The socialist workers party 1951-1979 (43059)















TH SCLST WRKRS PRTY 1951-1979

(mstr's thss)



ntrductn


vr th pst dcd th Sclst Wrkrs Prty (frmrly th ntrntnl Sclsts) hs grwn nt n rgnstn cpbl f smll but sgnfcnt ntrvntns n th clss struggl, nd wth rl pssblty f lyng th fundtns fr rvlutnry prty n Brtn. Mny cmrds wh hv jnd th SWP n ths prd, r wh hv wrkd lngsd us, qut rghtly wnt t knw whr w hv sprung frm.

Th fllwng wrk wll sktch ut th hstry f th SWP nd ts prdcssr grups vr th pst thrty yrs. Th m s nt t nswr ll th slndrs thrwn t us by rvl grupngs; nr s t t prv tht w wr lwys rghtw crtnly wrn't.

Wthut rvlutnry thry thr s n rvlutnry prctc', sd Lnn n much-qutd phrs. But, s Lnn's whl lf shws, crrct thry s ncssry but nt nugh. f th thry s nt dptd nd fught fr by wrkrs, t s wrthlss bstrctn. Th hstry f th SWP s th hstry f th cntnud ttmpt t turn thry nt prctc.

Th fllwng brf hstry cnssts f thr rtcls. Th frst tw wr wrttn n rly 1975 nd publshd n ntrntnl Sclsm 76 nd 77 n tht sm yr. Th thrd, whch tks th stry up t th 1979 Try lctn vctry, hs bn wrttn n 1981. Rdrs my thrfr ntc crtn dscrpncs f styl nd prspctv btwn th frst tw rtcls nd th thrd.

n prtculr th clsng sctn f th scnd rtcl ws wrttn t tm whn t ws stll nt clr t ny f us hw lng nd dp th dwnturn n struggl tht fllwd th Lbur lctn vctry ws gng t b. hv thrfr dlt wth ths prd, nd th ntrnl dbt tht rs durng t, gn n grtr dtl n th thrd rtcl, t th prc f crtn vrlp. Th mst glrng mssn n th frst tw rtcls, hwvr, s ny trtmnt f th dvlpmnt f wmn's rgnstn n th ntrntnl Sclsts. hv trd t mk mnds fr ths n th thrd rtcl.

shrp ttck n th ccunt prsntd n th frst tw rtcls hs bn md by Mrtn Shw, frmr S mmbr, n Th Sclst Rgstr 1978 (Mrln Prss). Ths rtcl, nd my rply n Th Sclst Rgstr 1979, my b f ntrst t ny rdrs wh wnt t tk th rgumnt furthr thn s pssbl n ths shrt rtcl. Lkws, Dvd Wdgry's Th Lft n Brtn 1956-1968 (Pngun 1976) cntns much ntrstng mtrl rlvnt t th rlr prt f ths hstry.

shuld lk t thnk Nrh Crln nd Duncn Hlls fr dvc nd crtcsm durng th wrtng f ll thr f ths rtcls.



Prt 1: Frm thry nt prctc


1950-1960: TH FRST TN YRS

TH RGNS f th ntrntnl Sclsts r n th Trtskyst mvmnt. Th hstrcl chvmnt f Trtskysm ws t kp lv th Mrxst mthd nd ts nsstnc n th rvlutnry rl f th wrkng clss n th fc f th brbrus dstrtns f Stlnsm. Sm xcllnt rvlutnrs swllwd vry brbrty nd chng f ln frm Mscw bcus thr smd t b n ltrntv; thrs wr s scknd wth Stlnsm tht thy wrt ff th Russn Rvlutn ltgthr nd bcm scl dmcrts r vn drftd t th xtrm rght. Th chvmnt f Trtskysm n prsrvng Mrxst ds nd kpng tgthr smll grup f Mrxst cdrs fr utwghs ny thrtcl rrrs r ncdntl bsurdts.

But th 15 yrs tht fllwd th Scnd Wrld Wr ffrd vry hstl nvrnmnt fr rvlutnrs, n nvrnmnt n whch thrughut th wrld nt-Stlnst Mrxsts fund thmslvs cnfnd t tny grups n th mrgns f th wrkng clss.

Thr wr tw mn rsns fr ths. Frstly th Cld Wr, bgnnng n 1947, ld t mssv pltcl nd dlgcl ssult n th Lft. Whl thr ws nthng cmprbl t McCrthysm n Brtn, thr ws systmtc wtch-hunt f Cmmunsts n th trd unn mvmnt, whl publshng huss turnd ut flds f psud-ntllctul rfuttns f Mrxsm.

Scndly, nd vn mr fundmntlly, th prlngd pst-wr bm md t xcptnlly hrd t rlt pltcl ds t th ctul xprnc f wrkrs. Th pltcl nd cnmc struggls smd t b ttlly sprt. n th tn yrs frm 1953 t 1962 thr wr nly 30 cnsttutnl stppgs n th ngnrng ndustry, nd n th fv yrs frm 1954 t 1958 thr wr nn t ll. s Th cnmst rthr sdly cmmntd: full mplymnt snc th wr hs nt ld t mr strks bcus th unns, nw mr hghly rgnsd thn vr, hv bn gttng thr wn wy wthut rcurs t thm.1 n shrt, wrkrs wr bl t slv thr mmdt prblms wthut ny knd f gnrlstn. Th ffts sw th grwth f th shp stwrds mvmnt s w knw t tdy, but thy ls sw th Try Prty r-lctd wth ncrsd mjrts t thr succssv lctns.

Thngs hd chngd rdclly snc th rly yrs f Trtskysm, nd th mvmnt hd t rcnsdr th bss f ts pltcs. Vry brfly, thr wr tw mn ssus.2 Frstly, Trtskys prspctv fr th mmdt pr-wr prd hd bn tht th cmng wr wuld nd n mssv crss wth grt rvlutnry pssblts. H ws wrng. n th shrt trm th mss Cmmunst Pncs hdd ff rvlutn; n th lngr trm Mrshll d nd th dvlpmnt f th rms cnmy pnd up nw prd f cptlst xpnsn. Ths mnt nd t r-xmn rdclly thrtcl vws f mdm cptlsm.

Th scnd qustn tht cnfrntd th mvmnt ws n tht hd lrdy bn much dscussd th s-clld Russn qustn. Up t hs dth Trtsky hd lwys rgud tht Russ, dspt Stlns crms, rmnd wrkrs stt, thugh dgnrtd n; h rjctd th vw tht Russ hd rvrtd t cptlsm, r tht nw frm f clss scty hd grwn up thr. By th lt frts, hwvr, nw lmnt ntrd th dbt. Fllwng th grt crv-up f th wrld t th nd f th Scnd Wrld Wr, Russ hd tkn vr numbr f cuntrs n strn urp nd stblshd rgms thr whch wr bcmng mr r lss dntcl wth th st-up n Russ. Th qustn tht rs ws wr ths t wrkrs Stts? f nt, hw cm thy smd t functn n xctly th sm wy s Russ? f thy wr, thn ddnt tht mn yu culd hv wrkrs stt wthut wrkrs rvlutn nd wthut n ndpndnt, rvlutnry prty?

t ws n ths stutn tht grupng wthn th Brtsh Trtskyst mvmnt dvlpd th thry tht Russ, nd th st urpn stts, wr stt cptlst.3 Th mn thrtcl lbrtn ws th wrk f Tny Clff. Th thrtcl cnfusn n th Trtskyst mvmnt ws ccmpnd by dgnrtn n th rgnstn nd th stndrd f ntrnl dbt. s rsult th cmrds wh hld th "stt cptlst pstn wr thr xplld r lft, nd lt n 1950 bgn t publsh duplctd ppr Sclst Rvw. Th nw grup, tkng ts nm frm th ppr, hld ts fundng cnfrnc t Whtsuntd 1951.

T n utsdr th dbt but th clss ntur f Russ ftn sms rd nd lmst thlgcl. But th ssu ws vry rl n. Th stt cptlst thry strssd tht wht ws cntrl t th clss ntur f scty ws nt frml wnrshp, but cntrl. Th bsnc f wrkrs cntrl n Russ ws nt dfct n n thrws prgrssv systm, t ws clr ndctn (ht th systm ws n n sns wrkrs stt. Th cntrl pstn tht wrkrs cntrl lwys hd n Ss pltcl nlyss nd ndustrl strtgy drvs drctly frm th thry f stt cptlsm.

t s smtms llgd tht th crtn f th Sclst Rvw grup rprsntd sm srt f cncssn t Cld Wr prssur t th tm f th Krn Wr. n fct, th Krn Wr ws nt th ssu t th hrt f th splt. Rthr t ws th shmlssly pprtunst supprt fr Tts Yugslv by th rst f th Trtskyst mvmnt4 frm 1948 nwrds tht hghlghtd th prncpld dffrncs. Mrvr, nyn wh n 1950 wntd t cptult t pr-mrcn prssurs hd plnty f thr nd mr cmfrtbl pnngs vlbl; n culd bcm rght-wng wtch-huntr n th Lbur Prty r trd unn mvmnt, r jn th crcls f Wshngtn-fnncd nt-Cmmunst ntllctuls. nd fr ths wh rsstd th prssur t gv n t Wstrn mprlsm, thr ws stll th dngr f submttng t Stlnst prssur f tkng mr r lss uncrtcl tttud t Yugslv, Nrth Kr r thr Stlnst stts. t ws prcsly ths trp tht th rst f th Trtskyst mvmnt ws fllng nt. By s dng t ws bndnng th vry ssnc f Trtskysm, nmly, ndpndnc f bth Wstrn mprlsm nd Stlnsm.

Frm th bgnnng th Sclst Rvw grup md n cncssns t th Wstrn llnc nd th Suth Krn dcttrshp t supprtd. Th Lbur mvmnt must pps th llnc wth Trumn, dnur, Syngmn Rh nd th thr rprsnttvs f Wstrn Dmcrcy; thy must fght fr n llnc wth th mllns f tlrs f urp, s, frc nd th rst f th wrld.5 t dnuncd th full-scl clnl wrs n Vtnm nd Mly.6

Th lgc f th pstn tht th strn urpn stts wr wrkrs stts ws, f curs, tht rvlutnry prts wr nt ncssry fr th stblshmnt f wrkrs stts. Th Sclst Rvw grup, n th thr hnd, strssd tht nly th wrkng clss culd stblsh sclsm; nd tht t ws ncssry t buld ndpndnt wrkrs prts. s rslutn crrd t n rly ntnl mtng f th grup7 put t, ur grupng, bsd n th cncptn f Russ s Stt-cptlst cuntry, s th nuclus f tht nw Mrxst prty, nd cn b bult frmly NLY n th ccptnc f prty dscpln n th trdtn f Blshvsm undr Lnns ldrshp.

Th thr ssntl cmpnnt f Ss bsc thry ws ls dvlpd t ths tm. Ths ws th d f th prmnnt rms cnmy,8 whch sught t xpln hw th prlngd pst-wr bm ws pssbl. Th rgumnt tht t ws rms xpndtur tht ws pstpnng cptlst crss ws vtl fr n rgumnt n tw frnts. n th n hnd th Cmmunst Prty nd mst sctns f th Trtskyst mvmnt rfusd t rcgns ny sgnfcnt chng n th cptlst systm; slump ws prdctd vry tm th unmplymnt fgurs, wnt up fw hundrd. n th thr hnd thrsts f th Lbur Prty rght such s nthny Crslnd rgud tht th systm hd bn fundmntlly trnsfrmd nd tht xpnsn nd rfrms culd cntnu ndfntly.

gnst ths th rms cnmy thry rgud tht th pst-wr bm ws prlngd nd dp-rtd phnmnn, nd tht rvlutnrs must pln thr strtgy ccrdngly. But gnst th rfrmsts t rgud tht cptlst stblty ws bught nly t th prc f crtng wpns tht culd dstry humnty tslf; mrvr, tht th crss culd nt b put ff ndfntly:

Th wr cnmy my thus lss nd lss srv s cur fr vr-prductn, stblsr f cptlst prsprty. Whn th wr cnmy bcms xpndbl, th knll f th cptlst bm wll surly tll. 9

Tgthr wth stt cptlsm th rms cnmy thry quppd th mgr frcs f th Sclst Rvw grup t fc rlty.

Splts r nt t b undrtkn lghtly n th rvlutnry mvmnt. Unty f ctn cmbnd wth full nd frtrnl dbt s ftn prfrbl slutn. But whn th whl qustn f pltcl drctn nd strtgy s t stk, splt bcms nvtbl. n ths trms th splt f 1950 ws justfd.

Mrxsts r nt ftlsts, nd n ny hstrcl prd thr s smthng fr rvlutnry t d. But thr r hstrcl stutns whr bjctv fctrs prvnt rvlutnry ds frm rchng mss udnc. n such stutn smll grups cn ply vtl rl smply n kpng th rvlutnry flm lght. Mrx n lttr t Blt wrt: Scts r justfd (hstrclly) s lng s th wrkng clss s nt yt rp fr n ndpndnt hstrcl mvmnt.10

But t ccpt th ncssty fr sct s nt t justfy sctrnsm. crrct nlyss, n ts wn, gurnts nthng. numbr f thr grupngs wth Stt cptlst nlyss f Russ mrgd rund ths tm n vrus prts f th wrld. Mst f thm cthr just dspprd, r gt lst n th luntc frng f sctrn pltcs.

Such dngrs wr vry rl ns fr th nwly frmd Sclst Rvw grup. t th frst rcrdd mtng (Sptmbr 1950) thr wr just 33 mmbrs rprsntd. Grups xstd n Lndn, Thms Vlly, Crw, Brmnghm, Shffld nd Mnchstr. 19 f th 33 wr n th Lbur Lgu f Yuth. lthugh t ws clmd ths 33 rprsntd qurtr f th ttl frcs f Brtsh Trtskysm, t ws nnthlss mnut frc. 350 cps f th frst ssu f th ppr wr prducd; sls wr pprntly suffcntly ncurgng fr th fgur t b rsd fr th scnd ssu ... t 375!

Fr ny smll grup thr r tw ppst ptflls. n s t s tslf s th cntr f th unvrs, nd thus bcm bsssd wth dfndng tslf gnst ts qully nsgnfcnt rvls. Th thr s t surrndr t ts wn mptnc, nd thrfr t prjct th jb f mkng th rvlutn n t smn ls th clnl rvlutn, th lft trd unn ldrs, r whtvr. xmpls f bth rrrs bund.

Th Sclst Rvw grup ws, thrughut th ffts, purly prpgnd grup, t ws nt bl t mk ny mnngful ntrvntn n th clss struggl. But prpgnd hs t hv n udnc; nd unlss rvlutnry grup rmns n ntmt cntct wth ts udnc, th dngrs f fllng nt cmplt fntsy wrld r grt ndd. Thrughut th ffts th Sclst Rvw grup, dspt ts lmtd numbrs, lwys strv t rlt t th ctul prblms f th wrkng clss. Mnuts f th dscussn f th ppr Sclst Rvw dtng frm 195111 shw cncrn t mk th ppr rlt. Th mn pnts wr tht thr ws nt nugh n Brtn, nd dtrls shuld b n Brtsh mttrs; t ws gnrlly flt t b stll t much cmpsd f nt-Stlnst rtcls.

n prctc ths mnt wrk n th Lbur Prty. ll mmbrs wr xpctd t b ctv n th Lbur Prty; bfr th 1951 Gnrl lctn drctv ws ssud sttng: t s mst ncssry tht ur cmrds bcm knwn t th wrkng clss n thr lcl rs s th mst nrgtc nd nt-Try Lbur Prty wrkrs.

But Lbur Prty wrk ws nt undrtkn n th bss f mpndng crss; thr ws n xpcttn f mmnnt splt, n hp f cpturng th ldrshp f sctn f th Prty. n prd f stblty, whn th trdtnl Lbur Lft ws dclnng n strngth nd pwr t mbls, such prspctv culd hv ld t dngrus pprtunsm (s ws th cs wth Sclst utlk publshd by th frrunnrs f th Sclst Lbur Lgu (nw th Wrkrs Rvlutnry Prty) whch pnd ts clumns t Prty burucrts lk Bss Brddck). Th Lbur Prty ws sn s n rn whch md t pssbl t kp cntct wth th wrkng clss mvmnt, nd s surc f rcruts. Th lttr ws, f curs, prtculrly pplcbl n th cs f th yuth mvmnt. rslutn crrd n Dcmbr 1950 sttd: Tht w cncntrt n th nxt prd n rcrutng, nd drct ur prmry ffrts twrds th Lgu f Yuth, ccptng ll lmnts wh wll ccpt ur thrtcl pstn, vn thugh thr thrtcl lvl s lw.

Trd unn ntrvntn ws ncssrly vry lmtd fr smll grup wth fw ndustrl wrkrs. But prrty ws lwys gvn t th fw pprtunts tht dd xst. Mnuts f th frst fw mnths f th grups xstnc rcrd dscussn f th cmng USDW Cnfrnc, t whch cmrd ws t b dlgt, nd th rcmmndtn tht cmrd shuld stnd fr th NC f NLG. Thr ws rgulr wrk n th Brmnghm Trds Cuncl.

nd n 1959 Gff Crlssn, fundr mmbr f th grup nd cnvnr t th NV fctry n Nrth Wst Lndn, rn fr th Prsdncy f th U. Th numbr f U mmbrs n th grup culd hv bn cuntd n th fngrs f n hnd, nd thr ws n ntrvntn thr thn th wrk f ndvduls. But cnddts hd th rght t crcult n lctn ddrss, nd Crlssn usd ths t put frwrd n ltrntv plcy fr th unn. ftr crtcsng th rght-wng ldrshp f th unn fr flng t gv ld vr wgs r rdundncs, h wnt n:

n th lctns vr th pst yrs, mmbrs brn bd t chs btwn cnddts bckd by th rght wng Lbur r th Cmmunst Prty. Th chc hs nt bn sy. lthugh mst mmbrs w llgnc t th Lbur Prty, thy cnnt ccpt th plcs pursud by th rght wng f th Trd Unns nd Lbur Prty whn ths hv ncludd wg-frzng, clss-cllbrtn nd "sll-uts". ltrntvly, lthugh thy rspct th mltnt ctvts f th ndvdul Cmmunst Prty mmbr n th dly struggls n th shp flr, thy cnnt gnr th xtrnl lylts f th Cmmunst Prty t Russ; nr frgt th nt-wrkng-clss msurs dptd by tht cuntry n st Brln, Pznn, Hungry, tc.

Tht thr ws sm rspns t ths pstn ws shwn by th vtng; Crlssn, wthut ny mchn t hs dspsl, gt 5615 vts ut f ttl f 91,400, gnst 57,127 fr rght-wngr Cn-n nd 19,799 fr Cmmunst Prty mmbr Brch.

t ws nt th cncrt chvmnts f ny f th ctvts f th ffts tht mttrd; thy wr, f curs, qut nglgbl. Wht dd mttr ws n rnttn t th wrkng clss, n rnttn tht ws t mk ntrvntn pssbl whn thngs httd up n th sxts.

1960-64: NW PNNGS

N 1960 th Sclst Rvw grup ws nt sgnfcntly bggr thn t hd bn tn yrs rlr. ts smll sz hd prvntd t bnftng frm th vnts f 1956th rdclstn cusd by th Try nvsn f gypt nd th splt n th Cmmunst Prty fllwng th Hungrn Rvlutn. But nw nw pssblts bcknd.

Th nuclr rms rc hd brught rltv stblty t th Wstrn cnms. But, rnclly, t ws th nuclr rms rc whch sprkd ff wht ws t b th bggst mss mvmnt n th lft snc th thrts. Th Cmpgn fr Nuclr Dsrmmnt, cllng fr uncndtnl unltrl bndnmnt f nuclr wpns by Brtn, ws st up by hndful f ntllctuls nd pcfsts n 1958. Th mvmnt grw rpdly ut f th cntrl f ts lunchrs, nd t str 1960 nd 1961 but hundrd thusnd ppl tk prt n th mrchs frm ldrmstn mst f thm yung nd sgnfcnt prprtn wrkng clss. t th Scrbrugh Lbur Prty Cnfrnc n 1960 rslutn fr unltrl dsrmmnt ws crrd gnst th rsstnc f th Prry ldr, Gtskll, nd th rght-wng pltfrm.

