Контрольная работа по английскому языку (42717)

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КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 1

Для студентов 1 курса, обучающихся по специальности

«ПСИХОЛОГИЯ»


ВАРИАНТ 1


1. Перепишите предложения, определите функцию окончания –s, переведите предложения на родной язык:


  1. Luria’s 300 scientific works have been translated into English.

  2. Psychology as a science studies mental activity and human behaviour.

  3. Psychologists mostly agree that hereditary factors explain the lion’s share of IQ differences.

  4. Some people have good memories, and can learn easily long poem by heart.

  5. The preschooler’s task is to develop initiative.


2. Перепишите предложения, употребляя местоимение в нужной форме. Переведите предложения на родной язык:


  1. What colour is the shirt? I do not see _____ (it) colour.

  2. He is a friend of ________ (we).

  3. Give _______ (they) to ________ (she).

  4. The newcomers built the houses ________ ( they).

  5. Why are ________ (you) sitting here?


3. Перепишите предложения. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на степени сравнения прилагательных:


  1. Our University is the finest country’s educational establishment.

  2. More and more patients came to see Freud.

  3. Patients reported feeling “better than well”.

  4. The more interesting the book is, the faster you read it.

  5. I earn as much money as he does.


4. Перепишите предложения, определите в каждом из них

видовременную форму сказуемого. Письменно переведите предложения на родной язык.


  1. He applies the new method for his investigation.

  2. The students are watching the animals’ behaviour at the moment.

  3. The scientist obtained interesting data.

  4. We have not analyzed the results of his last experiment yet.

  5. What were you doing in the laboratory when the instructor came?

5. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст:


Ernst Weber


Ernst Weber was born in Wittemberg, Germany, the third of 13 children. He received his doctorate from the University of Leipzig in 1815, in phycology. He began teaching there after graduation, and continued until he retired in 1871.

His research focused on the senses of touch and kinesthesia. He was the first to show the existence of kinesthesia, and showed that touch was a complex sense composed of senses for pressure, temperature and pain.

His chosen interests led him to certain techniques: first, there is the two-point threshold which is a matter of measuring the smallest distance noticeable to touch at various parts of the body. For example, the tongue had the smallest threshold (1 mm), and the back had the largest (60 mm).

This is known as Weber’s Law, and is the first such “law” relating a physical stimulus with a mental experience.

Ernst Weber also named and studied discipline psychophysics, which he defined as the study of the systematic relationships between physical events and mental events. In 1860 he published The Elements of Psychophysics. In this work Weber showed that psychological events are tired to measurable physical events in a systematic way, which everyone at that time thought impossible.


Kinesthesia - кинестезия

Two-point threshold - пороговая величина между двумя точками


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 1

Для студентов 1 курса, обучающихся по специальности

«ПСИХОЛОГИЯ»


ВАРИАНТ 2


1. Перепишите предложения, определите функцию окончания –s, переведите предложения на родной язык:


  1. Luria’s first translated work was “Nature of Human Conflicts”.

  2. Psychologists study basic functions such as learning, memory, language, thinking, emotions, and motives.

  3. Experimental psychologist conducts research.

  4. He does his best to help workers overcome stress situations.

  5. Any firm in this country is motivated by the consideration of Man’s well-being.


2. Перепишите предложения, употребляя местоимение в нужной форме. Переведите предложения на родной язык:


  1. They seldom drive to _________ (they) office.

  2. Give the books to ________ (she).

  3. (They) work is more difficult than ___________ (we).

