Весь материал к лабораторной работе №6 по ВС и МПТ (IOTRAN)Посмотреть архив целиком
IOTRAN Utility Program V1.0 ------ ------- ------- ---- IOTRAN is supplied with the AVSIM family of simulator\debuggers to facilitate the use of I/O files. I/O files that interface to AVSIM must be in a binary format - either byte or word-wide. This is convenient for I/O that is ASCII, but less so for handling numerical values from/to other programs, such as BASIC, FORTRAN, etc. Let's suppose that you have an A/D converter attached to your CPU via a parallel port. You are sampling a sine wave and computing its RMS power. A D/A converter is also attached, to output the analog RMS power. To generate the input file of sine wave samples, use a BASIC routine: 10 OPEN #1,"SINE.AD" 20 FOR S=0 TO 100 30 PRINT #1,32767*SIN(6.28*S/10) 40 NEXT 50 CLOSE #1 Now you have a file that contains a list of integers in floating point format. This cannot be fed to AVSIM directly, as it will appear as a string of ASCII values instead of the decimal value itself. ie. "123" will be read by AVSIM's I/O facility as 31H,32H,33H instead of 7BH (123 decimal). IOTRAN will do the conversion by: >IOTRAN db SINE This does a decimal-to-byte translation from file SINE.AD to SINE.AB. Decimal values outside the range -128 to 127 are converted to their remainder in modulus 128. Fractions are rounded. Now suppose the A/D converter is 16-bits, and is configured so that the first read provides the upper 8 bits then the second provides the lower 8 bits. You need to produce a conversion that is in 16-bit binary format. IOTRAN will do a decimal-to-word signed conversion by: >IOTRAN dw SINE This does a translation from file SINE.AD to SINE.AW. If instead, the 16-bit A/D converter is attached to two ports, providing the 16-bit word in parallel, you will need 2 files, each one holding the upper/lower parts of each 16-bit value. IOTRAN will do a decimal-to-2 byte signed conversion by: >IOTRAN db2 SINE Two files, SINE.AB1 and SINE.AB2, will be generated. SINE.AB1 contains the upper byte of each word, and SINE.AB2 contains the lower byte of each word. If you are using a 16-bit simulator (TMS32010, 68000) the decimal-to-word conversion will be needed for a single port. Similarly, a 32-bit conversion can be made by: >IOTRAN dw2 SINE Now we can run AVSIM and attach files SINE.AB, or SINE.AB1 and SINE.AB2 to ports with the I/O facility within AVSIM. Since we want to simulate the D/A output of RMS power as the program runs, we also attach an output file,"OUTPUT.AB", to the D/A port assignment and collect binary data. After exiting from AVSIM, however, the output file cannot be used directly for BASIC input, or LOTUS, etc. IOTRAN will convert byte-to-decimal by: >IOTRAN bd OUTPUT It reads file OUTPUT.AB and generates a list of decimal values in file OUTPUT.AD, which can then be printed, or displayed. Other conversions include: wd - word-to-decimal file.AW --> file.AD b2d - 2 byte-to-decimal file.AB1 & file.AB2 --> file.AD w2d - 2 word-to-decimal file.AW1 & file.AW2 --> file.AD Similarly, conversion from hexadecimal-to-byte or word is possible. A hex value in ASCII - eg. 1B21 is converted to a binary stream. Use this technique for unsigned conversions. Hex conversions include: hb - hex-to-byte file.AH --> file.AB hw - hex-to-word file.AH --> file.AW hb2 - hex-to-2 byte file.AH --> file.AB1 & file.AB2 hw2 - hex-to-2 word file.AH --> file.AW1 & file.AW2 bh - byte-to-hex file.AB --> file.AH wh - word-to-hex file.AW --> file.AH b2h - 2 byte-to-hex file.AB1 & file.AB2 --> file.AH w2h - 2 word-to-hex file.AW1 & file.AW2 --> file.AH
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