Mst mprtnt f ll, th dmnstrtns nd lcl CND grups prvdd n nttn nt pltcs fr whl nw gnrtn f yung ppl. Mst f thm hd lttl xprnc f th Lbur Prty, thugh sm f thm ltr mvd nt ts yuth mvmnt. Th Cmmunst Prty, t, ws bsnt n th rly yrs f th Cmpgn, rgung tht t ws dvsv.12

f curs t culdnt lst lng. Th 1961 Lbur Prty Cnfrnc sw th mchn gt bck n tp, nd wth th pprch f Gnrl lctn th Lbur Lft bgn t rtrt n th nm f unty. By 1963 th Cmpgn ws dfntly n th dcln.

Fr th Sclst Rvw grup ths nw upsurg ffrd th chnc t brk ut f th rutn f Lbur Prty nd trd unn wrk. Wthut bndnng ts fundmntl rnttn n th wrkng clss. Sclst Rvw (nw prntd frtnghtly) trd t fnd n udnc mng ths nwly rdclsd by th CND.

Sclst Rvws rjctn f cptlsm st nd Wst summd up n th slgn Nthr Wshngtn nr Mscw but ntrntnl Sclsm clrly mnt tht t cndmnd qully Brtsh, mrcn nd Russn H-bmbs. Ths dstngushd t frm th Cmmunst Prty, nd frm crtn rthdx Trtskyst grupngs - ntbly th SLL whch rgud tht th Svt pssssn f H-bmbs (nd by mplctn thr pssbl us gnst Wstrn wrkrs) ws smhw dffrnt Th Sclst Rvw pstn ws crtnly clsr t th mpulsv rctns f th mjrty f CND supprtrs, vn f mst f thm dd nt hv vry clr nlyss t bck t up. s rsult f ts pltcs nd ctvty, th Sclst Rvw grup ws bl, n th rly sxts, t rcrut nw st f cdrs t supplmnt th smll numbr wh hd survvd th prssurs f th ffts.

But whl Sclst Rvw supprtrs wr ctv n ll th wrk f CND, thy wr ls cncrnd t drct th cmpgn twrds th wrkng clss, th nly frc tht culd ctully wn th fght gnst wr. Th nwly lunchd jurnl ntrntnl Sclsm (1960) wlcmd th unltrlst vctry t Scrbrugh, but pntd ut tht th Prty mchn culd sly rvrs th dcsn unlss t ws cncrtly rltd t th ndustrl struggl:

Th Lft s n n pstn t fc Gtsklls mchn wth n f ts wn. ur rgnstnl rsurcs rflct ur wknss n plcy mgnfd by th grtr strss w plc n cnvctns nd n th spntnus rcrutmnt f ppl t mplmnt thm. ur strngst wpn wuld b t lnk th ssu f dfnc wth th stuff f rdnry lf n whch wrkrs hv shwn unshkbl cnvctns t th pnt f hrsm.

Frm ths ngl, t s sgnfcnt tht ths sctrs f wrkrs tht hv bn nggd n ndustrl struggl lttrly rlwy mn, ngnrs, trnsprt wrkrs r n gnrl th mst utspknly unltrlst. t s vn mr sgnfcnt tht th Cntrl Lndn busmn, hghly crtcl s thy r f Cusns ldrshp n ndustrl mttrs, r sldly bhnd hm n th Bmb ssu. t s bvus tht prgrss fr th Lft ls n brkng dwn th hgh stks f nuclr dplmcy nt th smll chps f clss struggl. 13

t s gnst th bckgrund f th grwth f th CND tht th dcsn by th Lbur Prty, n Fbrury 1960, t lunch nw ntnl yuth mvmnt, th Yung Sclsts, must b sn. Th. Lbur ldrs wr dply dstrssd by dcd ut f ffc, cntnung nblty t ttrct yung vtrs, nd th sght f thusnds f nrgtc yung ptntl cnvssrs wstng thr tm n nt-Bmb mrchs. Thy hd n ffctn fr yuth mvmnts, whch wr trdtnlly nclnd t b wll t th lft f th Prty. Th Lgu f Yuth hd bn dsbndd n 1955, nd snc thn th lcl yuth sctns hd dtrrtd, s tht by th lt ffts thr wr prbbly nly rund fur thusnd mmbrs, mnly mddl clss.

S th burucrts grttd thr tth nd lunchd th Yung Sclsts nd mrvr gv t rltvly lbrl cnsttutn. n th shrt trm t pd ff by th sprng f 1961 Trnsprt Hus ws clmng 726 YS brnchs, nd th frst ntnl cnfrnc hd vr thr hundrd dlgts. Thr ws lrg nw pl f frsh fsh, nd vry Trtskyst grupng n xstnc ws gttng ts fshng rd rdy.

Th Sclst Rvw grups ntrvntn ws thrugh ppr clld Yung Gurd. Ths ws nt th sl prprty f Sclst Rvw; t cm nt xstnc s brd frnt f lft tndncs wthn th Yung Sclsts. t frst pprd n Sptmbr 1961, fllwng th fusn f tw pprs, Rbl nd Rlly, nd ws ls supprtd by grup f yung sclsts wh hd bn nvlvd n th pprntcs strk f 1960, mnly frm Glsgw, nd by numbr f Trbunts nd CND supprtrs. But Sclst Rvw prvdd th dtr, nd ncrsngly cm t dmnt th pltcl ln. Th ppr hd dmcrtc cnsttutn, nd ts clumns rflctd wd rng f vws n pltcl nd culturl mttrs. Th lttrs clumn dbtd such qustns s whthr Cub ws sclst nd wht shuld b sclsts tttud t rlgn.

t ws prt f th succss f Yung Gurd tht t ws bl t brk ut f th trdtnl mlu f rvlutnry pltcs. Th culturl tmsphr rund Yung Gurd chrctrsd mnly by br drnkng nd flk sngng my nt hv mt th pprvl f rvlutnry pursts r purtns, but t nbld nw gnrtn f yung wrkrs t mv twrds th trdtns f Mrxst pltcs.

But Yung Gurd dd nt mrly dpt t mlu; t ls fught t rlt ths mlu t th clss struggl. Th yung ppl wh wr turnng t sclsm n ths prd wr mnly wrkrs-mnul r wht-cllr but thy hd n trdtns f trd unn rgnstn. Th typcl pltcl vlutn f yung cmrd t ths tm ws s fllws: frst gt nvlvd n CND dmnstrtns, thn jn th Yung Sclsts, nd, v Yung Gurd, cm nt S. t ws prbbly nly ftr ths tht th cmrd ws prsudd f th mprtnc f gng t hs unn brnch mtng. Rcruts wr bng md n th bss f ds rthr thn ctvty ndd, S dd nt hv ctvty f ts wn, s dstnct frm prtcptng n th ctvts f th Yung Sclsts nd CND. nd th prcss ws nt, n strct trms, rdclstn nsd th Lbur Prty. Ths wh cm t S t ths tm wr nt lngstndng Lbur Prty mmbrs, but yung ppl wh hd cm n rund th CND mblstn.

Dspt th bsnc f ny rl lnks wth th trd unn mvmnt, Yung Gurd trd t rlt th pltcl nd ndustrl struggls. Thrughut ts xstnc t gv cntrl mprtnc t th pprntcs mvmnt, nd th vrus struggls tht dvlpd btwn 1960 nd 1965 fr bttr py, shrtr hurs, lngr hldys, dy-rls nd ngttng rghts fr pprntcs. Dspt th ntrnsc dffcults f rgnsng pprntcs, nd th cnfusn cusd by vrus pltcl tndncs tryng t tk vr th mvmnt, th pprntcs struggls prvdd vtl brdg btwn th pltcl nd cnmc fghts, nd hlpd t sv Yung Gurd frm snkng nt mrss f sctrnsm.

Fr, frm th vry utst, th Yung Sclsts ws cckpt f mbttrd fctnl dsput. Th mn rspnsblty fr ths ly n th Lbur Prty burucrts n Trnsprt Hus, wh, hyprsnstv but thr lctrl mg, clmpd dwn n lft-wngrs n th Yung Sclsts wth prscrptns, xpulsns nd clsurs f brnchs.

But sm shr f th blm ls ls n Yung Gurds mn pltcl rvl n th Yung Sclsts, Kp Lft. Kp Lft hd th sm pltcs s th Sclst Lbur Lgu (lrdy prscrbd by th Lbur Prry) nd ws vntully tslf prscrbd. Th pltcs f Kp Lft nd th SLL dffrd frm ths f S14 n numbr f spcfc pnts. Ths ncludd th Russn qustn; th SLLs blf tht Russ ws dgnrt wrkrs stt ld t t rgu tht Russn H-Bmbs nd vn Russn nuclr tsts wr smhw gn fr th wrkng clss. Thr prspctv ld thm t s vry flckr f th cnmy s n ndctn f mpndng slump nd vry utburst f rclsm s n mn f mmnnt fscsm.

But vn mr mprtnt thn prtculr pstns ws th SLLs styl f pltcs. cncrn but m nd fr ldrshp ws trnsfrmd nt blf tht th fght fr ldrshp cnsstd f prclmng th crrctnss f ns wn pstns. Ths ld t bst t svr sctrnsm mkng ny prctcl cprtn mpssbl, t wrst t frm f mglmn whch put th SLL t th cntr f th pltcl unvrs:

Frm Trnsprt Hus nd th Cmmunst Prty hdqurtrs t Kng Strt, dwn t th much smllr grups f Mr Clff nd hs s-clld Sclst Rvw stt cptlsts nd th tny Pblt frgmnts, thr s unnmus grmnt tht th Sclst Lbur Lgu shuld b dstryd. 15

S cmrds gnrlly rspndd wth hlthy, f rbld, cyncsm. But ny hp f untd struggl gnst th rght wng ws dstryd. By 1964 th fctnlsm hd grwn s psnus tht t thrtnd th vry xstnc f th Yung Sclsts. Kp Lft nd Yung Gurd supprtrs culd nt mt wthut ccustns f pltcl scbbng, cllbrtn wth th rght wng, nd s n. Whrs cupl f yrs rlr th Yung Sclsts hd bn plc whr yung ppl culd rcv frst ntrductn t rvlutnry pltcs, Yung Sclsts mtng ws nw such s t frghtn wy fr lf ny unnttd yuth wh mght hppn t stry n by ccdnt.

n th nd th Yung Sclsts tr tslf t pcs much mr ffctvly thn th rght wng culd hv dn. Kp Lft wlkd ut just bfr th 1964 lctn, nd th rptd rumurs tht th Yung Sclsts wuld b dsslvd nvr mtrlsd; t smply fdd nd bcm rump.

Fr S th xprnc n th Yung Sclsts hd prducd qulttv dvnc. Th grup hd grwn numrclly nd by 1964 t hd tppd th tw hundrd mrk. vn mr mprtnt, th nw rcruts hd plyd ldng rl n wht ws, lbt brfly, mss mvmnt. Thy hd rpdly cqurd dgr f pltcl sphstctn, n sm wys n xcssv n.

Th cmrds ls hd t fght gnst numbr f thr currnts f thught whch, n gnrl, stmmd frm sns f dftsm t th wknss f th lft. Fr xmpl, S nggd n plmc wth th grup whch publshd Th Wk (frrunnr f th MG) but whthr Mrxsts shuld gv unqulfd ppstn t ncms plcy. Th Wk rgud tht th lft must nt slt tslf frm ths wrkrs wh hd llusns n th Lbur Gvrnmnt nd clld Ss uncmprmsng hstlty t ll ncms plcs sctrn:

Th lft must fnd wy f ppsng th ncms plcy wth slgns whch wll ppr rsnbl t ths sctns f wrkrs. Wth du humlty w wuld gn put frwrd ur prtculr slgn:

N ngttns n n ncms plcy untl th bks r pn t th wrkrs16 t clmd.

nthr mnfsttn f ths dftsm ws th "Thrd-Wrldsm whch flurshd n mny prts f th lft. Th drmtc struggls n lgr, Cub, tc bcm substtut fr th mr dwn-t-rth tsks fcd t hm. Nw Lft Rvw publshd n rtcl n Th Thrd Wrld by n Kth Buchnn. ftr prsng th ryl sclsm f Cmbd, Buchnn wrtng frm th vntg pnt f prfssrshp n Nw Zlnd dclrd:

Hvng tstd th dlghts f fflunc, urpn wrkrs hv tndd t bcm "mburgs" nd vr mr urp-cntrc nd prchl n thr tttuds. Fnn my cry tht th wll-bng nd prgrss f urp hv bn bult wth th swt nd crpss f blck mn nd yllw mn, ndn, nd rbbut th cry s unhrd md th dstrctns f nw nd dlghtful pulnc.

thrs, wh ttchd sm mprtnc t Mrxst rthdxy, dd nt fl bl t bndn th wrkng clss s lghtly. nstd thy slvd th prblm by chngng th mnngs f wrds s tht stt stblshd by psnt-bsd ntnl lbrtn struggl bcm wrkrs stt:

Th lgrn rvlutn hs n rlty ntrd nt ts dcsv phs. Whlst rvlutnry msurs ncrs n th drctn f trnsfrmtn f th cuntry nt stt hvng th cnmc nd scl structur f wrkrs stt, th thrts gnst th ntrnl nd xtrnl rvlutnrs r bcmng clrr. 17

S ws crtnly nt fr frm tctcl rrrs n ths prd; but th mphss nd nlyss drvd frm ts bsc thry nbld t t scp th mr bvus ptflls.

t ws durng ths tm tht th pltcl nd rgnstnl styl whch ws t chrctrs S bgn t dvlp. Ths hd tw mn fturs. Th frst ws sns f prprtn, f th rltv nsgnfcnc f S s n rgnstn. Whn S hd tw hundrd mmbrs, nd th SLL, t bst, twc tht mny, th qustn t stk ws nt th crss f ldrshp, th struggl fr cntrl btwn grups f whch 98 pr cnt f wrkrs hd nvr hrd. t ws th much mr mdst tsk f ductng ths wh wr rund t lstn nd f strkng rts n th clss n smll wy whr ths ws pssbl.

S mmbrs n ths prd wr wll wr f thr wn nsgnfcnc. (Th prsnt wrtr rmmbrs pstng th ntr ut-f-Lndn crcultn f Lbur Wrkr n pllr-bx n Fnsbury Prk). ndd, n f th thngs tht dstngushd S frm mst thr rvlutnry grupngs t th tm ws n blty t lk t tslf wth sns f humur, t tms slf-dprctng n.

Th scnd ftur ws n wrnss tht th rvlutnry rgnstn hd t b bult nsd th wrkng clss nd nt n sltn frm t. Th qustn ws n f nvlvng nd dvlpng cmrds, nt f buldng wlls t prsrv th purty f th mbrync prty. Hnc th flxbl tttud t mmbrshp tkn by th S grup. Nw cmrds wr nvlvd n ctvty, prtcptd n mtngs nd smwht unsystmtclly wr ntrducd t th grups pltcl pstns. Ths ws mprtnt n tht th cmrds, whl bng wr tht thy wr n tny mnrty, flt thmslvs prt f brdr mvmnt CND r Lbur Prty lft nd thus nvr hd th sns f sltn frm rlty s sly gnrtd by sctrn pltcs.

But ths pstv chrctrstcs hd thr ngtv spct. t ws frm ths yrs tht S mmbrs nhrtd smwht lbrtrn tttud t rgnstn, tndncy t dstrust dscpln r ny knd f frmlsd r cntrlsd structur. s th stutn chngd vr th fllwng yrs n f th bstcls S hd t vrcm ws th lbrtrnsm f ts wn trdtns.

lthugh th yuth mvmnt ws t th cntr f th rn durng ths prd, S nvr drppd ts cncrn wth th ndustrl struggl. Mr wrkrs wr bng rcrutd t S, thugh thy wr bng rcrutd s ndvduls n th bss f gnrl pltcs rthr thn n th bss f n ndustrl strtgy, nd mst f thm wr t yung t hv ny dcsv nflunc t thr plc f wrk. But fr th futur thy prvdd th bss fr nw ndustrl cdr.

Th ndustrl rnttn ws ls ncurgd by th lunchng, n 1961, f nw ppr, ndustrl Wrkr, sn t b rnmd Lbur Wrkr, ntndd t b mr gttnl, mr grd t ngng ndustrl struggls, thn Sclst Rvw hd bn. t ws unvn n qulty, nd smtms smd t cnsst f nthng mr thn scrs f strk rprts. But t bst t ws lvly nd cntnd sgnfcnt numbr f rtcls by ndustrl mltnts (fr xmpl, th Mrch 1964 ssu cntnd sgnd rtcls by mmbrs f th TGWU (tw), TU nd UPW). ts pltcs uncndtnl supprt fr unffcl strks nd ttl ppstn t ncms plcy vn undr Lbur gvrnmnt dstngushd t frm mst thr publctns n th lft.

By 1964 Lbur Wrkr hd chvd crcultn f vr 2000, nd n prl 1964 th frst Lbur Wrkr cnfrnc ws hld n Lndn, ttrctng but 150 ppl.18 Ths put th mn strss n th cmng Lbur gvrnmnt nd th thrt f ncms plcy. Stps wr bng tkn t prpr fr th struggls t cm.

1964-67: TH LBUR GVRNMNT

TH LCTN f Lbur Gvrnmnt n 1964 ws grtd wth cnsdrbl nthussm by rdnry mmbrs f th lbur mvmnt, wh hd ndurd 13 yrs f Try rul, nd nw hpd, nt fr th sclst mllnnum, but t lst fr sm rdcl rfrms.

Prdxclly, Lburs rrvl n pwr ws ls wlcmd by lrg sctns f th rulng clss, bsclly bcus thy hpd tht Lbur mght b bl t mps succssful ncms plcy nd kp th trd unns n thr plc. Clrly thr ws cntrdctn hr; nd thugh Wlsn ws bl t btn mssv vctry n th 1966 lctn, th cntrdctns culd nt b prmnntly supprssd.

ncms plcy tslf hd bn n th crds fr qut lng tm, but vn mny pr-Lbur trd unnsts culd nt stmch th frms t tk. Mny mr f Wlsns supprtrs wr lntd by hs vcus rd-btng ttcks n th strkng smn n 1966, by th tghtnng up f mmgrtn cntrls, nd by th fwnng supprt fr US plcy n Vtnm.

Snc lng bfr Lbur cm t pwr, S hd tkn frm pstn f uncndtnl ppstn t ll ncms plcy undr cptlsm. Ths pstn lft t lmst cmpltly sltd frm th rst f th lft. Fr xmpl, t Cnfrnc rgnsd by th nsttut fr Wrkrs Cntrl n prl 1964, th tw S mmbrs prsnt wr th nly ppl t tk pstn f ll-ut ppstn t ncms plcy.

Th mprtnc f ncms plcy ws tht t psd drct thrt t th frms f rgnstn tht Brtsh wrkrs hd dvlpd durng th ffts. Th shft frm ntnl t lclsd brgnng, wth th cnsqunt grwth n mprtnc f shp-flr rgnstn s gnst th trd unn burucrcs, hd ld t rs n slf-cnfdnc mng wrkrs, but ls t frgmnttn nd rltv lck f ntrst n brdr pltcl ssus. But f th Lbur gvrnmnt ws t hv n ncms plcy, t hd t tk n th strngth f th shp-flr rgnstns; nd whthr wrkrs wntd pltcs r nt, thy wr gng t hv pltcs rmmd dwn thr thrts.

