apa (8623-1)

apa

, ,

15 1934 . - (1902-1976). - (1910-1986). - (1955 . .). : (1960 . .), (1971 . .).

eop Apao apa pecae epoe oceoeoe ooee acepo pocccoo aa. cepee 1950- oo, (1952-1957), oa "oo ocep" (poe eo pa A.3yo, K. axo, . epyc, B.3eeo), oo cocae ac ooe opecp . Cayc.

1958 cacoo apaa aya opecpe Oea ycpea, a ae, 1966 , - oepo cpao opecpe Bcecooo pao, oop pyoo Ba oc. Oopeeo apa pae ax pyax, ocoo apee c apco Hoae po. Kape pocyecoa ecoo e, eee oopx c ycexo cya a a-ecax Tae, pae Moce, a oo oepo cpae a pyeo, eoopao acac a pao.

cepee 1960- aoe ec copeeo ce, yae a oax Bcecooo pao, pec apay cya ece c yaa oypoc. 1969 .. .

1973 oy ox yao eo opecpa oceepao pac paoa a py paac "Meo". Pyooee ooeoo aca ca eop apa. Ta poc oce e coca, oop o o cx op yo Pocc. Aca c pa eco aoapoa ea, aca aeay yy aoe oo o ca o a-poa.

C 1975 o 1982 o aca "Meo" . apaa aca 11 cox co: c opaoa ece coecx ooopo - "Ba e ec", "3aoe eo"; c ao eca - "ap", "Koep oee", ""Meo" pae a oa"; c opaoa pyccx apox ece .. aca "ap" caa epo a-pooo aco cop coecoo aa. "" . 12 .

Aca "Meo" acac c y cpa coe (. Koo, A. yaea, . eeo, . ypeo p.), co yy coecx ooopo (apep, . Tyxao, copya c opecpo a oac o, a cpa, - c "Ha oe oe a"), ya o ( c yo . aoa, A. Poa, A. aea, . aea p.).

o pae ooo yx pepo pa ea Poececoo ca "Meo" eop apa (a coc-poaop) pa yace peepe epo co Apea e.

o e pe (1972-1976) apa cyae aece pepa coecoo opecpa Koea o eaopa. o a 100 . e oo ppye - e . o eo ooopco eeoc - ya 30 oa. Cpe x: "a", " ", " ", "Pee ee oooc" ( "" 1985 ), "opoce opoa", "Beep ap", " ", "pa o".

1981 oy eop apa ep aox yao ca acye apco , a 1992 oy - apo apco Poccco eepa.

1989 oy p Hy pac apaa p a eo yape a ooc aoo pepa. eep oe poe apc cya o acay yy.

1991 oy apa peaye co a ey coae Mococ -e, oop paae cax acx aeo-poeccoao cpa. Ceac poe pe oea yaoe yae oo opecpa, eoee apapo, coae eo pyooee.

O oex aeo ce , . apa - aco yp y. Moe aa eo paee e eoo ooe.

Ha poe ce opeco eeoc . apa ao oeppye, ce eo oep poxo p ox aaax. O cyae a coc-poaop, a pep. B po "apa - Kpaep - Kyeo" o oexa c Pocc ee apyee. apa a oeco oepo o ce cpae, oe oopx - aoopee. O aco cyae c ec yaa - epc, ec, oocpc, yc, capaoc ..

B 1998 . apa ca pyooee yaoo -ea, oop pa ya ao oeo Pocc. Opecp c pyo aep Meyapo ao eca 100-e co poe epa (1998, Moca), Meyapo ao eca 100-e co poe oa (1999, Moca), oop ca cocc aoo ooe opo - Ca-eepyp pye opoa Pocc, c ycexo poe a ecx acpox ype a Taae (2000, 2001), ooc acpo ca ceyey aacoy ypy. Mooo pacoapc opecp eop apaa c eco cy 2001 oy a aoo ecae pae (Pexoa). Opecp, pae ceao op eca, ye a epo oepe ao oo ycex, o ocaec a opecp pa oce, a ae eca ece c opecpo ypoa e pooo aa: apaa Aa Hycay (CA), cacooc epp epo (CA) ac eo aa (pa).

eop apa - aypea (1965-1968), ox eyapox aox ecae - pae, oee, aae, Bapae, , pae. Myae p e coeac, o cya Kpacoapcoo yaoo -ea ye co e po, a pyx oeo, coax aeae apco. Pyooe Kpacoapcoo opecoo oee "peepa" eoap ao pa ocoy aoapoc . apay a o, o o coa pepac opecp yao, oope paoa "peepe", oo e ca e a cox e. Te e eee Kpacoapc -e - o ye apa, o ceecye e oo yao, o eaoeco aae . apaa.

eop apa - ece ao ya, e aoee oo cax pecx ao pa - oo ae ocepaop. Co o aa: "a: ea c apa", o aae opaao. Ka oep a ae-o eoaoc. ep - "a o" - apa poe ece c apo apca, aypeaa ocyapceo pe Oo Ocpoyoo, Aoo apo Baeo Hy. Ha opo - paax eoo eca "Pycca a" - co pay popay oaa Kpacoapc -e. Ha pe apa pac epcoo ycpyeaca aa ooea cox e. Ha eepo, eo, oop aac "epe copo e ae", cy e pyx apo - cpa Mac eoo, oc Koo, ea Xaao , oeo, aoe apc.

Aoee e ye pe o p ox aaax. pe oa a oepax "a coeca ya", "a ea Mepa", "Cacoo - opo aa", a epe - "a ooe" (apa cy co co apepo, oeee Meyapooo oypca e .. aocoo eco Maye), "Meyapo a-aca" (apa paae pacoo aca eoa ay) ..

Ha oep eop apaa pxo cex ooe - capeo, oooo, oo aaeo opa o ye ap - a. O a o apae o cox poee, oope o cx op xpa ac aca "Meo" poc x a oep, o oy aopa o ee.

12 2001 Kpee pee B.B. y py eop apay ocyapcey pe Poccco eepa oac epayp cycca a 2000 o. Ka caao yae peea Poccco eepa o 6 2001 oa, "pe pyea apay eop Apaoy, ooopy, pepy, cacoocy a popa "a: ea c apa", "3ooe eo aa", "a coeca y", "Cacoo - opo aa", "epe copo e ae". ocyapceo pe oa pyea a oce ae!

eop apa (1999). - e Coa ooopo P c 1975 oa Coa eaopaco P c 1996 oa, "".

eax ace apaa - ao co aeo aepaco pyo "Opeo" o coec opecpo e aocoo (pep - eop apa) - 1999 a opoaa a cay pecy yay pe pe - "p". Too o aoea ac - c ey eopo eapa "Hoa oepa" Bapo eo (oa ae ca oyp pe eopo peepyap). . apa pooae eocppoa, o eo a yaa e eo eocoo.

Bo ee ooo cape aooo exa, peea Mococoo a-aaeea p Caycoo: "Topeca apepa ooo cax ecx coecx aox yao - eop apaa - caaac a ox aax. O p pecae cpa, o oo opee cao o oe pae oeeceoo aooo ypoa. apa - cacooc, ooop, apapo, pep, pepaco ae ce poecc, - eycoo, ec oo aox yp copeeoo pocccoo aa".






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