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coe ooae:

P,PC,PT - peop ooe, copoc oa op, ee epeaoe p(p), pc(p) p(p) :

  • p(p)=Kp p(p)=Kp(T p+1)/(T*p) ,

  • pc(p)=Kpc pc(p)=Kpc(Tc p+1)/(Tc*p) ,

  • p(p)=Kp p(p)=Kp(T p+1)/(T*p) ,

Kp, Kpc, Kp - oe ce peopo;

T, Tc, T - ocoe pee ;

-ce ooc, e epeao

W(p)=/(*p+1) ,

K - oe ce,

T - ocoa pee ;

-op e epoae , e epeao

W(p)=R /(*p+1) ,

R - copoee opo oo ae ;

T - epoaa ocoa pee opo e;

Km - oe peo oea ae;

Kw - oe poo-C ae

J - oe ep poopa ae;

J` - pee a ae oe ep ap;

Ipe. - epeaooe ooee peopa;

C`- pee a ae oe ecoc exaeco epea; X` - pee a ae oe oep exaeco epeae;

K - oe epea aa oa;

Kc - oe epea aa copoc;

U - opoe apee ae;

I - op o ae;

M` - ea eeo oea, peea a ae;

C. - copoc aa ae;

. - ooe ooee aa ae, peeoe a ap;

C.. - copoc aa ap;

.. - ooe ooee aa ap;

Up - ea aaoo ooe aa ae;

Upc - apee a xoe pa copoc (ec oe op ooe), aaoe aee copoc (ec oe op ooe);

Up - apee a xoe pa oa .


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p ope Yes popaa ocec cooec c aao opae poa aae pace apaepo peopa oa (ec poe eec op oa) co acpo eo a o o, ae pace apaepo peopa copoc. pe cae, ec ooaee p opeee opa poa aa pee peop oa, popaa ooeo ceae apoc o ee ooc poca opa copoc, ooae oe e ec pee e []. oce oo a pae oc ae o oee ep cex xc ace, peex a ae, o epoexaeco ocoo pee poa T, paccao o ope

T = Jp*R / (Km* Kw) ,

opa o apaepax paccax peopo oa copoc.

pep oa aao opa a pa ca, oa aa -peop copoc oa, oaa .



ae xo aoa ooae c popao e ace o oo, ao po paccaec: pao o ooe (pepe) a o ooe (ce). B epo cae oee opa o apaepax peop copoc oa ( oo copoc) ceece o o, o pace poa aoe, oo epexo oepoa. Bo opo cae a pae oc ooe :


Paepe oa a aa cxox ax.

1. p aa cxox ax o ee opooc a pae oc ce :



opooc ec oec oaaee ooc cpoec ceeo poa c -peopo ope ooe. cepeao oa opeeec a ooee copoc e xooo aa poa [pa / c] eo caoec oe [pa] p opaoe poo caa aa ocoo copoc. pe ea opooc paa acoe cpea opa ooe [pa / c]. popaa peoee aaa e opooc e oee ,33 o aco cpea copocoo opa ce ea ao opa copoc a op ooe.

oce aa ooaee opooc popaa paccae oe ce -peopa ooe cooae eo e ooae:



2. p aa cxox ax o ee acao aeco o poa a pae oc ce :

B epo cpoe eoxoo aa e o [pa], o opo pee cpoax - aca copoc[pa / c] copee [pa / c2] xooo aa poa. popaa a ocoa eeo opa ocece op a pace apaepo peopa ooe, oeceaeo aa ooc aao aaoe ee copoc cope. B aae pacea popao eaec oa oece aae peoa c oo oee pocoo -peopa ooe. p o oeaec opooc poa c -peopo, ec oaaec, o >O,33 o aco cpea copocoo opa, a pae oec cooee:



Paepe oa a aa ooex ax.

a) p aa ooex ax o ee aco cpea a pae oc ce :


Heoxoo aa aco cpea opa ooe, e pea O,33 o aco cpea copocoo opa. o aao acoe cpea popaa paccae apaep -peopa ooe, oeceaeo po aa ooc, p o oa ocapaec oece, o oaae oeaeoc opa ooe M e peocxo ae 1,3.