Th mst bvus rgnstn t gv ld n ndustry ws th Cmmunst Prty, whch vr snc th Scnd Wrld Wr hd mntnd sgnfcnt nflunc mng ndustrl mltnts. But th Cmmunst Prty ws n dffcults. t hd lrdy suffrd srus blws n th md-ffts t th tm f th Hungrn Rvlutn, nd thugh t hd rgnd mmbrs n th rly sxts, ts cmpstn hd bcm mr mddl clss. Nw t ws nhbtd frm n ll-ut fght gnst th Lbur gvrnmnt by tw fctrs. Frstly, numbr f ts mmbrs nd supprtrs hd wn hgh plcs n th trd unn burucrcy. Th Prty ws nt prprd t dfnd shp-flr rgnstn t th xtnt f ffndng ts frnds n th burucrcy. Scndly, th Prty ws cmmttd t strtgy f strngthnng th lft wng n th Lbur Prty nd thus pushng Lbur t th lft. t tm whn th Lbur "lfts wr mvng rght s fst s thy culd, ths ws dffcult strtgy t crry thrugh. n ny cs t prvntd th Prty frm tryng t mbls th ndustrl ppstn t Wlsn nd turn t nt n ndpndnt pltcl frc.

s rsult mny Cmmunst Prty mltnts bcm dsllusnd wth th Prty. vn f thy dd nt ctully lv th Prty, thy tndd t ct mr nd mr n thr wn nttv rthr thn n c-rdntd wy. fw Turnd t Msm fr n ltrntv, thugh ths usully ld t th strl dd-nd f cmptng splntr grups.

f curs S ws n n pstn t tk vr frm th Cmmunst Prty. But th nw stutn dd pn up th pssblty fr S t trnsfrm tslf, prvdng t ws rdy t rdclly chng ts styl f wrk.

Ths mnt rssssmnt f th grups strtgc rnttn t th Lbur Prty. ll lng S hd pntd t th lmts f Lbur Prty wrk. Wrkrs wr gttng lss nd lss ntrstd n th trdtnl rfrmst rgnstns s thr shp-flr pwr grw. S hd gvn lttl crdnc t th vw tht rvlutnry prty culd b bult wthn th Lbur Prty, r by splt wthn tht Prty.

t th vry sm tm, snc th pprtunts fr trd unn wrk wr vry lmtd fr mst cmrds, th Lbur Prty nd spclly th Yung Sclsts hd bn sn s mlu whr rvlutnrs culd prt, nd mk cntct wth t lst sm f th mr clss-cnscus wrkrs wh wr rund. S mmbrs fught fr thr ds n th Lbur Prty nd t rn th rght t crtcs thy cnvssd, cllctd subs, rgnsd bzrs nd prtcptd, smwht cynclly, n th whl un-pltcl rutn f lcl Lbur Prty lf.

s th nt-wrkng-clss ntur f th Lbur gvrnmnt bcm clr t mr nd mr f ts frmr supprtrs, th Lbur Prty s mmbrshp rgnstn wnt nt vn shrpr dcln. Mny Prty ctvsts lft th Prty (fr xmpl, n th Lndn Brugh f Hrngy, n lss thn sx Lbur cuncllrs rsgnd frm th Prty n th prd frm 1966 t 1968). But n th bsnc f ny fcus t ttrct thm, thr ws n pssblty f n ffctv lft rgrupmnt. n shrt, th stutn ws n f crumblng rthr thn f splt, nd n pprprt rspns ws clld fr. smpl dcsn t qut th Lbur Prty n gvn dy wuld hv bn sy but mstkn. Thr wr hug dffrncs btwn th ctv lft-wng Lbur Pncs n sm rs nd th mrbund r pnly rclst prts n thrs; th pc f dsllusn vrd frm n ndvdul t nthr; nd th stutn ws cmplctd by th fct tht, fllwng th dprtur f Kp Lft, Yung Gurd fund tslf th ffctv ldrshp f th dmttdly much dmnshd Yung Sclsts, nd th cmrds wr, qut rghtly, rluctnt t bndn ths rl.

Wht ws ndd ws thrughgng rrnttn f th grup. n S Cnfrnc n July 1965 crrd th fllwng rslutn:

Th S Grup rjcts th Lbur Prty s n nstrumnt fr scl chng; rjcts t s mlu fr mss cnvrsn t sclst cnscusnss; nd ss n t prmrly n rn fr dlgcl cnflct, lnk t lvng wrkng-clss udnc nd surc f ndvdul rcrutmnt t rvlutnry prgrmm.

Wht ths mnt n th grund ws splld ut n n rtcl n Lbur Wrkr:

Th pln truth s, tht nly smll mnrty f Lburs mllns r n ny wy pltclly ctv, nd lrg prcntg f th ctv r mschstclly bsssd wth th tt tckts nd mrkng up lctrl rgstrs bvusly Mrxsts shuld tk ths pstns whch gv ccss t th drct wrkrs rgnstns. But n th wrds nd GMCs th prctc f buyng th rght t dscuss pltcs by vr-fulfllng th cnvssng nrms, shuld cs r b rducd t th mnmum. Fr th lft th Lbur Prty s pltfrm fr pltcl dscussn nd th wnnng vr f ndvduls t rvlutnry prgrmm. 19

But phsd wthdrwl frm th Lbur Prty ws nly hlf th stry. Th struggl n Brtn ws frgmntd, nd rvlutnrs hd t fnd thr wy nt th frgmnts.

Th mn struggl ws t b n ndustry, nd hr th S grups frcs wr stll ptfully wk. Thr ws hrdly ny unn whr S cmrds wr bl t ntrvn. n th U thr wr numbr f xprncd mltnts but thy wr lmst ll cncntrtd n n fctry NV n Nrth Lndn. Th lft n th U ws n th scndnt, prprng t rplc th rght-wng Crrn wth Hugh Scnln, but t th sm tm thy wr n sm cnfusn, fllwng Rg Brchs brk wth th Cmmunst Prty.

t ws ut f ths bs n th U tht th mst sgnfcnt ntrvntn n th ndustrl fld rs. Th cnvnr f NV, Gff Mtchll, ws nvlvd n lgl dsput, nd fllwng ctn t supprt hm, th NV Shp Stwrds Cmmtt dcdd t brdn ut th struggl nd cnvnd mtng t lunch th Lndn Shp Stwrds Dfnc Cmmtt. Th mtng ws hld n 16 Jnury 1966 nd ttrctd sm tw hundrd ppl, but thr qurtrs f thm ndustrl wrkrs, frm 23 dffrnt unns.

Th pltfrm spkrs ncludd tw S mmbrs frm NV, Gff Mtchll nd Gff Crlssn, nd nthr S mmbr, Jm Hggns f th PU. Thr wr ls tw Cmmunst Prry mmbrs Rg Brch, n U Dvsnl rgnsr nd lng-stndng Cmmunst Prty mltnt, nw svrly crtcl f th Prtys prlmntrsm, nd Jm Hls, chrmn f th buldng wrkrs Jnt Sts Cmmtt.

Th rslutn unnmusly dptd by th mtng ws rmrkbl n brngng tgthr wht wr t b th mn ssus fcng Brtsh wrkrs vr th cmng dcd:

Ths Cnfrnc f rnk nd fl Trd Unnsts s dply prturbd t th prpsd, nd ctul, ntrvntn by th Gvrnmnt nt stblshd wg ngttns.

W qully dprct th thrts f lgsltn gnst th Trd Unnsts nd rnk nd fl mltnts wh hv bn mnly rspnsbl vr th pst yrs n mprvng th wgs nd cndtns n ndustry.

W r ppsd t th Gvrnmnts ncms Plcy whch hs nthng n cmmn wth Sclst plnnng; s lkws w r ppsd t ths Trd Unn ffcls wh supprt th Gvrnmnt n ths ssus.

t s ur blf tht th s-clld ncms Plcy, th thrts f lgsltn nd th ntrfrnc n wg ngttns cn nly strngthn th mplyrs n thr ffrts t smsh th Shp Stwrds nd th rnk nd fl mvmnts.

Th blty f S cmrds t tk th nttv n hlpng t lunch vntur f ths srt ws n mprtnt ndctn f th grups dvlpmnt. But th vntur tslf ws n sm snss prmtur. Th SSDC (nd th cuntrprts st up n thr pns f th cuntry) md t unt rnk nd fl mvmnt whch dd nt yt xst. gnrl crss-unn bdy f ths sn s mnngful nly f t brngs tgthr rnk nd fl currnts n numbr f unns nd ndustrs. nd n 1965 such currnts dd nt xst. Th SSDC tslf ws rltvly shrt lvd, thugh ts nflunc n nsprng thr nttvs cnnt b gnrd.

n mprtnt thng whch th Lndn SSDC dd chv ws th publctn f th bk ncms Plcy, Lgsltn nd Shp Stwrds. t ws wrttn by tw S mmbrs. Tny Clff nd Cln Brkr, nd hd n ntrductn by Rg Brch, wrttn btwn hs brk wth th Cmmunst Prty nd hs rtrt nt sctrn Msm.

Th bk st ut n clr nd nn-sctrn mnnr th mn lns f th nlyss S hd bn dvlpng vr th prvus cupl f yrs. t bgn wth gnrl cnsdrtn f th cnmc stutn tht hd ld th rulng clss t strt mpsng ncms plcy. t thn lkd t th xstng stutn n th wgs frnt nd n prtculr shwd th mprtnc f th phnmnn f wg drft n th prcdng prd. t cntrstd th rl f shp stwrds wth th full-tm unn ffcls wh wr shwn t b bcmng ncrsngly cnsrvtv nd mptnt. Fnlly t lkd t th pttrn f strks vr th prcdng prd, n whch wrkng-clss Strngth hd bn rflctd by th prdmnnc f shrt, unffcl nd gnrlly succssful strks, nd prdctd tht wth th ntrductn f lgsltn gnst trd unn rghts th stutn wuld hv t chng.

Th bk clsd wth cll t ctn, strssng th nd fr pltcl s wll s n ndustrl rspns.

Th frst ssntl tsk fr ny wrkr s tht f nsurng tht hs wn mmdt rgnstn s n fghtng shp; tht vry fctry nd plc f wrk hs jnt stwrds cmmtt (ncludng ll stwrds rgrdlss f thr unn mmbrshp, nd cvrng wht-cllr wrkrs lk drughtsmn t); tht vry cmpny wth dffrnt fctrs s cvrd by cmbnd stwrds cmmtts t c-rdnt ctvts nd prvnt "splttng" ctvts by th mplyrs. Mr brdly, th rnk nd fl must fnd frms f rgnstn-r rnk-nd-fl cmmtts, tc.tht cn d th jb th Trds Cuncls usd t d. nly th nw rgnstns must b bsd n th fctrs rthr thn n ggrphcl plc f rsdnc.

Mst f ths tndncs r n thr nfncy, but th thrt t th shp stwrds s nw s cut tht th mplmnttn f ths bsc tsks must b cclrtd nd lrgly chvd n rltvly shrt tm, crtng th cndtns fr th frmtn f ntnl shp stwrds mvmntn d whch, snc th Frst Wrld Wr, hs xstd lmst slly n th mnds f sm f ths whm Hrld Wlsn clls "wrckrs" nd whm w s s th ptntl buldrs f th mghtst sclst mvmnt yt n th hstry f Brtn. 20

Th ncms Plcy bk ws n mprtnt stp frwrd fr S. t ws sld systmtclly by prcss f vstng ny dscvrbl cntct n th lbur mvmnt. t ws wdly rd nd pprctd by mltnts nd nbld S t b rcgnsd s prt f rl mvmnt, rthr thn s grup f tlntd but sltd thrtcns. But th vry fct tht th grup ws nw nggd n th rl wrld md t suscptbl t dft, nd vry rl dft sn fllwd.

s hs lrdy bn mntnd, n f Ss fw ndustrl rts ws n th Nrth Wst Lndn ngnrng fctry NV. NV hd bn knwn s mltnt fctry snc th rly ffts, nd hd n xcllnt rcrd fr wgs nd cndtns. t hd strng nd dmcrtc shp stwrds rgnstn. But f NV ws n xcllnt xmpl f wrkng clss strngth n th ffts, t ls shrd th wknsss. NV ws mr r lss sltd frm nghburng fctrs. ndd, mst f thm prbbly flt sns f jlusy t NVs suprr cndtns.

Fr lng tm th Cmmunst Prty hd hld th pltcl ldrshp f th fctry. Gff Crlssn, fundr-mmbr f th Sclst Rvw grup, hd bn stwrd fr mny yrs, but t ws nly n th md-sxts, fllwng ntrnl dsputs nd dmrlstn n th Cmmunst Prty, tht h ws bl t ttrct thr stwrds twrds S pltclly. By 1966, but th rm f th fundng f th SSDC, t ws pssbl t stblsh n S brnch t NV-Ss frst fctry brnch, nd rltvly Strng n, hvng but 12 mmbrs, ncludng th cnvnr nd svrl stwrds.

But by ths tm th whl rgnstn ws undr ttck. Th Lbur Gvrnmnts gnrl ttck n wrkrs ws bng prllld by mplyrs mvs t smsh shp-flr rgnstn n vrus fctrs. NV hd bn tkn vr by n mrcn cmpny. ftr ttmpts t ntrduc wrk study nd prductvty brgnng, th mngmnt lunchd n ll-ut ssult n th vrus grmnts stblshd by th wrkrs vr th prvus 20 yrs, nd thn, n 1966,nnuncd tht th fctry wuld b clsd. Dspt th lng rcrd f mltncy, th stwrds wr unbl t mbls n ffctv struggl gnst th clsur, nd vntully th ldng S mltnts wr sckd. ftr ths th mngmnt nnuncd tht th fctry wuld rmn pn wth rducd lbur frc.21

Th NV dft hd sm mprtnt lssns fr S. Frstly, t shwd tht n th chngd stutn, mltncy nd rgnstn wthn n wrkplc ws gng t b ncrsngly ndqut. Scndly, t suggstd tht n qut lgtmt rctn gnst substtutnst ntns f ldrshp, S hd gn t fr. Th qustn f pltcl ldrshp wuld hv t b tkn mr srusly.

Th rst f Ss ndustrl ntrvntn n ths prd ws lrgly frm th utsd. nd lthugh th Lbur Gvrnmnts plcs wr rsng th pltcl lvl, mst struggls wr stll lclsd nd frgmntry. Ths nbld S cmrds n th lclts t ntrvn, vn f th ntrvntn ws ftn t th lvl f turnng duplctr hndls nd mblsng supprt fr mss pckts.

S mmbrs gv cntnung supprt t th lng strk f buldng wrkrs n th Mytns st t th Brbcn, Lndn, n 1967, whr mngmnt md cnsstnt ttmpt t smsh ll unn rgnstn n th st. S cmrds prtcptd n svrl mss pckts, ncludng th n n ctbr 1967 whn thr wr shrp clshs wth th plc durng whch 24 rrsts wr md (but n thrd f ths rrstd wr S cmrds).

nthr strk rund whch S cmrds rgnsd n 1967 ws tht t th Rbrts-rundl txtl mchnry fctry n Stckprt. Ths ws n ffcl strk n dfnc f unn rgnstn, but much f th mst dynmc sldrty ctn ncludng dmnstrtns f svrl hundrd wrkrs nd clshs wth th plc ws rgnsd ndpndntly f th ffcl mchn.

n ths dsputs, nd mny smlr f lss drmtc ns whch tk plc up nd dwn th cuntry, ctv prtcptn nbld gd cntcts t b md nd fw rcruts wn.

nthr r f wrk whch nbld S t bgn mplntng tslf n th wrkng clss ws th tnnts struggl. Sm struggls wr gnst prvt lndlrds. Fr xmpl, th slngtn brnch f th Cmpgn gnst Rcl Dscrmntn ( bdy st up n 1965 t cuntr grwng mnfsttns f rclsm) wth full nd ctv prtcptn f S mmbrs, rgnsd cmpgn n 1966 gnst Mrs D Lusgnn. Ths ldy ws th wnr f sm 25 huss n Nrth Lndn, mnly ccupd by blck ppl, ntrus fr hgh rnts nd bd cndtns; sh furthr ggrvtd th stutn by dscrbng hr tnnts s Rubbsh Ppl. dmnstrtn chvd bth cnsdrbl publcty nd sm rductn n th rnts. Thugh th ssu ws hghly lclsd, t prvdd n xmpl f stutn whr S ntrvntn culd ctully mk sm dffrnc nd thus hlp t snk rts fr th rgnstn.

Mr wdsprd ws ctn n cuncl rnts. Th Lbur Gvrnmnt hd dcdd t cut husng subsds, nd thrby frc drmtc rnt ncrss. n mny bg cts t ws Lbur cuncls wh hd t crry thrugh th ncrss.

Th xprnc f th Nrth Lndn brugh f Hrngy my srv s n xmpl f th typ f ntrvntn S mmbrs wr bl t mk. Whn th Cuncl nnuncd rnt ncrss n Mrch 1967, S hd nt sngl cuncl tnnt n th r. t dd, hwvr, hv numbr f rsnbly wll-knwn Lbur Prty ctvsts. Ths, tgthr wth thr sympthtc Lbur lft-wngrs, ncludng fur cuncllrs, sgnd publc sttmnt t th prss dplrng th ncrss. Ths ncurrd th wrth f th Lbur Prty, but nbld th sttng up f n ctn Cmmtt whch hld mtngs n th stts, dstrbutd lflts nd crcultd pttn. s rsult Tnnts ssctns wr st up n mst stts, nd th ctn Cmmtt tslf dspprd n fvur f Fdrtn f Tnnts ssctns. Th mvmnt culmntd wth lbby f th Cuncl by but 500 ppl; fw mnr cncssns wr gnd. Whl S clrly culd nt tk ll th crdt, th mvmnt wuld lmst crtnly nt hv dvlpd n th sm wy wthut S ntrvntn.

Th prd 1964-67 sw S tk dcsv stp wy frm bng mr prpgnd grup. ndd, n purly prpgnd trms thr ws sclng dwn f ctvty. Th dcsn t mk Lbur Wrkr frtnghtly frm Jnury 1965 ws mstk; dspt sm lvly ssus, th ppr ws scrppy nd ftn rrlvnt t th chngd ctvty f th grup. Th ppr mprvd mrkdly ftr th rturn t mnthly publctn n lt 1966.

But th chngd styl f ctvty dd prsnt srus prblms. s lng s S ws wthn th Lbur Prry thr ws frmwrk wthn whch spcfc ssus culd b rltd t ch thr. Rclsm, frgn plcy, husng, ductn nd ncms plcy culd ll b lctd n th cntxt f struggl gnst th Prtys rght wng.

Wthut th Lbur Prry t srv s fcus, thr ws tndncy fr S cmrds t s ch struggl n sltn, t submrg thmslvs n prtculr frgmnt nd pstpn th qustn f gnrlstn t rmt futur.

ssntlly ths ws hlthy stutn. ftr 1964 thr wr tw mn dngrs fr S. n ws rslutnry sclsm, cncntrtn n prsrvng pltcl purty by pssng crrct rslutns n th GMCs. Th thr dngr ws syndclsm. n th shrt trm ths ws lssr vl, snc t mnt tht S ws bl t bgn t mmrs tslf n th wrkng clss. T us much-vrwrkd mtphr f Lnns, th stck hd t b bnt.22

By th nd f 1967 th mmbrshp hd ncrsd slwly but sgnfcntly vr 400 s gnst 200-dd whn Lbur cm t pwr. Mr mprtnt, t ws mmbrshp grd, nt smply t rgung th ln, but t mkng ntrvntns, lbt usully vry lw-lvl ns, nd t srvcng th ngng struggl. Wthut th bs, nd vn mr mprtntly, th rnttn stblshd n ths prd, th brkthrugh f 1968 culd nt hv tkn plc.


Prt 2: Twrds rvlutnry prty


1968 s yr ffrd unprcdntd pprtunts t th rvlutnry lft. Rvlutnry ds chvd wdsprd currncy, ndd bcm trndy n sm crcls. Rvlutnry sclsts suddnly fund thmslvs swmmng wth th strm n lrmng xprnc fr ths lng prctcd n swmmng gnst t.

ntrntnlly t ws yr f mmntus vnts. n Jnury th Ntnl Lbrtn Frnt n Vtnm lunchd th Tt ffnsv, n whch thy scrd strkng succsss gnst th fr suprr mltry frcs f th Untd Stts. Th ntrntnl mvmnt gnst th wr rcvd nrmus ncurgmnt. n My studnt dmnstrtns n Frnc ld t crss whch rsultd n gnrl strk f tn mlln wrkrs. Th grups f th rvlutnry lft succdd n gnng wd currncy fr thr ds. nd n ugust th Russn nvsn f Czchslvk ld t dp ntrnl uphvl n th wrlds Cmmunst Prrs, numbr f whch dssctd thmslvs frm Russn ctn fr th frst tm n thr hstry.

n Brtn t ws yr f bth hps nd thrts. Th rpd dcln f supprt fr th Lbur gvrnmnt mnt tht lss nd lss ppl wr lkng t th Lbur Prty s fcus fr pltcl ctn. Th mn mptus fr th lft cm frm utsd th trdtnl rgnstns. Thr ws n upsurg f mltncy mng studnts, bgnnng wth th Lndn Schl f cnmcs ccuptn n 1967, nd sprdng thrughut Hghr ductn n 1968. Ths ws prllld by th grwth f lrg nd dmnstrtv mvmnt gnst th Vtnm Wr.

