf nd ctd n rmrkbly rpd nd pstv fshn, gvn thr smwht mzng fux ps. ftr numbr f SWG mmbrs hd ttndd th spntnus dmnstrtns n th cty nd t th Lbrl Prty hdqurtrs n th ftrnn Whtlm ws sckd, gnrl mtng f ll mmbrs ws rpdly cnvnd tht vnng. nd th SWG ldrs cm frwrd wth pstv pln f ctn. Frtuntly, nt mny cps f th mbrrssng Bttlr hd, s yt, bn sld. t wuld b wthdrwn, nd nw dtn prntd, hpfully n tm fr th gnrl 4 hur stppg nd mss prtst rlly t b hld n Mlburn thr dys ltr. By wrkng vrnght tht sm vnng, Ndl nd th ldrshp prducd nthr Bttlr rdy t b snt ff t th prntr th nxt dy. Lyut f Th Bttlr nrmlly tk wk r mr. Th rmrkbl ft f prducng nw dtn vrnght, ws dn by clvrly r-rrngng pgs f th prvus dtn, s tht th ffndng mtrl rltng t Frsrs dft (but 4 pgs) ws lmntd wth nly mnmum f r-lyut nd r-wrtng ndng t b dn. Th frnt pg f th scnd dtn f Bttlr n. 12, rdy s plnnd fr th gnrl stppg nd mss rlly, crtnly hd dffrnt lk but t:

Whtlm hd th vts, th Cnsttutn nd publc supprt. Frsr hd th bsss nd th Gvrnr-Gnrl h wn. S much fr dmcrcy n Prlmnt. Dfnd yurslf wth dmcrcy n th jb. STRK T STP FRSR.

nd ths ws th cntrl dmnd whch SWG nd th WL gttd fr n th nsung lctn cmpgn: ntnl gnrl strk untl Whtlm ws rnsttd. t frst ths pprd t b rlsbl dmnd; mny mltnt wrkshps nd lft-wng unnsts wr clmurng fr t, nd th wrkng clss ws hghly mblsd wth mss dmnstrtns numbrng 50,000 nd mr. Th mv fr gnrl strk ws vntully dffusd by cnsrvtv lbr ldrs rgung tht mss ndustrl ctn wuld dstry Lbrs chncs n th lctns. t ws cmmnly hld vw wthn SWG t th tm, tht gnrl strk wuld mprv Lbrs chncs n th lctns such mssv, untd nd ggrssv ctn by th wrkng clss wuld ntmdt swngng vtrs t vt Lbr. Wth th dffusn f th gnrl strk mvmnt, ths vw ws nt put t th tst. Th lctns, hwvr, wr nt th mn ssu fr sclsts. Th vry tnuus nd prctclly mnnglss dmcrcy f Prlmnt hd bn grphclly xpsd by Krrs ctn. s Th Bttlr sd, dfnd yurslf wth dmcrcy n th jb. Thr ws fundmntl sclst prncpl bng nvkd hr. Sclsm cn nly b cnstructd, nd wrkrs ntrsts cn nly b mnngfully dfndd undr cptlsm, by th nttv nd drct, prtcptry dmcrcy f th wrkng clss tslf. Mss ndustrl ctn nd rlls r cntrl spct f rl wrkrs dmcrcy. rsrs snstr rmvl f gvrnmnt supprtd by wrkng clss vts, nd hs nt-unn prpsls such s th ndustrl Rltns Buru (RB), wr drct ttck n wrkrs. Nw s nt th tm, sd Th Bttlr, t kp clm. Rthr t ws th tm t b NGRY, MLTNT, ND UNTD nd t FGHT BCK:

W fc grv thrt. Frsr wnts t ttck unn rghts. H wnts t undrmn ur blty t strk. H wnts t prtct scbs, nd h wnts spcl plc frc (RB) t d t. Th lst thng w cn f-^r/ +00(0 !s xrcs rstrnt nd turn th thr chk. W dd tht bfr nd th Lbrls nd thr Gvrnr Gnrl trd t kck ur fcs n!

W hv t rgns ctn t dfnd urslvs. W cnnt rly n nyn t d t fr us. Th Lbr Prty crtnly cnt; th ruls r stckd gnst t.

W nd gnrl strk t smsh Frsr. f th CTU wnt rgns t, wll hv t buld t frm th rnk nd fl urslvs.

nd mr mprtnt thn th rl f swngng vtrs ws th pssblty f th rulng clss tslf bng ntmdtd. Th ndustrl ctn prr t Whtlms dsmssl my nt hv bn suffcnt t stp th bsss nd thr rprsnttvs, but n ndfnt gnrl strk wuld hv th ptntl t wn rnsttmnt f th Lbr gvrnmnt prr t th lctns:

w hv t mk th bsss rls tht th cst f Lbrl vctry wll b t hgh. W nd n ll-ut ndustrl cmpgn t shut ths cuntry dwn untl Frsr gs.

nd s Th Bttlr, n n ttmpt t b n rgnsr f struggl, urgd vry rnk nd fl unnst t rs th dmnd fr gnrl strk n thr wrkplcs, n thr unns, nd t th mss rlls.

ftr th mvmnt fr gnrl strk hd bn dffusd nd dftd. Th Bttlr, urgng vt fr Lbr, hd n ncsv pnt t mk wth rgrd t th lctns:

f Frsr s lctd, t wll mn tht th Snt gt wy wth blckng supply nd Krr gt wy wth sckng n lctd gvrnmnt. t wll mn tht n mttr hw mny tms w lct th Gvrnmnt f ur chc, w cn n lngr rly n t tkng ffc. f tht hppns, w | my stll hv lctns whr w wrt numbrs n pc f ppr, but thy wll hv n mr mnng thn th lctns n cuntrs lk Spn nd Russ, whr th rsults r knwn bfr th lctn.