Peao pao e ceee cooee a pae:

) p aa ooex ax o ee oaae oeaeoc opa ooe (1) a pae oc ce :

o aao ooaee ee oaae oeaeoc popaa pacae apaep -peopa ooe, oeceaeo aa ooc, p o oa ocapaec oece, o ooca poca opa ooe e peocxoa ae, paoo O,33 o ooc poca copocoo opa. :



oce pacea apaepo peopa ooe pace peopo poa aoe, oo epexo oepoa epexox poecco. oo ooae oe , :

Peoeec p oepoa pepeoo poa(paooo o ooe) aaa pe poa O,O5 - O,2 c; a p oepoa ceeo poa O,5 - 1 c.

B aece apaepa eppoa ao aa eoe co > 1, oopoe eoxoo popae opeee aa ceoo eoa eppoa h. oo, o poecc eppoa co, ea h oa aeoo ee cao aeo ocoo pee poa. Tao ocoo pee ec ea T (ocoa pee ce ooc), a p a peeoo peopa oa, oa op oa poaec eepooe eo - ea, opaa acoe cpea opa copoc. Peoeec aece apaepa eppoa cooa eoe co aaoa 3 6.

oce oo, a ooae ʻ, popaa ocec eppoae cce epeax pae, ocax po, :

B poecce eppoa popaa aece a 1OO ae o ao oopae poa.

pocop peao oepoa oo ocec, co . :

  • apee a xoe peopa copoc Upc [B];

  • apee a xoe peopa oa Up [B];

  • apee a ope ae U [B];

  • o op ae I [A];

  • copoc aa ae C. [pa / c ];

  • o oopoa aa ae, pee a ap . [pa];

  • copoc aa po ap C.. [pa / c ];

  • o oopoa aa po ap .. [pa];

"PET" a pa e eea aa 1OO ae o o eaax oopa :

"PAK" o o pao oopae a pae e ocpoe pa :

: , , , , :

B poecce pao c popao ooae oe o eoxooc o opa o ee opa poa eo apaepax. oo oo e " " . :

opa o ex aex apaepo peopo poa oo o, "" "ocpoa ppo". a pae oc ce :

ooae oe e ae-o apaep peopo. aoap o oo "C" opee, a e "paccpoa" apaepo peopo a aeco pao poa. p o acpoa poa e paccaec, a a poo cae popaa occao cape ae apaepo peopo.

" " ooae oe cceoa pao epopoa c pa a peopo oa, copoc ooe c pa a acpoe peopo cee ope:

  1. cceoae opa copoc e peopa oa;

  2. cceoae opa copoc c pa a peopo oa c pa a acpo peopa copoc;

  3. Aa aeca pao opa copoc c eo px coc exaeco epea;

  4. Aa aeca pao opa copoc p ee apaepo poa;

  5. Aa poecco poe p a ooopae.


oee pea pacea peopo pea eppoa eaeo aoc a. 1, pecae e:

Ta. 1


ec Sp. - ea epepepoa p opaoe paeo oec, % ;

T.p., T.o. - pe epexooo poecca p opaoe paeo oaeo oec;

dC.o.max dC.o.c. - acaa caoac pocaa copoc o ece eeo oea;

I max - acaoe (o o) aee oa op ae.

Meoa opeee ae T p., T o., dC.o.c. ca pca: .


p poee cceoa o . 4 eecoopao poaapoa e ee oea ep ap (J`) a aeco pao opa copoc.

ee apaepo poa oo e " ". "Bo apaepo". pe acpoa poa e paccaec, a a poo cae popaa "ocpo" peop o ae apaepo.

oce ooa cceoa opa copoc oo epe cceoa opa ooe, oopoe pooc cee oceoaeoc:

1. cceoae opa ooe c pa a peopo oa copoc c pa a acpo peopa copoc;

2. Aa opa ooe p pax ax aa cxox ax (o ee opooc o ee acao aeco o);

3. Aa aeca pao opa ooe c eo px coc exaeco epea;

4. Aa aeca pao opa ooe p ee apaepo poa;

5. Aa poecco poe p a ooopae opae copoc.

oee pea eaeo cec a. 2, pecae e:

Ta. 2

ec Sp.. Sp... - e epepepoa p opaoe paeo oec o oopaa . .. ;

T p.. T p... - pe epexooo poecca p opaoe paeo oec o oopaa . ..;

T.o.. - pe epexooo poecca p opaoe oaeo oeoo oec o oopa .







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