But th vcuum lft by dclnng supprt fr Lbur ls prducd mr snstr dvlpmnts. nch Pwll, tryng t fnd rcl scpgt fr cnmc dscntnt, md hystrcl spch n fvur f tghtr mmgrtn cntrl. H ws prmptly dsmssd frm th Try Shdw Cbnt, but wn cnsdrbl supprt mng sctns f wrkrs. n prtculr, Lndn dckrs struck nd mrchd n hs supprt.

ll ths undrlnd tw thngs. n, tht thr ws nw rl pssblty f buldng sclst rgnstn utsd th Lbur Prty; nd scndly, tht t ws bcmng ncrsngly urgnt t d s. md th frnzd ctvty f 1968, S hd nt nly t rspnd t vnts, but t trnsfrm tslf n th prcss.

Th studnt mvmnt ws n ntrntnl phnmnn, prducd by th mssv xpnsn f hghr ductn ndd by mdrn cptlsm. Thusnds f yung ppl wr xpsd t th cntrdctns btwn th dls f ductn nd th nd fr cptlsm t trn lw-lvl functnrs.

Th studnt mvmnt gnrtd mr thn ts fr shr f rmntc nnsns. Sm thrs rd bss nd th studnt vngurd sw studnts s rplcng th wrkng clss s th gncy f scl chng; thrs th studnt-wrkr llnc mr mdstly but qully unrlstclly sw studnts nd wrkrs s qul prtnrs.

But dspt ths th studnt mvmnt culd nt b gnrd by ny srus rvlutnrs. Frstly, bcus th mjrty f th studnts n struggl wuld g n t jn th grwng rnks f wht-cllr trd unnsts. nd scndly, vn f th mjrty f studnt rvlutnrs wuld sn submt t scl prssurs nd drp ut, numbr f thm culd b wn t rvlutnry rgnstn nd b ntgrtd nt t.

Bfr th Lndn Schl f cnmcs ccuptn n 1967, S studnts hd plyd lttl systmtc pn n studnt pltcs, nd crtnly hd n thught-ut strtgy fr studnt wrk. But numbr f S cmrds plyd ldng rl n th LS struggl, nd numbr f thr studnt ctvsts wr rcrutd t S. smlr pttrn ws rptd n th studnt bttls whch tk plc up nd dwn th cuntry durng 1968 nd 1969.

Th vrll pltcl nlyss tht S hd dvlpd ws vtl fr th ntrvntn n th studnt fld. Th tw thss tht S hd lwys strssd wr slf-ctvty nd th prmcy f th wrkng clss. Ss strss n th wrkng clss prvntd t frm gvng n t th thrs f th studnt vngurd tht wr wdsprd t th tm. S cmrds lwys ld mphss n th ncssty fr sldrty wth wrkng clss struggls, nd n gnrl Ss rcrutmnt mng studnts ws n th bss f ts rnttn t th wrkng clss. t th sm tm, S hd n truck wth ths lk th Cmmunst Prty, wh usd n bstrct nvctn f th wrkng clss s n xcus fr kpng ut f ctul ngng struggls, nd cntnung t mmrs thmslvs n mnuvrs n th Ntnl Unn f Studnts.

Th studnt mvmnt ws nt cncrnd slly wth struggls nsd th cllgs; t ws nxtrcbly bund up wth th grwng mvmnt gnst th wr n Vtnm. Whn th US bmbng f Nrth Vtnm bgn n 1965, th Struggl gnst th wr ws ntlly crdntd by th CP-dmntd Brtsh Cuncl fr Pc n Vtnm, th mn ctvty f whch ws lvng up t clrgymn nd Lbur prs, rthr thn mss mblstn.

Frustrtn t th flur f th BCPV t d nythng ld t th crtn, n 1966, f th Vtnm Sldrty Cmpgn (VSC). Ths ws rgnlly st up by n unsy llnc f th pltcs f Th Wk (subsquntly th MG)23 nd th fnncs f Brtrnd Russll. S mmbrs prtcptd n th fundtn f th VSC, but fr th frst yr f ts xstnc th prsnc ws tkn n nly.

Th ntl mstk f th VSC ws t cntr ts ppstn t th BCPV n prgrmm rthr thn mthd. t ws, f curs, qut rght t ttck th dsgustng pprtunsm f th BCPV, whch rfusd t rs th slgn Vctry t th NLF nd cntrd ts dmnds n pc. But mrly t tl lng bhnd th BCPV, shutng crrct slgns, dd nthng t hlp buld mss mvmnt.

By md-1967 th md ws chngng. Th NLF, dspt US trrr bmbng, ws clrly gnng grund, nd thus nsprng multn rthr thn pty; th nt-wr mvmnt n th US ws grwng; nd n Brtn, th studnt mvmnt ws lkng fr cus t dpt.

t ws t ths pnt tht S whch hd rgud fr sldrty pstn frm th vry bgnnng f th wr dcdd t mk ts ntrvntn n th VSC rthr mr vgrus. S cmrds rgud wth th xstng VSC ldrshp fr srus pprch t mss wrk; fr lng-trm prprtn fr dmnstrtn, wth systmtc wrk n th cllgs cmbnd wth mss lf-lttng f fctrs nd stts. S brnchs n th lclts hlpd t prpr th dmnstrtn n ctbr 1967. Th rsult ws sm thrty thusnd ppl n Grsvnr Squr (utsd th US mbssy), cnfrnttn wth th plc, nd th VSCs nm frmly n th pltcl mp.

Tw mr mssv dmnstrtns fllwd, n Mrch nd ctbr 1968; th CP, whch hd rgnlly ppsd th VSC fr splttng th brd mvmnt, vntully tggd lng bhnd. Th mvmnt brught whl wv f yung ppl ncludng szbl mnrty f yung wrkrs twrds rvlutnry pltcs. Nw Scty survy f th ctbr 1968 dmnstrtn shwd tht 68 pr cnt f ths mrchng wr gnst, nt nly th wr, but cptlsm n gnrl.

Wthn ths mvmnt, S strv t rcrut n th bss f lnkng th ntwr struggl t th struggl t hm. s lflt dstrbutd n n f th bg dmnstrtns put t:

th bttl gnst wg frz; gnst scl srvc cuts; gnst bd husng nd rnt ncrss; gnst bd hsptls nd schls; gnst unmplymnt; gnst th gvrnmnts rclst plcs s th sm bttl gnst th Vtnm wr . . . n th fctrs wrkrs r fghtng gnst th wg frz nd unmplymnt. n th husng stts tnnts r rsstng rnt ncrss. f w r t hlp th Vtnms w must g n frm Grsvnr Squr t fght ths struggls. blw gnst th bss, s blw gnst th Vtnm wr.

md th uphr f th Vtnm mvmnt, th mrgnc f Pwllsm mng sctns f wrkrs ws stunnng shck t th lft. Fr sm t ws furthr cnfrmtn f hw blk thngs wr nd th nd t kp ns hd dwn; fr thrs, t ws furthr prf tht th wrkng clss culd b wrttn ff n fvur f studnt vngurd.

Th Cmmunst Prty, whch hd sm nflunc n th dcks, dclnd t us t t fght Pwllsm. Dnny Lyns, n f thr ldng mltnts, flt s lttl cnfdnc n Mrxst rgumnts tht h brught lng tw clrgymn, n Cthlc nd n Prtstnt, t try nd dssud th dckrs.

S hd n dckr (Trry Brrtt) n mmbrshp, but h md vry ffrt t rgu th pnt n clss trms. Brrtt, tgthr wth sm S mmbrs nd thr rvlutnrs, sgnd nd dstrbutd t dckrs lflt puttng th clss cs gnst Pwll:

Wh s nch Pwll? H s rght-wng Try pprtunst wh wll stp t nthng t hlp hs Prty nd hs clss. H s drctr f th vst Ntnl Dscunt Cmpny (ssts £224m), whch pys hm slry bggr thn th £3,500 yr b gts s n MP.

H lvs n fshnbl Blgrv nd wrts Grk vrs.

Wht ds h blv n?

Hghr Unmplymnt. H hs cnsstntly dvctd ntnl vrg f 3 pr cnt unmplyd.

Cuts n th Scl Srvcs. H wnts hghr hlth chrgs, lss cuncl huss, chrgs fr stt ductn nd lwr unmplymnt py.

Mss Sckngs n th Dcks. gn nd gn h hs rgud tht th dcks r grssly vrmnnd.

t ws th Pwll ffr, clsly fllwd by th Frnch gnrl strk, whch md t clr tht t ws pssbl t mbrk n th prcss f buldng n ndpndnt rvlutnry prty. Rvlutnry prts rc bult, nt prclmd, nd th tsk f trnsfrmng smll grup nt prty s n tht rqurs whl numbr f dffrnt stgs f dvlpmnt. rvlutnry prry hs t mt crtr f sz, clss cmpstn, prgrmm nd cpcty t ntrvn. S n 1968 culd nt bgn t stsfy th rqurmnt n ny cunt.

Th frst stp ws t brk wth th smll grup trdtn tht hd chrctrsd rvlutnry pltcs n Brtn fr th prvus twnty yrs. Grups hd bn dfnd nd sprtd frm ch thr by fn pnts f nlyssnturl nugh n prd f prpgnd rgnstn. Nw t ws ncssry t brng t th fr th ds f cmbt rgnstn, dfnd nt nly by ts nlyss, but by wht t fught fr. t ws n ths sprt tht S ssud n ppl t ll thr rvlutnry grupngs fr unty rund bsc grmnt n fur fundmntl pnts f prncpl:

  1. ppstn t mprlsm; fr th vctry f ll gnun ntnl lbrtn mvmnts.

  2. ppstn t rcsm n ll ts frms nd t cntrls n mmgrtn.

  3. ppstn t stt cntrl f trd unns; supprt fr ll prgrssv strks.

  4. Wrkrs cntrl f scty nd ndustry s th nly ltrntv t fscsm.

t s mprtnt t b clr wht ths mv mnt n th cntxt f th prd. Thr ws bg mvmnt f yuth twrds sclst pltcs n th VSC; mny Lbur Prty ctvsts wr drppng ut n dsgust; sctns f th CP wr dsllusnd wth thr Prrys pssvty nd mprssd by th rs f th rvlutnry lft stutn rnfrcd by th Russn nvsn f Czchslvk n 1968.

t th sm tm nn f th rvlutnry grups hd th sz r crdblty t srv s fcus fr ths ptntl rcruts. untd rgnstn culd hv pckd up mny ppl wh wuld thrws hv bn lst.

Hwvr, f such unfd rgnstn hd cm nt bng, t wuld hv bn mddl-clss nd lrgly studnt n cmpstn, nd mrphus n pltcs. lng fght nd prbbly splts wuld hv bn ncssry t trnsfrm t nt rl wrkrs prty. s t ws th unty prpsls fld, th gruplts dd nt rspnd. Ths ws prbbly nvtbl; but thy dd rprsnt dclrtn f ntnt, clr ndctn tht nw styl f pltcs nd nw frm f rgnstn ws gng t b ncssry.

Hwvr, t b prcs, th ppl fr unty ws nt qut unsuccssful. n gruplt n th lft dd rspnd pstvly Wrkrs Fght, tny sct whs rthdx Trtskyst pltcs wr ndstngushbl frm ths f rnst Mndls Furth ntrntnl, but wh wr nt prprd t jn t rgnstnlly. n th uphrc tmsphr f 1968 th unty ws cnsummtd rpdly wthut suffcnt cr bng gvn t th cndtns n whch th unty ws t b mntnd.

n fct, thr ws nvr n ffctv fusn. Wrkrs Fght mntnd ts wn rgnstn wth ts wn dscpln, subscrptns nd vn prbtnry mmbrshp nsd S. Th rsult culd nly b cntnung frctn, lglstc dsputs but fctnl rghts, nd srus dsruptn f Ss wrk n numbr f rs. Th whl unfrtunt stutn drggd n fr thr yrs untl Spcl Cnfrnc n Dcmbr 1971 dcdd t nd th fusn, nd t gv Wrkrs Fght supprtrs th chnc t chs whch rgnstn thy wntd t blng t.

Th rcgntn f th nd t strt buldng th prty nw mpld th nd fr chngs n Ss structur. vr th prvus yrs S hd chngd frm prpgnd grup nt grup tht nggd n gttn n lclsd nd frgmntd mnnr. Nw tht gnrlsd pltcs ws bck n th gnd, t ws ncssry t trnsfrm t nt rvlutnry cmbt rgnstn. Ths mnt rrgnsng th grup ccrdng t th prncpls f dmcrtc cntrlsm.

n thry ths mnt rcgnsng tw mprtnt prncpls. Frstly, unlk cthr th Stlnst r Scl-Dmcrtc prty, th rvlutnry prty n th Blshvk trdtn ds nt substtut tslf fr th clss; t s cnscus mnrty whch fghts fr ts ds wthn th rgnstn f th clss (trd unns, Svts, tc). Thrfr th knd f dmcrcy w wuld dmnd n, fr xmpl, trd unn, s nt pprprt t rvlutnry rgnstn. Scndly, rvlutnry rgnstn nds dmcrcy n rdr t mk scntfc vlutn f th stutn; but whn dcsns hv bn tkn, th mnrty must ccpt th nd fr unty n ctn.

n prctc ths ld t sm frly mdst rgnstnl prpsls. Frstly, tht th ldng bdy f th rgnstn shuld b lctd n pltcl bss tht s, by lctn f ntnl bdy frm ntnl cnfrnc. Hthrt thr hd bn fdrl prncpl n prtn; ch brnch snt dlgt. Scndly, th rght f th rgnstn c mps dscpln n ll mmbrs ws sttd. drft frm th Pltcl Cmmtt (Sptmbr 1968) put th mttr n surprsngly mdrt trms:

Brnchs must ccpt drctvs frm th cntr, unlss thy fundmntlly dsgr wth thm, n whch cs thy shuld try t ccrd wth thm whl dmndng n pn dbt n th mttr.

n rtrspct ll ths pprs mr r lss unxcptnbl nd uncntrvrsl. n fct t cusd th grtst ntrnl uphvl S hd vr hd. ntrnl dcumnts prlfrtd nd t lst fv fctns cm nt xstnc. t tk tw strmy cnfrncs (n Sptmbr nd Dcmbr 1968) bfr nw, dmcrtc cntrlst cnsttutn culd b grd.

Th ht f th dbt cn b prtly xplnd by th nwnss f th mmbrshp gd hlf hd bn n th grup nly fw mnths, nd by th fct tht mny f thm hd cm strght frm th hdy tmsphr f studnt pltcs. But th ssus t stk wr mr fundmntl. Whn th mn jb hd bn struggl n th frgmnts, th nd hd bn t ncurg nttv; cndtns fr th tnnts struggl vrd s grtly btwn, sy, Nwcstl, Shffld nd Lndn, tht unfd drctvs wuld hv bn f lttl hlp t nyn. t ws, n fct, vtl t strss tht cmrds shuld nt wt fr drctvs.

Mrvr, f dmcrtc cntrlsm ws t b mnngful, t dpndd n sm dgr f mturty nd xprnc mng ths prtcptng n th ntrnl dmcrcy. f thr ws n xprnc t b cnfrntd, thn thr ws lttl vlu n cntrlsd structur. (s n ldng cmrd put t, wth prhps unncssry brutlty, f yu hv bunch f dts, thy wll lct n dt t ld thm.)

t wuld b mpssbl t d justc hr t th vrus rgumnts put frwrd, bth by th lbrtrn ppstn t dmcrtc cntrlsm, nd by ths wh flt tht th S ldrshp ws stll bng nsuffcntly hrd n th qustn. lthugh thy wr f vstly dffrng dgrs f sphstctn, th fctn fght ws n blnc pstv xprnc. S mmbrs, ld nd nw lk, wr frcd t thnk nd rgu thrugh th whl qustn f th rvlutnry prty. Thr wr csults, sm gd ctvsts fund thmslvs unbl t tk th chng nd lft but thy wr rltvly fw. Mr mprtnt, th vst mjrty f ths wh vtd gnst dmcrtc cntrlsm n 1968 wr wn vr t th pstn n th curs f th fllwng 12 mnths.

S hd grwn drmtclly n th curs f 1968. t hd bgun th yr wth 447 mmbrs, nd ndd wth smthng n xcss f thusnd. (Th pc f rcrutmnt nd turnvr wr s hctc tht prcs fgurs rc hrd t gt). Th mnthly Lbur Wrkr hd gvn wy t th wkly Sclst Wrkr wth vstly ncrsd crcultn. numbr f full-tm wrkrs hd bn mplyd, bth fr th ppr nd s rgnl rgnsrs. Th pc f grwth hd tkn th mmbrs by surprs.

Yt n fc f th bjctv tsks th grup ws stll tny. n th curs f 1968 S hd pntd t th s-clld vcuum n th lft th gp n th wrkng-clss mvmnt lft by th dms f th Lbur lft nd th bnkruptcy f th Cmmunst Prty. Yt S ws stll fr t smll t fll th gp; th tsks hd wr gng t b vn tughr.

1969-1970: TWRDS WRKRS PRTY

BY TH mddl f 1969 th wv f rvlutnry uphr hd subsdd, nd t ws much clrr tht th struggl hd ws t b prtrctd n. Th lst yr f Lbur rul sw mssv trd unn ppstn t th prpsls fr trd unn lgsltn, nd wv f strks, spclly mng sctns f lwr-pd wrkrs wth fw trdtns f mltncy. nd wth th rturn f Try gvrnmnt n Jun 1970 thngs httd up vn mr. Hths plcs f cnfrnttn nd wg cntrl ld t srs f bg ffcl strks pstmn n 1971, mnrs nd Frds n 1972, vrus publc sctr grups n 1973 nd th mnrs gn n 1974.

Th nw lvl f struggl md thngs, n bjctv trms, much sr fr S. Th xprnc f Lbur gvrnmnt md th rgumnt fr n ndpndnt sclst rgnstn rght utsd th Lbur Prty vry much mr plusbl. nd th trnd twrds gvrnmnt ntrvntn n ndustrl struggls ws dng mr thn bkshp f prpgnd t brk dwn th rtfcl brrrs btwn pltcs nd cnmcs.

But t tk dvntg f th stutn S hd t trnsfrm tslf s n rgnstn. S hd cm ut f th fctn fght f 1968 wth prncpld cmmtmnt t th nd fr rvlutnry wrkrs prty but n trms f clss cmpstn th stutn ws ctully wrs thn n 1967, fr hghr prprtn f th mmbrshp bng studnts. nd lthugh ths studnts wh jnd S hd dn s n th bss f cmmtmnt t th wrkng clss nd brk wth th mr lurd frms f studnt vngurdsm, thr ws stll grt cnfusn but wht th rl f studnts n rltn t th lbur mvmnt ctully ws.

n xprssn f ths ws th rthr frntc lfltng f fctrs tht tk plc. Studnts nxus t mk lnks wth th wrkng clss but nt qut sur hw t d t std t fctry gts wth lflts dsgnd t brng pltcs t th wrkrs. (n th prsnt wrtrs xprnc th wrst xmpl ws lflt cnsstng f tw tghtly pckd nd bdly duplctd sds n th qustn f th wr n Bfr. Unfrtuntly fr ny wrkr wh mngd t rd t t ll, th lflt cm t n cnclusn s t whch sd, f cthr, n shuld supprt n th wr!)