Th mn rsult f Frsr bng lctd wuld b n utrght ttck n th wrkng clss thrugh nt-unn lws nd ncrsd unmplymnt. nd th mplctn f Frsr vctry wuld b th swpng wy f th n tnuus vstg f dmcrcy n th cuntry.

Th prd f mss wrkng clss dmnstrtns durng th 1975 lctn cmpgn ws n f ntns ctvty fr ll th Lftj, nd SWG ws crtnly n xcptn. Rlly ftr rlly ws ttndd wth mmbrs wvng bnnrs nd plcrds dmndng gnrl strk. Th Bttlr sld lk wldfr. t th rlly f 50,000 ppl n Mlburn n 14 Nvmbr, vr 600 cps wr sld nd mr thn $100 cllctd n dntns. Ths ddnt mn suddn mss supprt fr SWG. ll lft-wng grups xprncd smlr phnmnl upswngs n thr ppulrty. Wht t dd rflct ws th ngr nd cnfusn f Lbr supprtrs thyd buy lmst nythng lft-lkng nd thy wuldnt gv yu 10 cnts fr cpy, thyd thrw yu dllr, r tw dllrs, r mr. Hundrds f SWG-prducd bdgs wth th mn SWG slgn STRK FRSR UT wr ls sld. Th grup prbbly dd nt nflunc nybdy t g n strk, but t dd ttmpt t rgns, thrugh ts wrkng clss cntcts, n-th-jb mtngs wth ths vw n mnd. t lrg slughtrng wrks, mt-wrkrs wr ddrssd n thr cntn by Grffths, Stn nd Ry (rcntly rrvd n Mlburn t ttnd th cmng Rgrupmnt cnfrnc). Mny tk lvly ntrst n Th Bttlr nd svrl dntns wr cllctd. nthr dvlpmnt durng ths prd f hypr-ctvty ws th dsslutn f SWGs thr brnchs. s fcus fr rgnsng, rcrutmnt, nd gnrl cm-rds-cm-rlly, wkly gnrl mtngs wr hld n th SWG Cntr t whch much ffrt ws put nt mblsng th ttndnc f th grups prphry, but 30 t 40 ppl gnrlly turnng up. numbr f ndvduls jnd SWG durng ths prd.

Th znth f SWGs cmpgn, n trms f ntrvntn, ccurrd t th bg 50,000-strng rlly n Mlburn n Nvmbr 14. ftr lstnng t cupl f hurs f lng-wndd spchs frm Lbr ldrs nd rdcls lk th CPs Jhn Hlfpnny but th Krr Cup bng blw t dmcrcy (whch vrybdy knw), th ngry crwd ws tld by ths mltnt ldrs t dsprs nd g hm. But n ngry crwd wnts ctn. Wht ws ndd n stutn lk ths, ws fr n rgnsd grup t prvd ldrshp prpsls fr ctn thrugh whch th crwds ngr culd b fcussd nd xprssd. Th Lbr nd CP ldrs, scrd f rnk nd fl nttv, lft vcuum f ldrshp; rthr thn gng hm, mst f th crwd mlld rund n th Trsury Grdns nt knwng wht t d nxt. nly tw grups ttmptd t prvd th ncssry ldrshp. Frstly, th Msts urgd th crwd, s thy dd t vry sngl dmnstrtn (n mttr wht th ssu) t mrch n th US cnsult. Ths prvd sngulrly npprprt, hrdly ny f th crwd mvng t fllw th Msts.

SWG ldrs, n rpd cnsulttn wth ch thr, cm up wth th nswr. Grffths gt mgphn nd urgd th crwd t mrch n th Stck xchng. Grffths ws nw n hs lmnt. t ws h, tw yrs bfr, wh hd, fr nd bv nybdy ls, strrd nsurnc clrks nt ctn n th qul py cmpgn, rsultng n th frst strk n thr unns hstry. Nw, th ntur f th prpsl t mrch n th Stck xchng, cupld wth Grffths gttnl skll, ws ll tht ws ndd. Suddnly th lttl bnd f SWG-gs fund thmslvs t th hd f n ngry crwd f 15,000 ppl, surgng dwn Cllns Strt twrds th Stck xchng. Th plc must hv bn lrtd vry quckly. hundrd r mr f thm wr wtng. Th crwd dd nt mk ts bjctv th Stck xchngs Trdng Flr. But tht mrch prvdd vry usful functn nd md th pprprt nd ssntl pltcl pnt. t prvdd fcus fr th crwds ngr tht fcus bng th vry symbl nd bstn f cptlsm: th Stck xchng.

