Английский язык для экономических специальностей (English for economists) (43134)

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Учебно-методическое пособие по английскому языку


Автор: Г.П. Исаева


Настоящее учебно-методическое пособие построено на традиционных принципах методики и предназначено для студентов заочных отделений экономических вузов и факультетов, специализирующихся в области маркетинга и менеджмента, а также для широкого круга специалистов-экономистов, изучающих английский язык.

Основная цель данного пособия - сформировать у обучающихся умение читать и переводить оригинальную литературу по специальности и познакомить с вопросами управления и маркетинга в Англии и США. Тексты уроков подобраны из оригинальных источников.



Contents


Unit 1

Grammar:

1. Глаголы to be, to have.

2. Present simple.

3. Притяжательный падеж существительных.

4. Оборот there is, there are.

5. Неопределенные местоимения much, many, few, little.

Text. Economics

Unit 2

Grammar:

1. Порядок слов в английском повествовательном предложении.

2. Имя существительное в общем падеже в функции определения

3. Притяжательные местоимения.

Text. The market economy

Unit 3

Grammar:

1. Past simple.

2. Эмфатический оборот it is (was)... That (who)

3. Числительные

Text. Marketing

Unit 4

Grammar:

1. Future simple.

2. Модальные глаголы

3. Text. Product, price, promotion and place: the four p’s of marketing

The economy of london

Unit 5

Grammar:

1. Participle ii.

2. Passive voice.

3. Сравнительные обороты.

Text. Industrial management

Unit 6

Grammar:

1. Perfect tenses.

2. Подчинительные союзы и союзные слова.

3. Побудительные предложения.

Text. Distributing the product

Text. Territorial and administrative division of government in the united kingdom

Unit 7

Grammar:

1. Participle i (present participle active).

2. Continuous tenses.

3. Безличные предложения с местоимением it.

4. Особые случаи образования множественного числа существительных.

Text. Production management the "five m's"

Unit 8

Grammar:

1. Правила согласования времен. Косвенная речь.

2. Future-in-the-past.

3. Бессоюзные определительные предложения.

4. This-these, that-those как заменители ранее стоящего существительного.

Text a. How competition benefits us all.

Text b. Competition in many markets: an example.

Unit 9

Grammar:

1. Passive voice.

2. Пассивные конструкции характерные для английского языка.

3. Формы инфинитива.

Text. Management and control of companies

Unit 10

Grammar:

1. Функции инфинитива.

2. Инфинитив в функции определения и обстоятельства.

Text. The sources of business funds

Unit 11

Grammar:

1. Объектный инфинитивный оборот (the objective infinitive construction).

2. Субъектный инфинитивный оборот (the subjective infinitive construction).

Text. Partnership

Unit 12

Grammar:

1. Герундий.

2. Герундиальные обороты.

Text. The federal reserve system

Other bank services

Unit 13

Grammar:

1. Participle i

2. Причастные обороты.

3. Независимые причастные обороты.

Text. Small business in the usa: an s-corporation is not always best.

Unit 14

Grammar:

1. Условные предложения (conditional sentences).

2. Бессоюзные условные предложения.

Text. Taxes, taxes, taxes

Appendix 1. States of the united states of america

Appendix 2. Counties of the united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland

Appendix 3. Administrative and territorial divisions of the russian federation

Appendix 4. Supplementary reading



Unit 1


Grammar: 1. Глаголы to be, to have.

2. Present Simple.

3. Притяжательный падеж существительных.

4. Оборот there is, there are.

5. Неопределенные местоимения much, many, few, little.


I. Language Practice

1. Practise the fluent reading and correct intonation:

 Hello, John!  Hello! `How are you? Thank  you, I’m all  right;  Thank  you, very  well;  Thank you, `not so  well. `How are you  doing? `How is  business? `Not  bad. `How’s  life? Fine, `thanks. `How do you  do? `Good  morning! Morning!`Good afternoon! Good  evening!  Evening! Glad to  meet you! `Haven’t `seen you for  ages! It’s `good to `see you again! How `nice to see you again!