Th stutn ws ls bd fr th wrkrs n th rgnstn. n wrkrs rgnstn wrkr s judgd, nt fr wht h s, but fr wht h ds. n ths prd f studnt dmntn n S, t ws ftn nugh t prclm tht n ws wrkr t wn dmrtn nd flttry. t n S cnfrnc n ndustrl wrkr dnuncd dcumnt bng crcultd s s bd t must hv bn wrttn by sclgst. H ws chrd t th ch by th udnc, fr prcntg f whm wr sclgy studnts.

Wht nw hd t b bgun ws systmtc trnsfrmtn f th rgnstn. Vry crudly, t s pssbl t s thr mn phss n ths prcss:

Th mmbrshp bd t b rrnttd twrds th ndustrl wrkng clss. Studnts n prtculr bd t b tld tht, whl thy shuld nt bstn frm rl struggls n th Cllgs, thr mn prrty shuld b mkng prpgnd nd fndng cntcts n th lbur mvmnt;

Th cmpstn f th rgnstn bd t b chngd by rcrutng wrkrs nt th rgnstn.

Th wrkrs n th rgnstn hd t tk vr th pltcl ldrshp. Ths mnt, nt nly trnsfrmng th ntnl ldrshp, but ls crtng lcl structur bsd n functnl unts n prtculr t fctry brnchs n whch wrkrs wuld hv th ldng rl.

n prctc, f curs, thngs dd nt g s smthly. Th stgs f grwth vrlppd cnsdrbly (fr xmpl, th xstnc f studnt bs ssstd Ss crdblty n ntrvnng n th 1972 mnrs strk). Mrvr thr ws nvtbl frctn nd n vrmphss put n crtn turns. Cmrds ftn fund dffculty n mkng th trnstns frm n stg t th nxt. Fr xmpl, bl prpgndsts tndd t thnk f wrkrs s bng trnlly cntcts rthr thn brngng thm nt mmbrshp. nd ths wh hd shwn grt tlnt t rcrutng nd rgnsng fund t hrd t hnd vr ldrshp t ths thy hd rcrutd nd rgnsd. Mrvr, th chngs hd t b md n wrld tht dd nt gv S lsur t slv ts ntrnl prblms, but frcd t t mv vr mr quckly.

Th frst mjr crss t ht th rgnstn cm n ugust 1969. Fllwng yr f muntng struggl n th Nrth f rlnd, fghtng ruptd n Drry, nd Brtsh trps wr snt n, stnsbly t prsrv th pc. Ths prsntd S wth srus prblms f tctcs nd prncpls.

n th n hnd S hd cmpgnd cnsstntly fr th wthdrwl f Brtsh trps frm th Nrth f rlnd. Hwvr, n th mmdt stutn, n whch th Cthlc frcs wr vry much th wkr, nthr th R nr th Ppls Dmcrcy ws dmndng th mmdt wthdrwl f Brtsh trps, S hd t cmbn ts ntrntnlsm (ts cncrn t hv th sm pstn s cmrds n rlnd) wth ts rspnsblty t brng hm t Brtsh wrkrs th rl f Brtsh mprlsm. n th vnt t ws dcdd nt t mk Wthdrw th Trps Nw n gttnl slgn. mnrty f th ldrshp nd f th mmbrshp dssntd.

Hwvr, th mn mphss n Sclst Wrkr ws n th nd fr Cthlc slf-dfnc nd n th ptntl rl f th trps. Th wk tht th trps wnt n, Sclst Wrkr hdlnd:

TH BRRCDS MUST STY UNTL

B-Spcls dsbndd

RUC dsrmd

Spcl Pwrs ct blshd

Pltcl prsnrs rlsd.

Th ld rtcl xpndd:

Crtnly th mss f Cthlcs, ftr thr dys f bttr fghtng, wr rlvd t s th RUC nd th Spcls wthdrw, nd t ths xtnt wr gld t s th Brtsh trps.

But t shuld nt b thught tht th prsnc f Brtsh trps cn bgn t slv thr prblms.

Th rl f th Brtsh trps s nt t brng ny rl slutn t th prblms f th ppl f Nrthrn rlnd, but t frz stutn tht lkd lk gttng ut f hnd nd dmgng th ntrsts f th Brtsh rulng clss n rlnd.24

By rly 1970 th pnly rprssv rl f th trps hd bcm pprnt t ll, nd snc thn S hs cmpgnd cnsstntly fr th wthdrwl f ll Brtsh trps. Nnthlss sldrty wrk n th rsh qustn cusd mny prblms. Prtly ths ws bcus t tms f dwnturn n th struggl, th untd frnt bds tht S wrkd wthn bcm lttl mr thn mtng grunds fr rprsnttvs f smll grups nd n xcus fr sctrn bckbtng. ls, hwvr, t tk tm t dvlp clr prspctv md th cmplxts f th rsh stutn. Ss pstn ws lwys n f uncndtnl supprt fr th R n th struggl gnst mprlsm, nd f lnks wth sclst grupngs (Ppls Dmcrcy) nd ndvduls (Brndtt Dvln) n rlnd. But wht ls ndd t b md clr ws th nd fr n ndpndnt wrkng-clss-bsd rvlutnry prty n rlnd s th nly ltrntv t th dd-nd ntnlsm f th R.

Th mn prrty thrughut ths prd, hwvr, ws ndustry. ndd, S ws ftn ccusd f n-sddnss nd cnmsm bcus f ts nglct f thr sctrs (g studnts) nd thr rs f wrk (g ntrntnl sldrty). But gvn th vrwhlmng dffculty f wnnng rts n th wrkng clss, nd th vrrdng urgncy f dng s, such lck f blnc ws justfd. n th bstrct t s fn t tlk f brngng pltcs t wrkrs; but f thr rc n wrkrs t brng thm t, thn th dscussn s futl.

Th frst stg n th trnsfrmtn f S ws th s-clld Turn t th Clss f 1969. n sns ths ws msnmr; S hd lwys bn dstngushd frm thr tndncs by ts strss n th rl f th wrkng clss. Wht th Turn t th Clss nvlvd ws, frstly, n ttmpt t dvrt th mn nrgs f th rgnstn n t wrk rund ndustry nd th trd unns; nd scndly, n ffrt t mk ths wrk mr srus nd systmtc, rthr thn th rndm ctvty tht ws gng n. Ths mnt ssntlly n ffrt f ductn nd rgnstn. Cmrds wth n xprnc f th lbur mvmnt hd t mk grt ffrts t lrn f ts trdtns nd f th wy th trd unn mvmnt ctully prtd. Grups wr frmd f cmrds wrkng rund prtculr ndustrs nd cmbns. n ttmpt ws md t stblsh th mn prrts fr ndustrl wrk. Lflts hd t b wrttn n rspnsbl fshn, f pssbl wth cntct nsd th fctry.

ll ths ws stll ssntlly wrk frm th utsd. Thr wr stll fw ndustrl wrkrs nsd S. Th frst jb ws t turn lrgly studnt nd mddl-clss mmbrshp nt cdr cpbl f mkng sm mpct n th ndustrl wrkng clss. Ths n turn prvdd slctn prcss; mmbrshp ctully fll durng 1969, thugh th grup bcm strngr nd mr srus.

By th utumn f 1970, fllwng th Try lctn vctry, th tm hd bn rchd fr th nxt stg, th lunchng f mmbrshp cmpgn. Systmtc wrk rund th fctrs nd th prductn f hgh stndrd f prpgnd hd wn S cnsdrbl dgr f crdblty; but ths ws stll xprssd n th frm f prphry f supprt rthr thn ctul wrkr mmbrs. Th rcrutmnt cmpgn lunchd n Sptmbr 1970 md t fv hundrd nw mmbrs vr thr mnths; t ws fllwd by furthr cmpgn n th summr f 1971. Th m ws t trnsfrm th ntur f th brnchs, t mk thm, n Trtskys phrs, hbtbl fr wrkrs.25

s hd lwys bn th prctc n S, th m ws t wn rcruts t th rgnstn n th bss f mnmum grmnt n ctvty, nd lv th qustn f ductn n th wdr spcts f S pltcs t b dvlpd n th prcss f wrk nsd th rgnstn. Mny crtcs f th rcrutmnt strtgy, nsd nd utsd S rgud tht th rgnstn shuld b mr slctv nd mps mr cntrl-such s prbtnry mmbrshp n nw ntrnts. Ths ws t mstk th ntur f th prcss. Thr ws ndd slctn numbr f ths wh jnd subsquntly lft gn; n sm css t ws bcus th rgnstn fld t hld thm, n thrs bcus thy wr nt rdy t gv th cmmtmnt rqurd fr mmbrshp. But thr ws n wy ths culd b frcst n dvnc, n mgc mrk ngrvd n th frhds f ptntl rcruts. nly th xprnc f cmmn struggl ws bl t shw whch cmrds wuld lst th pc.

Th prrqust fr th rcrutmnt cmpgn ws cnsdrbl nthussm n th prt f th mmbrshp. Lrg publc mtngs sm fturng Brndtt Dvln wr hld. bvusly mstks wr md nd sm f th nw mmbrs wr lst. Th mprtnt thng ws t stblsh tht S ws nt clsd sct skng t rnfrc ts wn purty, but n rgnstn pn t th wrkng clss.

Thr ws, hwvr, sm rsstnc t th mmbrshp cmpgn wthn th rgnstn ndd, th whl xrcs hd t b fught thrugh n tw frnts, th struggl t mk S mr crdbl n th utsd wrld bng prllld by struggl t cnvnc th xstng mmbrshp.

Th mn rgumnt brught gnst strtgy f pn rcrutmnt ws th dngr f s-clld dlutn. nxprncd cmrds, t ws clmd, culd nt prtcpt ffctvly n ntrnl dmcrcy (thugh n fct mny f th nw rcruts hd fr mr xprnc f th clss struggl thn lt f lng-stndng S mmbrs). Mrvr, t ws suggstd, S ws scrfcng prgrmmtc crrctnss n fvur f shr numrcl sz.

n th bstrct, ths pstn hd n lmnt f truth, nd culd b bckd up by slctd quttns frm Lnn. Th rl pnt ws t vlut wht wr th mn dngrs n th currnt prd. lthugh rvlutnry ds wr mkng sm mpct n th wrkng clss, s tht rcrutng cmpgn ws pssblty, t just ws nt tru tht thr ws ny dngr f mss f ptntlly pprtunst wrkrs wtng t th gts fr th chnc t fld nt S fr th wrst pssbl mtvs. S mmbrshp fr wrkr ffrd sm nrus rspnsblts (lk hvng t b dntfd n hs plc f wrk wth ppr whch supprtd th R nd ppsd mmgrtn cntrl) nd prcus fw cnsltns. Th drs my hv bn pn, but rcruts stll hd t b drggd thrugh.

Th rgumnts wr dbtd vr prd t vry lvl n th rgnstn. Fr th ssu culd nt b dcdd by smpl vt. n cnnt nstruct cmrds t rcrut; th jb cn b dn nly by ppl wh rc cnvncd tht thy wnt t d t.

Th rsults rc shwn by th fgurs. t th str 1970 Cnfrnc S hd mmbrshp f 880; by str 1972 ths hd rsn t 2351. brkdwn f th scl cmpstn t sr 1972 shwd 26 pr cnt mnul wrkrs nd 31 pr cnt wht-cllr wrkrs.

S hd by nw csd t b prpgnd grup. But ths dd nt mn tht prpgnd hd csd t b mprtnt. n th cntrry, t ws th cntnul flw f prpgnd mtrl tht ws cntrl t ts grwng nflunc. Fundmntl t ths ws th buldng f Sclst Wrkr. Th ppr hd chngd ts nm frm Lbur Wrkr t cnfrm th brk wth ntry wrk n th Lbur Prty. n Sptmbr 1968 th ppr ws lunchd s wkly. t hd fur pgs, cst tw (ld) pnc, nd lkd smwht scruffy. t ws sld mnly by studnts utsd th gts f fctrs nd n cuncl stts. Slwly th ppr ws mprvd; t grw t sx pgs n 1969, ght n 1970, twlv n 1971 nd sxtn n 1972. Th crcultn rs frm undr tn thusnd n 1968 t vr thrty thusnd sm fv yrs ltr. But t ws nt smply th sl f th ppr r ts jurnlstc qulty tht mttrd; t ws ts pltcl rl. t ws Sclst Wrkr whch gv th pltcl chrnc t n rgnstn whs mmbrs wr nvlvd n struggls tht dffrd wdly frm n frm nthr. t ws Sclst Wrkr tht prvdd th mn ln f cmmunctn btwn th cntr nd th mmbrshp nd prphry. t ws Sclst Wrkr tht prvdd th pltcl bss fr th mmbrshp, th pltcl ln tht vry mmbr hd t dfnd t ths h sld t.

ls f grt mprtnc n ncrsng Ss crdblty ws Tny Clffs bk Th mplyrs ffnsv,26 study f prductvty dlng nd th strtgy fr fghtng t. Tw thngs md th wrk mprtnt. Frstly, Clff ws bl t drw xtnsvly n th xprnc f Ss ndustrl mmbrshp nd prphry; th wrk ws rlly th rsult f cllctv ffrt. Scndly, lthugh th subjct mttr mght sm tchncl, t rsd crucl pltcl ssus. Th trd unn burucrcy, ncludng th lft burucrts supprtd by th Cmmunst Prty, wr hvly mplctd n prductvty dls. Th Cmmunst Prty, dspt ts much grtr ndustrl nflunc, culd nt hv prducd th bk.

Th mplyrs ffnsv ffrd vlubl wy fr S brnchs t xtnd thr nflunc nd cntcts. By cllctng lsts f lcl trd unnsts t ws pssbl t rrng wdsprd sls.

But ths ws stll pprchng th clss frm th utsd. Th prblm nw ws t mk S prt f th wrkng-clss mvmnt. S ws grtly ssstd n ths by th cntnud dcln f th Cmmunst Prty. Th Cmmunst Prty ws ncrsngly unbl t crry thrugh ny c-rdntd strtgy n ndustry, bcus f th dvrgng ntrsts f ts rnk-nd-fl mltnts nd ts mmbrs nd frnds n th burucrcy. Ths ld t t tkng pssv rl n mny struggls, nd t grt rluctnc t prtcpt n ny rnk-nd-fl mvmnt.27 Fr xmpl, whn th fv dckrs wr jld n th summr f 1972, th Cmmunst Prty, nd ts ndustrl frnt, th Lsn Cmmtt fr th Dfnc f Trd Unns, wr mr r lss nctv. Th pssblty fr S t tk th ld n n ncrsng numbr f struggls ws nw pn. But fr ths furthr chngs n th structur f th rgnstn wr ncssry, whch nc gn hd t b fught fr gnst cnsdrbl rsstnc.

Dspt Ss rnttn t ndustry, ts rgnstnl structur n 1972 ws stll ggrphcl n; mmbrs blngd t brnchs ccrdng t th rs thy lvd n. Such structur s, f curs, fn fr n rgnstn whs mn cncrn s lctrl pltcs; fr n rgnstn bsd n struggl n th trd unn nd th wrk plc th structur ws pstv mpdmnt. Th m hd t b tw-fld; t dvlp ffctv unn nd ndustrl frctns, nd t mv, whr pssbl, t wrkplc brnchs.

Th dvlpmnt f ffctv frctns ws ntmtly lnkd t th prspctv f buldng rnk-nd-fl mvmnts nsd th trd unn mvmnt. Th ultmt m ws t rpt th succsss f th Mnrty Mvmnt f th 1920s, thugh t ws clrly rcgnsd tht ths culd nly b dn wth much bggr bs thn ws t prsnt vlbl.

Th mdl ws prvdd by th wrk crrd ut snc 1967 n th Ntnl Unn f Tchrs. Hr smll grup f S tchrs hd cm tgthr wth sm Cmmunst Prty mmbrs wh wr dsllusnd by th ncrsngly cnsrvtv rl f th Cmmunst Prty wthn th unn. s rsult th ppr Rnk nd Fl ws st up; t rpdly bcm th fcus fr th mltnt lft n th unn, nd succdd n ttrctng supprt wy bynd S nd S sympthsrs.

s th rl f th trd unn burucrcy s th mn bstcl t shp-flr mltncy bcm mr nd mr bvus n th rly svnts, S mmbrs wr bl t prtcpt n, nd n sm css ntt, th crtn f smlr pprs n numbr f unns nd ndustrs Th Cllr, Th Cr-wrkr, Th Hsptl Wrkr nd svrl thrs. t ws n turn numbr f ths pprs whch tk th nttv n cllng th frst cnfrnc f th Ntnl Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt n Mrch 1974, ttndd by mr thn 500 dlgts frm vr 300 trd unn rgnstns.

n th qustn f fctry brnchs thr ws mr cntrvrsy. Fctry brnchs hd lwys bn prt f Ss trdtn; ndd th frst fctry brnch t NV hd bn st up s rly s 1966. But th Cnfrnc t str 1972 pssd rslutn dclrng ppstn t fctry brnchsthugh t ws crrd by n llnc f ths wh ppsd fctry brnchs n prncpl nd ths wh smply thught t prmtur t stblsh thm.

Th mn rgumnt gnst fctry brnchs ws tht thy tndd t sgrgt sctns f th mmbrshp, whrs th m f rvlutnry prty shuld b t nbl ch mmbr t trnscnd hs sctnl stutn nd prtcpt n th ttlty f th prtys wrk. gnst ths dlst vw, th rgumnt fr fctry brnchs strssd tht mmbrs hd t b rgnsd fr ctn, nt dscussn, nd tht fctry brnchs wuld nbl grt ncrs n th rcrutmnt f wrkrs.

Th Cnfrnc hld n Mrch 1973 rslvd t g hd wth th buldng f fctry brnchs. t th sm tm th dft f numbr f sctns f wrkrs wh hd fught gnst th Try Phs Tw mnt tht mr wrkrs wr rlsng th nd fr rvlutnry pltcs. S ntrd nthr phs f rpd grwth, nd wthn mnths but frty fctry brnchs wr stblshd.

But vnts wr mvng quckly n th wrld utsd ls. Th l crss nd Hths Phs Thr strtgy f cnfrnttn ld t th thr-dy wk nd th mnrs strk. Th wks ldng up t th Fbrury 1974 Gnrl lctn ld t prd f hctc prpgnd ctvty nd Sclst Wrkr rchd pk sl f wll vr frty thusnd. Dspt th nthussm f th cmrds, th rgnstns rsurcs wr strnd lmst t brkng pnt.

Lburs hrsbrdth vctry n th lctn ld t dffrnt stutn whch rqurd furthr dpttn. S hd crrctly dntfd th rgnstnl dcln f th Lbur Prry nd thrfr rjctd ny such strtgy s ntry wrk r cncntrtn n xpsur f th Lbur ldrs by puttng dmnds n thm. Wht ws smwht undrstmtd ws Lburs dlgcl nflunc, whch nbld t t vd ny hd-n cnfrnttns fr th frst yr n ffc. lthugh thr wr sm bg struggls, ntbly mng sctrs wth n trdtnl lnks t Lbur-nurss, tchrs, lcl gvrnmnt wrkrs th stutn ws n gnrl much mr frgmntry thn undr th Trs.

Ss grwth nd th chngng crcumstncs mnt th mrgnc f nw st f prblms. Whl S ws stll smll rgnstn, t ws mr nd mr cnfrntd wth tsks tht rqurd much bggr rgnstn. S mmbrs bgn t fc prblms fr whch thr wr n prcdnts wthn th xprnc f mst cmrds. s rsult thr wr ncssrly dvrgncs, nd n th mnths prcdng th Sptmbr 1974 Cnfrnc thr ws shrp ntrnl dbt.

numbr f ssus bcm clsly ntrtwnd n ths dbt. n mn ssu cncrnd th prspctv fr grwth. Wr th ptntl rcruts fr th rgnstn t b fund mng ths wrkrs wh hd lrdy sm xprnc f th xstng pltcl rgnstns, r wuld thy cm frm mng yung wrkrs wth fw trdtns nd lttl xprnc f wrk n th lbur mvmnt. Ths n turn rsd th qustn f hw Sclst Wrkr shuld rntt ts rtcls.