t ws bvus frm th rspns f ths n th mrch, tht thy blvd th cptlst rulng clss wr th cus f th crss. But ltnt blfs bcm mnngful nd mprntd n ppls cnscusnss whn thy r trnsltd nt ctn ppl lrn thrugh th prcss f struggl. Mny mltnts wuld hv gn wy frm tht cnfrnttn t th Stck xchng wth clrr vw f whr t fcus thr gttn n th futur. ts wrth ntng tht S hs bn succssful n mblsng furthr dmnstrtns t Stck xchngs. ftr Frsr brught dwn hs vcus nt-wrkng-clss budgt n ugust 1978, S ld crwd f 2000 t th Stck xchng n Mlburn, nd crwd f 1000 t th Stck xchng n Sydny.

t wuld b wrng t suggst tht th C ws nt nvlvd n th Krr Cup (th mprt f th Mst prpsl t mrch n th US Cnsult) thy my wll hv bn. But th C r nly gnts f systm n ntrlckng ntwrk f cptl mbrcng bth th multntnls nd th ustrln bsss. Th dmnd t mrch n th Stck xchng nt nly md th crucl pltcl pnt f cnfrntng th mn nmy, but ls prvd t b th ssu n whch th crwd culd b mblsd.

t wuld b nccurt t suggst tht SWG hd mss nflunc n th 1975 lctn cmpgn. Fw f ths ppl n th stck xchng mrch wuld hv knwn wh SWG ws, r, ndd, tht thy wr bng ld by smll grup f sclsts. Th sgnfcnc f th mrch ws twfld. t rvld th grups cpcty t ntrvn ffctvly nd prvd ldrshp n mss-mltnt stutns. nd t hs bn, t dt, n f th mst succssful thugh mmntry cts f ntrvntn by th grup n ts hstry.


Fundtn f th ntrntnl Sclsts


md ll th cmmtn f th lctn cmpgn, th Rgrupmnt Cnfrnc wnt hd s schduld. n 6 Dcmbr 1975, cllctn f but 40 sclsts nd rdcls gthrd n mtng rm n Mlburn Unvrstys Unn buldng. Thy ncludd 5 WL mmbrs frm Hbrt, 4 r 5 ppl frm Cnbrr, nd th rmndr wr frm Mlburn, mst f whm wr SWG mmbrs but nt ll.

Dscussn thrughut th dy ws rltd mnly t wht ws cnsdrd s th mmdt strtgy fr nw rgrupd rgnztn: th buldng, n th bss f mltnt sclst pltcs, f rnk nd fl grups n wrkplcs nd unns nd frm ths crss-ndustry rnk nd fl mvmnt whch, vntully nd hpfully, wuld ld t th frmtn f rvlutnry sclst prty. ssntlly, ths ws SWGs Rnk nd Fl strtgy, wth sm vlubl cntrbutns cmng frm Ry nd th WL. Nt surprsngly, thr ws gnrl cnsnsus fr th strtgy. Rsrvtns wr, hwvr, xprssd by th Cnbrr grup, whch pprd t fll nt thr mn ctgrs. Frstly, lthugh Lckwd nd hs cmrds rcgnsd th nd fr sclsts t rnt t th wrkng clss, thy wr pprhnsv tht th prpsd strtgy mght rsult n studnts pprchng wrkrs n hvy-hndd mnnr nd tllng thm wht t d. Scndly, th Cnbrr ppl wr cncrnd but th SWG/WL cmmtmnt t th nd fr ndpndnt prgrssv mvmnts fghtng sxul/rcl pprssn (Wmns Lbrtn, Blck Lbrtn, Gy Lbrtn). nd lstly, thy pprd t hv dubts but th sutblty t ustrln cndtns f th mprtd S prgrmm f SWG nd th WL. Dspt ssurncs t th cntrry frm SWG spkrs, th Cnbrr grup rtnd thr rsrvtns. Twrds th cls f th sssn, dcumnts frm SWG/WL, rltng prmrly t th Rnk nd Fl strtgy, wr dptd by th cnfrnc s th bss fr nw rgnztn, thr bng numbr f bstntns nd pssbly n r tw vts gnst.

ppr ws thn pssd rund fr ths t sgn wh wshd t jn th nw rgnztn. Ths ppr ws sgnd by 32 ppl, ncludng ll SWG mmbrs prsnt (but 23 r 24) Ry nd 3 thr WL mmbrs, nd numbr f ndvduls frm Mlburn wh hd nt prvusly bn mmbrs f SWG. Ths dclnng t jn wr ll th Cnbrr grup, n WL mmbr (wh grd wth th prpsls but ws gng vrss sn ftr nd thrfr ddnt thnk t wrthwhl) plus fw f th nn-SWG ppl frm Mlburn. Th 32 sgntrs wr nw tchnclly mmbrs f nw rgnztn nd, by mplctn, SWG nd th WL n lngr xstd. ny SWG/WL mmbrs nt prsnt wr nt gvn utmtc mmbrshp thy wuld nd t pply f thy wshd t jn. Mmbrs nly f th nw (nd s yt unnmd) rgnztn wr nvtd t th scnd dy f th cnfrnc.