2. Listen to the speaker; read and memorize the following words and phrases:

  1. to be concerned with - заниматься изучением чего-то

  2. exchange - обмен

  3. consumption - потребление

  4. goods and services - товары и услуги

  5. business enterprises - деловое предприятие

  6. objective - цель

  7. psychology [sai`kli] - психология

  8. sociology - [ sousi`li] - социология

  9. behavior - [ bi`heivj] - поведение

  10. microeconomics - [maikroui:k`nmiks] - микроэкономика

  11. interplay - взаимодействие

  12. supply and demand - спрос и предложение

  13. a competitive market - рынок конкурирующих продавцов

  14. wage rates - ставки заработной платы

  15. profit margins - коэффициенты прибыльности

  16. rental changes - изменения арендной платы

  17. consumer - потребитель

  18. income - доход

  19. entrepreneur - фр. [antrpr`n:(r)] - предприниматель

  20. to deal with - заниматься чем-либо

  21. employment - занятость

  22. to increase - увеличивать

  23. interest - процент

  24. John Maynard Keynes - Джон Мейнард Кейнс


Text. Economics

Economics, social science concerned with the production, distribution, exchange, and consumption of goods and services. Economists focus on the way in which individuals, groups, business enterprises, and governments seek to achieve efficiently any economic objective they select. Other fields of study also contribute to this knowledge: Psychology and ethics try to explain how objectives are formed; history records changes in human objectives; sociology interprets human behavior in social contexts.

Standard economics can be divided into two major fields. The first, price theory or microeconomics, explains how the interplay of supply and demand in competitive markets creates a multitude of individual prices, wage rates, profit margins, and rental changes. Microeconomics assumes that people behave rationally. Consumers try to spend their income in ways that give them as much pleasure as possible. As economists say, they maximize utility. For their part, entrepreneurs seek as much profit as they can extract from their operations.

The second field, macroeconomics, deals with modern explanations of national income and employment. Macroeconomics dates from the book, The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money (1935), by the British economist John Maynard Keynes. His explanation of prosperity and depression centers on the total or aggregate demand for goods and services by consumers, business investors, and governments. Because, according to Keynes, inadequate aggregate demand increases unemployment, the indicated cure is either more investment by businesses or more spending and consequently larger budget deficits by government.


II. Exercises on the Text:

3. Give Russian equivalents to:

social science; distribution of goods and services; to try to explain; sociology interprets human behavior; to create a multitude of individual prices; to spend their income; as much pleasure as possible; they maximize utility; for their part; to deal with modern explanation; prosperity and depression; demand for goods and services; business investors; according to Keynes; larger budget deficits.

4. Answer the following questions:

  1. What is economics?

  2. On what problems do economists focus their attention?

  3. What do psychology and ethics try to explain?

  4. What does sociology interpret in social contexts?

  5. Into what fields can be standard economics divided?

  6. What does microeconomics explain?

  7. How do consumers try to spend their income?

  8. Do they maximize utility?

  9. What questions does the second field study?

  10. Who is the author of the book «The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money»?

  11. How does he explain prosperity and depression?

III. Grammar Exercises

5. Write these phrases in the possessive form, i.e. with ‘s or

  1. the corporations of the nation.

  2. the activities of the people.

  3. the desires of consumers.

  4. the image of a product.

  5. the reputation of a seller.

  6. the work of a day.

  7. the economy of a country.

  8. the problems of the economists.

  9. the play of the government.

  10. the works of Keynes.

  11. the dollar of a consumer.

6. Give the comparative and superlative of the following:

Example: high -higher - the highest;

professional - more professional - the most professional.

efficient, rational, modern, total, large, rich, poor, little, good, traditional, important.

7. Translate the following into Russian:

1. There are, however, no «pure» market economies in the world today.

2. Economists note that there is no limit to the amount or kinds of things that people want.

3. There is, however, a limit to the resources.

4. In addition to buyers and sellers, there are several other essential elements in a market economy.

5. There are many buyers and sellers so that no individual or group can control prices.

6. There are two ways to earn income: from your work and from the use of your wealth.


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