Management of organization (43300)

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Одеський національний політехнічний університет

Менеджмент













Методичні вказівки до практичних занять з англійської мови за спеціальністю «Менеджмент» для студентів ІІ курсу




Передмова


Метою “Методичних вказiвок” є формування впродовж 72 годин аудиторних занять у студентів (вхідний рівень володіння мовою – В1) вмiнь та навичок читання, письма та говоріння за тематикою спеціальності «Менеджмент організацій» на ІІ курсі навчання Інституту бізнесу, економіки та інформаційних технологій (вихідний рівень володіння мовою – В2). За рахунок тренування і виконання читання текстів і комунікативних завдань студенти зможуть досягти практичного володіння англійською мовою за фахом.

Практичне володіння іноземною мовою в рамках даного курсу припускає наявність таких умінь в різних видах мовної комунікації, які дають можливість:

  • вільно читати оригінальну літературу іноземною мовою у відповідній галузі знань;

  • оформляти витягнуту з іноземних джерел інформацію у вигляді перекладу або резюме;

  • робити повідомлення і доповіді іноземною мовою на теми, пов'язані з науковою роботою майбутнього фахівця;

  • вести бесіду за фахом.

Кожний урок складається з тексту й комплекса мовних вправ, які розраховані на удосконалення навичок активізації словарного і граматичного мінімуму професійного спрямування. “Методичні вказiвки” забезпечують підготовку до міжнародного усного і письмового спілкування англійською мовою для спеціальних цілей, а саме - оволодіння лексичними, граматичними і стилістичними навичками, а також умінням розмовляти, читати, переписуватися, перекладати, конспектувати, згортати і розгортати усну і письмову англомовну інформацію наукового функціонального стилю, що передбачено вимогами Програми вивчення мов у нефілологічному ВУЗі.


Lesson 1 THE READING MODULE


Read the text: The Nature of Management

Management is an important area of study from both the personal and the global perspective. Formally defined, management is the process of working with and through others to achieve organizational objectives in a changing environment. Central to this process is the effective and efficient use of limited resources. Managerial ability is the demonstrated capacity to achieve organizational objectives both effectively and efficiently.

The basic formula for managerial success is S=A x M x O (managerial success = ability x motivation to manage x opportunity). Managerial ability results when theory and practice are systematically integrated.

A small business is defined as an independently owned and managed profit-seeking enterprise employing fewer than 100 persons. Small business and public sector organizations afford managers some unique opportunities and challenges. Research indicates that small busi ness managers have a different managerial role profile than do managers in larger businesses. The axiom of the small business generalist and the large business specialist appears to be valid. "Lack of management expertise" was found by researchers to be the primary cause of the high failure rate in small businesses. In spite of a good deal of evidence to the contrary, public sector managers must cope with a negative image. Many people assume that bureaucrats are incompetent and wasteful. Four major constraints public sector managers must deal with are: legislated purposes (government agencies are told what to do by law-making bodies), no compe tition, weak incentives, and organizational inflexibility (large governmental bureaucracies have to be highly structured to provide standard services to millions of clients nationwide, reams of procedures and regulations can stifle innovation).

Slumping productivity growth in the United States took an upward swing in 1983-84 largely due to a maturing work force, lower inflation and cheaper energy, technological advancement, and increased labor-manage ment cooperation. Still, there is much room for improvement if the United States is to match Japan's record of productivity growth. It is important for managers to translate the productivity problem into organizational terms. Organizational productivity is the ratio of total input to total output, adjusted for inflation, for a specific period of time. Japan, with the world's highest rate of productivity growth, is an inspiring example of how to do more with less.


I. Reading Exercises:

Exercise 1. Read and memorize using a dictionary:


objective, opportunity, challenge, valid, rate, productivity growth, labor, input, output, incentive, purpose, ratio, competition, room, improvement, advancement, inflexibility, evidence, failure


Exercise 2. Answer the questions:

1) What does management study?

2) What is the primary cause of the high failure rate in small businesses?

3) What are four major constraints public sector managers must deal with?

4) What is organizational productivity?


Exercise 3. Match the left part with the right:


1. Small business and public sector organizations

a) afford managers some unique opportunities and challenges.

2. Management is the process of working with and through others

b) are incompetent and wasteful.

3. There is much room for improvement if the United States is

c) to achieve organizational objectives in a changing environment.

4. Many people assume that bureaucrats

d) to match Japan's record of productivity growth.



Exercise 4. Open brackets choosing the right words:

(Rising/slumping) productivity growth in the United States took an upward swing in 1983-84 largely due to a maturing work force, lower inflation and (cheaper/more expensive) energy, technological advancement, and increased labor-manage ment cooperation.


THE SPEAKING MODULE


II. Speaking Exercises:

Exercise 1. Describe management, organizational productivity, managerial ability, small business using the suggested words and expressions as in example:


management

to achieve, objectives, process, with and through, environment, changing

example:

Management is the process of working with and through others to achieve organizational objectives in a changing environment. Central to this process is the effective and efficient use of limited resources.


organizational productivity

ratio, output, inflation, period of time, total, input


managerial ability

capacity, objectives, efficiently, to achieve, demonstrated


small business

enterprise, owned, profit-seeking, managed, employing, fewer, independently


Exercise 2. Ask questions to the given answers:

1) Question: ___________________________________________ ?

Answer: Research indicates that small busi ness managers have a different managerial role profile than do managers in larger businesses.

2) Question: ___________________________________________ ?

Answer: It is important for managers to translate the productivity problem into organizational terms.

3) Question: ___________________________________________ ?

Answer: Small business and public sector organizations afford managers some unique opportunities and challenges.

THE WRITING MODULE

III. Writing exercises:

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences with the suggested words:

adjusted, inspiring, of, rate, for, into

It is important _____ managers to translate the productivity problem____ organizational terms. Organizational productivity is the ratio ___ total input to total output,______ for inflation, for a specific period of time. Japan, with the world's highest ____ of productivity growth, is an ______example of how to do more with less.

Exercise 2. Compose a story on one of the topics (up to 100 words):

Management is an important area of study”

Small business management”

Public sector management”



Lesson 2. THE READING MODULE


Read the text: The evolution of management thought

Management thought has evolved in bits and pieces over the years. Although the practice of management dates back to the earliest recorded history, the systematic study of management is largely a product of the twentieth century. An information explosion in management theory has created a management theory jungle. Five conventional approaches to management are: (1) the universal process approach, (2) the operational approach, (3) the behavioral approach, (4) the systems approach, and (5) the contingency approach. A modern unconventional approach centers on Peters’ and Waterman's attributes of corporate excellence.

Henri Fayol's universal process approach assumes that all organiza tions, regardless of purpose or size, require the same management process. Furthermore, it assumes that this rational process can be reduced to separate functions and principles of management. The universal process approach, the oldest of the various approaches, is still popular today.

Dedicated to promoting production efficiency and reducing waste, the operational approach has evolved from scientific management to opera tions management. Frederick W. Taylor, the father of scientific manage ment, and his followers revolutionized industrial management through the use of standardization, time and motion study, selection and training, and pay incentives. Largely a product of the post-World War II era, operations management has broadened the scientific pursuit of efficiency to include all productive organizations. Operations management specialists often rely on sophisticated models and quantitative techniques.


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