Th fllwng dy th nw rgnztn cnvnd n th SWG Cntr. rly n th sssn, dntfctn f th grup s prt f th S tndncy ws cknwldgd. Thr nw cm th qustn f nm fr th nw rgnztn. Ths prvd t b rthr ntrstng dbt. Th frmr SWG ldrshp wr dvdd thr wys. 0Lncln nd Stn prpsd th nm Wrkrs ctn, Grffths prpsd Sclst Wrkrs Mvmnt nd Ndl cm up wth vry lng-wndd ttl whch rd smthng lk Wrkrs Lgu fr Dmcrcy nd Sclsm. ndd, t culd b sd tht th SWG ldrs wr dvdd fur wys, snc scndry-ldr Khn prpsd th nm shuld b thr Mltnt Sclsts r Sclst Mltnts. Rnk nd fl SWG mmbr Ptr . prpsd ntrntnl Sclsts nd ths ws strngly supprtd by WL ldr Ry.

Snc th grup ws dntfyng wth th S tndncy, ths lst nm wuld hv pprd th mst lgcl t dpt. S why thn wr th ld SWG ldrshp ppsd t t? 0Lncln nd Stn rgud th mphss n th nm shuld b n th wrd ctn, t hlp dffrntt t frm thr lttl sclst grups rund whch tndd t b sctrn tlkng shps. Snc th nw nm shuld ls b shrt, ctn wuld b t dffcult t nclud wth ntrntnl Sclsts. Grffths rgud th mphss shuld b n mvmnt snc ths wuld mk t sund lss lk smll sct. ftr ll, th grup ws tryng t buld mvmnt, rrspctv f whthr r nt t rcrutd drctly t ts wn rgnztn (ssumng, f curs, t wuld b ttmptng drct rcrutmnt s much s pssbl). f th ld SWG ldrs, Ndl hd th mst xplct rtnl fr hs prpsl. H dmttd hs prpsl ws rdculusly lng nd thrfr smwht slly sundng. But thr ws mthd n hs mdnss. Snc th nm ws s lng, rgud Ndl, ppl wuld tnd t gnr t, nd th grup wuld bcm knwn, ftr ts ppr, s Th Bttlr grup. (t ws gnrlly ssumd tht th nw rgnztn wuld tk vr Th Bttlr, rtnng ts nm.) Snc Th Bttlr ws t b th mn vhcl thrugh whch th rgnztn ws ttmptng t buld tslf, ths wuld b mst dsrbl utcm. n thr wrds, sd Ndl, h wntd th grup t chs nn-nm mr frmlty, dsgnd t mphsz th ppr rthr thn th rgnztn. Nnthlss, n th xhustv bllt tht fllwd, Ndls prpsl ws quckly lmntd (nly Ndl vtng fr t), sn t b fllwd by Grffths prpsl (Sclst Wrkrs Mvmnt but 5 vts) nd Khns (Mltnt Sclsts but 8 r 10 vts). lthugh th 0Lncln-Stn prpsl f Wrkrs ctn plld strngly, ntrntnl Sclsts wn by substntl mjrty. S tw yrs ftr SWG hd bcm ffctvly n S grup, th ntrntnl Sclsts wr brn n ustrl, n nm s wll s rgnztn.

Th rmndr f th fundng S Cnfrnc ws dvtd lrgly t mr dtld prspctv fr th cmng yr. Ths nvlvd 3 ky prpsls. Frstly, t ws plnnd tht Th Bttlr shuld bgn frtnghtly publctn n rly 1976, th tnttv trgt bng smtm n th utumn. Scndly, th grup plnnd t buld ntnl rgnztn. Tchnclly, thr wr lrdy brnchs n tw stts. But Hbrt ws nvr frmlly dclrd s brnch, snc t ws ntcptd tht th fur x-WL mmbrs, nw S mmbrs, wuld b mvng t Mlburn rly n th nw yr. Thr f thm wr studnts wh, by chc, wshd t cntnu thr studs n Mlburn rthr thn Hbrt. nd th furth Hbrt mmbr ls wshd t mv t Mlburn fr prsnl rsns. Pltcl cnsdrtns, nd prhps ncurgmnt frm th frmr SWG ldrshp, my hv nfluncd ths dcsn t mv t Mlburn. Th buldng f Hbrt brnch ws gnrlly cnsdrd t b lw prrty stblshng brnch n Sydny ws much mr mprtnt. nd snc SWG hd nvr bn bl t rcrut drctly ts fw Sydny cntcts, t ws dcdd tht th nw S wuld hv t clns tht cty tht s, th rgnztn wuld cll fr fw vluntrs t mv t Sydny nd frm th nuclus f brnch thr. Th pln ws tht but hlf dzn mmbrs wuld hpfully g t Sydny but Fbrury r Mrch. n ths cntxt, th ntcptd mv f Hbrt mmbrs t Mlburn ws sn t b dsrbl, t lst n n rspct: lthugh t mght mn n Hbrt brnch, ths mv wuld hlp fll th gps lft by ths gng t Sydny. f curs, t ws hpd tht bfr th Hbrt mmbrs mvd t Mlburn, thy mght b bl t lv bhnd thm n mbrync brnch, thr by drctly rcrutng cupl f frmr WL cntcts, r by t lst rgnsng mngst ths cntcts Bttlr dstrbutn ntwrk.