Lnkd t ths ws th dmnd fr mr wrkrs t b ctvly nvlvd s wrtrs fr Sclst Wrkr. Ths n turn rsd th whl prblm f puttng mr nd mr f th rspnsblty fr ldrshp t vry lvl nt th hnds f wrkrs.

prlll rgumnt rltd t th qustn f wrk wthn th trd unn mvmnt. Sm cmrds rgud fr cnsdrbl mprtnc t b gvn t wrkng wthn th ffcl unn mchnry, cntstng lctns tc. thrs rgud tht th mn prrty must b gvn t buldng wthn th wrkplc.

Ths dvlpmnts nvtbly mnt th rplcmnt f sm ppl wh hd rcrd f lng srvc n th rgnstn. Rgr Prtz, wh hd md n nrmus cntrbutn t th dvlpmnt f Sclst Wrkr snc 1968, rsgnd s dtr fllwng dsgrmnts but th rnttn f th ppr. nd th Sptmbr 1974 Cnfrnc r-lctd lss thn hlf f th utgng Ntnl Cmmtt.

Nnthlss, th tsk f buldng S nt rvlutnry wrkrs prty s stll vry fr frm bng cmpltd. But th pltcl nlyss nd xprnc bult up vr th frst qurtr cntury f th grups xstnc prvds th bs n whch ths cn b dn.


Prt 3: Fcng th crss


TH LCTN f Lbur Gvrnmnt n Fbrury 1974 ws t mn, t grtr xtnt thn nyn t th tm rlsd, shrp chng n th rhythm f clss struggl, Lbur hd bn brught t pwr, nt by th pstv vrtus f ts prgrmm r ldrs, but by th succss f th wrkng-clss ppstn t th Hth Gvrnmnt. Whl Lbur rcvd lwr vt thn t ny lctn snc 1945, n nt-Try vt gng t mnr prts thrust Wlsn nt pwr. n ths ptntlly unstbl stutn th Lbur Gvrnmnt tk n lft fc, wth Tny Bnn nd Mchl Ft brught nt th cbnt nd th frmr ldrs f th lft n th TUC, Jck Jns nd Hugh Scnln, brught nt vr-clsr ssctn wth th gvrnmnt. ftr just vr yr f lsly wrdd scl cntrct, durng whch sm qut substntl wg rss wr wn, th Lbur Gvrnmnt ttckd ts supprtrs hd-n by ntrducng srs f cmpulsry ncms plcs.

Th Lbur Gvrnmnt prducd mjr chng n th pttrn f ndustrl struggl. Shrp struggls cntnud thrughut th Fv yrs f Lbur rul - th Scttsh strks f 1974-75, th wv f struggls n 1977 (ncludng Grunwcks) culmntng n th unsuccssful frmns strk, nd th s-clld wntr f dscntnt n th lst mnths f th Cllghn gvrnmnt. But n sctn f wrkrs ws t mult th mnrs n 1972 nd 1974; ncrsngly struggls wr frgmntd nd dfnsv, vn thugh nrmus rsrvs f fghtng sprt wr stll vdnt. Rsng unmplymnt hlpd t dscpln wrkrs.

n ths stutn slw but stdy mvmnt t th rght ffctd ll lvls f th lbur mvmnt. n th shp-flr, dlgcl nd scl fctrs cmbnd t whttl wy th prphry f th rvlutnry lft. Th grwng rl f full-tm cnvnrs, nd th rvvd ttrctn f rfrmsm s bng t lst lssr vl, rducd th numbr f mltnts wh wr pn t rvlutnry ds. t th 1974 TUC, Kn Gll, th frst Cmmunst Prty mmbr n th Gnrl Cuncl fr vr twnty yrs, wthdrw hs unns rslutn gnst th Scl Cntrct n th ntrsts f th brdst unty. Mny ppl wh n 1968 nd ftr hd bn ctv rvlutnrs bgn t drft bck nt th Lbur Prty.

1974 ws ls yr n whch rprssn gnst th lft bgn t b mr ntcbl. n th pr-lctn prd thr wr mny rprts f plc hrssmnt f ppr-sllrs nd fly-pstrs. n Jun Wrwck studnt, Kvn Gtly, ws klld by plc n n nt-Ntnl Frnt dmnstrtn. Th nxt wk tw thusnd S mmbrs mrchd thrugh Lndn wth plcrds rdng Murdrd by Plc. Sclst Wrkr ws cutnd by th plc wth thrt f ctn fr crmnl lbl. nd n ctbr Sclst Wrkr ws fnd £500 wth £5000 csts fr nmng wlthy wtnsss n th Jn Jns blckml cs. ttcks, frm bth th stt nd th trd unn burucrcy, cntnud thrughut th 1970s, mkng t dcddly mr uncmfrtbl t b rvlutnry sclst.

TH prd up t th Fbrury 1974 lctn hd bn n f rpd grwth fr S. Mmbrshp ws pprchng 4000, wth hghr prprtn f mnul trd unnsts thn vr bfr. 56 fctry brnchs hd bn frmd, thugh but tn f ths lstd nly fw mnths. n lctn wk th prnt rdr f Sclst Wrkr hd rsn t 52,000, wth pd sl f t lst 35.000. Thr wr bvusly prblms f chngng gr frm th md f urgncy nd nthussm tht hd chrctrsd th lst mnths f th Hth Gvrnmnt.

ntlly th prspctv dvlpd by S ws tht th Lbur Gvrnmnt wuld mrly ffr brthng spc, brf hnymn prd f fw mnths bfr mssv struggls f th 1972-3 typ wuld brk ut gn. But by rly 1975 t ws bcmng clr tht such prspctv ws tlscpng th rl curs f vnts. dcumnt prprd fr th 1975 nnul Cnfrnc put t s fllws:

W prdctd, n ur prspctvs fr lst Sptmbrs S cnfrnc, tht th rsng lvl f unmplymnt nd th cclrtn f prcs wuld put th Scl Cntrct undr prssur frm tw ppsd drctns frm wrkrs nsprd by th succss f th mnrs n brkng th Trs Phs Thr, nd frm th rulng clss ntnt n pushng dwn wrkrs lvng stndrds.

ur cnmc prspctv n gnrl ws crrct. But t ws mstkn n n mprtnt rspct.

W vrstmtd th spd wth whch th cnmc crss wuld drv wrkrs 10 drw rvlutnry pltcl cnclusns. 28

n ltrntv pn t S n fc f th gnrl drft t th rght ws t fllw th xmpl f thr rvlutnry tndncs, nd thr ntr, r rnt mr clsly n th Lbur Prty. nstd S chs t dvlp pstn whch cm t b summd up by th slgn Str Lft. n ffct ths mnt ttmptng t rlt t ths sctns f th clss tht wr prprd t fght, vn f thy wr n smll mnrty.

Th strtgy rnd S (smtms frm wthn ts wn rnks s wll s frm utsd) th lbl f ultr-lft. Ths ws msplcd. t n tm ws thr ny suggstn tht th mss rgnstns f wrkrs culd b by-pssd. But n prd whn th lvl f struggl hd flln (thr wr thrtn mlln dys strk n 1974, nly thr mlln n 1975), cncntrtng ll th rgnstns ffrts n rutn trd unn wrk wuld hv nvtbly mnt gttng cught up n th drft t th rght. Mrvr, t ws ncssry fr S t dstngush tslf clrly frm th vrus brd lft grupngs n th unns whch hd n rl strtgy t lr.

Th mnng f sltn nd f strng lft ws shwn n Mrch 1975. whn th Lbur Gvrnmnt, llgng hlth hzrd, snt trps t brk strk by dustcrt drvrs n Glsgw. Trd unn burucrts nd lft MPs spk scrcly wrd f prtst. Whn th Glsgw S ssud lflt t trps skng Wuld yu hv t ct lk ths f yu hd yur wn trd unn?, th Cmmunst Prty scrtry f Glsgw Trds Cuncl tld th burgs prss tht S wr fls n bd wh turn up t thr ppls pcktng.29

Th chng f tmp dd nt tk plc smthly. Th 1973-75 prd sw th bggst ntrnl crss n th rgnstns hstry, culmntng n srus splt.30

TH dsput cn b trcd bck t th summr f 1973, whn th Ntnl Cmmtt, blvng th xcutv t b ut f tuch wth dvlpmnts n th rpdly grwng rgnstn, rplcd t wth nw xcutv whch ncludd numbr f prvncl full-tm rgnsrs. Th dsgrmnts vr ths chng ld t th rsgntn f th ntnl scrtry, Jm Hggns.

Th scnd phs f th dsput ruptd n th ftrmth f th Fbrury 1974 Gnrl lctn, wth dbt but th futur rl f Sclst Wrkr. Th pstn prsntd by Tny Clff, nd vntully ccptd by th ntnl cmmtt, ws, frstly, tht th ppr ws mnly md t yungr gnrtn f mltnts wthut much xprnc f th rfrmst nd trd unn rgnstns, nd thrfr shuld prsnt ts rgumnts n smplr fshn wthut tkng s much fr grntd; nd scndly tht mr f th ppr shuld ctully b wrttn by wrkrs. Rgr Prtz th dtr f th ppr snc 1968, dsgrd shrply, rgung tht th ppr stll hd t rlt t dvncd wrkrs.

Whn Prtzs pstn ws dftd, Prtz nd Jm Hggns wr rmvd frm th dtrl Brd f th ppr, wth Pul Fl tkng vr s dtr. Ths ld t n xtrmly strmy tw-dy mtng f th Ntnl Cmmtt n My 1974, ldng t th lctn f nw xcutv skng t rcncl th dffrnt currnts n th rgnstn.

Unfrtuntly tht ws t b fr frm th nd f th rgumnt.

n th run-up t th cnfrnc n th utumn f 1974 grup f cmrds prducd dcumnt clld ur Trdtns, n whch thy brdnd th dbt frm Sclst Wrkr t th whl strtgy tr buldng th rgnstn. Thy rgud tht th currnt S ldrshp hd dvlpd Yuth Vngurd thss nd ws turnng ts bck n ts trdtnl mphss n shp stwrds rgnstn.

(t s tru tht ths rgumnt rflctd rlty f th rgnstns dvlpmnt. n ny rvlutnry rgnstn tht hs grwn bynd th lvl f mnlthc sct. thr wll b sctn f th mmbrshp whch hs cqurd rl rts n th stblshd lbur mvmnt nd s thrby strngly xpsd t ts prssurs; nd nthr sctn f th mmbrshp, ftn mr yuthful nd nwr t pltcs, tht s mptnt f th trdtns nd rutns f th mss lbur mvmnt. srus rvlutnry rgnstn cn b bult nly by rcnclng ths lyrs n crtv tnsn. Th dbt n 1974-5 srvd n th cntrry t frc n unncssry plrstn).

Th nnul cnfrnc n 1975 md numbr f mjr cnsttutnl chngs. Snc 1968 th ldng bdy f th rgnstn hd bn Ntnl Cmmtt f sm frty mmbrs, lctd by cnfrnc, nd cnsstng f bth full-tmrs nd ly mmbrs. Ths n turn lctd n xcutv f full-tmrs whch ctully rn th rgnstn, but whch ws nt drctly ccuntbl t th rgnstn. Th cnfrnc vtd t nd ths sprtn f pwr nd rspnsblty nd stblsh Cntrl Cmmtt f full-tmrs drctly lctd by cnfrnc, wth Prty Cuncl s n dvsry bdy. Th cnfrnc ls vtd t strngthn dstrct rgnstn.

Thr ws sm ppstn t th cnsttutnl chngs, llgng tht thy nvlvd rductn f ntrnl dmcrcy. But th lng-stndng ntrnl dsput fnlly cm t hd n th utumn f 1975 vr th qustn f strtgy twrds th Brd Lft n th UW. Th mjrty f cmrds n th UW trctn hd dcdd tht, n th lght f th dcln f th Brd Lft, thy shuld supprt rnk-nd-fl cnddt fr th pst f UW ntnl rgnsr. numbr f S mmbrs n th Brmnghm r UW rfusd t ccpt ths prspctv, brk dscpln nd wr xplld.

Ths ld t rvvl f ppstn by numbr f ths wh hd bn n dsgrmnt wth th mjrty snc 1973, nd fctn, cllng tslf th S ppstn, ws r-stblshd. Ths rfusd rqurmnt frm th Dcmbr 1975 Prty Cuncl tht th fctn b dsslvd, rgung tht w r cncrnd tht th prsnt lurch t ultr-lftsm wll dstry ny rlstc wrkng-clss bs, whl t my gnrt th srt f slf-prptutng, rrlvnt wrk tht w ssct wth th WRP. Fcd wth th chc f dsslvng th fctn r bng xcludd frm S, but 150 mmbrs lft, ncludng such frmr xcutv mmbrs s Jm Hggns, Jhn Plmr, Grnvll Wllms nd Rgr Prtz.31

DSPT dffcults nd dsgrmnts, th cntrl fcus f Ss pltcl strtgy cntnud t b th rnk nd fl mvmnt. Th tw lrg cnfrncs n 1974 whch stblshd th Ntnl Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt shwd th ptntl fr rnk nd tl rgnstn. nd bjctvly, th nd fr ths bcm grtr s th Lbur Gvrnmnts trm drggd n.

Th dcln f th trdtnl lft n th unns ws drmtclly hghlghtd by Trry Duffys vctry n th UW. Th Lsn Cmmtt fr th Dfnc f Trd Unns cm t lf nc yr t hld rthr brng nd stg-mngd cnfrncs, thn vnshd gn. bv ll, th grwng cprtn f th TUC ldrs wth th gvrnmnt md ndpndnt rnk nd fl rgnstn mprtv. Yt th mv t th rght md t ncrsngly dffcult t mntn ffctv rnk nd fl rgnstn. Th burucrcy, mrvr, tk ny pprtunty t try t slnc mltnts. n 1974 n Gbsn ws rmvd frm th xcutv f STMS fr hvng wrttn n rtcl n Sclst Wrkr crtcl f th unn ldrshp.

n th rly prd f th Lbur Gvrnmnt t ws pssbl fr th Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt t mk numbr f ntrvntns n rl struggls. Whn wrkrs t th Strchns fctry nr Suthmptn ccupd thr fctry n 1974 gnst th thrt f clsur, th UW rfusd t rgns blckng n th grunds tht ths wuld b llgl undr lgsltn rmnng frm th Try Gvrnmnt. Th Rnk nd Fl rgnsng Cmmtt (st up by th frst Rnk nd Fl Cnfrnc n Mrch 1974) crcultd n ppl fr blckng nd hlpd t rgns th nly ffctv ctn tht ws tkn.

gn, n lt 1974, whn th ntx txtl fctry n Mnchstr mbrkd n n ght-wk strk, th sl rspns f th unn ldrshp (th Ntnl Unn f Dyrs nd Blchrs) ws t xpl tw f th strk ldrs frm th unn. Th Rnk nd Fl rgnsng Cmmtt cnvnd mtng f vr hundrd trd unnsts frm th Mnchstr r whch grd t rgns blckng, rs mny, nd dfnd strk ldrs frm thrts f vlnc rcvd frm fscsts.

Th Rnk nd Fl rgnsng Cmmtt ls tk numbr f nttvs n dfnc f th buldng wrkrs pckts jld t Shrwsbury n lt 1973, nd rn cmpgn t gt wrk prmts fr Chln rfugs. Vrus rnk nd fl grups ld struggls n thr wn ndustrs: thus supprtrs f Rnk nd Fl Tchr ld unffcl strks n th cmpgn fr th Lndn llwnc n 1974. ll ths wr n thmslvs lmtd nd mdst nttvs, but thy shwd th ptntl fr rnk nd Fl mvmnt. Th Cmmunst Prty shwd ts wrnss f rnk nd fl mvmnts nfluncd by S whn ts thrtcl jurnl publshd crtqu f Ss rnk nd fl strtgy.32

Yt th mntnnc f rnk nd fl rgnstn bcm ncrsngly dffcult. furthr Rnk nd Fl Cnfrnc ws nt hld untl Nvmbr 1977 n sz t ws n lrgr thn th tw cnfrncs hld n 1974. Sm mpct ws md by runnng rnk nd fl cnddts fr trd unn lctns, nt n th hp f wnnng pstns, but n rdr t fght fr ltrntv plcs nd prvd bss fr rgnsng wthn th unn. Whn Wll L std fr Ntnl rgnsr f th UW n 1974, h spk t mtngs up nd dwn th cuntry, ntnl lflts wr ssud, nd th frst numbr f ngnrs Chrtr ws publshd. H gnd rspctbl ttl f sm tn thusnd vts. Smlr cmpgns wr run n numbr f thr unns, th mst succssful bng tht fr Tmmy Rly n th lctn fr gnrl scrtry f th TGWU n 1977; Rly cm ffth wth vr 27,000 vts.

NTURLLY mny crtcs n th rght (nd lft) trd t smr th Ntnl Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt by llgng tht t ws smply n S frnt. Th chrg wrrd mny S mmbrs, nd thr ws sm ntrnl dscussn s t th ndpndnc f th Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt. n mny wys. hwvr, t ws fls dbt. Th rl prblm n th lbur mvmnt ws. f curs, nt th xcssv nflunc f S, but th cntnung dmnnc f rfrmsm. T th xtnt tht S ws lrgly sltd n th struggl gnst rfrmst ds, mst f th burdn f tkng nttvs nd mntnng th pprtus f th Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt fll n th shuldrs f S mmbrs. Fr thm t hv rfusd t tk th burdn, t bstn n th nm f sm mythcl spntnty f th rnk nd fl, wuld hv bn nthng but pur pltcl bdctn.33

Yt, n prd f ndustrl dwnturn, rnk-nd-fl strtgy ws nt nugh. ndd, thr wr grv dngrs tht crrct mphss n rgnstn n th wrkplc culd ld cmrds t bury thmslvs n th mnut f rutn trd-unnsm. Th S trdtn hd lwys cnsstd f tw cmpnntsn th n hnd strtgc nsstnc n th cntrlty f th wrkng clss, nd n th thr wllngnss t b nvlvd whrvr sgnfcnt numbr f ppl wr nggd n mltnt ctn. n th 1960s tht hd mnt prtcptng n mss mvmnts such s CND nd VSC nd fghtng fr clss ln. n th 1970s S, whl stll bng tny frc n th stg f Brtsh pltcs, ws bl t tk sm sgnfcnt nttvs, n lunchng mvmnts. Th tw mst mprtnt wr n th struggl gnst unmplymnt nd gnst rcsm.

Th nd fr n nttv n unmplymnt bcm pprnt n th utumn f 1975. Unmplymnt hd ffclly tppd th mlln fgur (n fct t ws cnsdrbly hghr), wth wmn, blcks nd yung ppl spclly bdly ffctd. t th sm tm th ccptnc f th Lbur Gvrnmnts ncm plcy by mst trd Unn ldrs mnt dmpng dwn f struggl n th wgs frnt. Th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn ws lunchd n ctbr 1975, s n nttv frm th Rnk nd Fl rgnsng Cmmtt. n fct, fr th nxt cupl f yrs, th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn cm t vrshdw th Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt.

Th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn n prctc dpndd vry lrgly n th nttvs f S mmbrs, nd ws, nt surprsngly, smrd s n S frnt, lthugh sgnfcnt numbr f nn-S mmbrs wr nvlvd. Pltclly th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn sught t put nt prctc thr mn prncpls:

n: Tht th unmplyd hd t hv vc fr thmslvs n th struggl. Th Brd Lft pprch, whch strssd tht vrythng must b dn thrugh th ffcl chnnls, lft th unmplyd smply s th rcpnts f fn wrds nd prmss. Fr xmpl, n th Sprng f 1976 n ssmbly n Unmplymnt (clld s Brd Lft nttv by th Lndn C-p nd th N. 8 Lndn Cnfd Dstrct Cmmtt) ttrctd thr thusnd trd unn dlgts. Thr wr mny spkrs n th vls f unmplymnt, but th nly unmplyd wrkr wh gt t th mcrphn ws Jhn Dsn f th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn.

n prtculr unmplyd schl-lvrs, sgnfcnt sctn f th jblss, culd nt fght thrugh th unns bcus thy hd nvr bn bl t blng t n. Lcl Rght t Wrk Cmmtts nd Rght t Wrk Mrchs prvdd pssblty fr slf-ctvty by th unmplyd.