  4. He has injured ___________ (he).

  5. The clock has stopped. Something is wrong with _______ (it).


3. Перепишите предложения. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на степени сравнения прилагательных:


  1. Great Britain is the largest of the British Isles.

  2. One of the most important thing Freud discovered was “Oedipus complex”.

  3. I spent as much money as he did.

  4. The later you come, the less you will sleep.

  5. The boss likes my plan the best.


4. Перепишите предложения, определите в каждом из них

видовременную форму сказуемого. Письменно переведите предложения на родной язык


  1. He gradually achieved good progress in his studies.

  2. The students are reading the data of the device now.

  3. They have already made the experiment.

  4. What will she do next year?

  5. They had discussed the report by the time I came.


5. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст:


Wilhelm Max Wundt


Wilhelm Max Wundt, German psychologist, the founder of scientific psychology as an independent discipline. Born in Neckarau, he was educated at the universitis of Tubingen and Heidelberg and at the Institute of Physiology in Berlin. After teaching physiology at the University of Heidelberg (1858-1874), he taught philosophy at the University of Zurich (1874-1875) and was Professor of Philosophy at the University of Leipzig from 1875 to 1917.

Wundt offered the first academic course in psychology in 1862 and established the first laboratory for experimental psychology in 1879. He founded the first psychological journal, Philosophische Studien (Studies in Philosophy), in 1881.

Wundt promoted what is known as structuralist psychology, focusing on observations of the conscious mind rather than inference. Wundt also carried out extensive experimental research on perception, feeling, and apperception (a phase of perception where there is full recognition of what has been perceived). His more than 500 published works include Principles of Physiological Psychology and the monumental work Elements of Folk Psychology. He also wrote Logik, Ethik, and System der Philosophie.


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 1

Для студентов 1 курса, обучающихся по специальности

«ПСИХОЛОГИЯ»


ВАРИАНТ 3


1. Перепишите предложения, определите функцию окончания –s, переведите предложения на родной язык:


  1. Luria’s psychology concentrates on the development of mental capacities through learning.

  2. Psychology occupies a strategic position between natural and social sciences.

  3. Developmental psychologist studies changes in behaviour with age.

  4. Adults want stable jobs, saving accounts and insurance.

  5. People’s characters are formed in different ways.


2. Перепишите предложения, употребляя местоимение в нужной форме. Переведите предложения на родной язык


  1. Look at ______ (I) new watch. Do _______ (you) like _________ (it)?

  2. This tape recorder of ___________ (she) is always out of order.

  3. ________(we) is the last turn.

  4. During the breaks they amused ________ (they) in the bar.

  5. Ask ________ (she) about this book.


3. Перепишите предложения. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на степени сравнения прилагательных:


  1. The forebrain is further subdivided into the thalamus and hypothalamus.

  2. Higher doses produce a turning inward and sleep.

  3. The heaviest use of consumer psychology occurs in business and industry.

  4. Some children learn two languages almost as easily as one.

  5. The more you study the cleverer you will become.


4. Перепишите предложения, определите в каждом из них

видовременную форму сказуемого. Письменно переведите предложения на родной язык


  1. The scientist uses testing in his research.

  2. They will try to solve this important problem at the next meeting.

  3. The lecturer described a new method in detail.

  4. They have just spoken to the leading psychologist.

  5. The scientists had carried out many experiments before they achieved satisfactory results.


5. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст:


Alfred Binet


Alfred Binet, French psychologiest known for his achievement in developing a standard intelligence test.

Binet was born on July 11, 1857, in Nice. He was educated at the Sorbonne, where he studied law. However, he decided to continue his studies in medicine and psychology. In 1889, at the Sorbonne, he helped to found the first psychological research laboratory in France. As director of the laboratory, Binet tried to develop experimental techniques to measure intelligence and reasoning ability. In 1895, he founded the first French psychological journal, L’Annee Psychologique (The Psychological Year), and used it to publish the results of his research studies.

Binet’s most important work was in intelligence testing. With his colleague, psychologists Theodore Simon, he developed a test to measure the mental ability of children. The Binet-Simon Scale first appeared in 1905. It was made up of problems designed to measure general intelligence, and items were graded according to age level. The child’s score, based on the number of correct answers, showed the child’s mental age.

Biten died in Paris on October 18, 1911. His work on intelligence measurement remained important among psychologists in other countries. The Standford-Binet Scale, an adaptation of Binet’s original test, was widely used for many years in the United States, where great importance was paid to intelligence testing.


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115173.rtf




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