Th thrd mmdt pln dptd t th Cnfrnc, ws plcy whch bcm knwn s ndustrlstn. Th cntrl d ws t buld S nflunc n ndustry by ncurgng x-studnt mmbrs t gt jbs n blu-cllr rs. nd th mtls/ngnrng ndustry ws t b prrty n ths plcy. f frmr studnts dd dcd t gt blu-cllr jbs (nd th dcsn ws thrs th plcy ws n f strng ncurgmnt, nt cmpulsn), thy wuld b furthr ncurgd t gt jbs n th mtls ndustry, prtculrly ths cvrd by th MFSU. Thr wr numbr f rsns fr chsng th MFSU. t ws n f th 2 r 3 blu-cllr unns n whch th grup hd mnngful cntct wth numbr f wrkr-mltnts. t ws nt nly ustrls lrgst unn, but ls n f th mst mltnt nd pltcl. mprvmnts wn n th mtl-wrkrs wrd ftn flwd n t thr ndustrs. Th nnul mtlwrkrs clm ws, thrfr, n f th mst mprtnt rgulr wrkng clss struggls. nd lst, but nt lst, t ws th unn n whch th CP hd ts strngst nflunc. f S ws t buld rvlutnry mvmnt n ustrl, t wuld nd t wn mltnt wrkrs wy frm th CP. t ws cnsdrd tht ths wuld b lng nd rduus tsk mst S mmbrs, ncludng th ldrshp, wr cutly wr f thr nxprnc (n cmprsn wth th CP) n ndustrl mttrs. But t ws hpd tht, by stblshng smll but wll-rgnsd prsnc n th CPs bstn xprnc n ndustrl gttn wuld b furthr dvlpd, nd th bss ld fr th futur struggl. nd prrty ndustry ws ls cnsdrd dsrbl frm th pnt f vw f th grups mgr rsurcs ttmptng cncrtd wrk n numbr f ndustrs wuld sprd rsurcs t thnly, nd cnsquntly b lss ffctul thn cncntrtng n n ndustry.

Ths plcy f th mtls-ndustry/MPSU bng prrty r f wrk fr S ws nt mnt t xclud thr ctvts. t ws nvsgd tht th grup wuld cntnu t wrk n thr rs whr pprtunts rs such s thr ndustrs whr vlubl cntcts wr md (g mtwrkrs),cmpuss, th wmns mvmnt, tchrs, th currntly dvlpng mvmnt gnst th ndnsn nvsn f st Tmr.

Wht prrty fr th mtls ndustry dd mn, ws tht gnrlly th grups rsurcs wuld b put t th dspsl f wrk n tht r, n prcdnc t wrk n thr rs. nd t mnt tht f x-studnts wr t gt blu-cllr jbs, thy shuld try ntlly t gt thm n th mtl ndustry. t ws hpd tht f thr wrk stutn ws suffcntly mltnt r cnducv t gttn, ths x-studnts wuld ttmpt t buld rnk nd fl grups n thr wrkplcs nd lnk thm wth brdr rnk nd fl grupng wthn th MFSU. Wth ths vw n mnd, th crdblty f Rnk nd Fl Mttl wuld hpfully b nhncd by chngng ts ttl t Rnk nd Fl Mtl, nd ls by nw hvng t prfssnlly prntd, rthr thn bng run ff n duplctr.

nthr mmdt pln, lrdy st n mtn by SWG nd ndrsd by th Cnfrnc, ws t rgns spkng tur n ustrl by ldng mmbr f SGB. Th spkr chsn by rrngmnt wth SGB, ws Ngl Hrrs, wh ws nt nly wll knwn n lftwng crcls but hd wrld wd rputtn n cdm. Hrrs s ntd uthrty n th prblms nd pltcs f undrdvlpmnt, prtculrly n sn cuntrs. Hs mny bks nd rtcls n Chn nd nd, lthugh wrttn frm rvlutnry vwpnt, r schlrly wrks whch hv rcvd wd cclm. Fr ths rsn, t ws rltvly sy fr ustrln S t rgns numbr f ffcl gust lcturs by Hrrs t vrus unvrsts, whr h ws pd f by th cmpus dmnstrtn. Th prpsd Hrrs tur ws sn by S n cnjunctn wth buldng ntnl rgnztn. Wth Hrrs spkng n numbr f cts whr th grup hd cntcts, t ws hpd sm ppl wuld b suffcntly mprssd by hm t jn S, nd thrfr frm th nuclus f nw brnchs. Whl xpcttns wr nt t grnds, t ws blvd tht Hrrs spkng n Sydny wuld b prtculrly usful n lunchng th nw brnch thr. Fr ths rsn, t ws plnnd tht sm mmbrs shuld mv t Sydny prr t, nd n prprtn fr, Hrrs rrvl thr but lt Mrch r rly prl.

Th mn dscussns t th fundng S Cnfrnc wr dvtd t ths prspctvs nd plns fr mmdt strtgy. Whr mr bsc pltcl pstns wr nt dptd, t ws ndrsd by Cnfrnc tht frmr bsc dcumnts f SWG wuld bcm S plcy untl th nw rgnztn chs, f t wshd, t chng thm n th futur. Th nly thr mprtnt dcsn md t Cnfrnc ws th dptn f structur fr th nw rgnztn. Wth mdfctns, dsgnd t mr spcfclly cp wth ntnl rgnztn, th structurl/cndtns-f-mmbrshp dcumnt dptd by SWG th prvus July ws nw ndrsd by S. Th frmr SWG Pltcl Cmmtt ws rplcd by Ntnl xcutv (N) nd lrgr Ntnl Cmmtt (NC) wuld b cmprsd f rprsnttvs frm th vrus brnchs. Cnfrnc wuld b th Suprm dcsn-mkng bdy nd wuld mt n n pprxmt nnul bss. Untl th rgnztn ws cnsdrbly lrgr, cnfrnc wuld nt b dlgtd bdy ll mmbrs culd ttnd wth qul vtng nd spkng rghts. n btwn Cnfrncs, th suprm dcsn-mkng bdy wuld b th NC, mtng t rughly 8 wkly ntrvls. n btwn NC mtngs, th suprm bdy wuld b th N, whch ws rspnsbl fr th dy-t-dy runnng f th rgnztn, nd xpctd t mt n wkly bss. Thus th N ws rspnsbl t th NC, nd th NC ws rspnsbl t Cnfrnc. Th NC nd th N wuld mk dcsns wthn th gudlns f Cnfrnc plcy.