Tw: t th sm tm t hd t b rcgnsd tht th unmplyd ln culd nt tght unmplymnt. t ws ncssry t lght fr th unty f mplyd nd unmplyd, t cnfrnt mplyd wrkrs wth thr rspnsblty n th tght fr jbs. Ths mnt tkng th struggl fr spnsrshp f th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn nt th wrkplcs nd trd unn brnchs. Ths ls prvdd mns f cuntrng th rutnsm nd cnmsm nt whch rvlutnrs n trd unns culd s sly lps n prd f rltv pssvty.

Th frst Rght t Wrk Mrch, frm Mnchstr t Lndn n Mrch 1976, ws spnsrd by vr fur ^hundrd trd unn bds, ncludng svnty shp stwrds cmmtts. Ths ws pssbl dspt th mbguus tttud f th Cmmunst Prty. n sm rs Cmmunst Prty mmbrs ppsd th Mrch n grssly sctrn mnnr, but n thr plcs thy rcgnsd tht S ws nw tkng nttvs f th srt th Cmmunst Prty hd md n th thrts, nd gv full nd cnstructv supprt.

Thr: Th Cmpgn hd t b bsd n drct ctn s wll s n prpgnd. t hd t shw tht nttvs, lbt n smll scl, wr pssbl vn n th mmdt shrt trm. Th frst Rght t Wrk Mrch ws sgnfcnt, nt just fr th supprt t btnd, but fr th styl t dptd. Thrughut th curs f th Mrch mrchrs jnd pckt lns nd vn ntrd fctrs whr sckngs wr bng thrtnd n rdr t ncurg wrkrs t tght gnst unmplymnt. Ths mrkd bg stp frwrd frm th hungr mrchs f th thrts, whch hd grt dffculty n mkng cntct wth mplyd trd unnsts, nd scrcly vr succdd n ctully ntrng wrkplcs.

Th succss f th frst Mrch ws shwn, nt nly by th 5500 ppl wh turnd ut t grt t t th lbrt Hll, but by th fct tht th Mrch hd suffcntly rrttd th uphldrs f lw nd rdr fr th plc t ttck t s t ntrd Lndn. 44 rrsts wr md. numbr f mrchrs wr sntncd t mprsnmnt, but th cmpgn gnst th rprssn prvdd n mprtnt fcus fr th Rght t Wrk n th cmng mnths. Th mst srus chrgs, gnst Cmpgn Scrtry, Jhn Dsn, wr drppd n th scnd dy f th trl bcus f ndqut plc vdnc.

(ncdntlly. Rght t Wrk supprtrs wh hd gthrd t pckt th ld Bly n supprt f Dsn clbrtd th cquttl by trvllng t th Grunwcks fctry n Nrth Lndn nd stgng wht ws t b th frst mss pckt f tht fctry. n struggl thus frd nthr).

furthr Rght t Wrk Mrch, frm Lndn t th Brghtn TUC. tk plc n Sptmbr 1976. nd s unmplymnt cntnud t rs. th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn rmnd cntrl r f ctvty fr S mmbrs.

UNMPLYMNT nd th Lbur Gvrnmnts btryl f vn th msrbl rfrms t hd prmsd nvtbly brd rcsm. Frm th tm f th Rd Ln Squr dmnstrtn n 1974, whr Kvn Gtly ws klld, t bcm clr tht th Ntnl Frnt ws thrt tht culd nt b gnrd, nd tht th plc culd b rld n t sd gnst th nt-fscsts. n ugust nd Sptmbr 1974 th NF stgd mrchs thrugh Lcstr nd Lndn. n bth ccsns S tk th nttv-n rgnsng cuntr-dmnstrtns: t Lcstr n prtculr th S mblstn ws succssful, wth th S cntngnt frmng hlf f th 5000-strng nt-fscst dmnstrtn.

Th fght gnst rcsm nd fscsm cntnud t b prrty. Th S strtgy ws bsd n tw prlll lns. n th n hnd, t hd t b clr tht rcsm nd fscsm w r prduct f systm n crss. Ppl wuld lk tr blck scpgts f thy culd s n thr slutn t thr prblms. S systmtc nt-rcst prpgnd n th wrkplcs nd cmmunts hd t b cmbnd wth crtqu f th systm s whl, nd bv ll. wth ld n fghtng wht culd b fught hr nd nw. But t th sm tm rgnsd fscsm hd t b cnfrntd physclly. Thr culd b n qustn f fr spch fr n rgnstn tht ws buldng mchn tht md t us vlnc gnst blcks nd trd unnsts. bv ll mltrstc mrchs thrugh th strts wr n ssntl prt f th fscsts ttmpt t buld mss rgnstn: thy hd t b stppd frm mrchng by ny mns ncssry.

S fr th nxt cupl f yrs S mmbrs tk t th strts t cnfrnt th Ntnl Frnt whnvr thy trd t dmnstrt. ftn ths hd t b dn n lmst ttl sltn, s mst f th rst f th lft stll tndd twrds th vw tht f th NF wr smply gnrd thy wuld dsppr.

But th lvl f th rcst thrt rs shrply n My 1976. vcus prss ttck n Mlw sns llgd t b rcvng hug stt bnfts ws fllwd by n utburst frm nch Pwll nd n upsurg f NF ctvty, n th curs f whch thr blck yuths wr klld nd scrs f thr blcks wr subjctd t physcl ssults. Sclst Wrkr tk n th whl qustn f mmgrtn cntrls hd-n, wth frnt-pg hdln Thyr Wlcm Hr34 Ths ws fllwd by fld f prpgnd. n n wk n Jun 1976 th S prntshp turnd ut 1200 plcrds. 30,000 pstrs nd 80,000 stckrs t crry th nt-rcst mssg.

vrywhr th Nzs pprd thy wr cnfrntd n th strts. n July 1976 Nz, Rbrt Rlf, chvd prss ntrty by dsplyng n hs hm th sgn Fr Sl t n nglsh Fmly. Th Ntnl Frnt, Ntnl Prty, Brtsh Mvmnt nd thrs plnnd t cptls n th mptnt lbrl prtsts t ths by usng t s fcus fr mjr rcst dmnstrtn n Lndn.

But mmbrs f th ntrntnl Sclsts tk pssssn f th ffndng sgn nd publcly burnt t, thwrtng th Nz plns.

FR nthr yr th thrt f rcst vlnc prsstd, cupld wth grwng lctrl succss by th NF. wth mr nd mr f th lft bcmng wr tht th Nz mnc culd nt smply b gnrd. Th turnng pnt cm n 13 ugust 1977 t Lwshm. Hr mssv cuntr-dmnstrtn t n NF mrch succdd n physclly stppng th Nzs, lthugh th succss ws fllwd by vcus ttcks by th plc n th nt-fscst dmnstrtrs.

Th succss f Lwshm ws md pssbl by numbr f fctrs. Mny f th ppl wh hd prtcptd n th xhlrtng mss pckts t Grunwcks rlr n th summr jnd th nt-Nz prtst t Lwshm. But fr mr mprtnt ws th fct tht th nt-fscst frcs wr n lngr cnfnd t th rgnsd xtrm lft. Lrg numbrs f lcl nhbtnts bth blck nd wht jnd th struggl n th strt.

Fr th prss ths ws sgnl fr n ll-ut wtch hunt gnst th Sclst Wrkrs Prty.35 SWP cmrds wr ccusd f nctng vlnc, nd f usng knvs nd mmn gnst th fscsts (n-n trubld t rcll tht mnth rlr Nzs n Lwshm hd ttckd n nt-rcst dmnstrtn wth th ddly psnus wdkllr Prqut). Th Cmmunst Prty, whch hd ssud lflt urgng ppl nt t tk prt n th prvctv mrch plnnd by th Sclst Wrkrs Prty, ls hlpd t suggst tht th SWP ws rspnsbl fr th vlnc. nd th Nzs thmslvs wr n n dubt s t wh hd bn rspnsbl fr thr stbck. t th nd f ugust th Cttns Grdns wrhus, whch hd bn th S/SWP hdqurtrs snc 1969, ws ptrl-bmbd nd prtly dstryd.

Lwshm hlpd t stblsh th SWPs crdntls s n nt-rcst frc. But mjr dffculty rmnd. Whl mny wht nt-rcsts wr drwn t wrk wth nd vn jn th SWP, th Prty md lttl mpct n th blck cmmunty. Durng th svnts Chngr, n sn ppr publshd n vrus sn lngugs, nd Flm, ppr md t Wst ndns, hd bn lunchd, but hd fld t buld ny substntl bs f supprt. Thr wr t b n shrt cuts r sy gns hr. Th dp dstrust flt by mst blck mltnts twrds th wht lft n Brtn culd nly b brkn dwn by lng prd f ptnt nd rgulr nt-rcst wrk.

By lt 1977 lctrl supprt fr th Nzs ws lrdy bgnnng t dcln. clr ndctn tht th strtgy f cnfrnttn hd bn justfd. But th succss f Lwshm ls crtd th cndtns n whch much wdr nt-fscst mvmnt culd b bult. n Nvmbr 1977 th nt Nz Lgu ws lunchd. Th rgnl nttv ws tkn by Pul Hlbrw f th SWP, wh pprchd rn Rbrts nd Ptr Hn: th thr grd t lunch mvmnt. Wthn mnth r tw th NL hd cqurd wd rng f spnsrs; s wll s mny ldng Lbur Prty MPs nd trd unn ldrs, t ws ls bckd by wd rng f wll-knwn jurnlsts, wrtrs nd ntrtnrs such dvrs fgurs s Brn Clugh, rnld Wkr, Kth Wtrhus, Wrrn Mtchll nd mny mr. ftr ntl hsttn th Cmmunst Prty gv ts supprt.

Th NL hd thus succdd n crtng fr brdr untd frnt thn hd vr bn pssbl fr th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn. But th succss f th NL ws nt t b msurd smply by ts blty t wn supprt wthn th xstng lbur mvmnt. t ws ls bl t wn vry wd msur f supprt mng yung ppl wth hthrt n pltcl ffltns. Ths ws substntlly du t th xstnc f Rck gnst Rcsm. RR hd bn lunchd sm tm bfr th NL, n utumn 1976, by S mmbrs nd thrs n rspns t pnly pr-rcst sttmnts by pp muscn rc Clptn nd pr-fscst rmrks by sngr Dvd Bw.36

t ws th cmng tgthr f ths dffrnt strnds tht md t pssbl tr th NL t brk ut f th wry ld dmnstrtn rutn. n 30 prl 1978 th NL hld Crnvl n Lndn, wth mrch t Vctr Prk whr th Tm Rbnsn Bnd, th Clsh, Stl Puls, X-Ry Spx nd thrs ntrtnd crwd f sm ghty thusnd. t ws mblstn cmprbl t th pks f CND nd VSC. scnd Crnvl ws hld n Sptmbr 1978, nd th nvlvmnt f yuth ld t th sttng up f such rgnstns s SKN (Schl Kds gnst th Nzs).

ttmpts wr md t smr th NL s n SWP frnt. But lthugh SWP ctvsts ftn plyd ky rl n buldng th NL t lcl lvl, th brdth f supprt wn by th NL ws s grt tht such smrs nvr lkd t ll cnvncng. Th prblm fr th SWP ws rthr t dstngush ts wn rvlutnry pltcs wthn th brdr mvmnt. Thus, fr xmpl, th NL dd nt hv pstn f ppstn t mmgrtn cntrls.

t s undubtdly tru tht n th rly stgs f th buldng f th NL, th SWP hd such nflunc tht t culd hv frcd th dptn f such pstn. Hd t dn s, hwvr, t s unlkly tht th NL wuld hv bn bl t grw s fst. SWP mmbrs, hwvr, rgud fr thr pstn t th brdr udnc ffrd by th NL. Thus Sclst Wrkr vgrusly crtcsd Sd Bdwll, spnsr f th NL. fr hs supprt fr mmgrtn cntrls n th Prlmntry Slct Cmmtt n rc nd mmgrtn.37

Lkws th SWP cntnud t cll fr physcl cnfrnttn wth th Nzs whr ncssry. Thus durng th summr f 1978 SWP mmbrs fught t clr th Nzs ut f Brck Ln, Bngl r n st Lndn.

n gnrl th NL ws n mprtnt nd vlubl xprnc f hw rvlutnrs cn wrk n brdr mss mvmnt. But n srus mstk ws md. t th tm f th Scnd Crnvl n Suth Lndn n Sptmbr 1978, th NF nnuncd tht n th sm dy thy wuld mrch t Brck Ln. bvusly thy hpd t wrck th Crnvl by ttrctng lrg sctn f th supprtrs t th dfnc f Brck Ln. Th SWP lk th pstn tht th Crnvl must g hd, nd tht th SWP wuld nt h splt frm thr frcs n th NL; but tht suffcnt frc shuld b mblsd t dfnd Brck Ln. Th ln ws rght but th rgnstn rthmtc ws wrng; t fw cmrds rrvd t Brck Ln nd l lt.38

Th NLs wrk cntnud up t th Gnrl lctn n Sprng 1979, nd prtculrly th mblstn n Suthll n 23 prl. Hr, s t Lwshm, th dmnstrtrs wr jnd by lrg numbrs f lcl yuth dtrmnd t drv th Nzs ft thr strts. Hr, t. Blr Pch, n st Lndn tchr nd n SWP-mmbr, ws btn t dth by th plc Spcl Ptrl Grup (SPG). H ws th Prtys frst mrtyr. t hs funrl n Jun, ttndd by svrl thusnd ppl, Kn Gll f th TUC Gnrl Cuncl nd Tny Clff f th SWP spk frm th pltfrm. Clff cncludd t s n us buldng mnumnts f brss nd stn ...lt us murn, but lt us rgns nd mbls.

Dspt th cntnud gttn, t ws nt pssbl t xps th full truth f hw Blr Pch ws murdrd.

TH md-1970s ws ls u prd n whch S xtndd nd dvrsfd ts ctvty. n th rly 1970s S ws ftn ccusd by thrs n th lft f wrkr-sm, f n xclusv prccuptn wth ndustrl wrkrs t th xpns f thr struggls nd thr pprssd sctrs f scty. Th crtcsm ws sy t mk: t suggst n ltrntv ws smwht hrdr. smll rvlutnry grup f ncssty hs t hv prrts; f t sks t b prsnt vrywhr, t s ffctv nwhr, nd rpdly dmrlss ts mmbrshp. T trnsfrm S frm n vrwhlmngly studnt rgnstn, s t hd bn n 1968, nt wht t ws by 1973, n rgnstn wth sm rl rts n th rgnsd wrkng clss, culd h chvd nly by stck-bndng, by cnscus nglct f thr tsks.

But thr ws prc t b pd fr such nglct. mprtnt rs f struggl wr mssd, nd th sds f futur dffcults wr swn. n prtculr S cn b crtcsd fr th fct tht n th rly 1970s th rgnstn s whl fld t rcgns th mprtnc f th rs f th Wmns Lbrtn Mvmnt nd t mk srus nugh ntrvntn n t.

S wmn wr, f curs, nvlvd frm th bgnnng. Sm ffty S wmn ttndd th xfrd Wmns Lbrtn Cnfrnc rly n 1970, whch cn b sn s n f th strlng-pnts f th mvmnt n Brtn. Thr ws mjr dbt n Wmns Lbrtn t th str Cnfrnc f S n 1970. n Jun 1971 S wmn rgnsd Cnfrnc n Wmn ttndd by sm 300 ppl, lthugh rprt ntd tht lmst ll f ths wh spk wr studnts, lcturrs r tchrs. nd n th summr f 1972 th frst ssu f Wmns Vc pprd.

Hwvr, th wrk tndd t b lft t th smll grup f wmn wh tk th nttv, wth lttl gudnc r ncurgmnt frm th cntrl ldrshp f th rgnstn. Thr ws tndncy fr mny cmrds t suggst tht nly wmn wrkng n fctrs wr f ny rl ntrst t th rgnstn; nd tht Wmns Vc ws dvrsn frm gttng dqut cvrg f wmns struggls n Sclst Wrkr.

n f th mn fctrs ldng t chng f mphss cm n 1975, wth th mrgnc f mss mvmnt gnst ttmpts t cut bck n wmns rght t brtn. n Jun 1975 dmnstrtn f frty thusnd wmn nd mn n Lndn dmndd rjctn f th brtn (mndmnt) Bll. S cmrds wr ctv n th Ntnl brtn Cmpgn, lthugh ths psd sm prblms, snc NC dd nt hv n ffctv structur wth n lctd nd rspnsbl cmmtt; ts pn cmmtt frm mnt tht t ws cnstntly lbl t rvrs ts wn dcsns, nd ld t wd pn t pckng by vrty f tndncs. Ths md NC, ftr Jun 1975, ftn unbl t tk th ncssry nttvs. t tms n 1976-7 Wmns Vc supprtrs fund tht thr ws n wy f gttng prpsl fr ctn cnsdrd by NC xcpt t tk th nttv nd nnunc tht t ws gng t tk plc.

Th grwng mprtnc f Wmns Vc ws rflctd by th 600-strng Wmns Vc Rlly hld n Mnchstr n Nvmbr 1975. Th rlly clsd wth Shl McGrgr, th frst full-tm S wmns rgnsr, dclrng:

Wv gt t ld th struggl/r sclst rvlutn. W dnt wnt just t b vc n th mvmnt. W wnt t b cntrl t th mvmnt s w cn b cntrl t th sclst rvlutn.39

nd n Jun 1978 Wmns Vc Rlly n Shffld ttrctd thusnd wmn.

rcgntn f th nd fr slf-crtcsm n Ss ln n wmn pprd n Sclst Wrkr dtrl n 1978:

Just lk ths ml sclsts 60 yrs g. w n Sclst Wrkr hv tndd t turn ur bck n tht mvmnt: t dnunc t s mddl clss, t prtst tht w wr fghtng/r th rghts f ll wrkrs nd t gnr th dscrmntn gnst wmn. Th wmn n th Sclst Wrkrs Prty rfusd t ccpt ths bs. Thy ctd, s prt f th wmns mvmnt t chng th prty.

Thy rgnsd thmslvs n Wmns Vc grups nd chngd th fc nd tn f thr ppr Wmns Vc. Thy lppd grt wll f ngr nd nthussm whch mn-nly sclsm hd nvr cm nr. 40

Th 1978 SWP Cnfrnc dcdd tht Wmns Vc shuld nt b smply publctn, but n rgnstn, nd Wmns Vc grups wr st up n mny lclts.41 Ths ws rcgntn f th nd fr cmpgnng rgnstn tht culd tk up vrty f wmns ssus, s wll s f th fct tht thr ws smll but sgnfcnt prphry f wmn pn t rvlutnry pltcs, but wh culd nt b wn drctly thrugh Sclst Wrkr.

Th succss f Wmns Vc s n rgnstn n turn ld t shrp but cnstructv dbt s t hw fr Wmns Vc shuld b ndpndnt f th SWP. Th 1979 SWP Cnfrnc dcdd tht wthn th lmts f th prsnt lvl f struggl Wmns Vc culd nt b pltclly ndpndnt f th SWP. s th mpct f th Thtchr gvrnmnts prgrmm f cuts bgn t fll spclly hvly n wmn, cmpgnng n dfnc f brtn rghts, nd n th qustns f wmns hlth nd wmns mplymnt bcm stblshd s n mprtnt prt f th SWPs wrk.

Smlr prblms ffctd th ttmpt t stblsh gy grup n S. n 1973 th Ntnl Cmmtt ssud dcumnt frbddng S mmbrs t wrk pltclly n th Gy Lbrtn Frnt (th mn gy rgnstn t th tm) nd dsslvng th S gy grup, rgung tht ths wrk culd nt b prrty t th prsnt tm. Hwvr, ftr xtnsv dscussn, th 1976 Cnfrnc rvrsd ths pstn. Sclst Wrkr ddd t th Whr W Stnd clumn:

W r fr n nd t ll frms f dscrmntn gnst hmsxuls. nd nw S Gy Grup ws stblshd; snc thn th rgnstn hs cntnud t cmpgn nd mk publcty rund th gy qustn.42

NTHR mprtnt dvlpmnt f th md- 1970s ws th rcgntn f th grwng mprtnc f th bttl f ds. Th rulng-clss ffnsv ws nt purly cnmc, but thrust whl numbr f dlgcl nd culturl fctrs nt th cntr f th rn.

