- 20 (ref-16135)


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1. POCCCKA MEP HA PEE BEKOB EE MECTO B MPE

)Teppopaa cpyypa Poccco ep. K aay XX . Poccca ep o paepy eppp22,2 . 2 (16,8% oaeo cy)aaa opoe eco pe, ycya o paco ep (31,9 . 2).

epaa ac Poccco ep cocoa 29 epoecx yep c peoaae pyccoo aceeo a aaea Beopocc. C aaa e pa 15 yep, aceex peyeceo poce ocoo-cac apoa ypaa eopyca, e c pycc oe copo-ece op pe paocae. Bece yep coca Epoecy Pocc. C ocoa Beopocc pa 12 cpcx aeocox, a c a 3 ceepoaace yep oac, e oco acee coca epecee Epo-eco Pocc x oo.

)eocpaeecoe ooee Poccco ep. C o pe oeoo aopa ooee Poccco ep o oe y cy ee aepooo pacooe a ceepe epe Epa, ocoeo o cpae c py epaa. Ta, CA axoc a peea yx oeaoTxoo Aaecoro, Beopa o a ocpoax, o eao x paec eocae cyxoyx ap poa, pecax ocoo oopyex c aaa XX .

ooy cy coeo eocpaeecoo ooe Pocc a yea coepa cay oy o ceoc ( poe pe) ap, oxoy oee epo o 1,4 . eoe.

)Haceee. K 1914 . o cpae c epec 1897 . aceee Poccco ep yeoc pepo a pe. o ceoc acee185,2 . (10% o oepoo) Poccca ep aaa pee eco oce paco ep Ka.

Oao o aoy oaae, a ooc acee 8,3 eoea a 1 2, Poccca ep ycyaa o cpaa pa.

B eco ooe aceee ep cocoo 80,5 . pyccx (43,4%), 33,4 . ypae (18,1%), 7,4 . eopyco (4%), ope cyapo coca ce 121 . eoe (65,5%), ceoc e pyx apoo apooce ocaa 64 . eoe, o cocao oy pe acee ep. Hao oe, o aae XX . Poccco ep e o pyx oe a aoao oe. paa, o-peey eocppoa ceapacce acpoe o, oeeo peapoa a aee o ocaeca a co ocy , e pepaac ypee pe cpe aacx apoo.


)poe ycpaa. ycpaoe oeco xapaepyec pee ceo cey oaae:

peoaae o poeo poy aoao oxoe;

peoaae opocoo acee a cec;

co ypoe paooc acee.

Kao e oaae Poccco ep 1914 .?

Haoa oxo cpa pac 16,4 p. py-e (7,4% o oepooo). o oy oaae Pocc aaa eepe eco oce CA, epa paco ep. Oao o ea ppoca aoaoo oxoa Pocc oepeaa oe cpa, a oee epo, apep c 1908 o 1916 ., o ca co pe (ce 7%).

o aooy poeoy poocy5,7 p. py-e (3,8% o oepooo) Poccca ep ye ycyaa pa, axoc a o ece pe.

Oao ypoe pa cpa xapaepy e coo oecee, coo aecee oaae. o o Poccca ep aeo ycyaa ey cpaa pa. Ta, aoa oxo pacee a ooo eoea coca 89 py. o, o o 58 pa e-e, e pax cpaax. o oey poeoo pooca a ooo eoea ypo pooeoc pya poeoc Pocc ae ycynaa cpaa 510 pa.

. 10 . . 200 . , 0,1% 150-- . 1,5% . , , , , , .

o e eex opo Poccca ep aaa opoe eco pe, ycya oo CA (paa, 5 pa). Oao aecee oaae (ae, a poeoc eex opo a 100 2) aoo e, e epoecx cpaax.

B eo e oepaoe poecc oxaa eae ceop apooo xoca. O o e ocyc yx aco apoo . Cpaa ocaaac peyeceo apapo. Cecoe xoco aao 51% aoaoo oxoa, poeoc28%, ocaoe pxooc a opo pacop. Ha poo pe Pocc cyaa a ocao cecoxocex poyo.

)paa. o aoy aoy aeceoy oaae-, oop aoee po opaae poecc epexoa oec-a o apapoo ycpaoy, a cee eo ypaa (o ropocoro acee), Poccca ep ocaaac ceco cpao. B opoax poao ce 30 . eoe (18% acee). p o pe opocx ee cocpeooaac pyx opoax. B eepype acaoc oee 2 . eoe, Moce y ee. aea ac acee poaa eox opoo-peecex opoax e a caa c paoo a poex pepx. Bece c e ooe co poeoo pocooo acee cpa pooao ocaac epee.






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