n ntrstng twst ws prpsd, nd dptd, fr rprsnttn n th NC. Grffths, n mtn ndrsd by th frmr SWG PC, prpsd tht n th mmdt futur, ll brnchs shuld b gurntd rprsnttn n th NC. t ws dmttd tht ths ws nt n ccrd wth strct Lnnst/dmcrtc-cntrlst prncpls. n th lttr, ndvduls shuld b lctd t scndry-ldrshp bdy such s th NC, n th bss f thr pltcl blts, rrspctv f whch brnch thy cm frm. (Whch, n thry, mns ll brnchs r nt ncssrly rprsntd.) t ws rgud tht whl th grup ws gng thrugh th tthng prblms f stblshng ntnl rgnztn, cmmunctn btwn th brnchs nd th N wuld b prtculrly mprtnt, nd thrfr ll brnchs shuld b rprsntd n th NC (N mmbrs wr utmtclly mmbrs f th NC). Thr ws gnrl grmnt wth ths prpsl, nd t ws nvsgd tht smtm n th futur, whn brnchs wr wll stblshd, th NC wuld b lctd n mr dfnt pltcl bss. Th prpsl ws nt cmpltly fdrlst. lthugh th brnchs wr t b gurntd rprsnttn n th NC, thy wuld hv n pwr f drctn vr thr rprsnttvs. Nnthlss, thr ws twst f rny hr. Fv mnths rlr, Grffths hd vhmntly ttckd ltns prpsd rgnstnl dcumnt fr bng fdrlst whn t wsnt, nly nw t b prpsng structur whch, by hs wn dmssn, hd fdrlst lmnts n t. Such r th vcsstuds f rvlutnry ldrshp.

Ntnl Cmmtt ws nt, hwvr, lctd t th fundng S Cnfrnc s t wuld b t futur cnfrncs. t ths stg t ws unclr s t xctly whr S wuld hv brnchs n th mmdt futur. Whl th fur Hbrt cmrds wr mvng t Mlburn n th nw yr, t ws pssbl tht n mbrync brnch wuld b stblshd thr. Whl t ws lmst crtn tht brnch wuld b stblshd n Sydny, t ws pssbl tht th Hrrs tur wuld prcptt th frmtn f smll brnchs lswhr. S t ws dcdd tht th N wuld cll fr NC lctns, cnductd n brnch bss just ths nc, smtm n th utumn whn t ws clrr whr brnchs wuld b fr th mmdt futur. Th frst Ntnl xcutv ws, hwvr, lctd t ths cnfrnc. t cnsstd f Ndl, Ry, Grffths nd 0Lncln. f Ry wsnt th yungst mmbr f th grup, h ws crtnly cls t t, bng 19 yrs ld t th tm. Th gs f th thr N mmbrs wr: Ndl 29, 0Lncln 28, nd Grffths but 24. (Thr wr t lst thr mmbrs f th grup t th tm wh wr ldr thn Ndl n bng but 40.) Mst f th thrs wr n thr md r rly 20s,) Prtly s rcgntn f Rys pltcl blts, but ls s n ttmpt t gv th x-WL mmbrs th mprssn tht gnun fusn hd tkn plc, th frmr SWG ldrs rcmmndd tht Ry b ppntd s Ntnl rgnsr. n thry, ths mnt Ry ws th chf xcutv ffcr; Ndl ws r-ffrmd s Bttlr dtr. Bth th dtr nd th Ntnl rgnsr wr rspnsbl t th N.

Th qus-mnpultv dplmcy f th frmr SWG ldrs n nmntng Ry fr Ntnl rgnsr rss n ntrstng spct f th Cnfrnc nd th frmtn f th nw rgnztn, Th Cnfrnc hd bn lblld nd rgnsd s Rgrupmnt n th lft. Rgrupmnt ws ntndd t mn fusn f rgnstns, rthr thn SWG mrly rcrutng fw ppl nd chngng ts nm. Yt th utcm f th Cnfrnc ws much clsr t th lttr. Th nly ppl frm nthr rgnztn wh jnd th nw S wr th fur x-WL mmbrs (n f whm ws SWG mplnt). nd lthugh th WL hd bn structurlly ndpndnt f SWG, ts S pltcs nd ts cls cllbrtn wth SWG n th lttr mnths f 1975 (g. sllng Th Bttlr) mnt tht t ws lrdy, n sm rspcts, n xtnsn f SWG. Ths ds nt mn, hwvr, tht t wsnt gnun rgrupmnt cnfrnc. Th MRM-Lnk grupng hd bn nvtd t th cnfrnc, thugh thy chs nt t ttnd. (f thy hd ttndd, thy wuld hv bn ccrdd qul spkng nd vtng rghts.) nd th prsnc f th Cnbrr grup wh dd nt, t ths tm, dntfy thmslvs s n S grup, mnt thr wr tndncs ndpndnt f n nthr rprsntd. Thr s, thrfr, dstnctn btwn th rgrupmnt ntur f th Cnfrnc nd f th nw rgnztn. Bcus th Cnbrr grup chs nt t jn, gnun Rgrupmnt Cnfrnc rsultd n n un-rgrupd rgnztn.

