-12 (-12)

:





-1



-1





V











T1







V










.




.



2.


1 - 35 , HB = 269..302



2 - 35 , H = 235..262





3.


3.1


[]H = lim zN / SH

lim - ,

zN - ,

SH -








, :

NHG = (HB)3






NK = 60 n3 n t

NK - ,

n3 - ,

n - ,

t







NEH = NK

NEH - ,

NK - ,

H -



. . V






ZN - ,


NHG - , :,

NEH - ,






:





:



SH = SHmin SHa SHb

SH - ,

SHmin - ,

SHa - , ,

SHb - , , SHb = 1.1 .. 1.2



. .



. .



. .
















3.2


[]F = Flim YN / SF

Flim - " " ,

YN - ,

SF -








- ,

mF -

NEF - .





. .



. .


NEF = NK F

NEF -

NK - ,

F -



. . V mF1 = 6



. . V mF2 = 6








:





:



SF = SFmin SFa SFb

SF - ,

SFmin - ,

SFa - , ,

SFb - , , SHb = 1.1 .. 1.3


















4.


KH = KHV KH KH

KH - ,

KHV - , ,

KH - , ,

KH - ,


KF = KFV KF KF

KF - ,

KFV - , ,

KF - , ,

KF - ,


4.1 HV , FV


:





1 -

u -


:




/


v<3 /c - 7




4.2 H , F




4.3 H , F








5.







Ra40 :






6.








7.


mmin = Km KF T1 (u + 1) / (aw b2 []F2)

mmin - , ,

Km - , ,

KF -



. . -





mmax = 2 aw / (17 (u + 1))

mmax - , ,

aw - ,

u -









9563-60


8.


8.1


Z = Z1 + Z2 = 2 aw / m




8.2






8.3



-





8.4






%


9.


Z - ,



. . -











10.


F - , ,

[]F - , ,

Ft - ,

KF - ,

m - , ,

b2 - , ,

Y -





YFS - , ,

Y - , ,

Y - ,


: ZV = Z








YFS = f(ZV , x),

x -




Zv1



Zv2


Y = 1 -




















11.


11.1





-





-


11.2





-





-


11.3





-





-



12.


:





:











- .
, VIP-.
. .