Bks hv lwys bn crucl wpn n th struggl fr sclst ds. Th S Bk Srvc bgn n 1967 n sutcs. By 1973 bkshp hd bn pnd n Fnsbury Prk, fllwd by sm nn r tn thrs n vrus prts f th cuntry. n 1977 th Bkmrx bk club ws lunchd mkng sclst bks vlbl t lw prcs. Th Sclst Bkbus prvdd mbl bkshp whch turd th cuntry rgnsng shwngs f lft-wng flms.

n 1978, fcd wth nw udnc ffrd by th grwng nt-Nz mvmnt, th SWP rrgnsd ts wn publctns. Fr sm tm th mnthly ntrntnl Sclsm hd bn n unsy cmprms btwn mgzn nd thrtcl jurnl. n prl 197S, Sclst Rvw ws lunchd s ppulr sclst mgzn, cmbnng nws nlyss wth wd culturl cvrg nd frum fr dbt wth thr sctns f th lft. ntrntnl Sclsm bgn nw srs s qurtrly thrtcl jurnl.

rng f culturl nd ductnl vnts wr ls lunchd. 1976 sw th frst f th nnul sr Rlls hld n th Drbyshr Mnrs Hldy Cmp t Skgnss, cmbnng pltcl mtngs wth flms, ftbll nd chldrns ctvts. nd 1977 sw th hldng f Mrxsm 77, wklng srs f lcturs nd dscussns n wd rng f pltcl, thrtcl, hstrcl nd culturl tpcs.

n 1977 t th Stuff th Jubl cmpgn, wth bdgs, stckrs nd spcl Sclst Wrkr, prvd hghly ppulr mng ths scknd by ryl hypcrsy nd xtrvgnc.

n th rly 1970s S, rctng gnst ts rts n th 1968 upsurg, tndd t dwngrd wrk mng studnts, but by 1974 ths nglct bgn t b crrctd. n 1974 NβSS (Ntnl rgnstn f S Scts) ws fundd (subsquntly t bcm SWS), s n rgnstn f studnts clsly ssctd wth S nd s mns f brngng studnts twrds th rgnstn. NβSS/SWS prtcptd n mny studnt struggls ntbly gnst clsur f cllgs f ductn nd ncrsd fs fr vrss studnts. n 1977 ldng SWP studnt mltnt, ndy Struthus, ws jld fr rfusng t crry ut curt rdr whch wuld hv prvntd hm crryng ut hs jb s Studnts Unn prsdnt t Nrth st Lndn Plytchnc.

nthr r f Ss wrk whch bgn t b mr dvlpd n ths prd ws ntrntnlsm. f Ss pltcs hd lwys bn ntrntnlst, nvlvmnt n th ntrntnl mvmnt hd bn lmtd; t ws lwys rgud tht t ws pntlss t buld ntrntnl structurs untl th rgnstn hd rl bs t hm. Tw ntrntnl cnfrncs (spnsrd jntly wth Lutt uvrr n Frnc nd th ntrntnl Sclsts n th US) n 1970 nd 1971 br lttl frut.

n th frst fw mnths ftr th Chln cup f 1973 S cncntrtd n drwng prpgnd lssns but th flur f th prlmntry rd. By th sprng f 1974 th mphss shttd t mr ctv prtcptn n th wrk f th Chl Sldrty Cmpgn nd S cmrds wr nvlvd n such ssus s dptng pltcl prsnrs thrugh th trd unn mvmnt.

But t ws th vnts n Prtugl n 1975, whn th whl qustn f stt pwr smd t b n th blnc, tht prducd th bggst nvlvmnt n ntrntnl ctvty. n ugust 1975 56 S mmbrs wnt t Prtugl n dlgtn rgnsd n cnjunctn wth th Prtugus PRP (Rvlutnry Prty f th Prltrt); n SW Prtugus Sldrty Fund ws stblshd, nd mny snt t th PRP fr th purchs f prntng mtrl.

t th sm tm n ttmpt ws md t rs pltcl dbt but th ssus f th Prtugus Rvlutn. Tny Clffs Prtugl t th Crssrds43 ws publshd nd dstrbutd n Prtugus, Spnsh, tln, Frnch, Grk nd Grmn.

Prtugl ld t rvsn f Ss ntrntnl prspctv. t ws rgud tht th trdtnl lbls (such s Msm nd Trtskysm) whch hd dvdd th rvlutnry mvmnt wr bcmng bslt, nd tht n dvlpng ntrntnl lnks, S shuld gv prrty t grups whch hd srus prctcl rnttn t th wrkng clss rthr thn ths whch t hd th grtst dgr f frml grmnt but pnts f prgrmm. Fr whl S hd cls lnks wth th tln sm-Mst rgnstn vngurd pr,44 but durng th 1976 lctns mvd t th rght, nd shrtly ftrwrds wnt nt shrp dcln.

Th fll n th lvl f struggl n Prtugl nd tly ftr 1976 md t clr tht th prcss f ntrntnl rgrupmnt tht S hpd fr ws nw-gng t tk lngr thn xpctd. s mns f dvlpng ntrntnl dbt S lunchd n ntrntnl Dscussn Bulltn n 1976, subsquntly t b ncrprtd nt th nw srs f ntrntnl Sclsm.

THRUGHUT th 1970s, th qustn f rlnd cntnud t cnfrnt th Brtsh lft. Whl cndmnng such ctns s th Brmnghm pub bmbngs n Nvmbr 1974, S cntnully cmpgnd fr th wthdrwl f Brtsh trps s th nly slutn t th prblm. S ls dvlpd cls lnks wth th Sclst Wrkrs Mvmnt, n rsh rgnstn fundd n 1971 whch hd smlr pltcl nlyss

n th lttr hlf f 1976 S sw cnsdrbl grwth. Th Rght t Wrk Cmpgn nd nt-rcst ctvty, plus grwng dsllusn wth th Lbur Gvrnmnt, wr prducng stdy strm f rcruts. Thy cm s fllws: Jun 64 nw mmbrs; July 77 nw mmbrs; ugust 100; Sptmbr 174;

ctbr 192; Nvmbr 243; Dcmbr 155; mkng ttl f vr thusnd nw mmbrs. By md-1977 th mmbrshp ws rund fur thusnd, cmprd t smthng nt much vr 2500 yr rlr.

Th dvnc ws nt smply numrcl. Ss blty t ntt ctvty, rthr thn smply jn n mvmnts lunchd by thrs, hd nvr bn grtr. ndustrlly, thr wr mr mmbrs thn vr bl t ld dsputs n thr wn wrkplcs, whl dstrcts wr bttr quppd t ntrvn n struggls frm th utsd.

But th mprvd ntur f Ss rgnstn n n wy mtchd up t th bjctv nds f th stutn, gvn th vcuum lft by th rghtwrd drft f th Lbur lft, th Cmmunst Prty nd th unn burucrcs. n ldng cmrd dscrbd S s bng th smllst mss prty n th wrld, such ws th dsprprtn btwn th stll tny rgnstn nd th tsks fcng t.

NTHR fctr n th dvlpmnt f th rgnstn ws th dcsn, n th utumn f 1976, tht S shuld bgn t cntst prlmntry by-lctns. Th frst st chsn ws Wlsll Nrth. th cnsttuncy vctd by runwy Lbur MP Jhn Slnhus. Th bjctv ws twfld: frstly, t ffr gnrlsd pltcl ltrntv t smll lyr f ppl lkng fr smthng t th lft f th ncrsngly dscrdtd Lbur Gvrnmnt; scnd!). t us th pprtunty fr prpgnd t buld lcl brnch f th rgnstn. Th rsults t Wlsll, whl nt strtlngly gd, smd t suggst sm vldty t ths prspctv: 1.6% f th pll (mr thn th Cmmunst Prty hd gt n tht st n ctbr 1974). nd sm twnty fv rcruts t th prty.

t ws n th bss f ths dvlpmnts tht th dcsn ws tkn tht frm Jnury 1977 S shuld b rnmd th Sclst Wrkrs Prty.

Th prspctv ws tht th rsng lvl f struggl (thr ws shrp rs n th numbr f strks up t th dft f th frmns strk t th nd f th yr) wuld ffr th pssblty fr cntnud rcrutmnt. s Tny Clff put t n n rtcl xplnng th nd fr th prty:

t s pssbl, nd vtl, t buld th rgnstn quckly. But t s ls fct tht mny f us suffr frm cnsrvtsm n dng tht.

s rsult f tw tugh yrs, mny f us r puttng th sghts fr t lw. W r frd f bng hurt nd thrfr lk fr sfly. nd. f curs, f yu try t rcrut n n, yu r 100 pr cnt succssful.

Th prsnt mmbrs f ur prty r nt th slt f th rth, th slct fw. f ny ltsm xsts n ur rgnstn t s ncssry t uprt t cmpltly. 45

s prpgnd tl fr th lunchng f th Prty, twnty thusnd cps f pmphlt by Pul Fl clld Why Yu Shuld B Sclst wr prntd nd dstrbutd. Th ttl ws sgnfcnt. t strssd tht ths ws nt th tm fr rgung pnts f dtl wth thrs lrdy cmmttd t sclsm, th ky tsk ws t pprch whl rng f ppl prvusly untuchd by pltcl ds, but wh wr bcmng pn t rvlutnry pltcs s rsult f th crss.

n fct thngs dd nt g s smthly. Th ndustrl dwnturn ws nt s drmtc s prdctd, nd rcrutmnt slwd dwn. Mrvr, by rly 1978 t ws clr tht th lctrl strtgy hd, n blnc, bn unsuccssful. ttl f ght by-lctns wr cntstd. n ll css th vt ws, s xpctd, smll; but th ntrvntn f th MG (undr th lctrl gus f Sclst Unty) nd thr fr lft grups mnt tht th rsults wr n sm css much wrs thn xpctd; mrvr, xprnc shwd tht t ws dffcult t mntn ths brnchs bult rund n lctn cmpgn.

Th rgnl ntntn, f stndng sm sxty cnddts n th Gnrl lctn, ws drppd, nd t ws fnlly grd nt t stnd ny cnddts t ll. Whl sm xprnc hd bn gnd, nd th pssblty f fghtng lctns n th futur rmns, th xprmnt hd n gnrl prvd ngtv.

N TH summr f 1977 th SWP snt n pn lttr t th Cmmunst Prty, mkng srs f cncrt suggstns fr jnt mtngs btwn th tw rgnstns t dscuss cprtn rund spcfc ndustrl nd trd unn qustns. Bn Rmlsn., th Cmmunst Prtys ndustrl rgnsr, rpld tht th SWPs ctvty nd prpgnd s dvsv nd dsruptv, mkng mr dffcult th dvlpmnt f untd mss struggl.46

Th SWP ws ls pprchd by th MG fr cprtn n n lctrl llnc. Th rspns t ths ws tht t th prsnt tm lctrl ntrvntns culd b nly mttr f prpgnd nd tht untd frnts cn b frutful f thy r bsd n spcfc nd cncrt dmnds, nt bstrct prpgnd.

N rly 1978, fllwng th dft f th frmns strk, nd whn th mn pstv r f ctvty ws th rpdly grwng NL, nw dbt mrgd n th rgnstn. nc gn th qustn t stk ws Sclst Wrkr, ts rnttn nd ts us s tl fr prty buldng. Th dtr, Chrs Hrmn (wh hd tkn vr frm Pul Fl sm thr yrs bfr), rtrd frm th pst nd n Fbrury t ws nnuncd tht Sclst Wrkr s t h r-lunchd s n mprvd, lvlr ppr. Th m ws t pn th ppr ut t rch nd nvlv thusnds mr ppl wh r nt mmbrs f th Sclst Wrkrs Prty.47 Th nw dsgn fr th ppr ncludd mr crtns, rgulr sprts nd tlvsn cvrg, nd srl stry Th Frdys. Th clm ws tht vr th prvus yr r s th ppr hd bcm brng nd prdctbl, nd tht th ppr shuld nw b usd t rch nw prphry.

Crtcs f th nw ppr llgd tht th ppr ws gvng nsuffcnt ttntn t th ndustrl struggl; tht mprtnt pltcl qustns wr bng vrsmplfd t such n xtnt tht th pltcl cntnt f th ppr ws dlutd: nd tht th ppr ws smply rflctng nd nthusng but th NL, rthr thn rgung tr th SWPs dstnctv pltcs wthn tht mlu.

Th dbt crrd n fr sm tm. t th nd f July fur jurnlsts wh hd bn spclly ssctd wth th nw ln n th ppr (Pul Ft, Jm Nchl, Lur Flynn nd Ptr Mrsdn) rsgnd frm full-tm wrk n Sclst Wrkr, nd Tny Clff ws ppntd s dtr. Sm fturs f th nw ppr (fr xmpl, th sprts clumn) wr rtnd, whl thrs dspprd. Th Frd strk nd th rsurgnc f ndustrl struggl n th utumn f 1978 shftd th blnc f th ppr bck t wht t hd bn yr rlr.

Try vctry n My 1979 brught t n nd fv yrs f Lbur rul. n purly numrcl trms th SWP ws nt sgnfcntly lrgr thn n 1974, wth mmbrshp n 1980 f 4100 s gnst 3900 n 1974. But th srus lsss f 1975-6 hd bn md up fr, nd th scl cmpstn f th Prty (36 pr cnt mnul nd 32 pr cnt wht cllr wrkrs) shwd tht th Prty ws snkng rts nt th clss, s dd th lrg numbr f cmrds hldng shp flr nd trd unn pstns. Th Rnk nd Fl Dfnd ur Unns Cnfrnc n Jun 1979, ttndd by sm thusnd dlgts, ws n ndctn f th Prtys mplnttn nd blty t mbls.

n th trms f th vrll clss struggl, th stutn ws n f cntnud dwnturn, wth mst struggls fundmntlly dfnsv. Th Cmmunst Prty nd ts vrus Brd Lft frnts fcd furthr dcln, whl much f th rvlutnry nd x-rvlutnry lft ws bmusd by swng t th lft n th Lbur Prty whch ws n fct lrgly cnfnd t th rhtrcl nd cnsttutnl lvls. lmst ln th SWP std fr th pn buldng f nw rvlutnry prty wth clr prgrmm nd bs n th wrkng clss. Th prblms cuts, unmplymnt, rcsm nd th nw Cld Wr wr duntng.

But whl th rd bfr us s undubtdly lng nd hrd, th pssblts r nrmus. n th bss f crtcl undrstndng f ts wn trdtns, th SWP cn lk frwrd wth cnfdnc t th struggls hd.


Notes


1 Th cnmst, 6 prl 1957

2 Fr fullr trtmnt f th qustns s D. Hlls, Buldng th Ldrshp (S 40), nd Furth ntrntnl n Dcln (S 60); ls Th rgns f th ntrntnl Sclsts (Lndn 1971).

3 Th thry s xpundd mst fully n T Clff. Russ, Mrxst nlyss (Lndn, 1974) (n xpnsn f th rgnl dcumnt frm 1948). shrtr nd mr rdbl ccunt s C Hrmn, Th strn Blc n Wrld Crss. (Lndn 1971).

4 Cf rgns f th ntrntnl Sclsts, pp. 49-62, 96-7, 102.

5 dtrl. Sclst Rvw, Vl 1. N 6, Nvmbr-Dcmbr 1951

6 Sclst Rvw, Vl 1, N 4. My 1951.

7 9-10 Dcmbr 1950. Whr n publshd surc s gvn fr quttns. thy r tkn frm unpublshd mnuts nd ntrnl dcumnts f th rgnstn.

8 Mst fully xpundd n M. Kdrn, Wstrn Cptlsm snc th Wr, Lndn 1968).

9 T Clff. Sclst Rvw. My 1957.

10 Mrx & ngls, Slctd Crrspndnc. p. 326.

11 19 Sptmbr, 10 Nvmbr.

12 S Zgzg: Th CP nd th Bmb n S 3.

13 S 3. dtrl.

14 Th nm f th grup ws chngd frm Sclst Rvw t ntrntnl Sclsm n 1962.

15 Lbur Rvw, Summr 1962.

16 29 ctbr, 1964

Jnury-Fbrury 1963.

17 M. Pbl n Lntrntnl rgn f th Furth ntrntnl.

18 Lbur Wrkr, My 1964.

19 Jm Hggns. Lbur Wrkr. Sptmbr 1965.

20 ncms Plcy, Lgsltn nd Shp Stwrds (Lndn 1966), p. 136.

21 Fr full ccunt nd nlyss, s J Rssr & C Brkr Th NV Stry (18 31).

22 Cf. T. Clff, Frm Mrxst Crcl t gttn (S 52).

23 Th Wk f 1967 chrldrs fr Fdl Cstr nd blck pwr hd lttl bynd th nm n cmmn wth Th Wk f 1964, wth ts lst f spnsrng lft Lbur MPs. Th chng n pltcs ws ccmpnd by substntl turnvr f prsnnl. But lk th brush tht hd thr nw hds nd tw nw hndls, t ws stll th sm ld brush.

24 Sclst Wrkr, 21 ugust, 1969.

25 n Dfnc f Mrxsm, (Nw Yrk, 1965) p.109.

26 Lndn, 1970

27 Cf. rtcls by J. Twnsnd nd C. Hrmn n S 62 nd 63 nd S. Jffrys n S 76.

28 Sclst Wrkr, 15 Mrch 1975

29 Sclst Wrkr, 29 Mrch 1975

30 Fr th rcrd, sm smllr splts-ffs ccurrd n ths prd. n th summr f 1973 n undclrd fctn ws xplld n th grunds tht t hd dvlpd ttl ppstn t S pltcs (ntbly n rthdx Trtskyst tttud t prgrmm, nd rthr cdmc crtqu f th Prmnnt rms cnmy thry). Sm mmbrs f ths grupng frmd th Rvlutnry Cmmunst Grup, whl thrs dspprd wthut trc nt th Lbur Prty. subsqunt splt n th RCG gv brth t th Rvlutnry Cmmunst Tndncy. Th Lft Fctn, whs pltfrm strssd th mprtnc f th rsh struggl nd crtqu f th Ss wrkrsm nd rnk nd fl strtgy wr xplld n 1975. Thy frmd n rgnstn clld Wrkrs Pwr, whch ws t fus wth Wrkrs Fght t fund th ntrntnl Cmmunst Lgu. Mst f th Wrkrs Pwr mmbrs subsquntly lft th CL nd cntnud thr xstnc s Wrkrs Pwr.

31 Th xcludd cmrds stblshd th Wrkrs Lgu, whch fr whl publshd ppr Wrkrs Nws. n 1978 th Wrkrs Lgu, tgthr wth sm thr x-S mmbrs frmd th ntrntnl Sclst llnc. Ths bdy hd s ts sl ctvty vrus mnuvrs fr rvlutnry unty btwn th SWP, MG nd thrs. t sn dsntgrtd, wth sm mmbrs jnng th MG.

32 Gff Rbrts, Th Strtgy f Rnk nd Flsm, Mrxsm Tdy, Dcmbr 1976

33 Th bst sttmnt f th S pstn f th rltn f th prty t th rnk nd fl mvmnt s n Twrds Rnk nd Fl Mvmnt, by ndrs Nglt, ntrntnl Sclsm 66

34 Sclst Wrkr, 29 My 1976

35 Th S hd chngd ts nm t th Sclst Wrkrs Prty n Jnury 1977

36 Sclst Wrkr, 2 ctbr, 1976

37 Sclst Wrkr, 1 prl 1978

38 S Sclst Wrkr, 30 Sptmbr 1978 fr slf-crtcsm

39 Sclst Wrkr, 6 Dcmbr 1975

40 Sclst Wrkr, 10 Jun 1978

41 Sclst Wrkr, 1 July 1978

42 Cmpr n prtculr Sclst Wrkr, 27 ugust 1978

43 ntrntnl Sclsm spcl Ns 81-82

44 S ntrntnl Sclsm 84 fr rcrd f th dbt btwn nd S

45 Sclst Wrkr, 8 Jnury 1977

46 Sclst Wrkr, 9 July 1977

47 Sclst Wrkr, 11 Fbrury 1978






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