Thr s, hwvr, squl t th Rgrupmnt qustn. n Sptmbr 1976, Lckwd nd thr f hs cmrds jnd S s grup, whch ws th bgnnng f th Cnbrr brnch. S f culd b sd, prhps, tht rgrupmnt ws ffctd n th lng trm.



Rtrspct


Whn th curtn lwrd n th Sclst Wrkrs ctn Grup n Dcmbr 1975, t ws fur yrs snc th ld MWG hd frst mt n Dcmbr 1971. Gugd n numrcl trms, thr ws n spctculr grwth f th grup. Tn ppl ttndd th frst MWG mtng, thrty-tw jnd t th fundng S Cnfrnc. nd tht lttr fgur s prbbly n grtr thn th MWG t ts pk n th utumn f 1972. Nthr s th prprtnl grwth f rund 300% mprssv whn cmmntng n such smll fgurs. ndd, th vry xstnc f SWG pprs unmprssv whn n cnsdrs, tht t nvr hd mr thn but thrty mmbrs.

Nnthlss, thr ws qulttv dvlpmnt n th fur yrs f MWG/ SWG hstry, whch gv ths tny grup cnsdrbl prspcts fr th futur. Whn th MWG frst gthrd tgthr n ths rly mnths f 1972, t ws mtly grup f studnts nd x-studnts, wth sprnklng f wrkrs nn f whm hd vry clr d f wht thy wr n but. ll wntd sclsm, but wht ws tht? nd hw ds such tny grup g but wnnng t? Wth th xcptn f Ndl, fw hd much xprnc s ctvsts. Th n cmmn vw n th rly MWG ws tht ll rcgnsd th cntrlty f th wrkng clss n buldng sclsm. nd mst wr prbbly ntrntnlsts but nt ncssrly ll. Th lck f dtld thry cupld wth th grups lck f xprnc mnt tht t hd lng wy t g. t s nt n sy tsk fr tny grup f dlstclly mtvtd but smwht nv studnts t wn crdblty wth wrkrs. Mny qulttv chngs ndd t ccur f th grup ws t bcm srus ldr f ptntl rvlutnry mvmnt.

Thr wr numbr f turnng pnts whch wr sgnfcnt. Th dprtur f th nrchsts nd th rcst-sxsts gv th grup grtr chsn, whl th ntrvntn nd ldrshp f th Rd nc fctn ddd t furthr hrdnng up prcss. n f th mst dstnctv qults f th grup frm but md-1972 hs bn ts hghly ctvst rnttn. Fw mmbrs knw hw t mbls ppl, but th mjrty f th grup lwys hd th dtrmntn t g ut nd try. Mst f th rly wrk ws vry clumsy, nd pprd t hv lttl r n ffct. Brdsht ftr brdsht wuld b prducd wth n cncrt rsults. But thr ws cumultv ffct f ths ctvts cnstnt ntrctn wth mltnts n th rs n whch th grup ws wrkng, rstrctd t frst t studnts nd tchrs/wht-cllr wrkrs, grdully prvdd vlubl gttnl xprnc. Th bgnnngs f Clrk nd Dggr n lt 1972 mrkd th frst cncrtd nd, s t turnd ut, sustnd ffrt t mbls ppl utsd th studnt/tchr ntllctul mlu. Ths ffrt ld t th ltr ttmpts t frm rnk nd fl grups n wht-cllr ndustry, f whch th Mltnt nsurnc Clrks ws th mst sgnfcnt. MCs mblstn f th qul py cmpgn n lt 1973 ws nt nly n f th mst sgnfcnt cts f ntrvntn by SWG, but ws ls t prvd vlubl frsthnd xprnc n th mnpultv tchnqus mplyd by trd unn ffcls, nd hw t mbls wrkrs n spt f thm. Ths dd nt mn SWG culd suddnly rpt ths lswhr, but t dd cntrbut t th grups dvlpmnt. Th grdul dptn f S pltcs ws ls n mprtnt qulttv chng: t prvdd frm gudln fr ctn whl lvng nugh flxblty t dpt t prtculr stutns. S pltcs ls brught grtr sns f unty nd purps, nd hlpd t lssn th flng f sltn bg brthr cmrds n th US, nd prtculrly n Brtn, wr ldng th wy.

Th Mnsh ccuptn f Sptmbr 1974 ws nthr f SWGs mprtnt cts f ntrvntn, but ts sgnfcnc ws nt s much n th ccuptn tslf (s wth th nsurnc qul py cmpgn, vry lttl ws chvd n trms f th cncrt dmnds). Rthr, bcus SWG prsntd th dmnds fr ductnl rfrm wthn lft wng, clss rntd prspctv, th knd f studnts tht t rcrutd frm ths cmpgn tndd t b ns wh wr thn prprd t g ut nd ttmpt srus gttnl wrk wth mltnt wrkrs. Th bgnnngs f Th Bttlr ws ls nthr qulttv lp. Clumsy t frst, wth lttl nsd nfrmtn nd strng studnt flvur, th ppr grdully bult crdblty wth numbr f mltnt wrkrs. SWG mmbrs gnd xprnc thrugh ntrctn wth mltnts, nd Th Bttlr bcm th mst mprtnt vhcl n th prcss. Th prntrs1 nd mtwrkrs strks f ugust-Sptmbr 1975 wr n mprtnt brkthrugh n ths dvlpmnt. nd Th Bttlr s vhcl fr ntrctn wth mltnt wrkrs, prvdd mnngful lnks wth lk-mndd rdcls n thr rs. Dspt th cmmn pltcs f SWG nd th WL, nd SWGs ntrvntn n th lttr, t s dubtful tht ths Hbrt grup wuld hv bn rcrutd wthut th ppr; Th Bttlr prvdd th sm functn fr thm s t dd fr SWG mmbrs. ndd th ppr bcm th prncpl mdum fr buldng ntnl rgnztn. Lckwds Cnbrr grup wr bl t us t n th sm wy s SWG nd th WL, nd ths s lmst crtnly th mn rsn tht thy fnlly dcdd t jn S.

Th dvlpmnt f ny grup s nt, f curs, ll br nd skttls. Sustnd prds f hypr-ctvty, usully cupld wth n tngbl rsults, cusd much frctn, tnsn, nd lmst cnstnt mn-crss wthn th grup. lthugh undsrbl n ts ntl mpct, th mjr ntrnl crss f md-1975 tstd nd stld th ldrshps nd th grups blty t cp wth crss n th futur. nd t gv n mptus t th dvlpmnt f th dmcrtc-cntrlst structur whch hs prvdd th rgnztn wth th ncssry dscpln t ntrvn s chsv, nd smtms ffctv, unt n vrus struggls.

ny grup f ppl, n mttr wht ts purps, sz, cmpstn r turnvr f mmbrshp, wll undrg qulttv chngs vr prd f fur yrs nd such chngs d nt ncssrly mn t hs grtr prspcts fr th futur (n trms f ts purps). Th xprnc f bng mmbr f th grup n th rly dys wuld hv hd sm ntcbl dffrncs frm th xprnc f bng mmbr n th lttr hlf f 1975. f curs, th MWG bgn s dscussn grup, s thr ws ntlly n rgnsng f ctvty by th grup s whl. But vn ftr th grup bgn cllctv ctvty, dbts n th rly dys f SWG tndd t b vr bstrct nd/r thrtcl ssus. Frm lt 1975 th dbts tndd t b rltd t mmdt ctvty. n th rly dys, mtngs nvrbly strtd lt, nd wr ftn lng trtuus ffrs, nt nfrquntly gng nt th rly hurs f th mrnng. Ths ws rflctn f th ssntlly studnt mlu frm whch th grup cm: studnts lv lss structurd xstnc thn th cmmunty t lrg, nd hv prpnsty fr lng-wndd dbt vr bstrct ssus nd th fnr pnts f phlsphcl dtl. By lt 1975, mtngs wr bgnnng t bcm mr rdrd, prcss whch bcm cclrtd n th subsqunt S yrs. Ths dffrncs n th cnduct f mtngs mnt dffrnc n th mpct f th grup n th prsnl lvs f mmbrs: by lt 1975 (wth th ntbl xcptn f th cnsttutnl-crss/lctn prd) t ws gnrlly lss hctc. gn, ths dffrnc bcm mr ntcbl n subsqunt yrs. Yt ths ntrnl dvlpmnts such s th cnduct f mtngs, cnnt b msurd slly n thr ffct n mmbrs prsnl lvs. Thy wr rflctn f th grtr srusnss f th grup, prtly rsult f cnscus ffrt t mk th grup mr hbtbl fr wrkrs, wh r usd t rdrd nd prctclly rntd dscussn.

Th fw succsss SWG hd n mblsng ppl th nsurnc qul py cmpgn, th Mnsh ccuptn, th Stck xchng mrch r qut mprssv gvn ts smll sz. Thy wr prduct f th dtrmnd hrd wrk f th mmbrshp, th gttnl skll f th ldrshp, plus th ctvst nd wrkng-clss rnttn f S-typ pltcs. (f curs, n ntrvntn, rrspctv f th skll wth whch t s cnductd, hs msur f succss unlss cndtns r rp fr such ntrvntn ths ws prtculrly tru f th Stck xchng mrch) Th mst dstnctv spct f tny SWGs xstnc s nt, hwvr, ts fw mmntry succsss.

Bg ks frm lttl crns grw. nly nn ppl ttndd th fundng cnfrnc f th Russn Scl Dmcrtc Prty (ltr, th Blshvks) nd tht prty wnt n t ld n f th wrlds grt rvlutns. ustrln S my nvr ld rvlutn. But f th bjctv cndtns bcm rp, f th cptlst systm gs nt svr crss nd prsnt ndctns r tht t wll th xprnc S wll hv gnd thrugh ts cnstnt ntrctn f ts pltcs wth wrkng clss mltnts, wll crtnly gv t th ptntl t ld sclst rvlutn n ustrl. nd th bss fr tht ptntl ws ld n th frmtv SWG yrs.






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